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Obstruction of large intestine [keywords]
- Disseminated varicella-zoster virus infection complicated with severe abdominal pain and colonic pseudo-obstruction. [Journal Article]
- Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi 2013 May; 110(5):839-45.
A 48-year-old man was admitted to our hospital complaining of acute severe abdominal pain and constipation. He had received bone marrow transplantation for acute myelogenous leukemia 5 months previously and immunosuppressant treatment for chronic graft-versus-host disease. Abdominal X-ray and CT scan films revealed his large intestine widely dilated and filled with air, and colonic pseudo-obstruction was diagnosed. It was difficult to ascertain the cause of the symptoms until 6 days after onset of the abdominal pain when disseminated zoster eruption appeared over his whole body. It was disseminated varicella-zoster and complicated with colonic pseudo-obstruction. He was treated with acyclovir. It is important to suspect disseminated varicella-zoster and treat early immunocompromised patients complaining of severe acute abdominal pain and colonic pseudo-obstruction.
- Intestinal stenosis from mesenteric injury after blunt abdominal trauma in children: case reports. [Journal Article]
- Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg 2013 Mar; 19(2):183-5.
The incidence of mesenteric injury after blunt abdominal trauma (BAT) has increased in recent years; however, relatively little attention has been paid to instances of its sequelae, especially in childhood. We present three children who had post-traumatic intestinal stenosis (PIS). A history of BAT was obtained in all. They had abdominal pain, bilious vomiting and peritoneal signs. The time intervals, the duration from the initial trauma to the onset of symptoms, ranged from 23 to 62 days. Stenotic segments were parallel to the location of the previously recognized mesenteric hematoma (MH), and resection with primary anastomosis was performed. Pathological examinations of specimens confirmed mucosal and mural ischemia and full-thickness fibrosis of the intestinal wall. In our opinion, large MH may pose an increasing risk of narrowing in the adjacent intestine at different time points. Therefore, if there is a large MH at laparotomy after BAT, it should be evacuated and the bleeding halted. For the differential diagnosis, typical BAT should be investigated carefully in cases presenting with intermittent colic abdominal pain and/or partial intestinal obstruction findings.
- Transverse incisions for resection of ileocolic Crohn's disease. [Comparative Study, Journal Article]
- Am Surg 2013 Mar; 79(3):279-83.
Laparoscopic ileocecectomy is advocated as the ideal surgical approach for ileocecal Crohn's disease. Our experience suggests that equivalent outcomes are accomplished through a small right lower quadrant (RLQ) transverse incision in this patient population. We conducted a retrospective chart review of 39 patients undergoing ileocectomy for Crohn's disease using a RLQ transverse incision between 1991 and 2009. The mean operative time was 99 minutes with a mean length of hospital stay of 4.2 days and mean duration until return of bowel function of 2.9 days. There were no deaths or major complications. Long-term follow-up revealed four patients (13%) who required hospitalization for small bowel obstructions, one patient (3%) developed an incisional hernia, and no patients required an ileostomy. Ileocecectomy performed for Crohn's disease using a RLQ transverse incision yielded similar hospital lengths of stay and time to return of bowel function as those published for laparoscopic resection. This approach may result in shorter operative times when compared with the inexperienced surgeon performing a laparoscopic resection. Long-term follow-up revealed the risk for future RLQ ileostomy is low and the development of hernias or bowel obstruction is unlikely.
- Clinical evaluation of a closed, one-stage, stapled, functional, end-to-end jejuno-ileal anastomosis in 5 horses. [Case Reports, Journal Article]
- Can Vet J 2012 Sep; 53(9):987-91.
This study describes the outcome and complications in horses that had a closed, one-stage, stapled, functional, end-to-end (COSFE) jejuno-ileal anastomosis (JIA) following resection of compromised small intestine. Medical records were reviewed to identify all horses that had a COSFE JIA performed during exploratory laparotomy and to determine post-operative complications and final outcome. All 5 horses that were identified had successful COSFE JIA with resection of various amounts of distal jejunum and proximal ileum. Post-operative ileus occurred in 1 of the 5 horses. All horses survived at least 1 year after surgery. The survival times and incidence of post-operative ileus compared favorably with published results for other types of small intestinal resection and anastomoses. A COSFE JIA is a viable surgical procedure to correct lesions of the distal jejunum and proximal ileum.
- Surgical treatment for acute small intestinal obstruction caused by Parascaris equorum infection in 15 horses (2002-2011). [Journal Article]
- Equine Vet J Suppl 2012 Dec.:111-4.
There is a consensus in the veterinary literature that Parascaris equorum (ascarid) impaction carries a poor prognosis. Hence surgery is often delayed and foals are often subjected to euthanasia after diagnosis of ascarid impaction is established. Our clinical impression was that ascarid impaction carries a better prognosis than previously reported.Our expectation was that manually evacuating the impaction into the caecum, thus refraining from opening the small intestine, would improve the prognosis for survival of horses with ascarid impaction. The aim of this study was to examine medical records of horses treated surgically for ascarid impaction, record their clinical findings and evaluate the association of outcome with the method of relieving the impaction.The medical records of all horses presented to our hospital between October 2002 and December 2011 that underwent exploratory celiotomy for ascarid impaction were reviewed. Information retrieved from the medical record included surgical findings, surgical technique, complications, short- and long-term survival. The association between categorical variables was assessed using the Fisher's exact test. A P value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.Fifteen horses fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Eighty percent of horses (12/15) survived to discharge and 60% (6/10) survived for at least one year. Five horses are doing well but are still in convalescence. Horses that underwent small intestinal enterotomy or resection and anastomosis (n = 5) were less likely to survive to discharge (P = 0.022).In our study, manual evacuation of ascarid impaction into the caecum, while refraining from opening the small intestine resulted in significantly improved survival in horses with ascarid impaction.Refraining from opening the small intestine may be the key to improving surgical outcome in horses with ascarid impaction.
- Ogilvie's syndrome in severe dengue. [Case Reports, Journal Article]
- Lancet 2013 Feb 23; 381(9867):698.
- Constipation associated with brumation? Intestinal obstruction caused by a fecalith in a wild red diamond rattlesnake (Crotalus ruber). [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 2013 Feb 11.
This report describes the fecalith-induced intestinal obstruction of a free-ranging red diamond rattlesnake (Crotalus ruber) and the snake's subsequent history following surgical removal of the fecalith. The captured snake exhibited an abnormally distended abdomen and an extremely hard mass, detected via palpation, near its vent. Coeliotomy yielded a 2.5-cm, 5-g fecalith from the large intestine. Microscopic dissection of the fecalith revealed no evidence of gastrointestinal parasitic worms. Subsequently, we implanted a radio-transmitter that allowed us to track the snake's movements for 7 months (until the radio signal vanished), indicating normal behaviour, complete recovery and good health apart from the obstruction. This observation suggests that fecalith development and intestinal obstruction represent potential risks of long-term faecal retention, an unusual physiological trait well documented among rattlesnakes and other stout, heavy-bodied terrestrial viperid snakes. Dehydration and decreased gut motility associated with brumation (≈hibernation) may predispose temperate snakes to fecalith formation. Regional drought and a small mammal diet with indigestible hairs might have also promoted fecalith formation in this specimen.
- Simultaneous laparoscopic pyloroplasty and ileocecal resection in Crohn's disease. [Case Reports, Journal Article]
- Acta Chir Iugosl 2012; 59(2):117-20.
The initial manifestation of Crohn's disease is often located within the terminal ileum. Other portions of the G.I. tract may be affected, however, as the disease involves the entire organ system. The disease often progresses chronically in flares and remissions and involves all layers of the intestinal wall, leading to strictures, stenosis and fistulas. These complications should only be treated surgically when clinically relevant in order to prevent acute exacerbations.Laparoscopic surgery offers one the possibility to minimize surgical trauma with its very small incisions and proper dissection through the correct anatomical layers with 10-fold optic magnification.Multifocal procedures can be carried out in the same operation. We present the case of a 26-year-old female with terminal ileum stenosis and gastric outlet obstruction, who underwent simultaneous laparoscopic pyloroplasty and ileocecal resection.Providing the surgeon possesses the necessary expertise, complex laparoscopic simultaneous procedures.
- Intussusception: as the cause of mechanical bowel obstruction in adults. [Journal Article]
- Korean J Gastroenterol 2013 Jan 25; 61(1):17-21.
Intussusception in adults is rarely seen and causes misdiagnosis due to its appearance with various clinical findings. The cause of intussusception in adults is frequently organic lesions. In this study, the underlying etiologic factors, diagnostic methods and alternative methods of treatment are discussed in the light of the literature.In this study, a retrospective evaluation was performed on 47 cases with the diagnoses of intussusception, who were operated on for bowel obstruction between 1990-2011 in Department of Surgery of Necmettin Erbakan University Meram Medical Faculty. Data related to presentation, diagnosis, treatment and pathology were analyzed.Twenty-four of the patients (51%) were female, and 23 were male (49%). Mean age (year) was 49 (range: 23-78) in female group, and 50 (range: 17-72) in male group. All patients presented mechanical bowel obstruction findings and underwent operation. Intussusception was caused by benign and malignant tumors in 38 patients, and other reasons in 3 cases. No reason could be determined in the other 6 cases. Only small intestine resection was applied in 29 cases, and large intestine resection was also applied in 17 cases. Reduction and fixation surgery was performed in one patient. No postoperative mortality was observed.Adult intussusception remains a rare cause of abdominal pain. Diagnosis of intussusception in adults is still difficult. Main treatment was surgical in most cases.
- Small intestinal angiosarcoma masquerading as an appendiceal abscess. [Case Reports, Journal Article]
- Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2013 Jan; 95(1):e22-4.
Angiosarcomas of the small intestine are rare and present non-specifically. They usually manifest with abdominal discomfort, altered bowel habits, anaemia and gastrointestinal bleeding. Diagnosis is often challenging and occurs at an advanced tumour stage. We describe a case of a terminal ileum angiosarcoma masquerading as an appendiceal abscess, and discuss salient clinicopathological features in diagnosing and managing this disease.