(Plavix) articles in PubMed
- The impact of P2Y12 promoter DNA methylation on the recurrence of ischemic events in Chinese patients with ischemic cerebrovascular disease. [Journal Article]
- Sci Rep 2016; 6:34570SR
- The primary mechanism of clopidogrel resistance is still unclear. We aimed to investigate whether the methylation status of the P2Y12 promoter has effects on platelet function and clinical ischemic e...
The primary mechanism of clopidogrel resistance is still unclear. We aimed to investigate whether the methylation status of the P2Y12 promoter has effects on platelet function and clinical ischemic events. Patients with ischemic cerebrovascular disease were enrolled into our study. Venous blood samples were drawn for thrombelastograpy (TEG) and active metabolite assay. Patients were divided into a case- or control-group based on the occurrence of ischemic events during a one year follow-up. Two TEG parameters between the case and control groups were statistically significant [ADP inhibition rate (ADP%): P = 0.018; ADP-induced platelet-fibrin clot strength (MAADP): P = 0.030]. The concentrations of clopidogrel active metabolite had no significant difference (P = 0.281). Sixteen CpG dinucleotides on P2Y12 promoter were tested. Three CpG sites (CpG11 and CpG12 + 13) showed lower methylation status, which correlated with a strong association with increased risk of clinical events. Changes of MAADP and ADP% were also associated with methylation levels of CpG 11 and CpG 12 + 13. Hypomethylation of the P2Y12 promoter is associated with a higher platelet reactivity and increased risk of ischemic events in our patients. Methylation analysis of peripheral blood samples might be a novel molecular marker to help early identification of patients at high risk for clinical ischemic events.
- Proton pump inhibitors use; beware of side-effects. [Journal Article]
- J Pak Med Assoc 2016; 66(10):1314-1318JP
- Proton pump inhibitors are most widely prescribed medicines all over the world. Since their introduction in pharmacy, life of millions of people has changed completely. Their ability to inhibit acid ...
Proton pump inhibitors are most widely prescribed medicines all over the world. Since their introduction in pharmacy, life of millions of people has changed completely. Their ability to inhibit acid secretion in stomach has changed the natural history of many once-dreaded conditions like peptic ulcer and gastroesophageal reflux disease. Operation like gastrectomy and partial gastrectomy are carried out very rarely. These medicines are considered very cost-effective, have excellent safety profile, and provide prompt symptomatic relief. However, they are not without side effects, and several warnings have been issued by the Food and Drug Agency of the United States about the risk of hypomagnesaemia, possibility of increased fracture risk, and reduction in efficacy of clopidogrel by concomitant use of proton pump inhibitors. But despite all these warnings, their use is still on the rise. This Review was planned to highlight side effects and drug interactions so that a practising physician may keep the rare but potentially devastating effects in mind while prescribing the pumps.
- Long Term Outcome after Application of the Angio-Seal Vascular Closure Device in Minipigs. [Journal Article]
- PLoS One 2016; 11(9):e0163878Plos
- Minipigs are frequently used in (neuro-)interventional research. Longitudinal experiments may require repeated vessel access via the femoral artery. Anticoagulation and incompliance of the animals ne...
Minipigs are frequently used in (neuro-)interventional research. Longitudinal experiments may require repeated vessel access via the femoral artery. Anticoagulation and incompliance of the animals necessitates the use of a vascular closure device (VCD). The effects of the Angio-Seal VCD in minipigs were longitudinally assessed. Minipig (42±8.4 kg body weight) femoral arteries were sealed using the 8F (n = 6) or 6F (n = 7) Angio-Seal VCD. The pre-interventional femoral artery diameter was 5.1±0.4 mm (4.3-5.8 mm). Sealed puncture sites were analysed angiographically as well as by computed tomography angiography (CTA) for a mean period of 14.1±8.0 weeks (1-22 weeks). All animals were constantly treated with acetylsalicylic acid (ASS) (450 mg/d (n = 7) or 100 mg/d (n = 1)) and clopidogrel (75 mg/d (n = 8)). Non-instrumented (n = 2) and arteries sealed using the VCD (n = 2) were examined histologically. No postoperative hemorrhagic complications were observed. Three arteries were occluded after VCD placement (1 animal diagnosed after 4 weeks (8F), 2 animals after 1 week (6F)) and remained so until the end of the experiments after 22, 12 and 4 weeks, respectively. In one artery a 50% stenosis 8 weeks after application of a 6F Angio-Seal was detected. In 69.2% (n = 9) the VCD was applied without complications. Histopathological analysis of the sealed arterial segments showed subtotal obliteration of the vessel lumen, formation of collagenous tissue and partial damage of the internal elastic lamina. The Angio-Seal VCD prevents relevant hemorrhagic complications in minipigs treated with dual platelet inhibition, but is associated with increased vessel occlusion rates.
- Pharmacoeconomic Analysis of Antithrombotic Treatment In Coronary Artery Disease (Cad) Patients With Clopidogrel Hypersensitivity After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (Pci). [Journal Article]
- Clin Ther 2016 Oct 6; 38(10S):e28CT
- Allele Frequency Distribution of CYP2C19 Genotypes Associated with Clopidogrel Resistance in Russian Population. [Journal Article]
- Clin Ther 2016 Oct 6; 38(10S):e25-e26CT
- Genetic and Non-Genetic Factors Affecting The Response To Clopidogrel Therapy. [Journal Article]
- Clin Ther 2016 Oct 6; 38(10S):e11CT
- Impact of Anticoagulant and Antiplatelet Drugs on Perioperative Outcomes of Robotic Assisted Partial Nephrectomy. [Journal Article]
- Urology 2016 Sep 23U
- CONCLUSIONS: Antiplatelet and therapeutic anticoagulant increase the morbidity of RAPN. These treatments should be taken into account in treatment decision-making algorithm of small renal masses.
- [Impact of concomitant use of P2Y12 inhibitors and proton pump inhibitors on ischemia events in patients with acute coronary syndrome in real world]. [Journal Article]
- Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2016 Sep 6; 96(33):2611-2615ZY
- Objective: The study aimed to analyze the impact of concomitant administration of P2Y12 inhibitors and PPIs on ischemia events in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) after percutaneous corona...
Objective: The study aimed to analyze the impact of concomitant administration of P2Y12 inhibitors and PPIs on ischemia events in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: We retrospectively analyzed data from a international, multi-center registry between 2003 and 2014 in patients with ACS after PCI, grouped the cohort into patients receiving PPIs or no PPIs and assessed 1-year clinical endpoint (all-cause death/re-infarction). Meanwhile, we grouped the cohort into patients receiving clopidogrel or ticagrelor, and compared the impact of concomitant administration of PPIs and clopidogrel or ticagrelor on 1-year clinical endpoint. Results: Of 9 429 patients in the final cohort, 54.8% (n=5 165) was prescribed a PPI at discharge. Patients receiving a PPI were more likely to have comorbidities. No association was observed between PPI use and the clinical endpoint (HR 1.00, 95% CI 0.86-1.18). Meanwhile, no association was found between PPI use and the clinical endpoint in patients receiving either clopidogrel or ticagrelor. And the clinical endpoint in patients administrated of clopidogrel and PPIs had no difference with that of ticagrelor and PPIs. Conclusions: In patients with ACS following PCI, increased risk of ischemia event was not found in the concomitant use of PPIs and P2Y12 inhibitors, and especially, compared with ticagrelor, clopidogrel was found no association with ischemia events when concomitant administrated with PPIs.
- Factors Associated With Resource Utilization and Coronary Artery Dilation in Refractory Kawasaki Disease (from the Pediatric Health Information System Database). [Journal Article]
- Am J Cardiol 2016 Aug 31AJ
- Management guidelines for refractory Kawasaki disease (KD) are vague. We sought to assess practice variation and identify factors associated with large/complex coronary artery aneurysms (LCAA) and re...
Management guidelines for refractory Kawasaki disease (KD) are vague. We sought to assess practice variation and identify factors associated with large/complex coronary artery aneurysms (LCAA) and resource utilization in refractory KD. This retrospective cohort study identified patients aged ≤18 years with KD (2004 to 2014) using the Pediatric Health Information System. Refractory KD was defined as receiving >1 dose of intravenous immunoglobulin. Demographics, medications, concomitant infections, length of stay (LOS), and charges were collected. Antithrombotic therapy was a surrogate for LCAA. LOS and hospital charges assessed resource utilization. Multivariate regression identified factors associated with LOS, charges, and LCAA. Of 14,194 patients with KD, 2,974 (21%) had refractory KD and 203 of those 2,974 (7%) had LCAA. Additional intravenous immunoglobulin was the sole medication in 77%. Other medications added were steroids (18%), infliximab (2%), and both (3%). Warfarin, low-molecular-weight heparin, tissue plasminogen activator, and clopidogrel were prescribed with equal frequency (2%). Male gender (adjusted relative risk 1.52, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.08 to 2.16, p <0.01), admission to an intensive care unit (4.79, 95% CI 3.40 to 6.74, p <0.001), arrhythmia (3.00, 95% CI 1.94 to 4.65, p <0.001), and concomitant viral infection (2.29, 95% CI 1.49 to 3.52, p <0.001) were associated with LCAA. Severe illness, race, region, and payer were independently associated with increased charges (p <0.05 for all). In conclusion, treatment for refractory KD varies widely. Concomitant viral infection was associated with a greater risk of LCAA in refractory KD. Better understanding of optimal management may improve outcomes and decrease both variability in management and resource utilization for refractory KD.
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- Factors Associated With Initial Prasugrel Versus Clopidogrel Selection for Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: Insights From the Treatment With ADP Receptor Inhibitors: Longitudinal Assessment of Treatment Patterns and Events After Acute Coronary Syndrome (TRANSLATE-ACS) Study. [Journal Article]
- J Am Heart Assoc 2016; 5(9)JA
- CONCLUSIONS: In community practice, prasugrel use may be driven more by bleeding risk rather than ischemic benefit. This may result in underutilization of higher potency ADP receptor inhibitor among patients more likely to derive ischemic benefit.