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Acne rosacea [keywords]
- Steroid Dermatitis Resembling Rosacea: A Clinical Evaluation of 75 Patients. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- ISRN Dermatol 2013.:491376.
Background.The use of topical steroids on the skin of the face should be carefully evaluated by the dermatologist; however, its misuse still occurs producing dermatological problem resembling rosacea.
Objectives.To report the different clinical manifestations of steroid dermatitis resembling rosacea and to discover causes behind abusing topical steroids on the face. Methods. In this prospective observational study, 75 patients with steroid dermatitis resembling rosacea who had history of topical steroid use on their faces for at least 1-3 months were evaluated at the Department of Dermatology, Baghdad Teaching Hospital, between August 2010 and December 2012.
Results.The majority of patients were young women who used a combinations of potent and very potent topical steroid for average period of 0.25-10 years. Facial redness and hotness, telangiectasia, and rebound phenomenon with papulopustular eruption were the main clinical presentations. The most common causes of using topical steroid on the face were pigmentary problems and acne through recommendations from nonmedical personnel.
Conclusion.Topical steroid should not be used on the face unless it is under strict dermatological supervision.
- Risk of rosacea in patients with diabetes using insulin or oral antidiabetic drugs. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Invest Dermatol 2013 May 8.
- Rosacea - S1 Guideline. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 2013 May 6.
- Migraine, triptans, and the risk of developing rosacea: A population-based study within the United Kingdom. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Am Acad Dermatol 2013 May 1.
BACKGROUND:Rosacea is a common skin disease, involving neurogenic inflammation and neurovascular dysregulation. Migraine has been associated with vascular changes and sterile inflammation. The 2 diseases have been associated over decades, but evidence is scarce. Triptans have vasoconstricting and antiinflammatory properties, but a potential impact of this drug class on rosacea remains uninvestigated.
OBJECTIVE:We sought to analyze the association between migraine or triptan exposure and the risk of developing rosacea within the United Kingdom.
METHODS:We conducted a case-control study using the United Kingdom-based General Practice Research Database. We identified patients with incident rosacea between 1995 and 2009 (cases), and matched 1 rosacea-free control subject to each case. We compared the prevalence of diagnosed migraine and exposure to triptans before the first-time rosacea diagnosis between cases and controls using multivariate conditional logistic regression.
RESULTS:Among 53,927 cases and 53,927 controls, we observed a small overall association between rosacea and migraine in women (adjusted odds ratio 1.22, 95% confidence interval 1.16-1.29), but not in men. This effect was somewhat more distinct in female migraineurs aged 50 to 59 years (odds ratio 1.36, 95% confidence interval 1.21-1.53). Female triptan users also revealed slightly increasing risk estimates with increasing age, with the highest odds ratio of 1.66 (95% confidence interval 1.30-2.10) in women aged 60 years or older.
LIMITATIONS:This is a retrospective case-control study, for which a certain degree of bias and confounding cannot be ruled out.
CONCLUSIONS:We observed a slightly increased risk for female migraineurs to develop rosacea, particularly in women with severe migraine aged 50 years or older.
- CASE REPORT Treatment of Otophyma: Case Report and Review of the Literature. [Journal Article]
- Eplasty 2013.:e18.
Objectives:Otophyma is a rare condition that can present as the end stage of any chronic inflammatory disease affecting the ear such as rosacea, eczema, or otitis externa. It can result in conductive hearing loss, low self-esteem, and social embarrassment. This report highlights a case of otophyma treated successfully using a full-thickness skin graft.
Methods:We present a case of a 41-year-old lady referred to our department with a 23-year history of bilateral otophyma. During this time, her hearing progressively diminished as the swelling occluded her external auditory meatus. She had been unsuccessfully managed for years with topical emollients, steroids, and regular ear toileting. Result: She was treated by excision of the phymatous tissue and full-thickness grafting, which resulted in a patent external auditory meatus and an improvement in her hearing.
Conclusions:The use of a full-thickness skin graft is one of the many treatment options available for the treatment of otophyma. We present a literature review on this uncommon condition and a discussion on the various treatment options available to the patient.
- Evidence-based recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of pediatric acne. [Journal Article]
- Pediatrics 2013 May.:S163-86.
Acne vulgaris is one of the most common skin conditions in children and adolescents. The presentation, differential diagnosis, and association of acne with systemic pathology differs by age of presentation. Current acknowledged guidelines for the diagnosis and management of pediatric acne are lacking, and there are variations in management across the spectrum of primary and specialty care. The American Acne and Rosacea Society convened a panel of pediatric dermatologists, pediatricians, and dermatologists with expertise in acne to develop recommendations for the management of pediatric acne and evidence-based treatment algorithms.Ten major topic areas in the diagnosis and treatment of pediatric acne were identified. A thorough literature search was performed and articles identified, reviewed, and assessed for evidence grading. Each topic area was assigned to 2 expert reviewers who developed and presented summaries and recommendations for critique and editing. Furthermore, the Strength of Recommendation Taxonomy, including ratings for the strength of recommendation for a body of evidence, was used throughout for the consensus recommendations for the evaluation and management of pediatric acne. Practical evidence-based treatment algorithms also were developed.Recommendations were put forth regarding the classification, diagnosis, evaluation, and management of pediatric acne, based on age and pubertal status. Treatment considerations include the use of over-the-counter products, topical benzoyl peroxide, topical retinoids, topical antibiotics, oral antibiotics, hormonal therapy, and isotretinoin. Simplified treatment algorithms and recommendations are presented in detail for adolescent, preadolescent, infantile, and neonatal acne. Other considerations, including psychosocial effects of acne, adherence to treatment regimens, and the role of diet and acne, also are discussed.These expert recommendations by the American Acne and Rosacea Society as reviewed and endorsed by the American Academy of Pediatrics constitute the first detailed, evidence-based clinical guidelines for the management of pediatric acne including issues of special concern when treating pediatric patients.
- The effect of pulsed dye laser on the dermatology life quality index in erythematotelangiectatic rosacea patients: an assessment. [Journal Article]
- J Clin Aesthet Dermatol 2013 Apr; 6(4):30-2.
Background:Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea is a common cutaneous disorder. It has a major psychosocial impact on a patient's life.
Objective:This study aims to investigate the impact of pulsed dye laser on the quality of life of affected patients as measured by the Dermatology Life Quality Index.
Methods:The authors report a prospective study of 20 patients (in a wide range of skin phototypes) attending a laser clinic. All patients completed the Dermatology Life Quality Index questionnaires before and after three sessions of laser treatment.
Results:The mean Dermatology Life Quality Index scores pre- and post-laser treatment were 17.3 and 4.3, respectively. All patients experienced a statistically significant improvement in their quality of life (p<0.0001, paired t test).
Conclusion:The Dermatology Life Quality Index questionnaire (pre- and post-laser treatment) is an important tool for monitoring the efficacy of therapy and patient satisfaction.
- Long-Term Follow-Up of Multilayer Amniotic Membrane Transplantation (MLAMT) for Non-Traumatic Corneal Perforations or Deep Ulcers with Descemetocele. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 2013 Apr; 230(4):413-418.
Background:To evaluate the long-term efficacy of multilayer amniotic membrane transplantation for reconstruction of epithelium and stroma in non-traumatic corneal perforations (less than 2 mm) or deep ulcers with descemetocele.
Design:Retrospective, non-comparative, interventional case series.Patients and
Methods:Eleven consecutive patients with non-traumatic corneal perforations or deep corneal ulcers with descemetocele refractory to conventional treatments: herpetic or zoster keratitis (n = 4), Sjögren's syndrome (n = 2), rosacea (n = 1), hydrops (n = 1), mucous membrane pemphigoid (n = 1), bacterial keratitis (n = 1) and perforation after protontherapy for melanoma (n = 1). Intervention was: multilayer amniotic membrane transplantation with cryopreserved amniotic membrane. Complication rate and clinical outcome were evaluated in this long-term follow-up.
Results:Mean follow-up was 32 months (12 to 60). Integration of the multilayer amniotic membrane was obtained in 10 cases after one year. Corneal epithelium healed above the membrane in 10 cases within 3 weeks and remained stable after 32 months in 9 cases. Thickness of the stroma was increased and remained stable during the follow-up in 9 cases. In one case herpetic keratitis recurred with a corneal perforation. The clearing of the amniotic membrane was gradually obtained over a period of 11 months. Complications occurred in 15 % of the eyes during the long-term follow-up.
Conclusion:Multilayer amniotic membrane transplantation is a safe and efficient technique for a long restoration of the corneal integrity after non-traumatic corneal perforations or deep corneal ulcers with descemetocele. Long-term prognosis of these eyes depends of the gravity of the initial disease.
- Effects of 5-aminolevulinic acid-mediated photodynamic therapy on antibiotic-resistant staphylococcal biofilm: an in vitro study. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Surg Res 2013 Apr 18.
BACKGROUND:Treatments of infections are not always successful because of multi-antibiotic-resistant organisms. It is therefore particularly urgent to provide more effective anti-infective strategy against these organisms. 5-Aminolevulinic acid (ALA), with the chemical structure C5H9NO3, is the only photodynamic therapy agent that is a biochemical precursor of a photosensitizer (protoporphyrin IX [PpIX]), which is naturally produced by the body. 5-Aminolevulinic acid-mediated photodynamic therapy (ALA-PDT) has been shown to have a strong effect on the treatment of localized cancerous and precancerous lesions, and further study demonstrated its efficacy for gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. However, its effect on biofilm formed by antibiotic-resistant strains has not been reported.
METHODS:In this study, we evaluated the effectiveness of ALA-PDT on biofilms formed by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 43300) and methicillin-resistant S epidermidis (MRSE 287). The strains were cultured with 40 mM of ALA in 24-well microtiter plates containing coverslips at 37°C for 24 h in the dark. PpIX fluorescence in biofilms formed by the two strains was observed by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). ALA-treated biofilms were irradiated at different doses (0, 100, 200, and 300 J/cm(2)) using a semiconductor laser. Biofilm exposed only to Tryptone Soy Broth or irradiation (300 J/cm(2)) was investigated. Viability determination, CLSM, and scanning electron microscopy were used to investigate the photodynamic inactivation of ALA-PDT.
RESULTS:ALA was absorbed and converted to PpIX by both methicillin-resistant S aureus and methicillin-resistant S epidermidis. No cell inactivation was detectable in biofilms of either strain incubated with ALA without exposure to light, incubated with Tryptone Soy Broth only, or irradiated with red light only. However, a significant number of cells within biofilms were inactivated during irradiation with different doses of red light in the presence of 40 mM of ALA in a dose-dependent manner. The drastic reduction in cell survival within biofilms and the disruption of biofilms were confirmed by CLSM and scanning electron microscopy.
CONCLUSIONS:ALA-PDT has the potential to eliminate the biofilm of Staphylococcus, especially antibiotic-resistant strains, effectively. It will be suitable for the treatment of superficial local infections such as surface wounds, burns, oral and dental infections, dermatologic infections such as acne and rosacea, and soft tissue and bone infections with bone exposure.
- Rosacea and small intestinal bacterial overgrowth: Prevalence and response to rifaximin. [Journal Article]
- J Am Acad Dermatol 2013 May; 68(5):875-6.