(Constipation) articles in PubMed
- [Integration and utilization of physiotherapy in hospice and palliative care : A survey on clinical practice in Germany]. [Journal Article]
- Schmerz 2016 Sep 21S
- CONCLUSIONS: Despite its significant potential to relieve symptoms, physiotherapy is not systematically integrated into palliative care practice in Germany.
- Intestinal Dysbiosis and Yeast Isolation in Stool of Subjects with Autism Spectrum Disorders. [Journal Article]
- Mycopathologia 2016 Sep 21M
- High frequency of gastrointestinal yeast presence in ASD subjects was shown through a simple cultural approach (Candida spp. in 57.5 % of ASDs and no controls); the identification of aggressive form ...
High frequency of gastrointestinal yeast presence in ASD subjects was shown through a simple cultural approach (Candida spp. in 57.5 % of ASDs and no controls); the identification of aggressive form (pseudo-hyphae presenting) of Candida spp. at light microscope means that adhesion to intestinal mucosa is facilitated. Dysbiosis appears sustained by lowered Lactobacillus spp. and decreased number of Clostridium spp. Absence of C. difficilis and its toxins in both ASDs and controls is also shown. Low-mild gut inflammation and augmented intestinal permeability were demonstrated together with the presence of GI symptoms. Significant linear correlation was found between disease severity (CARs score) and calprotectin and Clostridium spp. presence. Also GI symptoms, such as constipation and alternating bowel, did correlate (multivariate analyses) with the increased permeability to lactulose. The present data provide rationale basis to a possible specific therapeutic intervention in restoring gut homeostasis in ASDs.
- Lubiprostone Accelerates Intestinal Transit and Alleviates Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth in Patients With Chronic Constipation. [Journal Article]
- Am J Med Sci 2016; 352(3):231-8AJ
- CONCLUSIONS: In CC, lubiprostone improves the frequency of BMs, softens the stool, accelerates intestinal transit and decreases accompanying SIBO. The improvement of SIBO could be explained by the cleansing effect of increased intestinal fluid and mucus combined with enhanced intestinal motility with lubiprostone.
- Effectiveness of Pelvic Physiotherapy in Children With Functional Constipation, Compared with Standard Medical Care. [Journal Article]
- Gastroenterology 2016 Sep 17G
- CONCLUSIONS: In a randomized controlled trial of children with FC, PPT was more effective than SMC on all outcomes measured, with the exception of findings from the SDQ. PPT should be considered as a treatment option for FC in children 5-16 years old. Dutch Clinical Trial Registration no: NL30551.068.09.
- Study of intestinal function in anorectal malformations: the role of Bowel management in quality of life. [Journal Article]
- Acta Biomed 2016; 87(2):197-204AB
- CONCLUSIONS: The synergy of different scores and the evaluation of anorectal physiology proved useful to define the bowel management program, which seems to significantly impact both bowel function and QoL, with specific regard to soiling. Moreover, the Peña score might be also quantitatively used, as it parallels with both anorectal manometry and GIQLI, and the latter seems to be suitable for children. Further studies are required to confirm our findings.
- Utility of wireless motility capsule and lactulose breath testing in the evaluation of patients with chronic functional bloating. [Journal Article]
- BMJ Open Gastroenterol 2016; 3(1):e000110BO
- CONCLUSIONS: Chronic functional bloating may reflect underlying gastroparesis, small intestinal bacterial overgrowth or colonic inertia. Wireless motility capsule and lactulose breath test are useful in the assessment of patients with bloating and should be considered during evaluation.
- Short term outcome of laparoscopic ventral rectopexy for rectal prolapse. [Journal Article]
- Pak J Med Sci 2016 Jul-Aug; 32(4):875-9PJ
- CONCLUSIONS: This study provides the limited evidence that nerve sparing laparoscopic ventral rectopexy is safe and effective treatment of external and symptomatic internal rectal prolapse. It has better cosmetic and functional outcome as advantages of minimal access and comparable recurrence rate.
- The importance of a high rectal pressure on strain in constipated patients: implications for biofeedback therapy. [Journal Article]
- Neurogastroenterol Motil 2016 Sep 20NM
- CONCLUSIONS: We have identified a subgroup of patients with dyssynergic symptoms but without a formal Rome III diagnosis of FDD, who were characterized by a high straining rectal pressure. Although these patients displayed some physiological differences to the patients with lower straining rectal pressure, they suffer similarly. Importantly, we have shown that these patients can respond favorably to anorectal BF.
- Reemergence of Blenderized Tube Feedings: Exploring the Evidence. [Review]
- Nutr Clin Pract 2016 Sep 19NC
- A blenderized tube feeding (BTF) is a mixture of food and liquid that is pureed and administered through a feeding tube. This method of providing nourishment has been used for millenniums. In fact, i...
A blenderized tube feeding (BTF) is a mixture of food and liquid that is pureed and administered through a feeding tube. This method of providing nourishment has been used for millenniums. In fact, it could be viewed as the original form of nutrition support. However, over time, the role of BTF has changed. Initially, it was the only method of nourishing a patient who could not sustain himself or herself on oral feeds. With the development of commercial formulas in the mid-20th century, the usage of this feeding modality declined drastically due to the nutrition precision, ease, and sterility of commercial formulas. Recently, there has been a reemergence in blenderized tube feeds, largely due to patient/family request. The modern perception is that BTF is more natural because the nutrition is coming from whole foods and is able to be varied, as it would be in an oral diet. There are also reports of improved feeding tolerance, such as a reduction in constipation and gagging/retching. However, concerns also exist, such as contamination of the blend with microorganisms and increased viscosity causing feeding tube occlusion. This review summarizes key historical points of the diet, discusses the rationale for use, describes points to consider when using a blenderized diet, and reviews the evidence in practice.
New Search Next
- [Current Status of Translational Research on Constipation]. [Review]
- Korean J Gastroenterol 2016 Sep 25; 68(3):143-7KJ
- Constipation is one of the most common gastrointestinal disorders with a prevalence up to 16.5% in the general population. It is frequently multifactorial and the pathophysiologic mechanism of consti...
Constipation is one of the most common gastrointestinal disorders with a prevalence up to 16.5% in the general population. It is frequently multifactorial and the pathophysiologic mechanism of constipation is not fully understood. Many preclinical studies of constipation have used animal models. Translational research using these animal models is essential to the investigation of neurogenic and myogenic mechanisms of colon, and to the estimation of the clinical efficacy of new drugs. In this review, we discuss some of the current translational research projects on constipation using animal models.