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Mesothelioma, peritoneal [keywords]
- [A case report of malignant peritoneal mesothelioma caused by asbestos]. [Journal Article]
- Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 2014 Sep; 32(9):695-6.
- [Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma is a rare disease.] [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Ugeskr Laeger 2014 Dec 15; 176(25A)
Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma is characterized by diffuse symptoms such as bloating, abdominal pain, weight loss, anorexia, fever, diarrhoea, vomiting and ascites. The findings by radiographic imaging are unspecific and the diagnosis is therefore often first achieved by biopsy from the affected area. Although treatment with chemotherapy and cytoreductive surgery has improved the survival prognosis for the patients is poor with a median survival of 38 month.
- Miscellaneous conditions of the peritoneal cavity-Peritoneal tumors, pseudomyxoma, mesothelioma, fibroblastic reaction, cocoon, cystic lymphatic malformations, blue-bleb, and chylous ascites. [Journal Article]
- Semin Pediatr Surg 2014 Dec; 23(6):363-8.
The peritoneum is subject to both primary neoplasia and secondary malignancy from direct, trans-coelomic, or hematogenous spread from any cancer. The knowledge base in the pediatric age group is very limited due to the rarity of peritoneal conditions in children, and much of the information is extrapolated from adult literature. There have been few reports in the pediatric population on the diagnosis and management of peritoneal conditions including peritoneal malignancy. In this article, we aim to highlight some of these conditions and the treatments available with a special emphasis on the evolving role of cytoreduction surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy in the treatment of certain peritoneal malignancies in children.
- Impact of an asbestos cement factory on mesothelioma incidence: Global assessment of effects of occupational, familial, and environmental exposure. [Journal Article]
- Environ Int 2015 Jan.:191-9.
Few studies have examined the incidence of malignant mesothelioma (MM) associated with distinct sources of asbestos exposure (occupational, familial, or environmental). We assessed the impact of asbestos exposure-global and by source-on the incidence of MM in Broni, an Italian town in which an asbestos cement factory once operated (1932-1993). Based on data collected by the Lombardy Mesothelioma Registry, we calculated the number of observed and expected MM cases among workers, their cohabitants, and people living in the area in 2000-2011. We identified 147 MM cases (17.45 expected), 138 pleural and nine peritoneal, attributable to exposure to asbestos from the factory. Thirty-eight cases had past occupational exposure at the factory (2.33 expected), numbering 32 men (26 pleural, six peritoneal) and six women (four pleural, two peritoneal). In the families of the workers, there were 37 MM cases (4.23 expected), numbering five men (all pleural) and 32 women (31 pleural, one peritoneal). Among residents in Broni or in the adjacent/surrounding towns, there were 72 cases of pleural MM (10.89 expected), numbering 23 men and 49 women. The largest MM excess was found in the towns of Broni (48 observed, 3.68 expected) and Stradella (16 observed, 1.85 expected). This study documents the large impact of the asbestos cement factory, with about 130 excess MM cases in a 12-year period. The largest MM burden was among women, from non-occupational exposure. Almost half of the MM cases were attributable to environmental exposure.
- Asbestos-Related Lung Disease: A Pictorial Review. [REVIEW]
- Curr Probl Diagn Radiol 2014 Oct 30.
Asbestos exposure can lead to a variety of adverse effects in the thorax. Although currently in the western world, levels of exposure are kept in check by strict regulations, history of previous asbestos exposure continues to have an effect on many, owing to the latent nature of the pathophysiological response of the body to the inhaled fibers. The adverse effects of asbestos generally fall under 3 categories: pleural disease, lung parenchymal disease, and neoplastic disease. Effects on the pleura include pleural effusions, plaques, and diffuse pleural thickening. In the parenchyma, rounded atelectasis, fibrotic bands, and asbestosis are observed. Differentiating asbestosis from other forms of interstitial lung diseases, such as idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, usual interstitial pneumonia, smoking-related lung disease, and mixed interstitial lung diseases, is important because the prognosis, course of disease, and management of the patient should be tailored based on the specific etiology of the disease. In this review, imaging findings specific to asbestosis are discussed. Finally, exposure to asbestos can lead to neoplastic disease such as pleural mesothelioma, peritoneal mesothelioma, and bronchogenic carcinoma. The purpose of this article is to review the effects of asbestos exposure in the thorax, pathophysiology of these responses, and disease course. Particular emphasis is placed on the radiographic appearance of the disease, discussion of various imaging modalities and their utility, and the role of imaging in the management of patients with previous asbestos exposure and asbestos-related pulmonary disease.
- Iterative procedures combining cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy for isolated peritoneal recurrence. [Journal Article]
- Int J Hyperthermia 2014 Dec; 30(8):565-9.
Abstract Purpose: The aim of this study was to analyse feasibility, morbidity and outcome of repeat complete cytoreductive surgery (CRS) plus hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC). CRS combined with HIPEC is becoming the gold standard treatment for resectable peritoneal carcinomatosis in highly selected patients. As yet treatment of isolated peritoneal recurrence with iterative CRS and HIPEC has not been thoroughly explored.We selected 16 patients presenting isolated peritoneal recurrence who had undergone iterative CRS and HIPEC from a dataset of 322 CRS associated with HIPEC performed between 1996 and 2012.Peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) was due to colorectal and ovarian cancer, peritoneal mesothelioma and pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP). Disease-free survival (DFS) was 13 months after the first procedure and 13.7 months after the second one. Overall morbidity rate was 43.7% (7/16) for all patients, with grade III-IV complications in three patients (18.7%).Iterative procedures combining cytoreductive surgery and HIPEC are feasible with acceptable morbidity and mortality rates in strictly selected patients. DFS following repeated CRS and HIPEC is comparable to that registered after the first procedure.
- Therapeutic activity of glycoengineered anti-GM2 antibodies against malignant pleural mesothelioma. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Cancer Sci 2014 Nov 25.
Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a rare and highly aggressive neoplasm that arises from the pleural, pericardial or peritoneal lining. Although surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and combinations of these therapies are used to treat MPM, the median survival of such patients is dismal. Therefore, there is a compelling need to develop novel therapeutics with different modes of action. Ganglioside GM2 is a glycolipid that has been shown to be overexpressed in various types of cancer. However, there is currently no literature regarding the use of GM2 as a potential therapeutic target in cases of MPM. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of the anti-GM2 antibody BIW-8962 as an anti-MPM therapeutic using in vitro and in vivo assays. Consequently, the GM2 expression in the MPM cell lines was confirmed using flow cytometry. In addition, eight of 11 cell lines were GM2-positive (73%), although the GM2 expression was variable. BIW-8962 showed a significant ADCC activity against the GM2-expressing MPM cell line MSTO-211H, the effect of which depended on the antibody concentration and effector/target ratio. In an in vivo orthotropic mouse model using MSTO-211H cells, BIW-8962 significantly decreased the incidence and size of tumors. Additionally, the GM2 expression was confirmed in the MPM clinical specimens. Fifty-eight percent of the MPM tumors were positive for GM2, with individual variation in the intensity and frequency of staining. These data suggest that anti-GM2 antibodies may become a therapeutic option for MPM patients This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
- The carcinogenic effect of various multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) after intraperitoneal injection in rats. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Part Fibre Toxicol 2014 Nov 20; 11(1):59.
BackgroundBiological effects of tailor-made multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) without functionalization were investigated in vivo in a two-year carcinogenicity study. In the past, intraperitoneal carcinogenicity studies in rats using biopersistent granular dusts had always been negative, whereas a number of such studies with different asbestos fibers had shown tumor induction. The aim of this study was to identify possible carcinogenic effects of MWCNTs. We compared induced tumors with asbestos-induced mesotheliomas and evaluated their relevance for humans by immunohistochemical methods.MethodsA total of 500 male Wistar rats (50 per group) were treated once by intraperitoneal injection with 109 or 5¿×¿109 WHO carbon nanotubes of one of four different MWCNTs suspended in artificial lung medium, which was also used as negative control. Amosite asbestos (108 WHO fibers) served as positive control. Morbid rats were sacrificed and necropsy comprising all organs was performed. Histopathological classification of tumors and, additionally, immunohistochemistry were conducted for podoplanin, pan-cytokeratin, and vimentin to compare induced tumors with malignant mesotheliomas occurring in humans.ResultsTreatments induced tumors in all dose groups, but incidences and times to tumor differed between groups. Most tumors were histologically and immunohistochemically classified as malignant mesotheliomas, revealing a predominantly superficial spread on the serosal surface of the abdominal cavity. Furthermore, most tumors showed invasion of peritoneal organs, especially the diaphragm. All tested MWCNT types caused mesotheliomas. We observed highest frequencies and earliest appearances after treatment with the rather straight MWCNT types A and B. In the MWCNT C groups, first appearances of morbid mesothelioma-bearing rats were only slightly later. Later during the two-year study, we found mesotheliomas also in rats treated with MWCNT D ¿ the most curved type of nanotubes. Malignant mesotheliomas induced by intraperitoneal injection of different MWCNTs and of asbestos were histopathologically and immunohistochemically similar, also compared with mesotheliomas in man, suggesting similar pathogenesis.ConclusionWe showed a carcinogenic effect for all tested MWCNTs. Besides aspect ratio, curvature seems to be an important parameter influencing the carcinogenicity of MWCNTs.
- Mesothelioma of the tunica vaginalis testis with prominent adenomatoid features: a case report. [Journal Article]
- Int J Clin Exp Pathol 2014; 7(10):7082-7.
Malignant mesotheliomas of the testis arise from the tunica vaginalis, formed from the evagination of the abdominal peritoneum into the scrotum. It is an extremely rare tumor representing 0.3% to 5% of all malignant mesotheliomas. We presented an interesting case of 68-year-old male with swelling and slightly painful in the right scrotum. Histologically, the lesion were composed of small tubular, microcystic, gland lined by flattened epithelioid cells and vague signet ring cells set in a myxofibrous stroma, which is resemblance to adenomatoid tumor. But the tumor cells showed significant atypical cytologic morphology and invaded into spermatic cord tissue, which indicated the diagnosis of malignant tumor. Immunohistochemistry study showed positive expression of CK, CK5/6, CK7, Calretinin, D2-40 and Vimentin which indicated the diagnosis of malignant mesothelioma. This case of mesothelioma should be classified as epithelial in type. To our knowledge, the mesothelioma of the tunica vaginalis testis with adenomatoid tumor-like microscopic features is very rare.
- Diffuse mesothelioma of the peritoneum: correlation between histological and clinical parameters and survival in 73 patients. [Journal Article]
- Pathology 2014 Dec; 46(7):604-9.
There are few studies addressing survival of diffuse peritoneal mesotheliomas (DPM).In this study, survival data were obtained retrospectively from 73 patients treated with intended cytoreductive surgery for DPM, with a mean follow-up of 42 months. Mesotheliomas were classified as well differentiated papillary (WDPM, n = 2), multicystic (MCM, n = 4), and epithelioid mesotheliomas were subclassified as tubulopapillary (TPM, n = 27), solid/deciduoid (S/DM, n = 34), and or biphasic mesothelioma (BPM, n = 6). Invasion was characterised as absent (grade 0), into stroma (grade 1), into fat (grade 2), and into adjacent structures (grade 3). Peritoneal cancer index (PCI) and completeness of cytoreduction (CCR) were assessed surgically.There were no deaths in the WDPM, MCM, and epithelioid DPM with ≤ grade 1 invasion. There was a stepwise decrease in overall survival from invasive TPM, S/DM, and BPM (p < 0.0001). By univariate analysis, advanced age (p = 0.01), incomplete CCR (p < 0.001), PCI (p = 0.004), mitotic count (p < 0.001), nuclear grade (p < 0.0001), stromal inflammation (p = 0.013), depth of invasion (p < 0.0001), necrosis (p = 0.002), and sarcomatoid growth (p < 0.0001) were associated with decreased overall survival. By multivariate analysis, only sarcomatoid growth (p = 0.0006), depth of invasion (p = 0.02), elevated CCR (CCR 2-3) (p = 0.02), and presence of inflammatory stroma (p = 0.04) were significant variables associated with decreased overall survival.DPM form a spectrum of indolent to highly aggressive tumours. Solid epithelioid/deciduoid tumours have a prognosis intermediate between biphasic mesotheliomas and invasive TPM. The presence and degree of invasion, sarcomatoid features, and inflammatory stroma are poor prognostic indicators.