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Mesothelioma, peritoneal [keywords]
- Advances in malignant peritoneal mesothelioma. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Int J Colorectal Dis 2014 Oct 21.
Malignant mesothelioma is a rare, insidious, and aggressive tumor arising from the mesothelial surface of pleural and peritoneal cavities, the pericardium, or the tunica vaginalis, with an increasing incidence worldwide, high misdiagnosis rate, and overall negative prognosis. A total of 20 % of all cases is peritoneum in origin.The present study is a review of literatures focusing on the advances in epidemiology, clinical presentations, radiological features, diagnosis, misdiagnosis, management, and prognostic factors of malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (MPM) occurred in the past decades.Asbestos, SV40, and radiation exposures have been demonstrated to be correlated with the pathogenesis of MPM. The main presentations are abdominal distension and pain. Computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and positron-emission tomography (PET) play an important role in the preoperative imaging and staging. Definitive diagnosis is made on the basis of immunohistochemistry. Prognostic factors have been identified and verified. Negative indicators include advanced age, male gender, poor performance status, non-epithelial histology, and absence of surgery. The management of MPM has evolved from single chemotherapy to multimodality treatment of cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC), chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and immunotherapy. Promising results have been achieved after a combined treatment of CRS and HIPEC, with an elevated median survival time of 29.5-92 months and a 5-year survival rate of 39-63 %.CRS and HIPEC represent the standard treatment strategy for selected patients with MPM, and patients with unresectable tumors can benefit from the combined treatment of chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and immunotherapy.
- Morbidity, mortality, and oncological outcomes of 401 consecutive cytoreductive procedures with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC). [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Langenbecks Arch Surg 2014 Oct 16.
Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) are a novel curative treatment option for selected patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC). We aimed to report the mortality rate and the most frequent grade III-IV adverse events and to identify associated prognostic markers. We report oncological outcomes and major prognostic factors influencing overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival.A total of 401 CRS plus HIPEC procedures were performed on 356 patients. Mortality, grade III-IV adverse events, OS, disease-free survival, and prognostic factors were studied.Based on Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE of the National Cancer Institute 2006), mortality rate was 1 % and overall rate of morbidity grade III-IV was 12.5 %. In multivariate analysis, only the number of digestive anastomoses (>1) significantly correlated with adverse events with an odds ratio of 2.8 (p = 0.032). OS was related to histological type of PC, with a median survival reaching 47.6 months for PC of ovarian cancer origin, 45.8 months for that of colorectal origin, 64.2 months for peritoneal mesothelioma, and 8.1 months for PC of gastric cancer origin. Over half the patients with pseudomyxoma are still alive. Major prognostic factors influencing survival were histological type, World Health Organization performance status (WHO PS) (hazard ratio (HR) = 3.56), operating time (HR = 0.45), previous chemotherapy (HR = 2.04), number of peritonectomies (HR = 2.03), and completeness of cytoreduction score (HR = 3.12). Disease-free survival across all groups was 16.8 months.The low mortality rate and 12.5 % grade III-IV morbidity of CRS and HIPEC are acceptable when weighed against overall oncologic survival. This multimodal treatment appears feasible for selected patients and trained centers.
- Coexistence of Diffuse Malignant Peritoneal Mesothelioma and Candida norvegensis Peritonitis. [Journal Article]
- Surg Infect (Larchmt) 2014 Oct; 15(5):660-1.
- An unusual case of isolated peritoneal metastases from lung adenocarcinoma. [Journal Article]
- Case Rep Oncol 2014 May; 7(2):600-4.
Peritoneal metastases from lung cancer are a rare event. In this paper, we report the case of a patient with adenocarcinoma of the lungs who had isolated peritoneal metastases at the time of diagnosis.We report a 55-year-old female who presented with shortness of breath, decreased effort tolerance, cough, and weight loss. Her initial chest X-ray and subsequent chest CT showed a 12 × 9 × 8 cm mass in the middle lobe of the right lung. The histopathological examination of her biopsy material was consistent with a thyroid transcription factor-1 positive lung adenocarcinoma. In the abdomen, a 5.3-cm mass was identified. A biopsy and immunohistochemistry revealed a lung adenocarcinoma. The patient was administered chemotherapy based on carboplatin-paclitaxel-bevacizumab, but only with a partial response. Six months later, the patient showed brain metastases. Therefore, a second-line treatment based on pemetrexed was administered for 9 courses, and a clinical and radiological response was observed. The chemotherapy was stopped and the patient did not exhibit any symptoms of progression while waiting for a new evaluation.The incidence of peritoneal involvement of lung cancer without metastases in other parts of the body is scarcely encountered in clinical practice. Out of the different types of lung cancers, adenocarcinoma and large cell carcinoma are most likely to metastasize in the peritoneum. Immunohistochemical staining patterns were important in the differential diagnosis with the other etiologies for peritoneal metastasis and the mesothelioma. Peritoneal metastases are indicative of a disseminated disease and prognosis is extremely poor.
- Predictive Factors Analysis for Malignant Peritoneal Mesothelioma. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Gastrointest Surg 2014 Oct 9.
Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (MPM) is an uncommon disease with a dismal prognosis and unclear natural history. The present study aims to assess potential prognostic factors and management of MPM.Clinical records of 39 patients with MPM between December 2003 and April 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Overall survival was identified with Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox regression analysis.Mean age of 39 patients was 55.0 years; asbestos exposure was recorded in two patients. Main presentations were abdominal distension, abdominal pain, and weight loss. Thrombocytosis, low serum albumin level, and anemia were principal laboratory abnormalities. Ascites, peritoneal cavity mass, and peritoneum thickening were the main signs on CT scans. Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) plus adjuvant therapies were performed in 22 patients, single chemotherapy in 13, and best supportive care in 4. Median survival time was 10.0 months after pathological diagnosis, with a 6-, 12-, 18-, and 24-month survival rate of 84.4, 31.6, 18.5, and 15.8 %, respectively. Significant prognostic factors were age, performance status (PS), abdominal pain, serum albumin level, thrombocytosis, and treatment strategy on univariate analysis, while only age, abdominal pain, and treatment strategy hold statistical significance on multivariate analysis.Age ≤65 years, abdominal pain, and CRS plus adjuvant therapy are independent positive prognostic factors of MPM.
- A rare case of primary malignant pericardial mesothelioma. [Journal Article]
- J Clin Imaging Sci 2014.:47.
Primary malignant pericardial mesothelioma (PMPM) is a rare tumor of the pericardium. The cause of this tumor is unknown and it has a very poor prognosis. Exposure to asbestos is correlated with the onset of pleural and peritoneal mesothelioma; however, the role of asbestos in pericardial mesothelioma is unclear. Here we highlight the radiological features of this rare tumor and its correlative pathological confirmation with the help of new immunohistochemical (IHC) markers.
- Morbidity of the Abdominal Wall Resection and Reconstruction After Cytoreductive Surgery and Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy (CRS/HIPEC). [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Ann Surg Oncol 2014 Sep 23.
CRS/HIPEC has evolved as a therapeutic option for selected patients with peritoneal surface malignancies. To achieve complete cytoreduction (CC), some patients require extensive abdominal-wall resection (AWR) and subsequent complex reconstructions, which may be associated with wound complications (WC) and delay of postoperative cancer therapy.Review of a prospective database of 350 patients revealed 213 patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis who underwent AWR due to suspected or proven wound/port site metastases during CRS/HIPEC. Tumor origin included: appendix, colon, ovarian, peritoneal mesothelioma, primary peritoneal, and others. WC were related to peritoneal carcinomatosis index (PCI), CC score, length of surgery, type of AWR and closure, blood transfusion, and albumin levels using binary logistic regression (odds ratios (OR) and 95 % CIs) analysis.PCI ≥ 20 was found in 151 (71 %), CC was achieved in 178 (84 %). Mean length of surgery was 613 min. Postoperative WC were detected in 49 of 213 (23 %) patients, 13 (6 %) had Grade III (according to Clavien-Dindo's classification) WC, and led to delay of postoperative chemotherapy. WC occurred in 21 of 64 (32.8 %) patients with excision of port sites (odds ratio [OR] = 2.11, confidence interval [CI] = 1.09-4.10, p = 0.026). Primary fascial closure was performed in 191 of 213 (89.7 %) patients, 40 (21 %) of whom had WC. Mesh-assisted abdominal wall reconstruction was required in 22 of 213 (10.3 %) patients, of whom 9 (40.9 %) had WC (OR = 2.61, CI = 1.04-6.55, p = 0.035).Port-site excision and mesh-assisted abdominal wall reconstruction were associated with higher incidence of postoperative WC following CRS/HIPEC. The implications of these preliminary findings may need to be considered during surgical planning for these patients.
- Risk of definitive stoma after surgery for peritoneal malignancy in 958 patients: Comparative study between complete cytoreductive surgery and maximal tumor debulking. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Eur J Surg Oncol 2014 Sep 6.
Complete cytoreductive surgery (CRS) can achieve cure or long-term survival in selected patients with peritoneal malignancy. In selected patients, due to extensive disease, complete tumour removal is impossible and optimal strategy may be maximal tumour debulking (MTD). We analysed the stoma related outcome in a series of patients undergoing surgery in a National Peritoneal Malignancy Referral Centre.All patients who underwent CRS, with or without, intra-operative hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) between 1994 and 2012 were included. Data was collected prospectively in an institutional database and analysed retrospectively.CRS was performed in 958 patients (female: 595, male: 363) of whom 781 (81.5%) had a primary appendix tumour, 63 (6.6%) had a colorectal primary, 47 (4.9%) peritoneal mesothelioma, 38 (4%) an ovarian tumour and 29 patients (3%) other tumours. Complete CRS was achieved in 72% (693/958). Overall 352/958 (37%) had a stoma, which was permanent in 165/958 (17.2%). The median time interval from CRS to reversal of stoma was 4.4 months (range: 1.4-13.8). Stomas were created in 113/265 (42.6%) at MTD (permanent: n = 105 (93%), temporary: n = 8 (7%)), and 239/693 (34.5%) at complete CRS (permanent: n = 60 (25%), temporary: n = 179 (75%)) (p = 0.020). All temporary stomas in the 168/693 (24.4%) of patients who had complete CRS were subsequently reversed.To achieve complete CRS for peritoneal malignancy a stoma is often required and in a proportion this will be permanent. Overall over one third had a stoma at surgery with almost half subsequently reversed.
- Malignant Peritoneal Mesothelioma in an Adolescent Male With BAP1 Deletion. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2014 Sep 18.
Diffuse malignant peritoneal mesotheliomas in children are uncommon, aggressive tumors with a grave prognosis. We herein report the clinical, radiologic, and pathologic findings of a 16-year-old male. The adolescent presented with a history of abdominal pain, nausea and daily, nonbilious, nonbloody emesis for 3 weeks. Radiographic imaging suggested small bowel obstruction. The diagnostic work-up and differential diagnoses are discussed. Histologically, the tumor was composed of epithelioid cells with a papillary and glandular architectural pattern. A few glands appeared to produce mucinous material. Histochemistry revealed PAS diastase resistant mucin, an inconspicuous finding in diffuse malignant peritoneal mesothelioma. An extensive immunohistochemistry panel (calretinin, WT-1, D2-40, CK 7, CAM 5.2, CK 5/6, CEA, B72.3, CK 20, CD10, CD30, CD15, CD117, PLAP, S100, TFE3, and EMA) confirmed the diagnosis. Of special interest, BAP1 staining was cytoplasmic and consistent with 3p deletion detected by conventional cytogenetics. The ultrastructural analysis demonstrated long microvilli, desmosomes, and intercellular junctions which further supported the diagnosis.
- Comparison of genomic abnormality in malignant mesothelioma by the site of origin. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Clin Pathol 2014 Sep 12.
Malignant mesothelioma (MM) results from the accumulation of a number of acquired genetic events at the onset. In MM, the most frequent changes are losses in 9p21, 1p36, 22q12 and 14q32, and gains in 5p, 7p and 8q24 by comparative genomic hybridisation analysis. We have examined various genomic losses and gains in MM and benign mesothelial proliferation by fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH) analysis. 9p21 deletion was reported to be less frequent in peritoneal than in pleural MMs. This study analysed various genomic losses and gains in MM by the site of origin using FISH analysis.We performed FISH analysis using paraffin-embedded tissues from 54 cases (40 pleural and 14 peritoneal) of MMs and compared the frequency of genomic abnormality by the site of origin.9p21 deletion was shown in 34 of 40 cases (85%) of pleural MMs, and was less frequent in five of 14 cases (36%) of peritoneal MMs (p<0.001) by FISH analysis. By contrast, 5p15 and 7p12 amplification was more significantly frequent in peritoneal than in pleural MMs. No difference between the two sites of MM in other genes was found.9p21 homozygous deletion assessed by FISH has been reported to be useful for differentiating MM from reactive mesothelial proliferation, but it should be noted that 9p21 deletion was less frequent in peritoneal MM. Our study suggests that the pathway of the genetic abnormality might vary between pleural and peritoneal MM.