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Penile ulcer [keywords]
- A case of nicorandil-induced unilateral corneal ulceration. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Int Wound J 2013 May 7.
Nicorandil, a second-generation nitro derivative, has been reported to induce single or multiple ulcerations in many locations, including oral, anal, perianal, vulvovaginal, perivulval, penile, gastrointestinal, colic, peristomal and skin locations. Ocular locations are now highly suspected. Herein, we report the case of a 78-year-old woman who experienced corneal ulceration at second cataract surgery (right eye) while being treated with nicorandil for 3 years. Four years before, she had had an uneventful first cataract surgery (left eye). The ulcers healed within 6 weeks after simple withdrawal of nicorandil, an expected delay for this type of chemical ulcer. The substitution of nicorandil with classic nitric oxide donors has already been done without complication. Surgical intervention is unnecessary and inappropriate. Case reports of ocular side effects induced by nicorandil are rare and probably underestimated.
- [Study of tolerability of capecitabine in postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy in colon cancer]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2013 Mar; 40(3):327-30.
Based on the results of the X-ACT study, capecitabine has become one of the standard postoperative adjuvant chemotherapies for colon cancer. However, few studies of tolerability have been conducted in Japan.In this study, we retrospectively examined treatment continuation, and the adverse events that occurred during eight courses of postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy with capecitabine, in 34 patients with colon cancer who had undergone curative resection.The completion rate for eight courses of treatment with capecitabine was 79. 4%(27 of 34 subjects), the median relative dose intensity was 94. 4%(13% to 106%), and the proportion of subjects with relative dose intensity B 60% was 82. 4%(28 of 34 subjects). The following Grade 3 or higher adverse events were reported: hand-foot syndrome, in 11. 8%(4 of 34 subjects); mucositis oral, in 2. 9%(1 of 34 subjects); diarrhea, in 2. 9%(1 of 34 subjects); and glans penis ulcer, in 2. 9%(1 of 34 subjects).In our hospital, a high rate of capecitabine treatment continuation comparable to that reported in the X-ACT study was obtained, suggesting that capecitabine adjuvant chemotherapy would be well tolerated in clinical practice as well.
- Photo quiz. Genital ulcers and rash in a male patient. Secondary syphilis. [Case Reports, Journal Article]
- Am Fam Physician 2012 Oct 15; 86(8):763-4.
- Lymphoma presenting as cancer of the glans penis: a case report. [Journal Article]
- Case Report Pathol 2012.:948352.
Penile lymphoma is a very rare neoplasm. We report the case of an 82-year-old man who presented with phimosis. The patient also complained of frequent and painful urination. Upon examination a painless penile ulcer and multiple enlarged inguinal lymph nodes were found. The shaft of the penis and the prostate were hard on palpation. Abdominal and transrectal ultrasound examination confirmed the involvement of the penis shaft and the prostate and also revealed involvement of the urinary bladder. Biopsy showed diffuse, large B-cell lymphoma. The patient was treated with systemic chemotherapy with full remission of the disease. We review the literature relevant to penile lymphoma and discuss this uncommon condition.
- LDL-apheresis dramatically improves generalized calciphylaxis in a patient undergoing hemodialysis. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Clin Nephrol 2012 Oct 5.
We present the first documented case of generalized calciphylaxis that dramatically improved after low-density lipoprotein-apheresis (LA) in a patient undergoing long-term hemodialysis. Calciphylaxis was diagnosed by skin biopsy and was manifest as painful ulcers on the right leg, left buttock, and glans penis. Skin perfusion pressure (SPP), which has recently been used as an indicator of impaired capillary perfusion in distal lesions of the lower extremities, was markedly reduced. The ulcers continued to worsen despite general wound care, correction of levels of calcium × phosphate product, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, and use of bisphosphonate, antiplatelet therapy, and vasodilators. Because LA is known to exert favorable effects on peripheral arterial disease through improved hemorheology, anti-inflammatory action, vasodilation, and angiogenesis, we introduced LA to produce the same effects on calciphylaxis. LA dramatically increased SPP and promoted ulcer healing, demonstrating that LA can be a useful treatment option for calciphylaxis.
- Sexual function in a traumatic spinal cord injured population 10-45 years after injury. [Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't]
- J Rehabil Med 2012 Nov 5; 44(11):926-31.
To examine sexual function at least 10 years after traumatic spinal cord injury.Cross-sectional questionnaire plus retrospective and prospective data from medical files.A total of 279 individuals with traumatic spinal cord injury.For spinal cord injured women: 94% had no problems with impaired vaginal lubrication; 22% had given birth after the injury; and 69% reported being satisfied with their sexual life. The women who were satisfied with their sexual life were younger than those who were not, and were younger at the time of injury. For spinal cord injured men: 75% could achieve erection, and they were younger than those who could not achieve erection; 35% used aid(s) for erection; 78-94% had positive reported effect of penile vibration, drugs and intracavernous injection for erection; 44% could achieve ejaculation, and they were younger than those who could not; 56% used aid(s) for ejaculation; 19% had made a woman pregnant, and a higher frequency of these men could achieve erection and ejaculation; 54% reported being satisfied with their sexual life; and significantly more men who had made a woman pregnant were satisfied with their sexual life. For both genders problems regarding bladder and bowel management, pressure ulcers, spasticity or pain correlated with lower satisfaction with sexual life.
- Initial symptoms and delay in patients with penile carcinoma. [Journal Article]
- Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Oct; 46(5):319-25.
This study aimed to assess initial symptoms and factors associated with patients' and doctors' delay in penile carcinoma.Fifty consecutive patients with penile carcinoma treated with an organ-sparing technique and nine with partial amputation were enrolled in a prospective study at the Department of Urology, Örebro University Hospital, between 2005 and 2009. Face-to-face structured interviews in combination with self-assessment forms were used for the patients' descriptions of clinical symptoms, treatment seeking and reasons for delay. Data were also extracted from the medical records confirming time-lag between GP assessment, specialist care and time for diagnosis.Erythema, rash and eczema were the most common initial symptoms (35%). In total, 65% had a patients' delay of more than 6 months, and among these there was a small, but not statistically significant, predominance for pT1 and pTis tumours. Living with a stable partner did not affect the delay. The most common reason for patients' delay was the feeling of embarrassment over symptoms localized in a sexual body area. Nine patients had a doctors' delay of more than 3 months from first special visit to diagnosis. Eight of these patients consulted dermatologists and were subjected to repeated biopsies, leaving premalignant results.A considerable proportion of the patients had a patients' delay of more than 6 months, perhaps due to benign initial symptoms as erythema, rash or eczema. Psychological factors such as embarrassment and denial may also be involved, as well as insufficient awareness or knowledge.
- Penile ulcer atra related in patient with acute promyelocytic leukemia. [Journal Article]
- Mediterr J Hematol Infect Dis 2012; 4(1):e2012054.
- Sexually transmitted penile amoebiasis in Iran: a case series. [Journal Article]
- Sex Transm Infect 2012 Dec; 88(8):585-8.
Four cases of penile amoebiasis (PA) presenting as genital ulceration seen among men who practiced unprotected insertive anal intercourse in Tehran are described.PA was confirmed by observation of motile trophozoites of Entamoeba histolytica from lesions examined by wet mount microscopy.Ulcers were solitary, painful, irregular, discharging and increasing in size. Three heterosexuals and one bisexual had practised insertive anal intercourse in the 2 weeks before diagnosis. Bilateral inguinal lymphadenitis occurred in one case. Direct examination of lesions was positive for the presence of amoebic trophozoites. Complete resolution occurred after treatment with oral metronidazole 800 mg three times daily for 7-10 days.Clinicians need to be aware of cutaneous amoebiasis in sexually active men who practice unprotected insertive anal sex where intestinal amoebiasis is endemic. Wet mount microscopy is a rapid and useful diagnostic test.
- Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus as a cause of genital ulcer-adenopathy syndrome. [Case Reports, Journal Article]
- Int J STD AIDS 2012 Jul; 23(7):524-6.
The differential diagnosis in anogenital ulcer-adenopathy syndrome in men who have sex with men (MSM) is becoming more complex, particularly with lymphogranuloma venereum and syphilis re-establishing endemicity among MSM. Sexual contact has been shown to transmit methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), probably through intimate skin-to-skin contact. We present a case of MRSA genital ulceration and local lymphadenopathy in a man whose sexual partners are men, reporting high-risk sexual behaviour, highlighting the importance of also considering MRSA infection in these cases, and the potential for spread of MRSA infection in the MSM community.