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Appendicitis Acute [keywords]
- Adenocarcinomas of appendix: a rare tumor. Two case reports. [Journal Article]
- Clin Ter 2014 Nov-Dec; 165(6):308-12.
Primary Adenocarcinomas of the appendix are rare tumor. Most commonly diagnosis was made after surgical pocedure of appendicectomy for suspect acute appendicitis and the pathology report confirms appendiceal neoplasm. Laboratory exams and imaging show low sensibility and specificity for preoperative diagnosis. We report two cases of primary mucinous adenocarcinoma in caucasian men misdiagnosed as having acute appendicitis. Appendicectomy was done and excised appendix was sent for histopathological examination. Mucinous Adenocarcinoma of the appendix was confirmed after histopathological examination. Right hemicolectomy, peritonectomy and Intraoperative Hyperthermic Chemotherapy were done as a second stage procedure. The surgical treatment of these neoplasms depends from the histological stage and local presentation. Cytoreductive surgery associated with Intraoperative Hyperthermic Chemotherapy show best results in advanced cases.
- RIPASA Score: A New Diagnostic Score for Diagnosis of Acute Appendicitis. [Journal Article]
- J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2014 Dec; 24(12):894-7.
To determine the usefulness of RIPASA score for the diagnosis of acute appendicitis using histopathology as a gold standard.Cross-sectional study.Department of General Surgery, Combined Military Hospital, Kohat, from September 2011 to March 2012.A total of 267 patients were included in this study. RIPASA score was assessed. The diagnosis of appendicitis was made clinically aided by routine sonography of abdomen. After appendicectomies, resected appendices were sent for histopathological examination. The 15 parameters and the scores generated were age (less than 40 years = 1 point; greater than 40 years = 0.5 point), gender (male = 1 point; female = 0.5 point), Right Iliac Fossa (RIF) pain (0.5 point), migration of pain to RIF (0.5 point), nausea and vomiting (1 point), anorexia (1 point), duration of symptoms (less than 48 hours = 1 point; more than 48 hours = 0.5 point), RIF tenderness (1 point), guarding (2 points), rebound tenderness (1 point), Rovsing's sign (2 points), fever (1 point), raised white cell count (1 point), negative urinalysis (1 point) and foreign national registration identity card (1 point). The optimal cut-off threshold score from the ROC was 7.5. Sensitivity analysis was done.Out of 267 patients, 156 (58.4%) were male while remaining 111 patients (41.6%) were female with mean age of 23.5 ± 9.1 years. Sensitivity of RIPASA score was 96.7%, specificity 93.0%, diagnostic accuracy was 95.1%, positive predictive value was 94.8% and negative predictive value was 95.54%.RIPASA score at a cut-off total score of 7.5 was a useful tool to diagnose appendicitis, in equivocal cases of pain.
- Correlation between the serum and tissue levels of oxidative stress markers and the extent of inflammation in acute appendicitis. [Journal Article]
- Clinics (Sao Paulo) 2014 Dec; 69(10):677-82.
To determine the serum and tissue levels of markers of impaired oxidative metabolism and correlate these levels with the histopathology and Alvarado score of acute appendicitis patients.Sixty-five acute appendicitis patients (mean age, 31.4±12.06 years; male/female, 30/35) and 30 healthy control subjects were studied. The Alvarado score was recorded. Serum samples were obtained before surgery and 12 hours postoperatively to examine the total antioxidant status, total oxidant status, paraoxonase, stimulated paraoxonase, arylesterase, catalase, myeloperoxidase, ceruloplasmin, oxidative stress markers (advanced oxidized protein products and total thiol level) and ischemia-modified albumin. Surgical specimens were also evaluated.The diagnoses were acute appendicitis (n = 37), perforated appendicitis (n = 8), phlegmonous appendicitis (n = 12), perforated+phlegmonous appendicitis (n = 4), or no appendicitis (n = 4). The Alvarado score of the acute appendicitis group was significantly lower than that of the perforated+phlegmonous appendicitis group (p = 0.004). The serum total antioxidant status, total thiol level, advanced oxidized protein products, total oxidant status, catalase, arylesterase, and ischemia-modified albumin levels were significantly different between the acute appendicitis and control groups. There was no correlation between the pathological extent of acute appendicitis and the tissue levels of the markers; additionally, there was no correlation between the tissue and serum levels of any of the parameters.The imbalance of oxidant/antioxidant systems plays a role in the pathogenesis acute appendicitis. The Alvarado score can successfully predict the presence and extent of acute appendicitis.
- Single-incision laparoscopic appendectomy versus conventional laparoscopy in adults. A systematic review. [Journal Article]
- Acta Cir Bras 2014 Dec; 29(12):826-31.
To determine the best treatment option for not complicated acute appendicitis (AA) in adult patients, between single incision laparoscopy (SIL) and conventional laparoscopy (CL), measured by morbidity associated with disease.Systematic review. Articles of adults diagnosed with AA treated by SIL or CL were analyzed. Databases included: MEDLINE, LILACS, IBECS, Web of Science, Scopus and Cochrane, using MeSH terms and free words. The studies were analyzed using the MINCIR methodology. Variables included: conversion rate, morbidity, hospital stay, surgery duration, and methodological quality (MQ) of primary studies. Averages, medians and weighted averages were calculated.Thirteen articles were analyzed. For SIL and CL the conversion rate were 3.4% and 0.7 %, the morbidity were 8% and 6.5%, the hospital stay were 2.5 and 2.8 days, the surgery duration were 53.4 and 53.8 minutes, and the MQ were 14.3±6.6 and 16.0±6.9 points, respectively.With the exception of the conversion rate, there are no differences between single incision laparoscopy and conventional laparoscopy for the treatment of acute appendicitis in adults.
- Appendiceal Crohn's disease clinically presenting as acute appendicitis. [Journal Article]
- World J Clin Cases 2014 Dec 16; 2(12):888-92.
To determine the incidence of appendiceal Crohn's disease (CD) and to summarize the characteristic histologic features of appendiceal CD.We reviewed the pathology files of 2179 appendectomy specimens from January 2007 to May 2013. The computer-assisted retrieval search facility was utilized to collect specimens. We selected those cases that were diagnosed as CD or chronic granulomatous inflammation and defined the final diagnosis according to the histologic findings of CD, including transmural lymphocytic inflammation, non-caseating epithelioid granulomas, thickening of the appendiceal wall secondary to hypertrophy of muscularis mucosa, mucosal ulceration with crypt abscesses, mucosal fissures, and fistula formation.We found 12 cases (7 male and 5 female patients, with an average age of 29.8 years) of appendiceal CD. The incidence of appendiceal CD was 0.55%. The chief complaints were right lower quadrant pain, abdominal pain, lower abdominal pain, and diarrhea. The duration of symptom varied from 2 d to 5 mo. The histologic review revealed appendiceal wall thickening in 11 cases (92%), transmural inflammation in all cases (100%), lymphoid aggregates in all cases (100%), epithelioid granulomas in all cases (100%), mucosal ulceration in 11 cases (92%), crypt abscesses in 5 cases (42%), perforation in 2 cases (17%), muscular hypertrophy in 1 case (8%), neural hyperplasia in 5 cases (42%), and perpendicular serosal fibrosis in 8 cases (67%).A typical and protracted clinical course, unusual gross features of the appendix and the characteristic histologic features are a clue in the diagnosis of appendiceal CD.
- Old dogs and new tricks: length of stay for appendicitis improves with an acute care surgery program and transition from private surgical practice to multispecialty group practice. [Journal Article]
- Am Surg 2014 Dec; 80(12):1250-5.
Acute care surgery (ACS) programs have emerged mainly at academic medical centers to provide timely care for emergency general surgery and trauma patients. We hypothesized that the development of an ACS program in a multispecialty group practice would improve outcomes for patients with acute appendicitis. A retrospective analysis of patients with acute appendicitis was performed in two time periods: 18 months of private practice and the following 12 months with ACS coverage. Length of stay was the primary outcome measure. A total of 871 patients were studied (526 private practice, 345 ACS). The ACS group had a greater proportion of laparoscopic appendectomies (P < 0.001) and more transitions in care between surgeons (P < 0.001). Length of stay was shorter in the ACS group (1.6 ± 1.5 [mean ± standard deviation] vs 1.9 ± 2.4 days, P = 0.01) and a greater proportion of surgeries were performed during the daytime (44.9 vs 36.6%, P = 0.02). Multivariate analysis demonstrated length of stay was related to appendicitis grade (P < 0.001), American Society of Anesthesiologists class (P < 0.001), symptom duration (P = 0.001), and laparoscopic approach (P < 0.001). The initial transition from private practice to ACS resulted in decreased length of stay with no increase in morbidity related to transitions of surgical care in patients with appendicitis.
- Niels thorkild rovsing: the surgeon behind the sign. [Journal Article]
- Am Surg 2014 Dec; 80(12):1201-6.
Niels Thorkild Rovsing (1862 to 1927) was a Danish surgeon. His eponyms include the Rovsing sign of acute appendicitis, the Rovsing syndrome (abdominal pain in a horseshoe kidney), the Rovsing operation I (for polycystic kidney), and the Rovsing operation II (to separate a fused "horseshoe" kidney). He received his M.D. degree in 1885 and his Ph.D. in 1889 from Copenhagen University. Rovsing practiced surgery from 1892 to 1902 at the Queen Louise Children's Hospital and the Red Cross Hospital, both located in Copenhagen. He became Professor of Surgery in 1899 and Director of Surgery at the Royal Frederiks Hospital in 1904. Rovsing earned international recognition for his innovative urological surgery. Together with his colleague, Eilert A. Tscherning, Rovsing founded the Danish Surgical Society (Dansk Kirurgisk Selskap) in 1908. His advocacy for antisepsis and Listerism advanced his notoriety and exemplified his medical leadership. His clarion call for a modern hospital led to the construction of the Copenhagen University Hospital (Rigshospitalet) that opened in 1910. Rovsing was an Honorary Member of the Edinburgh Medico-Chirurgical Society and the Association of Surgeons of Great Britain and Ireland. Rovsing served briefly as Denmark's Minister of Education in 1920. He died in 1927 from cardiac failure and laryngeal cancer.
- [A foreign body of the intestine as the mask of acute appendicitis]. [Journal Article]
- Klin Khir 2014 Sep; (9):68-9.
- Incidental finding of complete situs inversus in a polytraumatized adult. [Journal Article]
- Afr J Med Med Sci 2014 Jun; 43(2):183-6.
Situs inversus is a rare abnormality typically posing a diagnostic dilemma during routine evaluation of acute abdominal emergencies such as in acute appendicitis and cholecystitis. It is rare to detect such in the setting of trauma.To report an incidental finding of complete situs inversus in a poly-traumatized adult.The clinical records of the patient including preoperative evaluation, intra-operative findings and postoperative care were reviewed.A 53 year old man presented with difficulty breathing, left sided chest pain, generalized abdominal pain and distension 18 hours after a vehicular road traffic accident. Examination revealed features of left sided haemothorax, absent heart sounds, generalized peritonitis and limb injuries. Plain chest radiograph confirmed left haemothorax with dextrocardia. He had a left closed thoracostomy tube drainage and exploratory laparotomy which revealed complete situs inversus of intra-abdominal organs alongside a jejunal perforation which was repaired. Postoperative recovery was uneventful.Complete situs inversus is uncommon and may not be anticipated in evaluation of trauma patients. Preoperative clinical and radiological evaluation may however be helpful in making a pre-operative diagnosis and further management.
- [Retrospective analysis of ultrasound imaging characteristics of 58 patients with Meckel's diverticulum disease]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue Za Zhi 2014 Aug; 31(4):875-80.
To evaluate the ultrasound imaging characteristics and diagnostic criteria for acute abdominal Meckel's di- verticulum disease (MD), we retrospectively analyzed the ultrasonic characteristics, clinical data of 58 cases of pathologically proved MD from January 2009 to May 2012. We found that among all the 58 patients, 21 patients were diagnosed with the preoperative clinical diagnosis of MD. Fourteen cases of MD inflammation with acute appendicitis were evaluated by pathological examinations after the surgery. We also found 4 cases of MD with perforation, 15 cases of MD with intussusceptions, 14 cases MD with intestinal obstruction, 5 cases of MD secondary to intestinal obstructionor intestinal necrosis, and 5 cases of MD without any obvious complications. Emergency ultrasound examinations revealed 8 cases of simple MD, 1 case of MD with intussusceptions, 9 cases of MD with acute appendicitis, 12 cases of MD with intestinal obstruction, 2 cases of MD with intussusceptions and intestinal obstruction, 1 case of MD with omphalocele and 1 case of MD with abdominal abscess. The emergency sonographic findings suggested that MD was relatively fixed bowel or thick-walled cystic mass, with one end connected to small intestine, and the other end connected to the blind side, at the periumbilicus region or at the lower right abdomen. A conclusion could be drawn that MD is difficult to be detected by ultrasound (detection rate was about 15. 5%), and MD with complications such as intussusceptions, intestinal obstruction, acute appendicitis can usually be more easily detected (detection rates were 24.1%, 24.1% and 15.5%, respectively). Sonography is a simple, effective way to make diagnosis and differential diagnosis of MD with different acute abdomen symptoms from other disease. Key words: Meckel's diverticulum; emergency; sonographic finding; clinical manifestation