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Zhongguo zhen jiu [journal]
- [Impacts of electroacupuncture at different frequencies on the postoperative nausea and vomiting of patients with laparoscopic surgery]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Zhongguo Zhen Jiu 2013 Feb; 33(2):159-62.
To assess the impacts on postoperative nausea and vomiting of the patients with laparoscopic surgery undergoing the general anesthesia by electroacupuncture (EA) at different frequencies at bilateral Neiguan (PC 6).One hundred and twenty female patients with laparoscopic surgery undergoing the general anesthesia were randomized into 4 groups: 2 Hz EA treatment group (group A), 2 Hz/100 Hz EA treatment group (group B), 100 Hz EA treatment group (group C) and a control group (group D), 30 cases in each one. The same anesthetic program was adopted in each group. For the patients in A, B and C groups, in the first half a hour undergoing the conventional drug anesthesia, acupuncture was applied to bilateral Neiguan (PC 6). After arrival of qi, HANS-200A electroacupuncture apparatus was connected, at the frequency as 2 Hz, 2 Hz/100 Hz and 100 Hz separately. The electric stimulation was discontinued at the end of surgery. The life physical signs after surgery, the occurrence of postoperative nausea and vomiting and the severity grades of postoperative nausea and vomiting were observed and recorded for the patients in each group.The differences in the postoperative 1 h heart rate, mean arterial pressure (MAP), finger pulse oxygen saturation and respiratory frequency were not significant statistically in comparison of the patients among groups (all P > 0.05). The incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting of the patients in group B was lower apparently than that in A, C and D groups [10.0% (3/30) vs 30.0% (9/30), 36.7% (11/30), 53.3% (16/30), all P < 0.01]. The severity of postoperative nausea and vomiting of the patients in group B was lower apparently than that in the rest three groups (all P < 0.01).The electroacupuncture at 2 Hz/100 Hz reduces effectively the incidence and the severity of postopera tive nausea and vomiting of the patients with laparoscopic surgery undergoing the general anesthesia.
- [Warm needling therapy for 12 cases of failed back surgery syndrome]. [Journal Article]
- Zhongguo Zhen Jiu 2013 Feb; 33(2):157-8.
- [Low back pain treated by finger pressing at Ligou (LR 5) combined with exercise therapy]. [Journal Article]
- Zhongguo Zhen Jiu 2013 Feb; 33(2):155.
- [Inflammatory-modulating mechanism of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation combined with general anesthesia or controlled hypotension on postoperative hippocampal neuroprotection]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Zhongguo Zhen Jiu 2013 Feb; 33(2):149-55.
To observe the effects of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) combined with general anesthesia or controlled hypotension on hippocampal neuronal damage and the inflammatory response in peripheral circulation and central nervous system (CNS) after surgery, and to investigate its brain protection mechanism.Eighteen healthy male beagles aged 6 - 8 months were randomly divided into a general anesthesia group (group G), a controlled hypotension group (group C) and a compound anesthesia acupuncture group (group A), 6 cases in each group. Dogs in group G was anesthetized by isoflurane inhalation, and group C was combined with intravenous infusion of sodium nitroprusside based on isoflurane inhalation to induce hypotension, and followed surgery after achieving the target blood pressure, and group A was combined with TEAS at "Quchi" (LI 11), "Hegu" (LI 4) "Zu sanli" (ST 36) and "Sanyinjiao" (SP 6) based on controlled hypotension, and then brain tissue was taken out on the 72 h after mean arterial pressure (MAP) was returned to baseline levels. The concentration of IL-1beta,TNF-alpha in serum at different time points were detected by ELISA. The expression of IL-1beta, TNF-alpha, Bcl-2, Bax and cleaved caspase-3 were measured by immunohistochemistry, and the apoptosis of hippocampus were detected by TUNEL.(1) At different time points, the concentration of TNFalpha showed the trend of increase first and then decrease, while IL-1beta concentration represented a trend of decrease first and then increase in both group C and group A, but there were no significant differences in cytokine expression between the two groups (all P > 0.05). (2) The ratio of positive cells of IL-1beta, TNF-alpha and caspase-3 in CA1 and CA3 of hippocampus in both group C and A were higher than those in group G (all P < 0.01), and cytokines expression in group A were lower than those in group C (all P < 0.01), and caspase-3 in CA1 in group A was lower than that in group C (P < 0.01). The ratio of Bcl-2/Bax in both group C and A were lower than that in group G (all P < 0.01), and that in group A was higher than that in group C (P < 0.01 in CA1, P < 0.05 in CA3). (3) The apoptosis index (AI) of hippocampal neurons in both group C and A was significantly higher than that in group G (P < 0.01), while AI in CA1 in group A was lower than that in group C (P < 0.01).The TEAS can regulate the expression of inflammatory factor in hippocampus in animals undergoing general anesthesia or con trolled hypotension surgery, further improving Bcl-2/Bax ratio, inhibiting the expression of caspase-3 and reducing neuron apoptosis in hippocampus so as to play a neuroprotection.
- [Effects of long-term intervention of moxa smoke on T lymphocyte subsets and CD4+ CD25+ Treg in peripheral blood of Wistar rats]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Zhongguo Zhen Jiu 2013 Feb; 33(2):145-8.
To investigate the cellular immune regulation of the long-term intervention of moxa smoke.Thirty-two Wistar rats were randomly divided into a blank group, a low concentration group, a medium concentration group and a high concentration group, 8 cases in each group. In addition to the blank group, rats in the other groups were exposed to the corresponding concentration moxa smoke for 20 min every day, the T lymphocyte subsets and proportion of the CD4+ CD25+ Treg in CD4+ T cells in peripheral blood were tested by flow cytometry after 6 months.Compared with the blank group, the proportions of CD3+ CD4+, CD3+ CD8+ T cells and CD3+ CD4/CD3+ CD8+ in the other 3 moxa smoke groups were not significantly different (P > 0.05), while the proportions of the CD4+ CD25+ Treg in CD4+ T cells were significantly lower (P < 0.05), but no statistically significant differences among those 3 moxa smoke intervention groups (P > 0.05).Long-term moxa smoke intervention has no significant effect on the proportions of CD3+ CD4+, CD3+ CD8+ T cells and CD3+ CD4+/CD3+ CD8+, but it can decrease the proportions of the CD4+ CD25+ Treg in CD4+ T cells in peripheral blood of rats. The way produced by pretreatment with moxa smoke may play immunomodulatory effect.
- [Clinical observation of post-herpetic neuralgia treated with TCM herbal cupping therapy]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Zhongguo Zhen Jiu 2013 Feb; 33(2):141-4.
To compare the difference in the efficacy on post-herpetic neuralgia among TCM herbal cupping therapy, Chinese medicine thermal compressing therapy and mecobalamine.Fifty-seven cases were randomized into a TCM herbal cupping group, a thermal compressing group and a western medicine group, 19 cases in each one. The oral administration of ibuprofen was applied in every group. In the herbal cupping group, the bamboo cups soaked in the boiled Chinese herbal decoction were sucked on the most significant painful area. In the thermal compressing group, the towel soaked in the boiled Chinese herbal decoction was compressed on the most significant painful area. In the medication group, the muscular injection of mecobalamine was adopted. The treatment was given once a day, for 2 weeks totally in each group. SF-MPQ score and clinical efficacy before and after treatment were observed in each group.The remarkable effective rates were 78.9% (15/19), 36.8% (7/19) and 5.3% (1/19) in the TCM herbal cupping group, thermal compressing group and western medicine group separately. The efficacy in the TCM herbal cupping group was significantly superior to the thermal compressing group and western medicine group (all P < 0.05), and that in the thermal compressing group was superior to the western medicine group (P < 0.05). After treatment, SF-MPQ score was reduced significantly in each group (P < 0.001, P < 0.01). The score in the herbal cupping group was reduced more significantly as compared with the thermal compressing group and western medicine group (all P < 0.01). The improvement in pain in the thermal compressing group was superior to the western medicine group (P < 0.01).TCM herbal cupping therapy achieves the superior efficacy for post-herpetic neuralgia and relieves pain effectively of the patients, which is more advantageous than CM herbal thermal compressing therapy and Mecobalamine.
- [Analysis of indications of the acupoints in the same nervous segment on back and abdomen]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Zhongguo Zhen Jiu 2013 Feb; 33(2):137-40.
To explore the indication law of fourteen channels acupoint that is located in the same nervous segment of T1-T12 on the back and abdomen.By retrieving indications of fourteen channels acupoint that is located in the dominating areas of T1 - T12 in LIN Zhao-geng 's New Collection of Acupuncture-moxibustion and SHEN Xue-yong's Science of meridian-collateral and acupoint, indications of fourteen channels acupoint in the same nervous segment of skin and muscle were statistically managed, respectively.There was an obvious nervous segmental law of acupoint in the skin and muscle. The acupoint indication of neighboring nervous segment was similar, which was closely related to corresponding internal organs.The acupoint indication is decided by the space of nervous segment which dominats their related organ. From aspect of nervous structure, this article confirms that acupoint indications focus on nervous segment to carry out the regulation effect of acupoint on internal organs function, which means it has superior regulation effect on internal organs disease that is located in the same or neighboring nervous segment of acupoint.
- [Observation on the immediate effects of acupuncture at Yanglingquan(GB 34) on passive movement in cerebral infarction patients]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Zhongguo Zhen Jiu 2013 Feb; 33(2):131-6.
To observe central immediate effect of acupuncture at Yanglingquan (GB 34) on passive movement of cerebral infarction paitents with hemiplegia by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and provide reference for clinical treatment.With 1. 5 T MRI scanner, six cases of right cerebral infarction paitents with left hemiplegia in recovery stage were scanned during passive fingers movement before and after acupuncture at Yanglingquan (GB 34), which was controlled with sham-acupoint acupuncture to observe immediate activated part of the corresponding brain.The activated areas of the passive movement in all the patients were mainly motor sensory cortex on the right side. Compared with sham-acupoint, in the left anterior insula, in ferior frontal gyrus, central gyrus, fusiform gyrus, cerebellum, acupuncture at Yanglingquan (GB 34) has better central effect. These areas were involved with several brain networks.The acupuncture at Yan glingquan (GB 34) could promote recover of helmiplegia by regulating motor-related network.
- [Exploration on the characteristics of meridian points in the treatment of post-stroke disorder with acupuncture and moxibustion based on the data mining technology]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Zhongguo Zhen Jiu 2013 Feb; 33(2):125-30.
Using data mining technology to analyze the application characteristics and laws of the meridian points in the treatment of post-stroke disorder with acupuncture and moxibustion in modern times. On the basis of the collection of the modern literatures about the treatment of post-stroke disorder with acupuncture and moxibustion, the database of acupuncture-moxibustion prescription was established. The relevance rule method in the data mining technology was mainly adopted to analyze the application characteristics and laws of the meridian points in the treatment of post-stroke disorder with acupuncture and moxibustion. Totally, 682 prescription of acupuncture and moxibustion were collected, including 253 acupoints and 5395 application frequency. The selected acupoints were distributed in the fourteen meridians and 76.5% (4128/5395) of them were on the four limbs and 13.8% (744/5395) were on the head and neck. The total application frequency of the yang meridians accounted for 74.7% (4029/5395) and the specific acupoints for 83.8% (4522/5395). It was indicated that in the treatment of post-stroke disorder with acupuncture and moxibustion, the acupoint selection was basically along the involved meridians, which was focused on the local affected areas and combined with the distal acupoints. The acupoints of the yang meridians were the first option, distributed mainly on the four limbs. The combination of yangming meridian and shaoyang meridian was the most common. The specific acupoints were the major components of the prescription, especially the crossing acupoints and the specific acupoints located below the elbows and knee joints.