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Dermatology AND Rash, palms and soles [keywords]
- Polymorphic eruption of pregnancy presented with targetoid lesions: a report of two cases. [Journal Article]
- Case Rep Dermatol 2013 May; 5(2):138-43.
Skin lesions in pregnant women could be caused by physiologic or pathologic changes. Polymorphic eruption of pregnancy (PEP), which manifests as various types of skin lesions, is the most common pregnancy dermatosis. Thus, PEP could mimic other skin diseases related to unfavorable maternal and fetal outcomes.Two PEP patients with targetoid lesions are presented here. One of them was a primigravida, whereas the other was a secundigravida. Both patients had singleton pregnancies and skin rash which started during the third trimester. The lesions began on the abdomen and then spread to the trunk and extremities. The face, palms, soles, and mucosa were not affected. Pruritus was observed but no other systemic symptoms were reported. Both patients delivered healthy, term infants without complications.Targetoid lesions in PEP are an uncommon presentation, and the differential diagnosis of PEP along with other dermatoses should be considered. However, the prognosis for this type of PEP is not different from that for classic PEP.
- Uveitis and desquamating rash of the palms and soles. [Journal Article]
- Am J Dermatopathol 2013 Jun; 35(4):494-5.
: Syphilis, a sexually transmitted disease caused by the spirochete Treponema pallidum, can affect nearly every organ system in the body. In particular, skin manifestations of secondary syphilis are common but nonspecific and can be a true masquerader of other skin disorders. Concomitant infection with HIV has been increasing and may cause even more unusual skin presentations. We present a patient with the atypical combination of palmoplantar keratoderma and ocular symptoms that closely resembled reactive arthritis (or Reiter's syndrome). When evaluating patients with HIV infection, clinicians should maintain a high level of suspicion for syphilis to accurately diagnose and treat this curable but potentially fatal disease.
- Secondary syphilis and HIV. [Journal Article]
- Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent) 2012 Jan; 25(1):87-9.
Syphilis has been termed the "great mimic" due to its versatile and varied disease presentations. Dermatological findings are associated with the secondary phase of the disease and typically consist of a generalized papular eruption that can involve the palms and soles, genitals, and mucous membranes. Patients with syphilis and concomitant HIV infection may have altered presentations. We report a case of a 41-year-old HIV-positive man who presented with a papular rash of a few months' duration and was diagnosed with secondary syphilis.
- The generalized rash: part II. Diagnostic approach. [Journal Article, Review]
- Am Fam Physician 2010 Mar 15; 81(6):735-9.
Although it is important to begin the evaluation of generalized rash with an inclusive differential diagnosis, the possibilities must be narrowed down by taking a focused history and looking for key clinical features of the rash. Part I of this two-part article lists the common, uncommon, and rare causes of generalized rashes. In part II, the clinical features that help distinguish these rashes are described. These features include key elements of the history (e.g., travel, environmental exposures, personal or family history of atopy); characteristics of individual lesions, such as color, size, shape, and scale; areas of involvement and sparing, with particular attention to palms, soles, face, nails, sun-exposed areas, and extensor and flexor surfaces of extremities; pruritic or painful lesions; systemic symptoms, especially fever; and dermatologic signs, such as blanching, and the Koebner phenomenon.
- Lamotrigine-induced Stevens-Johnson syndrome. [Case Reports, Journal Article]
- Am J Health Syst Pharm 2007 Feb 1; 64(3):273-5.
A case of lamotrigine-induced Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) is reported.A 29-year-old woman with a medical history of schizoaffective disorder arrived at the emergency department with a severe generalized skin reaction. Three to four days prior she had noticed bumps on her lips that had spread to her oral mucosa. She had also developed a diffuse, erythematous, pruritic full-body rash involving the palms of her hands and the soles of her feet and began to feel feverish. Her medications at admission included aripiprazole 30 mg p.o. daily, escitalopram 10 mg p.o. daily, and lamotrigine 75 mg p.o. daily. Lamotrigine was the only new medication, initiated four weeks before this admission. The dermatology service confirmed the diagnosis of SJS using punch biopsy. Lamotrigine was suspected to be the culprit and was discontinued immediately. The patient was given oral prednisone 40 mg and intravenous fluids. Hydroxyzine was given for pruritus, and petroleum jelly and viscous lidocaine were applied to her lips. On hospital day 2, her symptoms and dermatological manifestations improved, but she continued to complain about irritation and slight pain of the mouth. She then received a mouthwash consisting of diphenhydramine, viscous lidocaine, and sodium bicarbonate. On hospital day 3, the patient had improved substantially and was discharged home. Reports of these dermatological reactions in patients receiving lamotrigine for the treatment of bipolar disorder are limited. Dosing, prompt recognition, and patient education are crucial for preventing morbidity and mortality associated with the development of serious cutaneous reactions.SJS was associated with lamotrigine use, despite appropriate dosing and dosage adjustment.
- Bullous variant of acral erythema due to methotrexate. [Case Reports, Journal Article]
- Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2006 Nov-Dec; 72(6):440-2.
Chemotherapy-induced acral erythema is a painful erythema of the palms and soles which occurs following chemotherapy. It is usually seen due to cytarabine, doxorubicin and fluorouracil. We present a 40-year-old male patient, a biopsy proven case of squamous cell carcinoma of the floor of the mouth, who developed a bullous variant of acral erythema after a single intravenous dose of methotrexate. He also had fever, buccal mucositis, leucopenia, thrombocytopenia and hyperpigmented macular rash on the face and upper trunk. The bullous variant of acral erythema due to methotrexate has rarely been reported.
- Food-induced acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis in a pregnant woman. [Case Reports, Journal Article]
- Skinmed 2006 Jul-Aug; 5(4):199-201.
A 21-year-old woman of Romany origin, in the third trimester of her fourth pregnancy, was admitted to the hospital because of a generalized erythematous and pustular eruption and desquamation involving her face, neck, trunk, and extremities. The skin changes were accompanied by fever (100.4 degrees F [38 degrees C]) and malaise. The patient was convinced that the dermatitis was induced by the consumption of "spoilt" pork sausage (bad smell, changed taste) approximately 24 hours earlier. Clinical examination revealed a woman with phototype III skin, black eyes, and black hair, in good general health. Widespread, symmetrical, moderately intense erythema and isolated or coalescing targetoid lesions studded with discrete, pinhead-sized, nonfollicular pustules in the center or at the periphery were distributed over her face, trunk, groins, and upper and lower extremities (Figures 1). On the neck and abdomen, lamellar desquamation was observed (Figure 2). Palms, soles, scalp, mucous membranes, hair, and nails were not affected. Nikolsky's sign was negative. The patient complained of very slight skin burning and itching. The pregnancy was proceeding without any complications and her obstetric status was normal. The woman had neither any accompanying diseases, nor previous personal or family history of psoriasis, nor any known allergies. She had taken no systemic medication (not even vitamins). She had three pregnancies; two ended with the delivery of healthy babies and one of them was aborted at her will. Laboratory studies revealed leukocytosis (13.2 x 109/L), neutrophilia (8 x 109/L), anemia (hemoglobin, 108 g/L), and an elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate (68-110 mm/h). The results from the following investigations were normal: urinalysis, renal and hepatic function, serum albumin, Ca, Na, K, aspartate aminotransferase titer, cryoprotein, hepatitis B surface antigen, and serum markers for syphilis. Bacterial and fungal cultures of pustular content were sterile. A skin biopsy specimen of lesional skin revealed subcorneal pustules containing leukocytes and necrotic keratinocytes and a mixed perivascular inflammatory infiltrate with isolated eosinophils in the dermis (Figure 3). The patient was treated with systemic methylprednisolone in gradually reduced doses, fluocinonide cream 0.05%, and emollients. As a result, her fever disappeared and her erythema faded. Frequent obstetric examination and cardiotocography were normal and showed no evidence of placental insufficiency. At 40 weeks' gestation, the patient spontaneously gave birth without any complications to a healthy boy. She was discharged with complete resolution of the skin lesions, preceded by massive desquamation of the epidermis. The 1-year follow-up of the patient revealed no relapses or new pustular eruptions.
- A distinctive erythematous macular exanthem of the adult: a new entity? [Journal Article]
- Br J Dermatol 2006 Apr; 154(4):735-9.
Delineating a new exanthem is difficult. Atypical or modified types of already known conditions can easily be mistaken for new entities.To report 29 cases of an acute, self-limiting exanthem never described before.Clinical description, serology, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and other laboratory investigations.The eruption starts with bright pink-red slightly oedematous macules symmetrically arranged on the trunk. The lesions tend to coalesce, and spread to the limbs on which they may acquire a marginated annular appearance. The lesions invariably spare the face (including oral mucous membranes), palms and soles. The eruption is pruritic and lasts 20-30 days, clearing spontaneously. The disease has a predilection for men aged 17-56 years and occurs mostly between spring and summer. Serological tests, PCR assays and investigations for bacteria, parasites or viruses were consistently negative.The clinical picture does not recall any of the classical exanthems or their atypical forms.
- Severe eczematous skin reaction after high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin infusion: report of 4 cases and review of the literature. [Case Reports, Journal Article]
- Arch Dermatol 2006 Feb; 142(2):213-7.
High-dose intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIGs) are increasingly used to treat inflammatory and/or autoimmune disorders. In dermatology, they provide therapeutic benefit in Kawasaki disease and certain cases of dermatomyositis. While most adverse effects following IVIG treatment are not severe, occasionally more severe adverse effects occur, including anaphylactic reactions and acute, usually transient, renal failure.We report 4 cases of a characteristic severe extensive eczematous reaction that occurred approximately 10 days after IVIG infusion for polyradiculoneuritis. In all cases, onset was characterized by dyshidrotic lesions on the palms, rapidly followed by pruriginous maculopapular lesions involving the whole body. All patients were treated with topical and/or systemic steroids, and complete resolution of skin lesions was observed within 1 month. To date, 33 cases of cutaneous rash following IVIG infusion have been reported in the literature, mostly in neurology journals, and the features are identical to those reported herein.Severe eczematous skin reaction with a characteristic initial localization to the palms and/or soles that then extends to the rest of the body is a rare but characteristic adverse effect of high-dose IVIG therapy. Although the precise mechanism of this cutaneous eruption remains to be elucidated, its occurrence within days of IVIG infusion, its characteristic distribution at onset, and its clinical course should be recognized by dermatologists.
- Pruritic urticarial papules and plaques of pregnancy with unusual and extensive palmoplantar involvement. [Case Reports, Journal Article]
- Obstet Gynecol 2005 May; 105(5 Pt 2):1261-4.
Pruritic urticarial papules and plaques of pregnancy (PUPPP) is a specific dermatosis of pregnancy common to primigravid women in the third trimester. The rash usually begins on the lower abdomen within striae and spreads to the proximal extremities. Involvement of face, palms, and soles is unusual. Although intensely pruritic, the fetus is unaffected, and the condition does not usually recur. It can be difficult to distinguish PUPPP from pemphigoid gestationis, an autoimmune bullous disorder with potential fetal consequences that may recur with subsequent pregnancy, menses, or hormonal therapy.A young secundagravida at 36 weeks of gestation with monochorionic twins presented with a 3-week history of a pruritic papular eruption that began on the abdomen and spread to the extremities. She had extensive involvement of the distal extremities, including the palmoplantar surfaces, with small vesicles of 2-4 mm on acral skin. Because of her unusual presentation, she was thought initially to have pemphigoid gestationis. Subsequent dermatological evaluation and a biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of PUPPP. Shortly after admission she delivered 2 healthy male infants, and her rash cleared with conservative management.Pruritic urticarial papules and plaques of pregnancy often, but not always, spares the face, palms, and soles. Small vesicles can occur in PUPPP, but formation of true bullae is not observed. Careful dermatological examination and cutaneous biopsy can assist in differentiating PUPPP from pemphigoid gestationis, which is essential for treatment and prognosis.