Appendicitis Acute [keywords]
- Müllerian Remnant Cyst as a Cause of Acute Abdomen in a Female Patient with Müllerian Agenesis: Radiologic and Pathologic Findings. [Journal Article]
- Case Rep Radiol 2016.:6581387.
We report a case of a 17-year-old female with Müllerian agenesis who presented with right sided abdominal pain clinically suspicious for acute appendicitis. Multimodality imaging workup revealed a heterogeneous cystic right upper quadrant mass with surrounding fluid and inflammatory changes. Surgical resection of this mass was performed and a histopathologic diagnosis of a hemorrhagic Müllerian remnant cyst was made, which to the best of our knowledge has never been described in a patient with Müllerian agenesis.
- Application value of laboratory indexes in the differential diagnosis of Henoch-Schoenlein purpura. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Z Rheumatol 2016 Jul 21.
The aim of this study was to explore the value of laboratory indexes in the differential diagnosis of Henoch-Schoenlein purpura (HSP).Patients with HSP hospitalized at the Children's Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine between January 2010 and December 2014 were enrolled in this prospective study. In addition, septic patients with rash and patients with urticaria, simple hematuria, and acute appendicitis hospitalized during the same period were selected at random as differential diagnosis subjects, and healthy children were selected as normal controls. The levels of IgA, D‑dimer, fibrinogen (FIB), and platelet (PLT) and the platelet distribution width (PDW) of these individuals were tested and analyzed, and the ROC curve was used to determine the applicability of these indexes to differentiate between patients with HSP and other diseases easily confused with HSP, as well as to determine the efficacy of combined diagnosis.There were remarkable differences in the levels of FIB, D‑dimer, IgA, PLT, and PDW among patients with HSP, sepsis patients with rash, patients with urticaria, simple hematuria, or acute appendicitis and healthy children (P < 0.01).The levels of IgA, D‑dimer, and PLT can be applied separately for the differential diagnosis of HSP, and these indexes and FIB can be combined appropriately to improve the diagnostic efficacy.
- Appendiceal Hemangioma, Mimicking Acute Appendicitis in a 17-Year-Old Girl. [Journal Article]
- Rare Tumors 2016 Jun 28; 8(2):6208.
Epithelial tumors of appendix are not so common, and mesenchymal tumors of the appendix are even less common. Capillary hemangioma of the appendix is an extremely rare event and to the best of our knowledge only 4 cases have been reported in the English literature so far. In this case report we want to explain our experience with an extremely rare occurrence of capillary hemangioma of appendix in a 17-year-old girl presented with right lower quadrant pain that was operated with the clinical impression of acute appendicitis. The patient has been operated as a routine appendectomy with a completely uneventful postoperative period.
- Gastrointestinal perforation during regorafenib administration in a case with hepatic metastases of colon cancer. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Chemother 2016 Jul 20.:1-3.
Although common side effects of regorafenib include hand-and-foot syndrome and diarrhoea, the incidence of gastrointestinal perforation is reportedly unknown. We describe our experience with the case of a 65-year-old woman treated with regorafenib as a third-line therapy for progressive caecal cancer with multiple hepatic metastases after 4 and 6 courses of systemic mFOLFOX6 + bevacizumab (BV) and FOLFIRI + BV chemotherapy, respectively. The patient used regorafenib for 32 days but visited our hospital with abdominal pain during the second course. She was diagnosed with acute appendicitis and treated conservatively with antibiotics. The abdominal findings did not improve, and a computed tomography evaluation on day 4 of hospitalization revealed free air lateral to the caecal tumour, liver surface, and epigastric region. The patient underwent same-day emergency surgery based on a diagnosis of gastrointestinal perforation with generalized peritonitis. Upon observing digestive fluid leakage into the peri-ileocaecal area and a 5-mm perforation in the appendix, the patient was diagnosed with peritonitis due to gastrointestinal perforation. Ileocaecal resection with D2 debridement was performed, and a colostomy was opened into the ileum and ascending colon. We conclude that our patient developed gastrointestinal perforation during regorafenib therapy and note that clinicians should be aware of this possible complication in patients with a history of prior treatment with BV.
- Single-Port Laparoscopic Interval Appendectomy for Perforated Appendicitis With a Periappendiceal Abscess. [Journal Article]
- Ann Coloproctol 2016 Jun; 32(3):105-10.
Nonoperative management followed by an interval appendectomy is a commonly used approach for treating patients with perforated appendicitis with abscess formation. As minimally-invasive surgery has developed, single-port laparoscopic surgery (SPLS) is increasingly being used to treat many conditions. We report our initial experience with this procedure using a multichannel single-port.The study included 25 adults who underwent a single-port laparoscopic interval appendectomy for perforated appendicitis with periappendiceal abscess by using a single-port with or without needlescopic grasper between June 2014 and January 2016.Of the 25 patients, 9 (36%) required percutaneous drainage for a median of 7 days (5-14 days) after insertion, and 3 (12%) required conversion to reduced-port laparoscopic surgery with a 5-mm port insertion because of severe adhesions to adjacent organs. Of 22 patients undergoing SPLS, 13 underwent pure SPLS (52.0%) whereas 9 patients underwent SPLS with a 2-mm needle instrument (36.0%). Median operation time was 70 minutes (30-155 minutes), and a drainage tube was placed in 9 patients (36.0%). Median total length of incision was 2.5 cm (2.0-3.0 cm), and median time to soft diet initiation and length of stay in the hospital were 2 days (0-5 days) and 3 days (1-7 days), respectively. Two patients (8.0%) developed postoperative complications: 1 wound site bleeding and 1 surgical site infection.Conservative management followed by a single-port laparoscopic interval appendectomy using a multichannel single-port appears feasible and safe for treating patients with acute perforated appendicitis with periappendiceal abscess.
- Single Incision Laparoscopic Assisted Appendectomy: Experience of 82 Cases. [Journal Article]
- J Clin Diagn Res 2016 May; 10(5):PC01-3.
Single Incision Laparoscopic Surgery (SILS) is one of the most recent developments which have been made in the field of minimal assesses surgery. It has potential advantages of less postoperative pain and better cosmesis, but at the same time, this procedure is time consuming and it increases the cost of surgery.In this study, we evaluated the feasibility, safety and potential advantages of single incision laparoscopic assisted appendectomy.Single incision laparoscopic assisted appendectomy was done in 82 patients who were diagnosed with acute or chronic appendicitis. A single 10mm incision made over right lower quadrant was used for placing two 5mm trocars and appendisectomy was done as in open surgery, after delivering out the appendix from the incision.Mean operative time was 32.56 ± 15.5 minutes. Mean post-operative pain scores as per visual analogue scalewere 6.5, 4.2 and 1.2 on 12 hours day 1 and day 2 after surgery respectively. Mean length of hospital stay was 1.4 ± 1.2 days.Single incision laparoscopic appendectomy is safe and feasible.
- WSES Jerusalem guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of acute appendicitis. [Journal Article, Review]
- World J Emerg Surg 2016.:34.
Acute appendicitis (AA) is among the most common cause of acute abdominal pain. Diagnosis of AA is challenging; a variable combination of clinical signs and symptoms has been used together with laboratory findings in several scoring systems proposed for suggesting the probability of AA and the possible subsequent management pathway. The role of imaging in the diagnosis of AA is still debated, with variable use of US, CT and MRI in different settings worldwide. Up to date, comprehensive clinical guidelines for diagnosis and management of AA have never been issued. In July 2015, during the 3rd World Congress of the WSES, held in Jerusalem (Israel), a panel of experts including an Organizational Committee and Scientific Committee and Scientific Secretariat, participated to a Consensus Conference where eight panelists presented a number of statements developed for each of the eight main questions about diagnosis and management of AA. The statements were then voted, eventually modified and finally approved by the participants to The Consensus Conference and lately by the board of co-authors. The current paper is reporting the definitive Guidelines Statements on each of the following topics: 1) Diagnostic efficiency of clinical scoring systems, 2) Role of Imaging, 3) Non-operative treatment for uncomplicated appendicitis, 4) Timing of appendectomy and in-hospital delay, 5) Surgical treatment 6) Scoring systems for intra-operative grading of appendicitis and their clinical usefulness 7) Non-surgical treatment for complicated appendicitis: abscess or phlegmon 8) Pre-operative and post-operative antibiotics.
- Metastatic gastric signet-ring cell carcinoma: A rare cause of acute appendicitis. [Journal Article]
- Ulus Cerrahi Derg 2016; 32(2):140-4.
We report a 32-year-old patient who underwent laparoscopy with classical symptoms and signs of acute appendicitis. An inflamed, edematous and non-perforated appendix, also a large amount gelatinous ascites, omental and peritoneal implants were seen. Appendectomy was performed and multiple biopsies were taken from omentum and peritoneum for definitive diagnosis. Histopathologic diagnosis was a metastatic gastric signet-ring cell carcinoma (GSRCC) involving appendix and other specimens. A flat lesion involving corpus to antrum was diagnosed by gastroscopy and GSRCC was verified histopathologically in a tertiary centre and the case evaluated as stage IV gastric carcinoma. This case with no sign of gastric cancer was presented as an acute appendicitis. Metastatic carcinoma to the appendix, causing acute appendicitis is extremely rare in clinical practice and usually associated with high morbidity and mortality.
- The predictive value of Alvarado score, inflammatory parameters and ultrasound imaging in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis. [Journal Article]
- Ulus Cerrahi Derg 2016; 32(2):115-21.
Acute appendicitis (AA) is one of the most common surgical emergencies. Despite extraordinary advances in modern investigations, the accurate diagnosis of AA remains an enigmatic challenge. The aim of this study was to compare and evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of inflammatory parameters [C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)], ultrasound (US) and Alvarado score (AS) in reducing the rate of negative appendectomies.Two hundred seventy-eight patients were included in this study. Patients were separated into two main groups as the surgery group (n=184) and non-operative group (n=94). Complete blood count, ESR and PCT levels were assessed, abdominal US was performed and AS was calculated for all patients.In the surgery group, clinical predictive factors for histopathologic results such as AS ≥7, AA signs on US, neutrophilia and leukocytosis were significant. Neutrophilia and leukocytosis had the highest accuracy rate among these factors. Inflammatory parameters were not predictive for histopathologic results, although higher CRP and PCT levels were significant in perforated and necrotizing appendicitis. Multifactorial regression analyses showed that AS was not of significant predictive value in the non-operative group.There was no superiority of AS and/or US in the diagnosis of AA. Recent findings have shown the most reliable parameters in the diagnosis of AA to be primarily 'neutrophilia' and secondarily 'leukocytosis'. Other results of this study indicated that inflammatory parameters (CRP, PCT, ESR) were not superior to other parameters but CRP and PCT levels were significantly high in complicated cases.
- The comparison of the effectiveness of tomography and Alvarado scoring system in patients who underwent surgery with the diagnosis of appendicitis. [Journal Article]
- Ulus Cerrahi Derg 2016; 32(2):111-4.
The aim of this study is to compare the effectiveness of computed tomography and Alvarado scoring system in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis in patients who underwent appendectomy with the preliminary diagnosis of acute appendicitis.One hundred and one patients who underwent appendectomy with the diagnosis of acute appendicitis between January and December 2011 were included in the study. Alvarado scores were calculated, and abdominal tomography scans were obtained for each patient before surgery. Patients with Alvarado score ≥7 were considered to have appendicitis while patients with a score <7 were considered not to have appendicitis. Patients were classified into two groups based on the presence of appendicitis findings on abdominal tomography. Histopathological examination of the appendices was performed following appendectomy. All patients were classified into groups according to pathology results, Alvarado score and tomography findings. The effectiveness of Alvarado score and tomography were compared using the McNemar test.Sixty patients (59.4%) were male and 41 (40.6%) were female, with a mean age of 32 years (5-85 years). The rate of negative appendectomy was 3.9%. In 78 patients (77.3%) the Alvarado score was ≥7, while 23 patients (22.7%) had Alvarado scores <7. The presence of appendicitis was determined by histopathology in 22 out of 23 patients whose Alvarado score was <7. Tomography indicated appendicitis in 97 patients (95.9%) whereas four patients (4.1%) exhibited no signs of appendicitis by tomography. However, histopathological evaluation indicated the presence of appendicitis in those four patients as well.The study results imply that tomography is a more effective means of diagnosing acute appendicitis as compared to the Alvarado scoring system.