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- Minimally invasive cystocele repair technique using a polypropylene mesh introduced with the transobturator route. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Arch Gynecol Obstet 2014 Jul 20.
Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the use of polypropylene mesh for cystocele repair using minimally invasive technique.We retrospectively evaluated the perioperative events, short-term postoperative side-effects, and follow up for 152 patients who underwent repair for cystocele grade 2 or more using a polypropylene mesh. The repair was performed through a small anterior vaginal wall incision, with the arms of the mesh passed through a transobturator route using a corkscrew needle. Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) tests and the International Continence Society Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q) staging systems were documented before and after surgery.The average time and blood loss for the procedure were 18 min and 100 cc, respectively. Bladder injury and excess bleeding (>500 cc) occurred in one and two cases during the procedure, respectively. The early postoperative complications included pain (10.5 %), mesh erosion (1.3 %), fever (1.3 %), and urinary tract infection (7.9 %). Among the 122 patients who were followed up (median follow-up time, 18.2 months), the subjective and objective cure rates for the prolapse were 98 and 95 %, respectively. Complications during the follow up included mesh erosion (four cases) and persistent dyspareunia (four cases).Cystocele repair with mesh placement through transobturator route can be considered a minimally invasive, promising method for the correction of cystocele and SUI based on the low rate of complications, the high rate of success, and the low incidence of recurrence.
- Nutcracker Syndrome Accompanying Pelvic Congestion Syndrome; Color Doppler Sonography and Multislice CT Findings: A Case Report. [Journal Article]
- Iran J Radiol 2014 May; 11(2):e11075.
Nutcracker syndrome (NCS) is a rare pathology, caused by compression of the left renal vein (LRV) between the abdominal aorta (AA) and the superior mesenteric artery (SMA), due to reduction of the angle between AA and SMA. This leads to LRV varices, left gonadal vein varices and therefore, the pelvic congestion syndrome. For this reason, coexistence of NCS and pelvic congestion syndrome has been described. It manifests by hematuria, proteinuria, and nonspecific pelvic pain secondary to pelvic congestion, dyspareunia and persistent genital arousal. We report a 27-year-old woman who experienced hematuria and left flank pain. The diagnosis of NCS accompanied by pelvic congestion syndrome was missed initially, but later on the diagnosis was made by color Doppler ultrasound, abdominal computed tomography (CT) and CT angiography that were later performed. She refused interventional and surgical treatments, and was lost to follow up.
- A Systematic Review of Quality of Life and Sexual Function of Patients With Cervical Cancer After Treatment. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Int J Gynecol Cancer 2014 Jul 16.
Quality of life (QoL) and sexual health have become increasingly important in cervical cancer survivors (CCSs). The aims of this review were to summarize research findings of QoL and sexual function in CCSs after treatment on the basis of self-reported questionnaires and to update the current knowledge of overall QoL and sexual function in CCSs.Studies from electronic database between May 1966 and May 2013 were rated on their internal validity as methodological assessment. Thirty-two studies were included, wherein 15 studies had a relatively good methodology.Anorectal function, urinary symptoms, and lymphedema were commonly reported as physical symptoms. As to psychosocial domains, the studies illustrated that anxiety decreased with age, whereas depression generally increased with age. Sexual function was involved in most of the studies. Vaginal dryness, dyspareunia, short vagina, and sexual dissatisfaction were prominent issues of sexual dysfunction and vaginal changes in CCSs. In terms of treatment modality, radiotherapy was thought to be associated with worse QoL and sexual function in CCSs.The studies showed that QoL and sexual function in CCSs were compromised compared with the general population to different extents. Quality of life and sexual function should be paid with more attention in patients with cervical cancer after treatment.
- An unusual long-term complication of transobturator polypropylene mesh. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Arch Gynecol Obstet 2014 Jul 15.
Serious complications associated with surgical mesh for transvaginal repair of POP, as infections, vaginal mesh exposure, painful mesh shrinkage and dyspareunia, are not rare. A 48-year-old woman underwent the Perigee procedure because of a stage 3 anterior wall prolapse. Eleven months after surgery, the patient became suddenly unable to walk because of a strong pain to the left thigh root after running. The MRI revealed an external obturator left muscle hyperintensity consistent with muscular oedema; the patient was treated with oral corticosteroids with a complete resolution of the pain. We could hypothesize that the posterior arm of the mesh caused a laceration of the muscles of the obturator space with consequent oedema and pain. The use of the meshes in prolapse surgery can cause unexpected long-term complications.
- Well-differentiated papillary mesothelioma of the peritoneum: a diagnostic dilemma on fine-needle aspiration cytology. [Journal Article]
- Am J Clin Pathol 2014 Aug; 142(2):233-42.
Well-differentiated papillary mesothelioma of the peritoneum (WDPMP) is an uncommon subtype of epithelioid mesothelioma. Usually, WDPMP has a benign course, while a few patients have multiple recurrence and malignant transformation on long-term follow-up. The histology of WDPMP has been well studied compared with the cytology. Although accurate diagnosis is based only on histology and immunohistochemical stains, knowledge of the cytologic features of WDPMP in context with clinical and radiologic features is essential to predict a preoperative diagnosis and guide proper management, after excluding reactive mesothelial hyperplasia, malignant mesothelioma, and serous neoplasms of the ovaries and peritoneum. Surgical excision gives a favorable outcome.We describe a case of 28-year-old woman who sought treatment for chronic lower abdominal pain, dysuria, and dyspareunia.Radiologic findings suggested multiple metastatic peritoneal deposits. Ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration cytology showed many papillae, tubulopapillary and spheroid groups, monolayered pavement-like sheets, and many dispersed cells. Papillae showed many layers of round to ovoid cells, with minimal atypia. Atypical mitoses and necrosis were not found. A cytologic diagnosis of WDPMP was suggested. After complete resection of all the tumor nodules, histopathology and immunohistochemical findings were compatible with WDPMP. On follow-up, she developed tumor recurrence at 9 months and was managed successfully with adjuvant chemotherapy.This article highlights the cytologic features of WDPMP with relevant review of the literature and differential diagnosis.
- Endometriosis patients in the postmenopausal period: pre- and postmenopausal factors influencing postmenopausal health. [Journal Article]
- Biomed Res Int 2014.:746705.
Objective.To evaluate patients' health status and the course of endometriosis from the premenopausal to the postmenopausal period and evaluate influencing factors that may be relevant. Methods. Questionnaire completed by 35 postmenopausal women in whom endometriosis had been histologically confirmed premenopausally. Correlation and regression analyses were carried out to identify factors relevant to their postmenopausal health status.
Results.Overall, there was clear improvement in typical endometriosis symptoms and sexual life. Clear associations (P < 0.005) were observed between premenopausal factors like physical limitations caused by the disease, impaired social contacts and psychological problems, and postmenopausal pain and impairment of sexual life. Three statistical models for assessing pain and impairment of sexual life in the postmenopausal period were calculated on the basis of clinical symptoms in the premenopausal period, with a very high degree of accuracy (P < 0.001; R (2) = 0.833/0.857/0.931).
Conclusions.The results of the survey strongly suggest that physical fitness and freedom from physical restrictions, a good social environment, and psychological care in both the premenopausal and postmenopausal periods lead to marked improvements in the postmenopausal period with regard to pain, dyspareunia, and influence on sexual life in endometriosis patients.
- Management of Vaginal Atrophy: Implications from the REVIVE Survey. [Journal Article, Review]
- Clin Med Insights Reprod Health 2014.:23-30.
Vulvar and vaginal atrophy (VVA) is a chronic and progressive medical condition common in postmenopausal women. Symptoms of VVA such as dyspareunia, vaginal dryness, irritation, and itching can negatively impact sexual function and quality of life. The REVIVE (REal Women's VIews of Treatment Options for Menopausal Vaginal ChangEs) survey assessed knowledge about VVA and recorded attitudes about interactions with healthcare providers (HCPs) and available treatment options for VVA. The REVIVE survey identified unmet needs of women with VVA symptoms such as poor understanding of the condition, poor communication with HCPs despite the presence of vaginal symptoms, and concerns about the safety, convenience, and efficacy of available VVA treatments. HCPs can address these unmet needs by proactively identifying patients with VVA and educating them about the condition as well as discussing treatment preferences and available therapies for VVA.
- Extended Therapy With Letrozole and Ovarian Suppression in Premenopausal Patients With Breast Cancer After Tamoxifen. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Clin Breast Cancer 2014 Jun 2.
In premenopausal women with breast cancer, standard adjuvant endocrine therapy has been 5 years of tamoxifen. This study sought to investigate the safety and feasibility of treating patients who remain premenopausal after adjuvant tamoxifen with gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH-a) concurrent with an aromatase inhibitor, mimicking the strategy that has proven effective in postmenopausal patients.This phase II single-arm clinical trial aimed to enroll 50 premenopausal women who had completed > 4.5 years of adjuvant tamoxifen for a 2-year course of leuprolide (7.5 mg intramuscularly monthly or 22.5 mg intramuscularly every 3 months) and letrozole (2.5 mg orally daily). Zoledronic acid (4 mg intravenously every 6 months) was offered optionally to help prevent bone loss.Despite aggressive recruitment strategies at the 3 participating sites (including Dana-Farber Cancer Institute), poor accrual over 3.5 years ultimately led to early study closure after only 16 patients began therapy. Of the 16, 4 stopped treatment before 1 year, owing to toxicity; 5 completed 2 years of protocol-directed therapy; and 7 remained on treatment as of September 1, 2013, for an average of 53.5 weeks (SD, 17.2 weeks). Hot flashes, vaginal dryness, and pain were common toxicities.Extended therapy with GnRH-a and an aromatase inhibitor (plus optional bisphosphonate) is associated with substantial side effects in premenopausal women who have already completed > 4.5 years of adjuvant tamoxifen. This study's poor accrual suggests that young women may not be highly motivated to pursue lengthier courses of endocrine therapy and that future studies of this approach may be challenging.
- Do women with endometriosis have to worry about sex? [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2014 Jun 2.:69-74.
Sexual function is negatively influenced by endometriosis and women with endometriosis show less sexual and partnership satisfaction compared to patients with other gynaecological disorders. This study aims to compare sexual function between patients with deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) and healthy women using Sexual Health Outcomes in Women Questionnaire (SHOW-Q).Case-control study including 182 patients with histological diagnosis of DIE and 182 healthy women, who referred to our tertiary care university hospital from 2010 to 2012. SHOW-Q was used to collect data concerning satisfaction, orgasm, desire and pelvic problem interference with sex. The un-paired t-test was performed to compare the means of a continuous variable between groups when the data were normally distributed; otherwise the Mann-Whitney test was used to check t-test results. Pearson's χ(2) test and Z-test for proportions - independent groups were performed to investigate the difference among grouping variables.As described in a previous study, the prevalence of sexual dysfunction in women with endometriosis is around 61% and in women with other gynaecological disorders is 35%. Assuming 5% significance and 95% power, 106 women would be required for the study. Every area of sexual function investigated through the SHOW-Q questionnaire (satisfaction, desire, orgasm and pelvic problem interference) was significantly impaired compared to healthy women. Among patients with DIE, 58% (105/182) reported that pelvic pain severely affected sexual function, while only 1% (2/182) of healthy women (p<0.0001). Moreover, sexual desire was absent or less than one or two times per month in 45% (82/182) of women with DIE compared to 14% (26/182) of healthy women (p<0.0001).DIE severely affects sexual function. Endometriosis is a global disease, which affects patients physically, psychologically and sexually. The potential sexual consequences of this disease need to be considered.
- Progestogen-only contraceptive pill compared with combined oral contraceptive in the treatment of pain symptoms caused by endometriosis in patients with migraine without aura. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2014 Jun 2.:63-68.
Evaluate patient satisfaction at 6-month treatment in women with symptomatic rectovaginal endometriosis and migraine without aura with (progestogen-only contraceptive pill, POP versus sequential combined oral contraceptives, COC) STUDY DESIGN: A patient preference trial including 144 women (82 in the group COC and 62 in the group POP). Main outcome measure was the degree of patient satisfaction by using a Likert scale. Secondary objectives were to evaluate differences in endometriosis-related pain and changes in migraine features during the treatment.In group POP, 38/62 women (61.2%) were satisfied or very satisfied after treatment, compared to 31/82 women (37.8%) in group COC (p=0.005). The intensity of chronic pelvic pain and dyspareunia significantly decreased at 6-month treatment in both the groups. At 6-month treatment, the number of migraine attacks was lower than at baseline in group POP (p=0.002), while it was not reduced in group COC (p=0.521). The intensity of migraine attacks was significantly different between baseline and 6-month treatment in group POP (p<0.001) but not in group COC (p=0.078).POP is better tolerated than COC and it seems to ameliorate migraine attacks compared to COC in symptomatic patients with rectovaginal endometriosis and migraine without aura. Both drugs efficaciously relieve endometriosis-related pain symptoms. This study supports the use of the POP in women with rectovaginal endometriosis and coexisting migraine without aura.