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- Urinary N-Acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase as an Early Marker for Acute Kidney Injury in Full-Term Newborns with Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Dis Markers 2014.:315843.
Purpose. To investigate renal function estimated by markers in full-term newborns with hyperbilirubinemia. Methods. A total of 332 full-term newborns with hyperbilirubinemia and 60 healthy full-term newborns were enrolled. Total serum bilirubin, serum creatinine (Cr), serum blood urea nitrogen (BUN), serum cystatin C (Cys-C), urinary beta-2-microglobulin (β 2MG) index, and urinary N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase (NAG) index were measured before and after treatment. All newborns were divided into three groups according to total serum bilirubin levels: group 1 (221-256), group 2 (256-342), and group 3 (>342). Results. The control group and group 1 did not differ significantly in regard to serum Cr, serum BUN, serum Cys-C, urinary β 2MG index, and urinary NAG index. Urinary NAG index in group 2 was significantly higher than that in control group (P < 0.001). Between control group and group 3, serum Cys-C, urinary β 2MG index, and urinary NAG index differed significantly. The significant positive correlation between total serum bilirubin and urinary NAG index was found in newborns when total serum bilirubin level was more than 272 μmol/L. Conclusions. High unconjugated bilirubin could result in acute kidney injury in full-term newborns. Urinary NAG might be the suitable marker for predicting acute kidney injury in full-term newborns with hyperbilirubinemia.
- The Natural History of Jaundice in Predominantly Breastfed Infants. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Pediatrics 2014 Jul 21.
Breastfed newborns are more likely to develop prolonged hyperbilirubinemia than those fed formula, but the prevalence of prolonged hyperbilirubinemia in a largely white, North American breastfed population is unknown. In this population, we documented the natural history of jaundice and the prevalence of prolonged hyperbilirubinemia, and we evaluated the utility of assessing the cephalocaudal progression of jaundice in office-based practices.METHODS: We measured transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) levels during the first month in 1044 predominantly breastfed infants ≥35 weeks of gestation and assigned a cephalocaudal zone score to each infant at the time of the TcB measurement.RESULTS: TcB level was ≥5 mg/dL in 43% of infants at age 21 ± 3 days and 34% were clinically jaundiced. At 28 ± 3 days, the TcB was ≥5 mg/dL in 34% and 21% were jaundiced. There was a strong correlation between the TcB level and the jaundice zone score, but there was a wide range of TcB levels associated with each score.CONCLUSIONS: Practitioners can be reassured that it is normal for 20% to 30% of predominantly breastfed newborns to be jaundiced at age 3 to 4 weeks and for 30% to 40% of these infants to have bilirubin levels ≥5 mg/dL. The jaundice zone score does not provide an accurate assessment of the bilirubin level, but a score of zero (complete absence of jaundice) suggests that the level is unlikely to be >12.9 mg/dL, whereas a score of ≥4 usually predicts a level of ≥10 mg/dL.
- Usefulness of serum bilirubin levels as a biomarker for long-term clinical outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Heart Vessels 2014 Jul 22.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of serum total bilirubin on the development of adverse outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) besides high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) and N-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP). Serum total bilirubin, hs-cTnT, and NT-proBNP were analyzed in 372 patients who underwent PCI. The primary endpoint was cardiac death. There were 21 events of cardiac death during a mean of 25.8 months of follow-up. When the serum total bilirubin cut-off level (median value) was set to 0.58 mg/dL using the receiver operating characteristic curve, the sensitivity was 95.2 % and the specificity was 51.0 % for differentiating between the group with cardiac death and the group without cardiac death. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that the lower serum total bilirubin group (<0.58 mg/dL) had a significantly higher cardiac death rate than the higher serum total bilirubin group (≥0.58 mg/dL) (10.4 vs. 0.6 %, log-rank: P = 0.0001). In conclusion, low serum total bilirubin is a predictive marker for cardiac death after PCI.
- The efficacy of endoscopic palliation of obstructive jaundice in hepatocellular carcinoma. [Journal Article]
- Yonsei Med J 2014 Sep 1; 55(5):1267-72.
Obstructive jaundice in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is uncommon (0.5-13%). Unlike other causes of obstructive jaundice, the role of endoscopic intervention in obstructive jaundice complicated by HCC has not been clearly defined. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics of obstructive jaundice caused by HCC and predictive factors for successful endoscopic intervention.From 1999 to 2009, 54 patients with HCC who underwent endoscopic intervention to relieve obstructive jaundice were included. We defined endoscopic intervention as a clinical success when the obstructive jaundice was relieved within 4 weeks.Clinical success was achieved in 23 patients (42.6%). Patients in the clinical success group showed better Child-Pugh liver function (C-P grade A or B/C; 17/6 vs. 8/20), lower total bilirubin levels (8.1±5.3 mg/dL vs. 23.1±10.4 mg/dL) prior to the treatment, and no history of alcohol consumption. The only factor predictive of clinical success by multivariate analysis was low total bilirubin level at the time of endoscopic intervention, regardless of history of alcohol consumption [odds ratio 1.223 (95% confidence interval, 1.071-1.396), p=0.003]. The cut-off value of pre-endoscopic treatment total bilirubin level was 12.8 mg/dL for predicting the clinical prognosis. Median survival after endoscopic intervention in the clinical success group was notably longer than that in the clinical failure group (5.6 months vs. 1.5 months, p≤0.001).Before endoscopic intervention, liver function, especially total bilirubin level, should be checked to achieve the best clinical outcome. Endoscopic intervention can be helpful to relieve jaundice in well selected patients with HCC.
- Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Outcome Measures and the Role of Albumin and Creatinine: A Population-Based Study. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- JAMA Neurol 2014 Jul 21.
There is an urgent need to identify reliable biomarkers of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) progression for clinical practice and pharmacological trials.To correlate several hematological markers evaluated at diagnosis with ALS outcome in a population-based series of patients (discovery cohort) and replicate the findings in an independent validation cohort from an ALS tertiary center.The discovery cohort included 712 patients with ALS from the Piemonte and Valle d'Aosta Register for Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis from January 1, 2007, to December 31, 2011. The validation cohort comprised 122 patients with ALS at different stages of disease consecutively seen at an ALS tertiary center between January 1, 2007, and January 1, 2009.The following hematological factors were investigated and correlated with survival: total leukocytes, neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, glucose, creatinine, uric acid, albumin, bilirubin, total cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, creatine kinase, thyroid-stimulating hormones, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate; all analyses were performed separately by sex. The patient of the validation cohort also underwent bioelectrical impedance analysis for the calculation of fat-free mass.Of the 712 patients in the examined period in Piemonte and Valle d'Aosta, 638 (89.6%) were included in the study. Only serum albumin (men: ≤4.3 vs >4.3 mg/dL, P < .001; women: ≤4.3 vs >4.3 mg/dL, P < .001) and creatinine levels (men: ≤0.82 vs >0.82 mg/dL, P = .004; women: ≤0.65 vs >0.05 mg/dL, P = .004) and lymphocyte count (men: ≤1700 vs >1700/μL, P = .04; women: ≤1700 vs >1700/μL, P = .02) were significantly associated with ALS outcome in both sexes with a dose-response effect (better survival with increasing levels). These findings were confirmed in the validation cohort. Multivariable analysis showed that serum albumin (men: hazard ratio [HR], 1.39; 95% CI, 1.05-1.90; P = .02; women: HR, 1.73; 95 % CI, 1.35-2.39; P = .001) and creatinine (men: HR, 1.47; 95% CI, 1.11-1.95; P = .007; women: HR, 1.49; 95% CI, 1.07-2.05; P = .02) were independent predictors of survival in both sexes; no other hematological factor was retained in the model. In patients with ALS, serum albumin was correlated with markers of inflammatory state while serum creatinine was correlated with fat-free mass, which is a marker of muscle mass.In ALS, serum albumin and creatinine are independent markers of outcome in both sexes. Creatinine reflects the muscle waste whereas albumin is connected with inflammatory state. Both creatinine and albumin are reliable markers of the severity of clinical status in patients with ALS and can be used in defining prognosis at the time of diagnosis.
- A randomized, placebo-controlled trial to determine the course of aminotransferase elevation during prolonged acetaminophen administration. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- BMC Pharmacol Toxicol 2014 Jul 22; 15(1):39.
Acetaminophen administration for more than 4 days causes aminotransferase elevation in some subjects. The objective of this randomized, placebo-controlled trial is to describe the course of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) elevation in subjects administered 4 g/day of acetaminophen for at least 16 days.A randomized, placebo controlled trial of acetaminophen (4 g/day) vs placebo. Subjects were healthy volunteers with normal liver enzymes. The primary outcome was the course of ALT during acetaminophen administration. All subjects were treated for a minimum of 16 days. Subjects with ALT elevation at day 16 were continued on treatment until these elevations resolved up to a maximum of 40 days. Subjects were also evaluated for elevation of INR or serum bilirubin as evidence of hepatic dysfunction.157/205 (77%) completed acetaminophen subjects had no ALT elevation or transient elevations that resolved by day 16. Of the 48 subjects who had ALT elevations at study day 16, 47 continued on acetaminophen and had resolution by study day 40. One acetaminophen subject did not have resolution by study day 40, and the course of aminotransferase elevation suggests an alternative cause. One placebo subject had an ALT elevation at day 16 that resolved by day 22. The highest observed ALT among all acetaminophen subjects was 191 IU/L. The mean ALT at day 16 was 4.4 IU/L higher for the acetaminophen than for the placebo group. No subject developed liver dysfunction.A minority of subjects treated with 4 g/day of acetaminophen for 16 days will have low-grade aminotransferase elevations that are not accompanied by liver dysfunction and resolve if administration is continued.Trials registration: Clintrials.gov NCT00743093 registered August 26, 2008.
- [Alcoholic liver disease: possibilities of diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation in multidisciplinary hospital]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Voen Med Zh 2014 Mar; 335(3):39-46.
Tactics of alcoholic liver disease treatment is defined in accordance with lesion level. Differentiated approach to these patients can significantly improve the efficiency of diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation. At the stage of cirrhosis it is necessary to focus on prevention and treatment of complications. Patients with compensated cirrhosis and subcompensated improved survival achievable Propafenone S-ademetionine (geptral, Geptor). The article presents the results of our study demonstrating a significant decrease in serum bilirubin in patients on background intravenous S-ademetionine. Practicability of stage system creation of medical rehabilitation of patients with alcoholic cirrhosis is approved.
- The Effect of remote ischemic postconditioning in patients undergoing living donor liver transplantation. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Liver Transpl 2014 Jul 21.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the protective effect of remote ischemic postconditioning (RIPostC) on graft function and acute kidney injury (AKI) after living donor liver transplantation. Recipients undergoing elective living donor liver transplantation were randomly assigned to either the RIPostC group or the control group. Immediately after reperfusion, four cycles of ischemia and reperfusion lasting five minutes each were performed on one upper limb in the RIPostC group. Graft function was assessed by evaluating serum level of total bilirubin, liver enzyme, and prothrombin time during 28 days after surgery. The incidence of AKI, as defined by the RIFLE classification, was evaluated within 28 days after the operation. In addition, the incidences of graft dysfunction, acute cellular rejection, and major complications, 1-month, 3-month, and 6-month mortality rates, length of stay at the intensive care unit, and length of hospital stay were also investigated. A Total of 78 patients were enrolled in the analysis (n=39 in each group). No differences in graft function or clinical outcomes were observed between the groups. The incidences of postoperative AKI were 38% (n=15) in the RIPostC group and 72% (n=28) in the control group (P=0.006). Despite no improvements in postoperative graft function, RIPostC decreased the incidence of postoperative AKI after living donor liver transplantation in this study. However, no other clinical benefits to the complications rate, length of hospital stay, or short-term mortality rate were observed. Thus, further studies will be needed to fully evaluate the clinical efficacy of RIPostC in liver transplantation. Liver Transpl , 2014. © 2014 AASLD.
- Methylation of suppressor of cytokine signalling 1 gene promoter is associated with acute-on-chronic hepatitis B liver failure. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Viral Hepat 2014 Jul 21.
Suppressor of cytokine signalling 1 (SOCS1) was demonstrated to play an important negative role in fulminant hepatitis and might be involved in acute-on-chronic hepatitis B liver failure (ACHBLF). This study was therefore to identify the potential role of SOCS1 and its promoter methylation pattern in ACHBLF patients. Sixty ACHBLF patients, 60 chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients and 30 healthy controls were investigated in this study. We found that expression of SOCS1 mRNA in CHB and ACHBLF patients was significantly higher than that in healthy controls. The serum level of IL-6, IFN-γ and TNF-α was significantly higher in ACHBLF than CHB. Increased serum level of IL-6, IFN-γ and TNF-α was correlated with total bilirubin, ALT, PTA and MELD scores in ACHBLF. The degree of methylation of the SOCS1 in ACHBLF patients (35.0%, 21/60) was significantly higher than that in CHB patients (16.7%, 10/60). Furthermore, methylated group showed lower level of SOCS1, and higher MELD scores and mortality rate when compared with unmethylated group of ACHBLF. These results suggested that SOCS1 might contribute to immune-related liver damage in ACHBLF, and its aberrant methylation may be a key event for the prognosis of ACHBLF.
- Thrombocytopenia in Plasmodium vivax Malaria: How Significant? [Journal Article]
- J Trop Med 2014.:567469.