- Predictors of Suboptimal Bowel Preparation Using 3-l of Polyethylene Glycol for an Outpatient Colonoscopy: A Prospective Observational Study. [Journal Article]
- DDDig Dis Sci 2016 Oct 21
- CONCLUSIONS: This prospective study identified that constipation, male gender, obesity, and inadequate intake of PEG were significant risk factors for suboptimal bowel preparation using a 3-l PEG solution for outpatient colonoscopy. Interventions of optimized colonoscopy preparation should be targeted at these patient populations.
- Acute Intermittent Porphyria in children: A case report and review of the literature. [Review]
- MGMol Genet Metab 2016 Oct 15
- Acute Intermittent Porphyria (AIP), an autosomal dominant inborn error of heme metabolism, typically presents in adulthood, most often in women in the reproductive age group. There are limited report...
Acute Intermittent Porphyria (AIP), an autosomal dominant inborn error of heme metabolism, typically presents in adulthood, most often in women in the reproductive age group. There are limited reports on the clinical presentation in children, and in contrast to the adults, most of the reported pediatric cases are male. While acute abdominal pain is the most common presenting symptom in children, seizures are commonly seen and may precede the diagnosis of AIP. As an example, we report a 9year old developmentally normal pre-pubertal boy who presented with acute abdominal pain, vomiting and constipation followed by hyponatremia, seizures, weakness and neuropathy. After a diagnostic odyssey, his urine porphobilinogen was found to be significantly elevated and genetic testing showed a previously unreported consensus splice-site mutation IVS4-1G>A in the HMBS gene confirming the diagnosis of AIP. Here, we discuss the clinical presentation in this case, and 15 reported pediatric cases since the last review 30years ago and discuss the differential diagnosis and challenges in making the diagnosis in children. We review the childhood-onset cases reported in the Longitudinal Study of the Porphyrias Consortium. Of these, genetically and biochemically confirmed patients, 11 of 204 (5%) reported onset of attacks in childhood. Most of these patients (91%) reported recurrent attacks following the initial presentation. Thus, AIP should be considered in the differential diagnosis of children presenting with unexplained abdominal pain, seizures, weakness and neuropathy.
- Postoperative urinary retention in patients undergoing elective spinal surgery. [Journal Article]
- JNJ Neurosurg Spine 2016 Oct 21; :1-6
- OBJECTIVE Postoperative urinary retention (POUR) is a common problem leading to morbidity and an increased hospital stay. There are limited data regarding its baseline incidence in patients undergoin...
OBJECTIVE Postoperative urinary retention (POUR) is a common problem leading to morbidity and an increased hospital stay. There are limited data regarding its baseline incidence in patients undergoing spinal surgery and the risk factors with which it may be associated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence of POUR in elective spine surgery patients and determine the factors associated with its occurrence. METHODS The authors retrospectively reviewed the records of patients who had undergone elective spine surgery and had been prospectively monitored for POUR during an 18-month period. Collected data included operative positioning, surgery duration, volume of intraoperative fluid, length of hospital stay, and patient characteristics such as age, sex, and medical comorbidities. Dialysis patients or those with complete urinary retention preoperatively were excluded from analysis. RESULTS Of the 397 patients meeting the study inclusion criteria, 35 (8.8%) developed POUR. An increased incidence of POUR was noted in those who underwent posterior lumbar surgery, those with benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH), those with chronic constipation or prior urinary retention, and those using a patient-controlled analgesia pump postoperatively. An increased incidence of POUR was seen with a longer operative time but not with intraoperative intravenous fluid administration. A significant relationship between the female sex and POUR was noted after controlling for BPH, yet there was no association between POUR and diabetes or intraoperative instrumentation. Postoperative retention significantly prolonged the hospital stay. Three patients developed epidural hematomas necessitating operative reexploration, and while they experienced POUR, they also developed the full constellation of cauda equina syndrome. CONCLUSIONS Awareness of the risk factors for POUR may be useful in perioperative Foley catheter management and in identifying patients who need particular vigilance when they are due to void postprocedure. A greater understanding of POUR may also prevent longer hospital stays in select at-risk patients. Postoperative retention is rarely caused by a postoperative cauda equina syndrome due to epidural hematoma, which is also associated with saddle anesthesia, leg pain, and weakness, yet the delineation of isolated POUR from this urgent complication is necessary for optimal patient care.
- Assessment of the Asian Neurogastroenterology and Motility Association Chronic Constipation Criteria: An Asian Multicenter Cross-sectional Study. [Journal Article]
- JNJ Neurogastroenterol Motil 2016 Oct 21
- CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that the ANMA CC tool can be a useful tool for Asian patients with CC.
- Quadriparesis Caused by Lead Poisoning Nine Years After a Gunshot Wound With Retained Bullet Fragments: A Case Report. [Journal Article]
- PM RPM R 2016 Oct 6
- Lead toxicity in adults is characterized by nonspecific symptoms of abdominal pain, vomiting, constipation, fatigue, and weight loss. We present a case of severe lead toxicity that developed subacute...
Lead toxicity in adults is characterized by nonspecific symptoms of abdominal pain, vomiting, constipation, fatigue, and weight loss. We present a case of severe lead toxicity that developed subacutely, causing quadriparesis 9 years after a gunshot wound with retained bullet fragments. The onset of symptoms may have been related to the development of a pseudocyst. The long interval between the gunshot wound and the onset of symptoms contributed to a delay in suspecting that the retained bullet was a source of lead toxicity. The patient's symptoms gradually improved after chelation therapy, removal of the bullet fragment, and an extended program of acute inpatient rehabilitation.
- Prospective assessment of the quality of life in patients treated surgically for rectal cancer with lower anterior resection and abdominoperineal resection. [Journal Article]
- EJEur J Surg Oncol 2016; 42(11):1647-1653
- CONCLUSIONS: LAR is a chance for better quality of life for many patients. Six months after surgery, the quality of life of patients improves regardless of the operating method (APR, LAR).
- A Prospective, Descriptive Study to Assess the Effect of Dietary and Pharmacological Strategies to Manage Constipation in Patients with a Stoma. [Journal Article]
- OWOstomy Wound Manage 2015; 61(12):14-22
- The term constipation with regard to patients with a stoma is defined as impaired bowel movements associated with increased stool consistency or long periods without bowel movements that lead to disc...
The term constipation with regard to patients with a stoma is defined as impaired bowel movements associated with increased stool consistency or long periods without bowel movements that lead to discomfort, flatulence, and abdominal pain. Information about constipation in patients with a stoma is limited. A prospective, descriptive study was conducted among patients attending ostomy and proctology outpatient clinics in Poznan, Poland between January 2011 and December 2014 to assess the role of dietary and pharmacological strategies in the management of constipation in patients with a stoma. Patients were included if they experienced a 3-day period without bowel movements leading to abdominal discomfort and bloating. Patients who were terminally ill from neoplastic disease or could not provide informed consent for study participation were not eligible to participate. Patients underwent 3 evaluations 3 months apart: the first assessed problems with passing stool through the stoma, at which time patients were told to increase fiber and fluid intake. During the next 2 visits, patients were asked if their symptoms had improved. If dietary changes were not successful, first-line pharmacological interventions were suggested (laxatives, osmotic agents, and probiotics). If no improvement was reported during the third assessment, second line pharmacologic therapy (eg, stimulant laxatives) were prescribed. Of the 405 patients initially assessed for participation, 331 met the initial screening criteria and were scheduled for followup. Of those, 93 (28%) had constipation; 50 (15%) required a surgical referral for morphological stoma changes and 43 (12.9%) met the study inclusion criteria for dietary recommendations. Almost all (42) had a colostomy and most (28) had a history of stoma creation due to diverticular disease. Twenty-five (25) men and 18 women (average age 55.9 ± 9.3 years) received dietary recommendations during the first visit. Diet modifications were effective and sufficient to resolve the problem with constipation in more than half (24) of the patients. Among the remaining 19 patients, only 2 did not improve after using first-line or second-line pharmacological management strategies. One patient required emergency surgery due to complicated colonic diverticulosis (perforation). The results of this study suggest constipation among patients with a stoma can be associated with morphological stoma changes and in the absence of morphologic changes the majority of patients respond well to a change in diet. Additional studies are needed to increase understanding about the incidence and optimal management strategies of constipation in persons with a stoma.
- Parturition effects on reproductive health in the gilt and sow. [Review]
- RDReprod Domest Anim 2016; 51 Suppl 2:36-47
- In this review, we address significant characteristics of parturition in the pig and their connection to post-partum reproductive health and fertility. We discuss the normal physiology and behaviour ...
In this review, we address significant characteristics of parturition in the pig and their connection to post-partum reproductive health and fertility. We discuss the normal physiology and behaviour around parturition and the effect of the second phase (expulsion of foetuses) on the third phase of parturition (expulsion of foetal membranes). In addition, we intend to cover retained placenta, and the connection to post-partum uterine health and fertility in the contemporary prolific sow. We also explore factors that support successful parturition or can cause potential problems. Successful parturition in the pig includes the possibility to express adequate maternal behaviour, rapid expulsion of the piglets, complete expulsion of the placenta, neonatal activity and colostrum intake. Abnormal incidents during any phase of parturition can cause subsequent problems. Duration of the expulsion phase of foetuses can be used as a simple measure of whether parturition is considered successful. Prolonged parturition can impair health of the sow and piglet and fertility after weaning. New insights, such as adding more fibre to sow diets during pregnancy, and especially during the period prior to farrowing, may prevent constipation, increase water intake of the sow around parturition and increase milk intake and performance of piglets. Maternal characteristics, including maternal behaviour, ease of parturition, colostrum production and piglet quality parameters, may be utilized to improve success rate of reproductive management during farrowing and early lactation. Additionally, we share some of the recent developments in methods, including ultrasonography in evaluation of post-partum uterine health. In conclusion, successful farrowing is of the greatest importance for reproductive health of the sow and survival of the piglets. We suggest connections exist among prolonged farrowing and yield of colostrum, retained placenta, development of PDS, and impaired involution of the uterus and reduced subsequent fertility.
- Autonomic dysfunction in pediatric patients with headache: migraine versus tension-type headache. [Journal Article]
- CAClin Auton Res 2016 Oct 19
- CONCLUSIONS: The need for prospective research investigating autonomic dysfunction in pediatric headache patients is discussed.
New Search Next
- Characterization of Microbiota in Children with Chronic Functional Constipation. [Journal Article]
- PlosPLoS One 2016; 11(10):e0164731
- CONCLUSIONS: None of the commonly used unsupervised statistical methods allowed for microbiota-based discrimination of children with functional constipation and controls. By ridge regression, however, both groups could be discriminated with 82% accuracy. Optimization of microbiota-based interventions in constipated children warrants further characterization of microbial signatures linked to clinical subgroups of functional constipation.