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Appendicitis Acute [keywords]
- Enterocolitis without diarrhoea in an adult patient: a clinical dilemma. [Journal Article]
- BMJ Case Rep 2014.
Campylobacter jejuni is one of the most common causes of bloody diarrhoea in the USA. We report a case of a young woman who presented with a clinical picture reminiscent of acute appendicitis. Ultrasonography and CT of the abdomen performed subsequently revealed evidence of colitis. Quite unexpectedly, she had no symptoms of diarrhoea and the stool Gram stain and culture were negative. Nevertheless, due to high clinical suspicion of infectious colitis, appendectomy was deferred. Blood culture was later reported positive for Campylobacter species and the patient responded to quinolones. With this case report we try to highlight one of the unusual presentations of C jejuni infection, closely mimicking acute appendicitis in the absence of classical symptoms of bacterial enteritis. In such cases, a high index of suspicion, astute history taking skills and the proper use of imaging studies can save the patient from the surgical knife.
- Social Shyness Stands behind a Roll Pen in a Female Bladder: It Mimics Acute Appendicitis. [Journal Article]
- Urol J 2014; 11(1):1328-30.
- Takes two to tango. [Journal Article]
- BMJ Case Rep 2014.
A 17-year-old girl was admitted with acute abdominal pain, vomiting and a leucocytosis, and was initially thought to have appendicitis. She underwent laparoscopic appendicectomy, where the tip of the appendix was noted to be mildly inflamed and she was discharged home the day after surgery. Two days later, she re-presented with small bowel obstruction which was subsequently demonstrated to be due to ingestion of five magnetic beads. She required a laparotomy and small bowel resection to resolve the obstruction, but has since fully recovered. This case highlights the potential intestinal complications caused by the intake of magnetic objects, and based on a literature review a number of recommendations are made to guide clinicians when managing similar cases.
- Ultrasonography/MRI Versus CT for Diagnosing Appendicitis. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Pediatrics 2014 Mar 3.
Cross-sectional imaging increases accuracy in diagnosing appendicitis. We hypothesized that a radiation-free imaging pathway of ultrasonography selectively followed by MRI would not change clinical end points compared with computed tomography (CT) for diagnosis of acute appendicitis in children.We retrospectively reviewed children (<18 years old) who had diagnostic imaging for suspected acute appendicitis between November 2008 and October 2012. Before November 2010 CT was used as the primary imaging modality (group A); subsequently, ultrasonography was the primary imaging modality followed by MRI for equivocal findings (group B). Data collected included time from triage to imaging and treatment and results of imaging and pathology.Six hundred sixty-two patients had imaging for suspected appendicitis (group A = 265; group B = 397, of which 136 [51%] and 161 [41%], respectively, had positive imaging for appendicitis). Negative appendectomy rate was 2.5% for group A and 1.4% for group B. Perforation rate was similar for both groups. Time from triage to antibiotic administration and operation did not differ between groups A and B. There was higher proportion of positive imaging and appendectomies in group A and thus more negative imaging tests in group B (ultrasonography and MRI), but diagnostic accuracy of the 2 imaging pathways was similar.In children with suspected acute appendicitis, a radiation-free diagnostic imaging of ultrasonography selectively followed by MRI is feasible and comparable to CT, with no difference in time to antibiotic administration, time to appendectomy, negative appendectomy rate, perforation rate, or length of stay.
- Serum Amyloid A and Omentin levels in acute appendicitis: A preliminary study for a novel diagnostic approach. [Journal Article]
- Clin Ter 2014 Jan-Feb; 165(1):e35-8.
The diagnosis of acute appendicitis is based on medical history and physical examination. Serum (S) amiloid A (AA) levels are elevated in many inflammatory conditions. Omentin is a recently discovered adipokine showing decreased levels associated with inflammatory conditions. We aimed to measure SAA and omentin levels in patients with acute appendicitis.36 patients with a diagnosis of acute appendicitis and 30 healthy subjects were enrolled to this research study. A statistical analysis was performed using IBM SPSS Statistics Version 16.0 (SPSS Inc.®, Chicago, IL, United States).Patients in study group were significantly older than healthy control subjects (p=0.013). Body mass index of the patients with acute appendicitis (23.2±1.3) was greater than that of the control group (22.7±1), but the difference did not reach the statistically significance (p=0.076). ). Mean level of SAA was significantly raised in study group compared to healthy control subjects (p< 0.001). Mean omentin level was significantly lower in study group compared to healthy subjects (p=0.013).In conclusion, although diagnosis of acute appendicitis is mostly based on clinical findings, omentin and especially SAA measurement in serum may help surgeons to avoid negative laparatomy.
- Prospective, randomized comparative study between single-port laparoscopic appendectomy and conventional laparoscopic appendectomy. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Cir Esp 2014 Feb 26.
Laparoscopic appendectomy is probably the technique of choice in acute appendicitis. Single port laparoscopic surgery (SILS) has been proposed as an alternative technique. The objective of this study is to compare the safety and efficacy of SILS against conventional laparoscopic appendectomy (LA).From January 2011 to September 2012, 120 patients with acute appendicitis were prospectively randomized; 60 for SILS and 60 for LA. Patients between 15 to 65 years were selected, with onset of symptoms less than 48h. We compared BMI, surgery time, start of oral intake, hospital stay, postoperative pain, pathology and costs.The median age, BMI, sex and time of onset of symptoms to diagnosis were similar. There were no statistically significant differences in the operative time, start of oral intake or hospital stay. There was a significant difference in postoperative pain being higher in SILS (4±1.3) than in LA (3.3±0.5) with a P=.004. Flemonous appendicitis predominated in both groups in a similar percentage. A total of 3 cases with intra-abdominal abscess (SILS 2, LA 1) required readmission and resolved spontaneously with intravenous antibiotic treatment. One case of SILS required assistance by a 5mm trocar in the RLC for drainage placement. The cost was higher in SILS due the single port device.SILS appendectomy is safe, effective and has similar results to LA in selected patients, and although the cost is greater, the long term results will determine the future of this technique.
- A case of endoscopic removal of a giant appendicolith combined with stump appendicitis. [Journal Article]
- Clin Endosc 2014 Jan; 47(1):112-4.
Stump appendicitis is an acute inflammation of the residual appendix and is a rare complication after appendectomy. The physician should be aware of the possibility of stump appendicitis in patients with right lower abdominal pain after appendectomy so that delayed diagnosis and treatment can be prevented. Stump appendicitis is usually treated by surgical resection, and endoscopic treatment has not been reported previously. A 48-year-old man who had undergone appendectomy 35 years earlier presented to the hospital because of right lower quadrant discomfort. A computed tomography scan showed a large stone in the residual appendix. Colonoscopic findings revealed a large, smooth, protruding lesion at the cecum with a stone inside the appendiceal orifice. Endoscopic removal after incision of the appendiceal orifice was performed successfully.
- Schistosomiasis as a rare cause of recurrent acute appendicitis - A case report. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Int J Surg Case Rep 2014 Jan 20; 5(3):159-160.
We are presenting a case of schistosomiasis in a 41 year old lady who presented with right iliac fossa pain for 3 years. The pain worsened and the frequency increased in the last 3 months prior to referral. The ultrasound was unremarkable. Her bowel habits were normal and there was no vomiting. There was no blood in the stool or in the urine.The abdomen was soft except on deep palpation. There was slight tenderness in the right lower quadrant. A repeat ultrasound was unremarkable. The full blood count was within the normal range. A diagnosis of recurrent acute appendicitis was made and an interval appendicectomy was performed.Histopathology results revealed schistosomiasis of the appendix. There was no acute inflammation but there was fibrous obliteration of the distal lumen of the appendix and reactive lymphoid hyperplasia.This is the first case in a country with relatively clean drinking water. There are no irrigation schemes but there are seasonal rivers and streams. The patient admits to swimming in these streams during childhood. Clinical features of schistosomiasis were not elicited.
- [Acute abdomen secondary to appendiceal intussusception.] [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- An Pediatr (Barc) 2014 Feb 21.
Appendiceal intussusception is a rare condition that can occur at any age. Only a few cases have been reported, and most are found during surgery. The therapeutic approach is usually surgical, ranging from an appendectomy to a hemicolectomy, primarily for biopsy and to rule out possible malignancy. Three cases of children under 14 years who underwent surgery for acute abdominal pain located in the right iliac fossa are presented; one with preoperative diagnosis by ultrasound, and the other two with positive intraoperative findings of intussusception of the cecal appendix, with acute appendicitis being histologically confirmed.