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Erythroblastosis Fetalis [keywords]
- Transient neonatal hyperinsulinism with adaptation disorders: a report of three cases. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 2014 Aug 22.
Abstract Transient hyperinsulinism can occur in neonates following exposure to perinatal stress, such as intrauterine growth restriction and birth asphyxia. However, little is known about its pathophysiology and clinical manifestations. We report three neonatal cases of transient severe hyperinsulinism complicated with cardiopulmonary problems, thrombocytopenia, and marked erythroblastosis at birth. All cases showed signs of placental insufficiency, indicating that chronic hypoxia and malnutrition during fetal development might be associated with characteristic clinical features after birth. Perinatal stress-associated hyperinsulinism can be regarded as a systemic syndrome characterized by cardiopulmonary and hematological problems due to fetal chronic hypoxia.
- CD15 - A new marker of pathological villous immaturity of the term placenta. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Placenta 2014 Aug 12.
Idiopathic immaturity is one of the main reasons for latent placental insufficiency and antenatal hypoxia. Postnatal identification of the immature placental phenotype may help early stratification of a heterogeneous population of newborns and individually identify risk of disease in the immediate postnatal life. The aim of the study was to determine the relevant diagnostic markers associated with pathological placental immaturity.111 tissue samples from normal and pathological term placentas with persisting villous immaturity comprised the comparative immunohistochemical study (CD15, CD34). Positive immunohistochemical reactions were quantitatively assessed in the chorionic plate and vessels of the villi of different histological type.We have shown that pathological villous immaturity is attended by significantly increased CD15-expression in the macro- and microvascular endothelium compared with the normal placenta. CD34-expression was not different from that in normal placentas.This paper documents the correlation of CD15+ endothelium in the macrovascular fetoplacental vessels with a severe form of villous immaturity associated with fetal hypoxia/asphyxia and erythroblastosis. Increased CD15-expression only in the microvascular segment of the fetoplacental vessels correlated with moderate villous immaturity and was associated with GDM, idiopathic fetal macrosomia and nonspecific chronic villitis.We propose that "immature" CD15+ endothelium is an important diagnostic marker of persisting villous immaturity and chronic placental dysfunction. The level of CD15 expression in the macro- and microvasculature reflects the degree of pathological placental villous immaturity.
- Immunotoxicity assessment of rice-derived recombinant human serum albumin using human peripheral blood mononuclear cells. [Journal Article]
- PLoS One 2014; 9(8):e104426.
Human serum albumin (HSA) is extensively used in clinics to treat a variety of diseases, such as hypoproteinemia, hemorrhagic shock, serious burn injuries, cirrhotic ascites and fetal erythroblastosis. To address supply shortages and high safety risks from limited human donors, we recently developed recombinant technology to produce HSA from rice endosperm. To assess the risk potential of HSA derived from Oryza sativa (OsrHSA) before a First-in-human (FIH) trial, we compared OsrHSA and plasma-derived HSA (pHSA), evaluating the potential for an immune reaction and toxicity using human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). The results indicated that neither OsrHSA nor pHSA stimulated T cell proliferation at 1x and 5x dosages. We also found no significant differences in the profiles of the CD4+ and CD8+ T cell subsets between OsrHSA- and pHSA-treated cells. Furthermore, the results showed that there were no significant differences between OsrHSA and pHSA in the production of cytokines such as interferon-gamma (IFN-γ), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-10 and IL-4. Our results demonstrated that OsrHSA has equivalent immunotoxicity to pHSA when using the PBMC model. Moreover, this ex vivo system could provide an alternative approach to predict potential risks in novel biopharmaceutical development.
- Unconjugated pathological jaundice in newborns. [Journal Article]
- Coll Antropol 2014 Mar; 38(1):173-8.
Neonatal jaundice is the occurrence of elevated bilirubin levels in the blood. It may be physiological or pathological. If the concentration of non-conjugated bilirubin in the blood is too high, it breaches the blood brain barrier and bilirubin encephalopathy occurs with serious consequences for the child. The aim of the research was to examine the incidence frequency of unconjugated pathologic jaundice in newborns and connect it to some epidemiological variations (medical, social, demographic) as well as to prove the increased frequency of jaundice in children born by stimulation and labour induction. The study included 800 infants: 198 (24.8%) of them did, and 602 (75.2%) did not suffer from jaundice. Statistical analysis confirmed the association between the onset of jaundice in newborns and the following parameters: gestational age, birth weight, maternal infections and other illnesses during pregnancy and premature rupture of membranes as complications during labor and the mode of delivery.
- [Severe hemolytic disease of the newborn as a result of late and undiagnosed alloimmunization--case report]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Ginekol Pol 2014 Mar; 85(3):226-9.
We report a case of a hemolytic disease in a newborn from the first pregnancy due to anti-D antibodies. The maternal blood group was A Rhesus negative. She had an antibody screening test twice during the pregnancy (in the second trimester) and it was negative. The pregnancy was uneventful, without any invasive procedures and bleeding. The infant was born at 39 weeks of gestation in good overall condition. After the delivery the blood group of the neonate was indicated - A Rhesus positive, BOC positive. Anti-D antibodies were detected in maternal blood. Neonatal blood tests revealed severe anemia (hemoglobin level: 6.0g/dl, hematocrit: 22.2%, erythrocytes: 2.01T/L). During the first day of neonatal life, the newborn received two transfusions of red blood cells. Bilirubin level and rate of rise were not recommendation enough for exchange transfusion. The newborn was treated with continuous phototherapy since the delivery The perinatal period was complicated with intrauterine infection and respiratory failure. Hematopoietic vitamins and iron supplementation was initiated in the second week of neonatal life due to persistent anemia. The child remained under medical care of a hematologic clinic and received human recombinant erythropoietin treatment.
- [Intrauterine therapy for nonimmune hydrops fetalis (NIHF)--analysis of 38 cases]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Ginekol Pol 2014 Feb; 85(2):92-100.
The aim of the study was to perform an audit the results of fetal therapy in cases of nonimmune hydrops fetalis (NIHF), isolated hydrothorax and isolated ascites.A total of 38 fetuses (17-35 weeks of pregnancy) were included in the study whereas 6 patients were excluded due to abnormal karyotype. NIHF was diagnosed in 24 cases, hydrothorax in 4 cases, and ascites in 4 cases. Shunts were implanted in 26 (81%) cases and 7 (19%) participants underwent therapeutic cordocentesis.After therapy anterior-posterior diameter of the right and the left lung increased to 9.6 mm (27%) and 12.4 mm (35%), respectively. Early complications were observed in 5 (16%) cases. PROM 2 (40%), fetal death 1 (20%), infection 1 (20%), and preterm delivery 1 (20%). Out of the 27 patients, 65% had a caesarian section without early complications and 35% had a vaginal delivery with 58% at term and 42% pre-term.Preceding results show that intrauterine therapy significantly improves prognosis of fetuses with NIHF.
- Significance of prenatal joint detection of ABO antibody titers and irregular antibodies in pregnant women with type O blood. [Journal Article]
- Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol 2014; 41(1):28-31.
To investigate the effects of blood transfusion and number of pregnancies on ABO antibody titers and irregular antibodies in pregnant women with type O blood.The study included 4,200 pregnant women with type O blood (their husbands were with non-O type blood) that were divided into transfusion group and non-transfusion group, according to whether they had a history of blood transfusion. The both groups were respectively divided into three subgroups (the number of pregnancies was one, two, and > or = three). The ABO antibody titers and irregular antibodies were detected at the same time. The effects ofABO antibody titers and irregular antibodies on hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN) were discussed.There was no consistency of ABO antibody titers and existence of irregular antibody. The positive rates of irregular antibody of transfusion group and of the subgroup (number of pregnancies > or = three) were far higher than that of non-transfusion group and of the subgroups (number of pregnancies < three), respectively. All pregnant women with positive irregular antibody in non-transfusion group were with HDN.For pregnant women with number of pregnancies > or = three or with history of blood transfusion, the prenatal joint detection of ABO antibody titers and irregular antibodies is helpful for accurately reflecting the in vivo antibody type and level.
- [Neonatal cholestasis associated with fetal paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia]. [Journal Article]
- Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi 2014 Jan; 52(1):62-3.
- Bilirubin-induced neurologic damage. [Comment, Letter]
- N Engl J Med 2014 Mar 6; 370(10):978-9.