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Dermatology AND Pustules [keywords]
- Acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis during antituberculosis therapy. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Clin Ter 2013 Mar-Apr; 164(2):e137-e138.
Acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP) is a significant adverse cutaneous reaction most often induced by drugs and by acute infections. Its clinical hallmark is the sudden onset of multiple, disseminated, non-follicular, sterile pustules on an erythematous background usually arising in intertriginous folds, associated with fever, massive neutrophilia and sometimes eosinophilia. Antitubercular therapy is described as an uncommon cause of AGEP. We report the onset of disseminated non-follicular sterile pustules on an erythematous background in a 68-year-old man receiving a combination of isoniazid, pyrazinamide and rifampicin that may have been the etiologic agents. A thorough history, including a medication history, with clinicopathologic correlation is crucial in patients presenting with acute diffuse pustular lesions. Clin Ter 2013; 164(2):e137-138. doi: 10.7417/CT.2013.1546.
- Pediatric Pyoderma Gangrenosum with Splenic and Pulmonary Involvement. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Pediatr Dermatol 2013 Apr 29.
An 8-year-old boy presented with ulcers on the lip and limbs, scattered pustules, fever, and general malaise. Further investigation revealed splenic and pulmonary lesions. A diagnosis of pyoderma gangrenosum with splenic and pulmonary involvement was made. The authors have not found a previous report of pediatric pyoderma with splenic involvement in the literature.
- Acute blistering diseases on the burn ward: Beyond Stevens-Johnson Syndrome and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Burns 2013 Apr 15.
OBJECTIVE:Stevens-Johnson Syndrome and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis are on a spectrum of rare reactions primarily attributable to drugs. Timely diagnosis, cessation of the offending drug and burn center care are associated with favorable outcomes. Acute blistering disease has a wide differential diagnosis, including autoimmune bullous disease and other drug reactions. The aim of our study was to identify the final diagnosis in patients transferred for widespread blistering disease and to identify clinical features at admission predicting final diagnosis.
METHODS:We performed a 5-year retrospective chart review (2006-2011) of the clinical features at admission of patients transferred to a burn ward with widespread blistering disease. Clinical features at admission were compared between patients.
RESULTS:12 patients had a final diagnosis of Stevens-Johnson Syndrome or Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis and 7 patients had an alternative final diagnosis. Skin detachment surface area at admission was superior in the Stevens-Johnson Syndrome/Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis group. Presence of tense bullae and pustules was associated with an alternative final diagnosis.
CONCLUSION:Extensive skin detachment surface and morphological features (tense bullae, pustules) were statistically significant clinical clues to final diagnosis. Patients transferred for widespread blistering disease should be thoroughly evaluated in order to exclude other causes of acute blistering disease.
- Most common patterns of acne in male adolescents: a population-based study. [Journal Article]
- Int J Dermatol 2013 May; 52(5):550-3.
Background Acne vulgaris is a common skin disease affecting more than 85% of adolescents and often continuing into adulthood. Population-based studies to assess the patterns and severity of acne have not been achieved. Objectives The aim of this study was to assess the most common patterns of facial and trunk acne in young (18-year-old) men in a representative sample of male adolescents in a city in southern Brazil and to investigate the severity of inflammatory and non-inflammatory lesions in these individuals. Methods In Brazil, military service is compulsory for all males. Every adolescent male must report to his military service headquarters to submit to a medical screening examination. The study included 2201 adolescents, each of whom underwent a skin examination conducted by a dermatologist to identify and quantify all non-inflammatory (comedones) and inflammatory (papules, pustules, and nodules) lesions. Results Non-inflammatory lesions (comedones) were observed on 1487 individuals, and inflammatory lesions (papules and pustules) were noted on 1497 individuals. The most common patterns of facial acne were the full-face, bilateral malar and frontal mentonian distributions. Conclusions This is the first population-based study to evaluate patterns of acne. Facial involvement was very prevalent, and the frontal region was found to dominate patterns of distribution of acne vulgaris. Comedonian acne of the face was much more intense and affected the entire face. In inflammatory facial acne, the majority of the study subjects exhibited up to five lesions in the region under study.
- Indomethacin inhibits eosinophil migration to prostaglandin D2: therapeutic potential of CRTH2 desensitization for eosinophilic pustular folliculitis. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Immunology 2013 Apr 13.
Indomethacin is a cyclooxygenase inhibitor, and shows therapeutic potential for various eosinophilic skin diseases, particularly eosinophilic pustular folliculitis. One of the unique characteristics of indomethacin is that, unlike other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, it is a potent agonist of chemoattractant receptor-homologous molecule expressed on Th2 cells (CRTH2), a receptor for prostaglandin (PG)D2. This study investigated the pharmacological actions of indomethacin on eosinophil migration to clarify the actual mechanisms underlying the therapeutic effects of indomethacin on eosinophilic pustular folliculitis. Eosinophils exhibited chemokinetic and chemotactic responses to both PGD2 and indomethacin through CRTH2 receptors. Pretreatment of eosinophils with indomethacin greatly inhibited eosinophil migration to PGD2 and, to a much lesser extent, to eotaxin (CCL11); these effects could be mediated by homologous and heterologous desensitization of eosinophil CRTH2 and CCR3, respectively, by agonistic effects of indomethacin on CRTH2. Indomethacin also cancelled a priming effect of Δ(12) -PGJ2, a plasma metabolite of PGD2, on eosinophil chemotaxis to eotaxin. Indomethacin down-modulated cell surface expression of both CRTH2 and CCR3. Hair follicle epithelium and epidermal keratinocytes around eosinophilic pustules together with the eccrine apparatus of palmoplantar lesions of eosinophilic pustular folliculitis were immunohistochemically positive for lipocalin-type PGD synthase. Indomethacin may exert therapeutic effects against eosinophilic skin diseases in which PGD2-CRTH2 signals play major roles by reducing eosinophil responses to PGD2. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
- The study of prevalence of helicobacter pylori in patients with acne rosacea. [Journal Article]
- Kathmandu Univ Med J (KUMJ) 2012 Oct-Dec; 10(40):49-52.
Background Acne rosacea is an inflammatory disease affecting the central part of the face characterized by erythema, papules, papulo pustules and telangiectasias of unknown etiology. More recently numerous studies have described an association with Helicobacter pylori (Hp) and the extra gastric symptoms of cutaneous origin. Objectives To establish the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection in the stomach in patients with rosacea based on standard Hp serological test. Methods All patients with the clinical staging of 2, 3 and 4 rosacea attending the Dermatology Out Patient Department from May 2009 - April 2010 were included in the study. Quantitative serological test using the SERION ELISA classic Helicobacter pylori IgG was done. Result A total of 26 patients were enrolled in the study with the age ranging from 26- 82 years. There were 14 males and 12 females and the male: female ratio was 1.6:1. Three (11.53%) patients presented with Grade IV rosacea, a severe clinical presentation and symptoms suggestive of acid peptic diseases were found in 14/26 (53.8%) patients. A positive serology to H. pylori was found in 17/26 (65.4%) of patients. A statistically significant correlation was found when association of H.pylori positivity in patients of rosacea compared with the seropositivity in controls. However correlation in the seropositivity was not found amongst the patients having gastritis and rosacea. Conclusion There still proves to find a correlation of Hp infection with patients with rosacea but it can still be hypothesised as a cutaneous manifestation of an internal peptic ulcer disease .
- Acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis induced by etanercept: another dermatologic adverse effect. [Journal Article]
- Case Rep Dermatol Med 2013.:601412.
Acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP) is a skin eruption that is primarily drug induced and characterized by the formation of numerous acute and sterile pustules on an erythematous background as mentioned by Weinblatt et al. (1999). We present a case of AGEP, following administration of etanercept, an antitumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF- α ) antibody, in a patient with psoriasis. Recognition of this reaction pattern is important given the frequent reliance on etanercept in treating psoriasis.
- IFAG and Childhood Rosacea: A Possible Link? [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Pediatr Dermatol 2013 Apr 8.
Idiopathic facial aseptic granuloma (IFAG) is a disorder that usually occurs during early childhood. Its pathogenesis remains poorly understood. The objective of this study was to investigate possible relationships between IFAG and childhood rosacea. This was a retrospective multicenter study of patients attending four French dermatologic centers diagnosed with IFAG between October 2000 and July 2007. Patients and their parents were asked to come for a follow-up visit or to make an appointment for a telephone interview. Clinical symptoms of childhood rosacea were recorded: flushing, permanent or recurrent erythema; facial telangiectasia; papules and pustules on the face without comedones or microcysts; preferential location of the lesions on the convexity of the face; and ophthalmologic involvement of rosacea (recurrent chalazions, conjunctival hyperemia, keratitis). Thirty-eight patients, 20 girls and 18 boys, were included in the study. The median age at the time of diagnosis of IFAG was 43 months, with a median follow-up of 3.9 years. Sixteen patients (42.1%) had at least two criteria of childhood rosacea, 11 of 32 (34.4%) with a single lesion and 5 of 6 (83.3%) with multiple lesions. Children with IFAG are at risk for childhood rosacea, and follow-up is advised, including periodic ophthalmologic assessment.
- Efficacy of extended-release 45 mg oral minocycline and extended-release 45 mg oral minocycline plus 15% azelaic acid in the treatment of acne rosacea. [Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't]
- J Drugs Dermatol 2013 Mar; 12(3):292-8.
Rosacea is one of the most commonly occurring dermatoses treated by dermatologists. There are multiple therapeutic options available for the treatment of papulopustular rosacea. Rosacea is an inflammatory condition, classically presenting with flushing and/or blushing along with erythema, edema, telangiectasia, papules, pustules, and nodules of the face. Minocycline, a member of the tetracycline family, has demonstrated benefit in the treatment of inflammatory lesions in patients with rosacea. This manuscript highlights the use of a new sustained-release low-dose minocycline 45 mg tablet, with or without azelaic acid, for the treatment of papulopustular rosacea.
- Palmoplantar subcorneal pustular dermatosis following adalimumab therapy for rheumatoid arthritis. [Journal Article]
- Int J Dermatol 2013 May; 52(5):624-8.
Tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α inhibitors represent potent new therapies for severe forms of psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, and several other immune-mediated disorders. Paradoxical worsening or de novo development of psoriasis has been documented with their use. Palmoplantar pustulosis has been one of the commoner presentations of this unusual side effect. Subcorneal pustular dermatosis (SPD) has some similarity to pustular psoriasis, particularly the acral form of SPD. Thus far there have been no biopsy-proven cases of SPD associated with TNF-α inhibitor use.We describe clinical and histopathological features of a pustular skin condition which occurred in a 48-year-old woman with rheumatoid arthritis who had started adalimumab four months prior. The adalimumab had been added to her usual treatment with methotrexate because of incomplete symptom control.Painful and pruritic skin lesions were noted on her palms and soles primarily, with some extension to the limbs and abdomen. Examination revealed relatively non-inflamed pustules with fluid levels, together with sparse crusted papules. Histopathology showed subcorneal pustules more suggestive of SPD than pustular psoriasis. The eruption resolved completely when adalimumab was withdrawn; methotrexate was continued.Subcorneal pustular dermatosis, in addition to psoriasis vulgaris and pustular psoriasis, may occur in patients treated with TNF-α inhibitors like adalimumab.