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Dermatology AND Rash, groin [keywords]
- Genitogluteal porokeratosis: an unusual clinical presentation. [Case Reports, Journal Article]
- Australas J Dermatol 2012 May; 53(2):e36-9.
A 51-year-old man presented with a 12-year history of an expanding, irritable rash on his buttocks, groin and scrotum. He gradually developed erythematous, annular plaques with ridged borders and depressed centres. He also had a verruciform eruption in his perianal area. A clinical diagnosis of porokeratosis confined to the genitogluteal area was confirmed histopathologically. Oral acitretin resulted in symptomatic and cosmetic improvement. He continues to be followed up to evaluate treatment outcomes.
- A case of SDRIFE induced by Nuvaring(®). [Case Reports, Journal Article]
- Contact Dermatitis 2012 Feb; 66(2):110-1.
- Systemic drug-related intertriginous and flexural exanthema (SDRIFE). [Case Reports, Journal Article]
- Dermatol Online J 2009; 15(8):3.
A 72-year-old man with a history of metastatic melanoma presented with a two-day history of erythematous and edematous plaques, with scattered bullae on the neck, chest, axillae, and inguinal and gluteal folds, which began five days after infusion of an experimental drug. The clinical and histopathologic findings were consistent with systemic drug-related intertriginous and flexural exanthema (SDRIFE), which is an uncommon drug reaction that results in symmetric erythema that affects the buttocks, groin, and/or thighs as well other flexural folds. The clinical manifestations of SDRIFE are highly characteristic and include distinctive primary cutaneous lesions with a specific distribution and course; however, heterogeneity exists with respect to histopathologic features, skin test results, and in vitro investigations. The exact mechanism of SDRIFE remains unknown but is thought to result from a type IV delayed hypersensitivity immune response. Treatment is symptomatic and includes topical or oral glucocorticoids.
- Necrolytic migratory erythema in an opiate-dependent patient. [Case Reports, Journal Article]
- Clin Exp Dermatol 2008 Jan; 33(1):40-2.
An 18-year-old woman presented with severe features of seborrhoeic dermatitis involving her scalp. Subsequently, the toe webs and intertriginous areas became affected by an erythematous, slightly scaly and weepy rash. The groin area was most severely affected, and complicated by intermittent infections with staphylococci and herpes simplex. The patient admitted to smoking heroin and was subsequently enrolled in a methadone programme. A biopsy from the groin area showed a combination of parakeratosis and keratinocyte vacuolar changes, supporting a diagnosis of necrolytic migratory erythema (NME). On completion of methadadone withdrawal, the rash cleared. The rash returned upon recommencing methadone. NME consists of an irregular annular eruption with an erythematous crusted edge. It is often mistaken for intertrigo or seborrhoeic dermatitis. In this patient, a direct effect of heroin and methadone on the epidermal metabolism might be speculated. There could be a variant of the opiate recepter, which is especially sensitive to the effects of opiates. This is the second case occurring in association with opiate dependency and the first case where the patient was rechallenged, although the precise role of the opiates in the aetiology remains somewhat speculative.
- Weepy pruritic rash in the groin. [Journal Article]
- Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent) 2007 Oct; 20(4):402-3.
- Dermatitis and the newborn rash of hyper-IgE syndrome. [Comparative Study, Journal Article, Review]
- Arch Dermatol 2004 Sep; 140(9):1119-25.
To characterize the dermatitis, the newborn rash, and cutaneous findings in hyper-IgE syndrome, also known as Job's syndrome.Prospective and retrospective evaluation and treatment of cutaneous manifestations in patients with a clinical diagnosis of hyper-IgE syndrome (HIES). Analysis of the newborn rash encountered in this population.Dermatology clinic at the National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Md.Forty-three patients seen in our clinic between January 1998 and August 2003 who had a clinical diagnosis of HIES.The UK Working Party's Diagnostic Criteria for Atopic Dermatitis were used to assess for atopic dermatitis in this population. To assess the newborn rash, we performed a retrospective chart review and an in-person or telephone interview of the parent or caregiver of each patient.Twenty-eight (65%) of 43 patients fulfilled the criteria for atopic dermatitis. Thirty-five (81%) of 43 patients reported a newborn rash. Eight (19%) of 43 were born with the rash; 23 (53%) of 43 had acquired the rash within 7 days; 32 (74%) of 43 within 14 days; 34 (79%) of 43 within 30 days; and 35 (81%) of 43 had the rash within 35 days of birth.The dermatitis in HIES resembles classic atopic dermatitis but may have distinctive features. A newborn rash is almost always a presenting sign of HIES. After the newborn period, skin findings include retroauricular fissures, external otitis, infected dermatitis of the axillae and groin, folliculitis of the upper back and shoulders, cutaneous abscesses, mucocutaneous candidiasis, and in some patients pitted scarring of the face.
- Infantile granular parakeratosis: recognition of two clinical patterns. [Case Reports, Journal Article]
- J Am Acad Dermatol 2004 May; 50(5 Suppl):S93-6.
Granular parakeratosis is an acquired, idiopathic disorder of keratinization typified by retention hyperkeratosis. It usually occurs in women at intertriginous sites. There have been only 2 reports of infants with granular parakeratosis to our knowledge. We describe 3 additional infants with granular parakeratosis. We demonstrate that infantile granular parakeratosis exhibits 2 clinical patterns: bilateral linear plaques in the inguinal folds; and erythematous geometric plaques underlying pressure points from the diaper. A thick, flakelike scale is present in both forms and is characteristic. Diaper wearing appears to play an important role in the genesis of infantile granular parakeratosis but the mechanisms are unclear. Therapeutic responsiveness to topical agents is ambiguous, however, spontaneous clearance after months to 1 year appears to be the rule.
- Granular parakeratosis in children: case report and review of the literature. [Case Reports, Journal Article, Review]
- Pediatr Dermatol 2003 May-Jun; 20(3):215-20.
Granular parakeratosis is a cutaneous eruption with erythematous and/or brownish hyperkeratotic papules and plaques which are exclusively localized to intertriginous areas and show histopathologic features of an unusual form of parakeratosis. The etiology is unknown, but the excessive use of various topical preparations (e.g., ointments and deodorants) has been associated with this disease. It has heretofore been reported only in adults. We report two children, ages 3 and 5 months, with characteristic lesions in the groin associated with topical pomades used to prevent diaper rash. This is the first report associating the clinical presentation and the histopathologic diagnosis of granular parakeratosis in children. The literature on this entity is also reviewed and all case reports are summarized.
- Microbiological aspects of diaper dermatitis. [Journal Article, Multicenter Study]
- Dermatology 2003; 206(2):136-41.
The microbiological basis of diaper dermatitis is not clearly elucidated, although a better knowledge of microbial colonisation can be of importance with regard to an adequate treatment.To investigate the relevance of candida sp. and Staphylococcus aureus colonisation in diaper dermatitis and to determine the correlation between the extent of colonisation and the severity of disease.Growth of candida sp. and S. aureus in the perianal, inguinal and oral regions was determined by positive/negative and semi-quantitative analysis in an open, multi-centre (n = 3) study. Forty-eight children with healthy skin and 28 with diaper dermatitis were analysed. The severity of diaper dermatitis was assessed using a total symptoms score.Colonisation by candida sp. was significantly more frequent in children with diaper dermatitis as compared to those with healthy skin (perianal 75 vs. 19%; inguinal 50 vs. 10%; oral 68 vs. 25%, p < 0.0003), whereas colonisation by S. aureus at the 3 swab locations was not different (p > 0.34). There was a highly significant, positive correlation between severity of disease and extent of candida sp. colonisation at all swab locations.Limited microbial colonisation in diaper dermatitis is of questionable relevance, but extensive colonisation seems to aggravate the symptoms; therefore, we suggest that semi-quantitative evaluation should be preferred to the positive/negative assessment for a differential diagnosis.