(Apnea, sleep, obstructive) articles in PubMed
- Orthodontic and Orthognathic Surgical Treatment of a Pediatric OSA Patient. [Journal Article]
- Case Rep Dent 2016; 2016:5473580CR
- A case report is presented which demonstrates the effectiveness of comprehensive orthodontic treatment combined with orthognathic surgery in the correction of malocclusion and reduction in the sequel...
A case report is presented which demonstrates the effectiveness of comprehensive orthodontic treatment combined with orthognathic surgery in the correction of malocclusion and reduction in the sequelae of Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA). The patient's severe OSA was improved to very mild as evaluated by full overnight polysomnogram. The orthodontic treatment included the expansion of both dental arches and mandibular advancement surgery. There was significant improvement in the patient's sleep continuity and architecture with the elimination of obstructive apneas.
- Ambulatory Surgery and Obstructive Sleep Apnea-A Challenge and Opportunity for Patient Health Teaching. [Journal Article]
- J Perianesth Nurs 2016; 31(5):434-9JP
- Correlational Study of Sleep Apnea Patient Characteristics With Discharge Locations. [Journal Article]
- J Perianesth Nurs 2016; 31(5):381-91JP
- CONCLUSIONS: The findings are consistent with other OSA research except BMI was not significant in this study.The results highlighted areas for future research and implications for clinical practice that would enable the perioperative care team to deliver safe care based on evidence.
- A Quality Improvement Project: Using the STOP-BANG Tool in a Military Population to Improve Equity in Preoperative Screening. [Journal Article]
- J Perianesth Nurs 2016; 31(5):371-80JP
- CONCLUSIONS: The STOP-BANG tool identified and stratified surgical patients at risk for OSA and standardized OSA assessments.
- [Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome(OSAS)and bone.] [Journal Article]
- Clin Calcium 2016; 26(10):1399-1406CC
- Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome(OSAS)is a sleep disorder characterized by repetitive upper airway collapse during sleep, causing frequent hypoxia and sleep disturbance. Known risk factors of OSAS in...
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome(OSAS)is a sleep disorder characterized by repetitive upper airway collapse during sleep, causing frequent hypoxia and sleep disturbance. Known risk factors of OSAS include obesity, male sex and smoking. OSAS has been linked to various comorbidities such as hypertension, cardiovascular diseases and diabetes. Recent evidence also indicates that OSAS is associated with vitamin D insufficiency, increased bone resorption and bone loss. Thus, although increased fracture rate has not been demonstrated, OSAS is now recognized as a risk factor of osteoporosis. This review will summarize the recent reports about bone metabolic abnormalities in OSAS.
- Relationship between Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Self-assessed Oral Health Status: An Internet Survey. [Journal Article]
- Bull Tokyo Dent Coll 2016; 57(3):175-81BT
- The purpose of this study based on a cross-sectional internet survey was to investigate the relationship between risk of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and self-assessed oral health status. The partic...
The purpose of this study based on a cross-sectional internet survey was to investigate the relationship between risk of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and self-assessed oral health status. The participants, who comprised individuals registered with an online research company, were required to complete a self-reported questionnaire. Those answering in the affirmative to both of the following two questions were placed in the OSA-risk group, while those answering in the negative were assigned to the control group: 'Have other people noticed pauses in your breathing while you are sleeping?' and 'Do you feel excessively sleepy during the daytime?'. A total of 493 were included in the OSA-risk group and 2,560 in the control group. Among the total 3,053 respondents, the highest prevalence for OSA risk in men was in the 50-59-year age range, although this tended to level off after age 60 years. No such trend was observed in women, however. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the relationship between risk of OSA and self-assessed oral health status. Significant correlations were observed with the following parameters: difficulty in opening mouth (odds ratio [OR]: 2.66; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.647-4.311), dry mouth (OR: 2.11; CI: 1.544-2.876), bad breath (OR: 1.69; CI: 1.309-2.186), gingival bleeding (OR: 1.48; CI: 1.134-1.932), and gingival swelling (OR: 1.44; CI: 1.046-1.981). These results suggest a relationship between risk of OSA and self-assessed oral health status, indicating that treating OSA might improve oral health status. Further study is needed to demonstrate a causal relationship between OSA and self-assessed oral health status, however.
- Effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy on IL-23 in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. [Journal Article]
- Immunol Res 2016 Sep 24IR
- Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a common sleep disorder characterized by repeated episodes of apnea and hypopnea during sleep. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the most effect...
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a common sleep disorder characterized by repeated episodes of apnea and hypopnea during sleep. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the most effective method for treating OSAS and alleviating the patients' symptoms. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of 3-month CPAP therapy on serum levels of IL-23 in patients with OSAS. Twenty-three patients with newly diagnosed moderate-to-severe OSAS who had not yet started nasal CPAP treatment were prospectively enrolled. All of the subjects underwent simple spirometry and an overnight sleep study. Twenty-seven healthy individuals without OSAS were also recruited as the control group. Serum IL-23 and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were measured before and after 3 months of CPAP therapy. There was no significant difference between moderate and severe OSAS patients in IL-23 and CRP, but both parameters were significantly higher than control group. The CPAP treatment produced a significant decrease in the levels of the inflammatory mediators CRP and IL-23 in patients. Changes in IL-23 were positively correlated with changes in AHI and in CRP. In conclusion, based on these results, serum IL-23 levels reflect OSAS-related systemic inflammation and are a useful marker for improvement in OSAS following CPAP therapy.
- Comorbidities of chronic facial pain and obstructive sleep apnea. [Journal Article]
- Curr Opin Pulm Med 2016 Sep 22CO
- CONCLUSIONS: It is recommended that patients who seek care for the symptoms of sleep-related breathing disorders (OSA), or patients seeking care for chronic head and face pain be screened with intake forms that include questions of both to insure optimal treatment outcomes for either chief complaint.
- Feasibility Testing of a Self-Management Program Book to Improve Adherence to PAP in Persons Newly Diagnosed With Sleep Apnea. [Journal Article]
- Behav Sleep Med 2016 Sep 23; :1-17BS
- CONCLUSIONS: The PAP self-management program demonstrated ease of use and was found somewhat effective in improving PAP adherence.The book was useful in assisting participants by validating information obtained from their providers and developing an understanding of the consequences of not using PAP.
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- Layered sellar reconstruction with avascular free grafts: Acceptable alternative to the nasoseptal flap for repair of low-volume intraoperative cerebrospinal fluid leak. [Journal Article]
- Am J Rhinol Allergy 2016; 30(5):367-71AJ
- CONCLUSIONS: In cases of low-volume intraoperative CSF leak, layered skull base repair with avascular free grafts was an acceptable alternative to the nasoseptal flap, which may reduce prolonged sinonasal healing and donor-site morbidities.