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Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi [journal]
- [Lemierre syndrome caused by Arcanobacterium haemolyticum: a case report and review of the literature]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi 2013 Jan; 52(1):42-5.
To emphasize the importance of the early diagnosis and treatment of Lemierre syndrome caused by Arcanobacterium haemolyticum.A case of Lemierre syndrome caused by Arcanobacterium haemolyticum and three similar reported cases were reviewed.A man complained of fever with a sore throat, and examination found an enlarged left tonsil with prominent exudate, normal blood routine test and chest radiograph. Although the patient received the treatment of penicillin G and azithromycin, his condition worsened. Blood test showed white blood cell count 13.59×10(9)/L (neutrophils 0.933), platelet count 7.4×10(9)/L, TBil 54.3 mmol/L, DBil 28.3 mmol/L, AST 127 IU/L, ALT 82 IU/L, serum albumin 19.3 g/L with the development of the conditions. Blood cultures grew Arcanobacterium haemolyticum and the piperacillin-tazobactam was administered until fever was controlled. In addition, anticoagulation was administered when the thrombus was confirmed in the left internal jugular vein. Two follow-up clinic visits over the following 4 months were unremarkable. Besides three similar cases reported, four patients were male, and the ages ranged from 19 to 54 years. The chief complaints were sore throat and fever (4/4), with neck pain (4/4). Physical examinations found pharyngitis (2/4), exudate or abscess in the tonsillar crypt (2/4), maculopapular rashes (2/4). Laboratory results showed leukocytosis and thrombocytopaenia (4/4), acute cholestatic liver dysfunction (3/4), acute renal failure (2/4), acute respiratory failure (1/4). The first chest radiographs were normal at the onset, but chest radiography features included peripheral nodules and cavitation (3/4), focal or wedge-shaped lesions (1/4), pleural effusion (1/4) with the development of the conditions. Blood culture proved that there was only growth of Arcanobacterium haemolyticum (2/4), both Fusobacterium necrophorum and Arcanobacterium haemolyticum were found (2/4). Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid or piperacillin/tazobactam was administered (4/4). Neck CT proved internal jugular vein thrombosis (3/4) and anticoagulation was administered (3/4). All patients recovered and no one died.The characters of Lemierre syndrome include primary oropharynx infection, septicaemia, septic or embolic phlebitis of jugular vein, and metastatic abscess. Early recognition and aggressive intravenous broad-spectrum antibiotics are critical to reduce mortality.
- [Serum screening of celiac disease in Chinese adults with diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome in Hubei, China]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi 2013 Jan; 52(1):38-41.
To screen the prevalence of celiac disease with serologic markers in the central Chinese population, specifically in patients with chronic diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (D-IBS).A total of 282 adult patients with D-IBS were selected based on ROME III criteria with 296 age and sex matched consecutive healthy individuals as controls. A gluten-free diet (GFD) was advised in subjects positive for IgA/IgG anti-htTG/DGP antibodies and the serologic antibodies were retested after the GFD.Among the 578 study subjects, five D-IBS patients (5/282, 1.77%) and two healthy controls (2/296, 0.68%) were positive for anti-htTG/DGP antibodies. Among the seven positive cases, one was lost to follow-up and only four were evaluated during GFD therapy for an average of 5.2 months with clinical and/or serological manifestations improved.The prevalence of celiac disease may not be uncommon in China. Compared with the healthy population, patients with D-IBS tend to be affected more. Thus, it is significantly important to conduct routine screening for celiac disease in patients with D-IBS.
- [A statistical analysis and perspective of headache-related papers covered in 2011 PubMed]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi 2013 Jan; 52(1):34-7.
To investigate the distribution and hot spots of literatures on headache by bibliometric analysis in order to provide reference for further study.Literatures that contained headache or migraine in text words published in 2011 in PubMed databases (www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Pubmed) were searched. Journals, countries and subjects were bibliometrically analysed.There were 3683 papers involved to headache published in PubMed in 2011, of which 1527 papers were on headache research. The number of papers on headache research published by USA was the most followed by Italy and Germany (USA 23.25%, Italy 10.74%, Germany 5.83%). The mainly studied subjects were therapy (29.60%), pathophysiology (18.66%) and etiology (16.31%). 14.86% papers published in Cephalalgia, which is one of the most important journals, reported negative results.The emphasis of headache research was on migraine. Therapy, pathophysiology and etiology were the hot spot. Literatures with negative result attracted authors to give the more attention.
- [The effects of real-time continuous glucose monitoring on oxidative stress and mortality in critically ill patients]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi 2013 Jan; 52(1):30-3.
To evaluate the effects of real-time continuous glucose monitoring (RT-CGM) system on oxidative stress and mortality in critically ill patients and to explore the correlation between glucose index, oxidative stress and mortality.Selected 123 cases of critically ill patients were enrolled in this prospective randomized controlled study. They were randomly divided into the RT-CGM group (n = 61) and blood glucose meter group (GM group, n = 62). The following parameters were compared between the two groups: mean amplitude of glucose excursions (MAGE), hypoglycemia incidence, low blood glucose index (LBGI), high blood glucose index (HBGI), 28-day mortality and plasma level of 8-iso-PGF2α (8-iso) at 48 hours (R2), 72 hours (R3) and 96 hours (R4) after admission to ICU. The correlation between glucose index and plasma level of 8-iso-PGF2α were analyzed. The correlation between glucose index, plasma 8-iso level and 28-day death were analyzed.The parameters of MAGE, hypoglycemia incidence, LBGI and HBGI in the RT-CGM group and the GM group were (3.73 ± 1.09) mmol/L and (4.19 ± 1.11) mmol/L (P = 0.02), 3.28% and 14.52% (P = 0.03), 0.0011 and 0.0119 (P < 0.01) and 0.2258 and 0.3697 (P < 0.01), respectively. The plasma levels of 8-iso at R2, R3, R4 in the RT-CGM group and the GM group were (111.44 ± 16.99) ng/L and (114.03 ± 14.64) ng/L (P = 0.37), (94.53 ± 14.92) ng/L and (110.31 ± 13.42) ng/L (P < 0.01) and (57.84 ± 12.22) ng/L and (84.41 ± 14.16) ng/L (P < 0.01), respectively. The r values between MAGE, LBGI, HBGI and the plasma level of 8-iso were 0.69, 0.71 and 0.67, respectively (all P values < 0.01). Multivariate stepwise regression analysis showed MAGE, LBGI, HBGI entered final models (corrected R2 = 0.61, P < 0.01) with β values of 0.64, 0.65 and 0.6 respectively (all P values < 0.01). The 28-day mortality in the RT-CGM group and the GM group was 9.84% and 30.65% (P < 0.01). The OR values of MAGE, hypoglycemia incidence, LBGI, HBGI and the plasma level of 8-iso for 28-day death were 2.14 (0.98 - 4.35), 3.43 (1.12 - 5.82), 2.67 (1.01 - 5.14), 1.32 (0.24 - 2.96) and 1.89 (0.67 - 3.44), respectively.RT-CGM can optimize the care in critically ill patients by improving hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, glucose variability and oxidative stress and bring more detailed concern in the process, and to reduce the mortality.
- [The impact of telmisartan on angiotensin converting enzyme 2 mRNA expression in monocyte-derived macrophages of diabetic hypertensive patients]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi 2013 Jan; 52(1):26-9.
To investigate the effects of telmisartan on the expression of angiotensin converting enzyme2 (ACE2) mRNA in monocyte-derived macrophages of hypertensive patients companied with diabetes.62 essential hypertensive patients companied with diabetes were randomly divided into two groups: regular treatment group, and telmisartan group. Then the content of ACE and ACE2 in serum was detected by ELISA, and the expression of ACE mRNA and ACE2 mRNA in monocyte-derived macrophages of patients was detected by RT-PCR before and after having been treated.(1) After having been treated for 4 weeks and 12 weeks, the blood pressure of the patients in two groups were decreased significantly, Comparing with regular group, telmisartan group seemed to have more obvious therapeutic effect (P < 0.05); (2) After having been treated for 12 weeks, glycosylated hemoglobin diseased in both group, but there was no significant difference between the two group (P > 0.05); (3) In telmisartan group, the content of ACE2 in serum was increased after having been treated for 12 weeks than that in regular treatment group, [(23.9 ± 8.2) U/L vs (16.3 ± 8.9) U/L, P < 0.05]; and the expression of ACE2 mRNA in monocyte-derived macrophages in telmisartan group was obviously increased after 12 weeks comparing with regular treatment group (0.73 ± 0.06 vs 0.51 ± 0.04, P < 0.01).The role of telmisartan in decreasing blood pressure and it's advantage to the metabolism of glucose are partly related with the up-regulation of ACE2 mRNA.
- [Glycosylated hemoglobin A1c for the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus: a meta-analysis]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi 2013 Jan; 52(1):21-5.
To assess the diagnostic value of glycosylated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) ≥ 6.5% for diabetes in Chinese adults with oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) as the reference standard.Major databases were searched to get all diagnostic tests with HbA1c ≥ 6.5% for diabetes in Chinese adults. QUADAS items were used to evaluate the quality of the eligible studies. Meta-disc software was used to perform comprehensive quantitative assessment for all included studies and summary ROC (SROC) curve were drawn.A total of 11 studies were included. The outcomes of the diagnostic value with HbA1c ≥ 6.5% were as the following: pooled sensitivity 0.62 (95%CI: 0.60 - 0.64), pooled specificity 0.96 (95%CI: 0.95 - 0.96), diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) 40.25 (95%CI: 20.79 - 77.95) and AUCSROC 0.7702 (sx = 0.0636).The diagnostic specificity is pretty high for the diagnostic test with HbA1c ≥ 6.5%, while sensitivity is low. Combination of HbA1c and glucose tests is needed to reduce the missed diagnosis rate.
- [An epidemiological survey of the prevalence of thyroid diseases in mild iodine deficiency city after salt iodization]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi 2013 Jan; 52(1):16-20.
To investigate the current status of iodine nutrition and the prevalence of thyroid diseases in Guiyang, a mild iodine deficiency city practiced salt iodization for 25 years.A representative sample of 1509 adults aged 20 years old or above in Guiyang, selected by a multistage stratified sampling method, participated in the study. After an overnight fasting, serum thyroid hormones, serum thyroid autoantibodies, and urine iodine were measured. B-mode ultrasonography of the thyroid was performed in the population. Meanwhile, urine iodine of 80 children aged 8 - 10 years old in the same community were measured after an overnight fasting.The median of 8-10 years old children's urinary iodine was 228.7 µg/L. The prevalence of overt hypothyroidism, subclinical hypothyroidism, overt hyperthyroidism and subclinical hyperthyroidism was 1.79%, 14.12%, 1.52% and 1.06% respectively. The prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism was significantly higher than overt hypothyroidism (P < 0.05) and was significantly higher in female than that in male (P < 0.05). The prevalence of positive thyroid peroxidase antibody, positive thyroglobulin antibody and autoimmune thyroiditis was 14.38%, 13.59% and 4.44% respectively, which were significantly higher in female than that in male (all P values < 0.05). The prevalence of diffuse goiter and nodular goiter was 0.86% and 0.20% respectively, with a significant difference (P < 0.05).After 25 years of salt iodization, the iodine nutrition in Guiyang is more than adequate with high prevalence of overt hypothyroidism, subclinical hypothyroidism and autoimmune thyroiditis.
- [The safety and effectiveness of once daily detemir in patients with type 2 diabetes previously failing oral agents: the Chinese cohort from SOLVE(TM) observational study]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi 2013 Jan; 52(1):11-5.
Study of Once-daily LeVEmir(®) (SOLVE(TM)) was a 24-week international observational study to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of initiating once-daily insulin detemir (Levemir) as add-on therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who failed treatment of oral anti-diabetic drugs (OAD).The present study was derived from the data of Chinese cohort. A total of 3272 patients with T2DM failing OAD were enrolled in the study. Determir were prescribed to the patients by the decision of the physician. Clinical data were collected at baseline, week 12 and week 24 to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of detemir.The age of the patients was (56.2 ± 10.8) years with a diabetes duration of (7.1 ± 5.2) years. Their BMI was (25.3 ± 3.3) kg/m(2). No patient experienced any major or nocturnal hypoglycaemic event during the study. After 24 weeks of treatment, the glycosylated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) decreased from (8.33 ± 1.69)% to (7.16 ± 1.18)% with a mean change of -1.17%, the fasting plasma glucose decreased from (9.52 ± 2.59) mmol/L to (6.84 ± 1.42) mmol/L with a mean change of -2.7 mmol/L, and the 7-point blood glucose profile improved overall. Totally 49.1% of patients achieved HbA1c < 7%. The mean body weight decreased by 0.15 kg.Insulin detemir administered once daily as add-on therapy in patients with T2DM failing OAD regimen significantly reduces the risk of major hypoglycemia, improves glycemic control, increases the percentage of patients achieving treatment target with neutral effect on body weight.
- [A nephrologist's viewpoint of renal denervation]. [Journal Article]
- Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi 2013 Jan; 52(1):8-10.
- [Studies on the BRAF T1799A gene mutation in papillary thyroid cancer: an example of translational medicine]. [Journal Article]
- Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi 2013 Jan; 52(1):5-7.