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Cardiovascular AND Tachycardia, ventricular, [keywords]
- Efficacy of TachoSil® as a sutureless hemostatic patch to repair a perforation of the interventricular groove during endocardial radiofrequency ablation. [Journal Article]
- J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino) 2014 Apr; 55(2):295-8.
Catheter ablation is a well-established therapeutic option for management of recurrent ventricular tachycardia in patients with ischemic/non-ischemic heart disease and procedural complications include a mortality rate of up to 3% and a risk of major complications up to 10%. Cardiac perforation following a catheter ablation is rare but serious complication and occurs in 1% of ventricular ablation procedures. The appropriate surgical repair may be challenging and need cardiopulmonary bypass support according to the location of the lesion and the hemodynamic status of the patient. We report the case of a free wall right ventricular perforation of the interventricular groove with cardiac tamponade following catheter ablation for recurrent ventricular tachycardia. Due to the proximity of the left anterior descending artery and the extreme fragility of tissues, the patient was treated successfully by a sutureless patch technique using a fibrin tissue-adhesive collagen fleece (TachoSil®). This technique is a safe and effective surgical option to repair a ventricular perforation especially when the ventricular tissues are fragile. It is simple and enable to realize surgical repair also if the localization of tear is difficult to access and without the need for cardiopulmonary bypass support if hemodynamic conditions are stable.
- Worldwide experience with a totally subcutaneous implantable defibrillator: early results from the EFFORTLESS S-ICD Registry. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Eur Heart J 2014 Mar 26.
The totally subcutaneous implantable-defibrillator (S-ICD) is a new alternative to the conventional transvenous ICD system to minimize intravascular lead complications. There are limited data describing the long-term performance of the S-ICD. This paper presents the first large international patient population collected as part of the EFFORTLESS S-ICD Registry.The EFFORTLESS S-ICD Registry is a non-randomized, standard of care, multicentre Registry designed to collect long-term, system-related, clinical, and patient reported outcome data from S-ICD implanted patients since June 2009. Follow-up data are systematically collected over 60-month post-implant including Quality of Life. The study population of 472 patients of which 241 (51%) were enrolled prospectively has a mean follow-up duration of 558 days (range 13-1342 days, median 498 days), 72% male, mean age of 49 ± 18 years (range 9-88 years), 42% mean left ventricular ejection fraction. Complication-free rates were 97 and 94%, at 30 and 360 days, respectively. Three hundred and seventeen spontaneous episodes were recorded in 85 patients during the follow-up period. Of these episodes, 169 (53%) received therapy, 93 being for Ventricular Tachycardia/Fibrillation (VT/VF). One patient died of recurrent VF and severe bradycardia. Regarding discrete VT/VF episodes, first shock conversion efficacy was 88% with 100% overall successful clinical conversion after a maximum of five shocks. The 360-day inappropriate shock rate was 7% with the vast majority occurring for oversensing (62/73 episodes), primarily of cardiac signals (94% of oversensed episodes).The first large cohort of real-world data from an International patient S-ICD population demonstrates appropriate system performance with clinical event rates and inappropriate shock rates comparable with those reported for conventional ICDs. Clinical trial registration URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier NCT01085435.
- Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricle in Left Ventricular Non-compaction - In response to "Right Ventricular Ablation as a Therapeutic Option for Left Ventricular Hypertrabeculation / noncompaction". [Journal Article]
- Indian Pacing Electrophysiol J 2014 Mar; 14(2):105-7.
- Periodic limb movements during sleep and their effect on the cardiovascular system: is there a final answer? [REVIEW]
- Sleep Med 2014 Apr; 15(4):379-384.
Periodic limb movements during sleep (PLMS) is a sleep-related movement disorder characterized by repetitive limb movements during sleep, seen predominantly in the legs but also occasionally involving the arms. These movements may be associated with arousals that can lead to increases in sympathetic tone, resulting in tachycardia and elevated systolic blood pressure. Chronic sustained tachycardia and elevated systolic blood pressure are known to be associated with the development of arrhythmias, hypertension, left ventricular hypertrophy, and congestive heart failure. However, the data are not entirely clear on whether untreated PLMS is associated with these cardiovascular risks. This review examines the current evidence on whether PLMS has any effect on the cardiovascular system.
- Association between cell-derived microparticles and adverse events in patients with nonpulsatile left ventricular assist devices. [Journal Article]
- J Heart Lung Transplant 2014 May; 33(5):470-7.
Continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) expose blood cells to high shear stress, potentially resulting in the production of microparticles that express phosphatidylserine (PS+) and promote coagulation and inflammation. In this prospective study, we attempted to determine whether PS+ microparticle levels correlate with clinical outcomes in LVAD-supported patients.We enrolled 20 patients undergoing implantation of the HeartMate II LVAD (Thoratec Corp, Pleasanton, CA) and 10 healthy controls who provided reference values for the microparticle assays. Plasma was collected before LVAD implantation, at discharge, at the 3-month follow-up, and when an adverse clinical event occurred. We quantified PS+ microparticles in the plasma using flow cytometry.During the study period, 8 patients developed adverse clinical events: ventricular tachycardia storm in 1, non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction in 2, arterial thrombosis in 2, gastrointestinal bleeding in 2, and stroke in 3. Levels of PS+ microparticles were higher in patients at baseline than in healthy controls (2.11% ± 1.26% vs 0.69% ± 0.46%, p = 0.007). After LVAD implantation, patient PS+ microparticle levels increased to 2.39% ± 1.22% at discharge and then leveled to 1.97% ± 1.25% at the 3-month follow-up. Importantly, levels of PS+ microparticles were significantly higher in patients who developed an adverse event than in patients with no events (3.82% ± 1.17% vs 1.57% ± 0.59%, p < 0.001), even though the 2 patient groups did not markedly differ in other clinical and hematologic parameters.Our results suggest that an elevation of PS+ microparticle levels may be associated with adverse clinical events. Thus, measuring PS+ microparticle levels in LVAD-supported patients may help identify patients at increased risk for adverse events.
- Preexcited Tachycardia Mimicking Outflow Tract Ventricular Tachycardia Ablated from the Left Coronary Cusp. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 2014 Mar 21.
Wide QRS tachycardia can pose a diagnostic dilemma, and a number of electrocardiographic criteria have been proposed to differentiate ventricular tachycardia from supraventricular tachycardia with aberrancy. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
- A rare manifestation of atrial fibrillation in the presence of Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome: tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy. [Journal Article]
- Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars 2014 Mar; 42(2):178-81.
We report a 68-year-old man who presented with heart failure and atrial fibrillation (AF) with rapid ventricular response and wide QRS complexes. Tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy (TIC) due to persistent AF developing on the basis of Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome was considered. Signs and symptoms of heart failure improved with restoration of sinus rhythm. This case suggested that persistent AF in a patient with WPW syndrome is one of the rare causes of TIC.
- The electrophysiological characteristics of isolated diastolic potentials in idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias arising from the right ventricular outflow tract. [Journal Article]
- Acta Cardiol 2014 Feb; 69(1):29-38.
The significance of isolated diastolic potentials (IDPs) in patients with idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias (IVAs) arising from right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) is currently unknown. The objective of this study was to clarify the characteristics of IDPs and its role in guiding ablation in RVOT-IVAs.Twenty-five consecutive patients with RVOT-IVAs and ten control subjects were studied. Electro-anatomical mapping was performed in RVOT during sinus rhythm. The electrophysiological characteristics of IDPs and its relation to successful ablation site were evaluated. Successful ablation was achieved during IVAs in 22 patients and during sinus rhythm in the remaining three. IDPs were recorded in all patients in the vicinity of successful ablation sites during sinus rhythm before ablation, with the area of 1.44 /- 0.28 cm2, maximal amplitude of 0.32 +/- 0.06 mV and the distance to pulmonary valve of 1.39 +/- 0.25 cm. IDPs could still be recorded after ablation except one. Moreover, IDPs were characterized by decremental and/or automatic property by studying intervals between ventricular activation and IDPs (V-IDPs) during sinus rhythm. And V-IDPs intervals during sinus rhythm were longerthan those during IVAs (P = 0.012). However, IDPs were only recorded in one patient in the control group and the incidence of IDPs was remarkably lower than that in the RVOT-IVAs group (1/10 vs. 25/25, P < 0.001).IDPs were present in patients with RVOT-IVAs. IDPs area and/or border region might be the successful ablation site and their precise mechanism remains to be clarified.
- Modeling inherited cardiac disorders. [Journal Article, Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't]
- Circ J 2014; 78(4):784-94.
Advances in the understanding and treatment of cardiac disorders have been thwarted by the inability to study beating human cardiac cells in vitro. Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) bypass this hurdle by enabling the creation of patient-specific iPSC-derived cardiomyocytes (iPSC-CMs). These cells provide a unique platform to study cardiac diseases in vitro, especially hereditary cardiac conditions. To date, iPSC-CMs have been used to successfully model arrhythmic disorders, showing excellent recapitulation of cardiac channel function and electrophysiologic features of long QT syndrome types 1, 2, 3, and 8, and catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT). Similarly, iPSC-CM models of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) have shown robust correlation of predicted morphologic, contractile, and electrical phenotypes. In addition, iPSC-CMs have shown some features of the respective phenotypes for arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C), LEOPARD syndrome, Pompe's disease, and Friedriech's ataxia. In this review, we examine the progress of utilizing iPSC-CMs as a model for cardiac conditions and analyze the potential for the platform in furthering the biology and treatment of cardiac disorders.