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Intercourse, painful [keywords]
- A Prospective Study on Association of Prostatic Calcifications with Sexual Dysfunction in Men with Chronic Prostatitis/Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome (CP/CPPS). [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Sex Med 2014 Apr 16.
Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is a common debilitating condition of unclear etiology. Sexual dysfunction is an important component of the clinical phenotype of CP/CPPS. Patients often have prostatic calcifications, but a link to sexual dysfunction is unknown.The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of prostatic calcifications with sexual dysfunction in this condition.A total of 358 males with CP/CPPS were consecutively enrolled, and a prospectively maintained database of these patients was analyzed. Calcifications were diagnosed using ultrasound imaging of the prostate. Symptom severity was measured using the National Institutes of Health Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (CPSI). Sexual dysfunction was evaluated using the validated 15-item International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-15) questionnaire and 5-item Premature Ejaculation Diagnostic Tool scales. The variables were compared between patients with prostatic calcifications and those without using the Student's t-test, Wilcoxon unpaired test, or chi-square test.Logistic regression models were developed to explore a possible association between prostatic calcifications and sexual dysfunction.Measurable calcifications in the prostate were found in 175 (48.9%) of the 358 patients. Patients with calcifications were more likely to have higher white blood cell counts or positive bacteria cultures in their prostatic fluid, longer symptoms duration, and lower scores for the total IIEF-15, IIEF-erectile function, and IIEF-intercourse satisfaction domains (P < 0.001 for each). However, the scores for CPSI, premature ejaculation, and IIEF-orgasmic function, IIEF-sexual desire, and IIEF-overall satisfaction domains were identical between men with and without calcifications (P > 0.05 for each). Furthermore, logistic regression analyses revealed that intraprostatic calcification is significantly associated with self-assessed erectile dysfunction (ED) (odds ratio:3.632, 95% confidence interval: 2.405-5.822, P < 0.001).Our results showed that prostatic calcifications are significantly associated with the presence of ED in CP/CPPS males. Zhao Z, Xuan X, Zhang J, He J, and Zeng G. A prospective study on association of prostatic calcifications with sexual dysfunction in men with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS). J Sex Med **;**:**-**.
- Psychiatric comorbidity in women with chronic pelvic pain. [Journal Article]
- CNS Spectr 2011 Feb; 16(2):29-35.
Chronic pain syndromes are often treatment refractory and pose an enormous burden of suffering for the individual. Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) is generally defined as noncyclic pain of at least 6 months duration and severe enough to require medical care or cause disability. CPP has been estimated to have a prevalence of 15% among women of reproductive age. Women are at increased risk for both major depression and chronic pain syndromes such as CPP, and are more likely to report antecedent stressful events, have higher rates of physical and sexual abuse, and subsequently develop posttraumatic stress disorder. High rates of sexual and physical abuse and other trauma have been shown among women with CPP, including symptoms of dyspareunia (pain during intercourse), dysmenorrhea (pain during menstruation), and vulvar pain. A detailed and comprehensive evaluation of the patient with CPP should include a thorough gynecologic exam and a full mental health assessment. Treatment of CPP must include an integrated approach targeted at both the psychiatric comorbidity and pain symptoms. A multidisciplinary treatment team offers the best chance for success with CPP, and it is critical to suggest psychiatric treatment (psychopharmacology and/or psychotherapy) in addition to traditional medical and surgical approaches.
- Assessing severity of pain in women with focal provoked vulvodynia: are von Frey filaments suitable devices? [Journal Article]
- J Reprod Med 2014 Mar-Apr; 59(3-4):134-8.
To determine whether von Frey filaments are effective in the standardized assessment of the severity of focal provoked vulvodynia (FPV) syndrome.The data of 30 women with FPV attending monthly at our vulvovaginal disease clinic, for a collective total of 141 visits over 6 months, were analyzed. At each visit sensitivity tests at the vulvar vestibule were performed at the 5 and 7 o'clock area, totaling 282 measurements. A questionnaire, blinded to the examining physician, and a visual analogue score (VAS) of pain ranging from 1 (no pain) to 10 (maximal pain) was obtained of the discomfort felt when attempting sexual intercourse.The VAS, the investigator assessment of redness, and the 1 to 10 score result of the cotton swab touch test at 5 and 7 o'clock were superior diagnostic tools for assessing the severity of the pain when compared to the use of von Frey filaments.Although elegant because of the promise of objective, semiquantitative measurements, von Frey filaments are less suitable devices to assess severity of disease and response to treatment than are cotton swab 1 to 10 pain scores and clinical parameters like subjective pain (VAS) and objective focal redness.
- Localized provoked vestibulodynia: outcomes after modified vestibulectomy. [Journal Article]
- J Reprod Med 2014 Mar-Apr; 59(3-4):121-6.
To describe and estimate both short-term and long-term effectiveness of a large cohort of women treated with modified vestibulectomy in a single surgical service.A total of 202 patients who were treated with modified vestibulectomy for localized provoked vestibulodynia at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, were mailed a questionnaire to document severity of vulvar pain or discomfort before and after the surgery.In total, 115 patients returned the questionnaire. Of the 71 patients who before surgery reported pain when inserting a tampon, 52 reported attempting to insert a tampon after surgery. Of these 52 patients, 47 (90.4%) noticed moderate to substantial improvement. Pain with sexual intercourse occurred in 97.3% (107/ 110) of patients before surgery. After surgery, 90 (84.1%) of those 107 patients noted moderate to substantial improvement in their pain with intercourse.Modified vestibulectomy was a successful treatment for patients with localized provoked vestibulodynia and resulted in strong patient satisfaction, long-term effectiveness, minimal scarring, and few postoperative complications.
- Evaluation of Sexual Function Outcomes in Women Undergoing Vaginal Rejuvenation/Vaginoplasty Procedures for Symptoms of Vaginal Laxity/Decreased Vaginal Sensation Utilizing Validated Sexual Function Questionnaire (PISQ-12). [Journal Article]
- Surg Technol Int 2014 Mar.:253-60.
Sexual function outcomes were analyzed in a group of women (n = 78) presenting for vaginal rejuvenation/vaginoplasty procedure for a chief complaint of vaginal laxity and decreased sensation with intercourse. Outcomes were analyzed utilizing the validated Pelvic Organ Prolapse/Urinary Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire-12 (PISQ-12) before and at least 6 months after repair with vaginal rejuvenation/vaginoplasty procedure (VR). Mean age was 43.6 ± 7.9 (range 25-62), and 19 patients (24.3%) were found to have prolapse at time of initial exam and underwent vaginal vault suspension in addition to VR. Compared preoperatively and postoperatively, the overall sexual function (Total PISQ-12) statistically improved (30.3 ± 6.6 vs. 38.2 ± 5.2, P < 0.001). All individual scores statistically improved except in 3 categories in which there was no change (Q1-desire, Q5-pain, and Q11- partner premature ejaculation). Overall sexual satisfaction improved as well as subcategories of increased sexual excitement during intercourse and overall increase in intensity of orgasms. Pain with intercourse subscores were found to be no different from preoperatively to postoperatively. Previous studies have shown that sexual function improves with repair of prolapse; however, this is the first study to show improved function using a validated questionnaire in patients undergoing VR for laxity.
- Diagnosis and initial management of dysmenorrhea. [Journal Article]
- Am Fam Physician 2014 Mar 1; 89(5):341-6.
Dysmenorrhea is one of the most common causes of pelvic pain. It negatively affects patients' quality of life and sometimes results in activity restriction. A history and physical examination, including a pelvic examination in patients who have had vaginal intercourse, may reveal the cause. Primary dysmenorrhea is menstrual pain in the absence of pelvic pathology. Abnormal uterine bleeding, dyspareunia, noncyclic pain, changes in intensity and duration of pain, and abnormal pelvic examination findings suggest underlying pathology (secondary dysmenorrhea) and require further investigation. Transvaginal ultrasonography should be performed if secondary dysmenorrhea is suspected. Endometriosis is the most common cause of secondary dysmenorrhea. Symptoms and signs of adenomyosis include dysmenorrhea, menorrhagia, and a uniformly enlarged uterus. Management options for primary dysmenorrhea include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and hormonal contraceptives. Hormonal contraceptives are the first-line treatment for dysmenorrhea caused by endometriosis. Topical heat, exercise, and nutritional supplementation may be beneficial in patients who have dysmenorrhea; however, there is not enough evidence to support the use of yoga, acupuncture, or massage.
- Vulvodynia and proctodynia treated with topical baclofen 5 % and palmitoylethanolamide. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Arch Gynecol Obstet 2014 Apr 2.
The prevalence of idiopathic vulvodynia and proctodynia is high. Pain management with anti-depressants and anti-epileptics may induce undesirable side effects. Therefore, topical baclofen cream and palmitoylethanolamide might be new therapeutic options.A 33-year-old woman with intractable chronic vulvar and anal pain had to abstain from sexual intercourse and could neither cycle nor sit for more than 5 min. The patient did not respond to standard treatments. We prescribed a combination of topical baclofen 5 % and palmitoylethanolamide 400 mg, three times daily. After 3 months her symptoms decreased more than 50 % and sexual intercourse was possible again without pain.Topical baclofen and palmitoylethanolamide can be a viable treatment option in chronic vulvodynia and proctodynia.
- False fracture of the penis: Different pathology but similar clinical presentation and management. [Journal Article]
- Urol Ann 2014 Jan; 6(1):23-6.
Penile fracture is the most common presentation of acute penis. Rupture of the superficial dorsal penile vein (s) may mimic penile fractures with similar clinical presentation but with intact corporeal bodies. Our aim of the study is to highlight superficial dorsal penile vein (s) injury as true emergency with better prognosis.Sixty-eight patients with suspected penile fractures presented to our hospital between June 2007 and January 2013. Out of these, 11 patients showed intact tunica albuginea on exploration with injured dorsal penile vein (s) identified. Records of such 11 cases were reviewed regarding age, etiology, symptoms, physical signs, findings of surgical exploration and post-operative erectile function.All 11 patients were injured during sexual intercourse and presented with penile swelling and ecchymosis and gradual detumescence. Mild penile pain was encountered in 5 cases and the "snap" sound was noted in 2 cases. Examination revealed no localized tenderness, or tunical defect. All the patients regained penile potency without deformity after surgical ligation of the severed vessels. One patient developed penile hypoesthesia.Although the classic "snap" sound and immediate detumescence are usually lacking in the symptomology of dorsal penile vein rupture, its clinical presentation can be indistinguishable from true penile fracture. Surgical exploration is still required to avoid missing tunical tear with possible future complications. The long-term outcome and prognosis are excellent.
- Views on Human Papillomavirus Vaccination: A Mixed-Methods Study of Urban Youth. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Community Health 2014 Mar 25.
While the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine has potential to protect against the majority of HPV-associated cancers, vaccination rates in the United States remain low. Racial/ethnic and economic disparities exist for HPV vaccination completion rates. We conducted a mixed-methods study using the theory of planned behavior framework to explore attitudes and beliefs about HPV vaccination among urban, economically disadvantaged adolescents. Fifty adolescents aged 14-18 years were recruited from community-based organizations to complete a written survey and participate in a focus group. The mean age was 15.5 ± 1.3 years; 98 % were African American or mixed race; 64 % were female; 52 % reported previous sexual intercourse; 40 % reported receipt of ≥1 HPV vaccine dose. The knowledge deficit about the HPV vaccine was profound and seemed slightly greater among males. Mothers, fathers and grandmothers were mentioned as important referents for HPV vaccination, but peers and romantic partners were not. Common barriers to vaccination were lack of awareness, anticipated side effects (i.e., pain), and concerns about vaccine safety. Characteristics associated with ≥1 vaccine dose were: having heard of the HPV vaccine versus not (65 vs. 20 %, p = 0.002) and agreeing with the statement "Most people I know would think HPV vaccine is good for your health" versus not (67 vs. 27 %, p = 0.007). Our work indicates a profound lack of awareness about HPV vaccination as well as the important influence of parents among urban, economically-disadvantaged youth. Awareness of these attitudes and beliefs can assist providers and health officials by informing specific interventions to increase vaccine uptake.
- Sexual Behavior and Symptoms among Reproductive Age Chinese Women in Hong Kong. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Sex Med 2014 Mar 24.
As sexual medicine evolves, much advancement has been achieved in understanding male sexuality and treating male sexual dysfunction. Less is known about female sexual pattern, the prevalence of sexual problems, and their correlation with confounding factors.To enhance our understanding of female sexuality and the risk factors that contributed to sexual problems in reproductive age women.A cross-sectional survey was conducted in family planning and prepregnancy checkup clinics from December 2007 to December 2009, with 2,146 sexually active Chinese women aged 21 to 40 years completed the entire questionnaire.Prevalence of sexual symptoms, coital frequency, and other sexual behavior-related activities were measured.Overall, 59.0% of respondents had at least one sexual problem. In this sample, 31.8% of respondents reported no desire; 31.7% had arousal problems; 40% had anorgasmia, and 33.8% experienced coital pain for at least 3 months within the past 1 year. Chi-square test showed significant correlation among the four types of sexual problems(P < 0.001). Univariate regression model showed that all sexual symptoms were significantly correlated with unidirectional coitus initiation, low coital frequency, and low foreplay enjoyment. Loglinear model revealed that desire, arousal, and orgasmic problems were correlated with low foreplay enjoyment. Arousal problem was correlated with high acceptance toward pornography and history of medical disease. Coital pain was correlated with secondary education and planning to have more children. Both unidirectional coitus initiation and low coital frequency were major contributors to all four sexual symptoms.Sexual problem is a prevalent health issue among reproductive age women. A number of risk factors are identified, which provide useful direction to the design of counseling and education materials that might help to enhance sexual performance in women. Lo SST and Kok WM. Sexual behavior and symptoms among reproductive age Chinese women in Hong Kong. J Sex Med **;**:**-**.