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Bitemporal hemianopsia [keywords]
- Retrosplenial Amnesia without Topographic Disorientation Caused by a Lesion in the Nondominant Hemisphere. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2013 Apr 20.
We report the case of a 68-year-old right-handed man who was admitted to our hospital because of sudden onset of headache. On admission, he presented with left homonymous hemianopsia, disorientation, and recent memory disturbance; however, he had normal remote memory and digit span. He was able to recall the room layout of his house and describe the route from the nearest station to his home on a map. However, at the hospital, he sometimes lost his way because of amnesia. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a subcortical hematoma in the right occipital forceps and the parietal lobe, involving the cingulate isthmus. Single-photon emission CT imaging showed reduced perfusion not only in the retrosplenial region but also in the right thalamus. These findings suggested that the retrosplenial amnesia might have been caused by the interruption of hippocampal input into the anterior thalamus.
- Chronic expanding pituitary hematoma without rebleeding after pituitary apoplexy. [Journal Article]
- Surg Neurol Int 2013.:41.
Enlargement of intracerebral hematoma without rebleeding in chronic phase is a rare but well-known clinical condition, and is well-described as chronic expanding intracerebral hematoma. However, chronic enlargement of pituitary hematoma without rebleeding after pituitary apoplexy is extremely rare.We report a case of chronic expanding pituitary hematoma without rebleeding after pituitary apoplexy. A 29-year-old male presented with sudden onset of headache and vomiting. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated a pituitary mass lesion with hematoma, consistent with pituitary apoplexy. Neuro-ophthalmological examination revealed no visual field defect, and endocrinological evaluations showed an elevated prolactin level. Pituitary apoplexy due to a prolactinoma was the most likely diagnosis. He was conservatively treated because he exhibited no visual disturbance. Three weeks after the onset, he gradually began to complain of blurred vision and neuro-ophthalamological examination revealed bitemporal upper quadrant hemianopsia. MRI showed enlargement of the pituitary hematoma without any finding suggestive of rebleeding. This enlarged mass lesion compressed the chiasm. The patient was operated on via transsphenoidal approach. After dural opening, xanthochromic fluid spouted out, but no fresh clot could be detected within the cyst. After the operation, the visual field disturbance resolved completely. The possible mechanism of hematoma enlargement is considered to be expansion due to the serum exudation from capillaries of the hematoma capsule. This pathogenetic mechanism is common in enlargement of chronic subdural hematoma.This case is the first report of chronic expanding pituitary hematoma without rebleeding after pituitary apoplexy.
- A Case of IgG4-Related Hypophysitis Without Pituitary Insufficiency. [Journal Article]
- J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2013 May; 98(5):1808-11.
Context:IgG4-related hypophysitis is a novel clinical disease entity, which is typically complicated by hypopituitarism.
Objective:The objective of the study was to describe a novel case of IgG4-related hypophysitis without pituitary insufficiency and summarize the current relevant literature. Patient and
Methods:A 55-year-old Japanese man presented with an enlarged pituitary gland and bitemporal hemianopsia. Endocrine studies revealed normal pituitary function, although his serum IgG4 level was high. The patient underwent a transsphenoidal biopsy of the pituitary gland, and the pathological tissues were consistent with IgG4-related hypophysitis. Oral prednisolone therapy was started, and after 6 months, his serum IgG4 level decreased and visual field improved.
Conclusion:We described the first case of IgG4-related hypophysitis without pituitary insufficiency. However, further case collection is needed to characterize the pathophysiology of IgG4-related hypophysitis.
- Transventricular endoscopic fenestration of intrasellar arachnoid cyst. [Journal Article]
- Neurosurgery 2013 Apr; 72(4):520-8; discussion on 528.
To manage arachnoid cysts, incorporation with the normal circulation is the single most important determinant of success. Although the postoperative cerebrospinal fluid leakage rate is 3.9% for all cases of transsphenoidal surgery, it is 21.4% for intrasellar arachnoid cysts.To present a safe, relatively easy, and effective treatment option for very rare intrasellar arachnoid cysts.We performed a prospective study of intrasellar cystic lesions without a solid portion. Endoscopic exploration and fenestration were performed for all lesions under neuronavigational guidance. We analyzed presenting symptoms, endocrinological status, and magnetic resonance images.There were 2 male and 4 female patients with a mean age of 45 years (range, 27-67 years). All patients presented with the visual disturbance of bitemporal hemianopsia. Four patients had endocrinological symptoms including galactorrhea, dysmenorrhea, and diabetes insipidus. Endoscopic fenestration of the cyst was successfully performed in all patients. All patients were confirmed to have a pure cystic lesion, namely an arachnoid cyst. The follow-up period was 10 months on average (range, 6-12 months). Visual disturbance improved in 5 patients. Endocrinological problems persisted in all patients for 3 months and then normalized, with the exception of the patient with diabetes insipidus. There was no evidence of recurrence in any of the 6 patients in the 12-month postoperative imaging studies (median follow-up of 10 months). Two patients showed syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone at 2 and 4 weeks after the operation, but antidiuretic hormones recovered to normal levels after this time point.Endoscopic fenestration of an intrasellar arachnoid cyst is a safe and simple procedure without serious complications.
- Acute hemiparesis in a child as a presenting symptom of hemispheric cerebral proliferative angiopathy. [Journal Article]
- Case Rep Neurol Med 2013.:920859.
A 9-year-old girl with a several-month history of unilateral intermittent headaches presented to the hospital with worsening headaches and unsteadiness. Neurologic exam was positive for a mild right hemiparesis and right homonymous hemianopsia. Noncontrast computed tomography revealed an engorged sagittal and straight sinus with prominent cortical veins concerning an arteriovenous malformation and the patient was admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit. Computed tomography angiogram demonstrated a left hemispheric vascular malformation, without evidence of dural arteriovenous fistula on conventional angiogram consistent with a diagnosis of cerebral proliferative angiopathy. There was no evidence of infarct on magnetic resonance imaging, and the patient's symptoms were completely resolved within 24 hours. Cerebral proliferative angiopathy is a rare but important vascular malformation distinct from classic arteriovenous malformations that may present with stroke-like symptoms in childhood.
- Bitemporal hemianopsia in frontonasal dysplasia, callosal agenesis, basal meningocele and eye abnormalities. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2013 Mar 8.
- [A case of lumbar myxopapillary ependymoma discovered due to headache]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Rinsho Shinkeigaku 2013; 53(2):136-42.
A 23-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with lumbago about two weeks previously, and headache six days previously. Brain MR imaging revealed no remarkable findings except for left ethmoid sinusitis; both MR angiography and venography showed no vascular abnormalities. On the day after admission, lumbar puncture was performed because right homonymous hemianopsia and nuchal stiffness developed. The cerebrospinal fluid appeared bloody, and the source of bleeding was searched for. MR images of the lumbar spine demonstrated an intradural tumor with heterogenous contrast enhancement, and this tumor was considered to be the source of the bleeding. Tumor resection was performed, but some parts of the tumor could not be resected because of adhesion to the cauda equina. The pathological findings of the tumor demonstrated myxopapillary ependymoma. Radiation therapy was added to treat the residual tumor because myxopapillary ependymoma tended to recur in spite of the benign nature of the tumor. Spinal myxopapillary ependymoma is rare, but it causes subarachnoid hemorrhage. Subarachnoid hemorrhage from spinal tumor should be suspected when headache accompanied with severe low back pain are present even in the absence of spinal signs.
- Type III Sturge-Weber Syndrome With Migraine-Like Attacks Associated With Prolonged Visual Aura. [Journal Article]
- Headache 2013 May; 53(5):845-9.
Sturge-Weber syndrome is known to be associated with migraine attacks and prolong aura even without cerebral infarction. We report the case of a 36-year-old woman with type III Sturge-Weber syndrome developing with prolonged left homonymous hemianopsia after an intractable migraine-like headache and becoming a permanent visual field defect at 18-month follow up. By adopting a multimodality imaging study, we suggested that the underlying mechanism of prolonged visual field defect was due to blood flow disturbance and vasogenic leakage under the leptomeningeal angioma combining with atrophy and the damaged integrity of white matter in right occipital lobe.
- Conservative management of a large occipital extradural haematoma. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Br J Neurosurg 2013 Feb 21.
A 26-year-old male presented with a mild confusion and hemianopsia after traumatic brain injury. Cerebral CT-scan revealed a 62.5 cm(3) left occipital extradural haematoma (EDH). Although conventional neurosurgical management would have been to evacuate the haematoma, a conservative strategy was preferred, and the patient made a total recovery.