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- [Colovesical fistula as a complication of diverticular disease]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Urologiia 2013 Jan-Feb; (1):17-23.
The results of research on the clinical picture, features of manifestation, diagnosis, and treatment of patients with diverticular disease complicated by sigmovesical fistula are presented. The study included 31 patients (19 [61.3%] men, 12 [38.7%] women), aged 32-83 (55.6 +/- 7.1) years. Diagnostic program included physical examination, laboratory blood and urine tests, endoscopic, radiological, ultrasound examinations. All patients underwent different interventions according to the severity and extent of the inflammatory process, the involvement of other organs of the abdominal cavity and the extent of diverticular lesions of the colon. Long-term results were assessed in all patients in a period of 5 months to 12 years, with a median follow-up 4.7 years. It is shown that the clinical manifestations of intestinovesical fistula did not match the severity of complications, and were subclinical. Timing for referral the patient to coloproctologist was 5 months after the occurrence of first clinical signs. In any case, conservative treatment has not led to spontaneous colovesical fistula closure. Average size of parafistulous infiltration on the wall of the bladder and perivesical tissue was 6.5 +/- 2.4 cm. All the patients underwent different types of colon resection. Postoperative complications did not requiring recurrent surgery were detected in 5 (16.1%) patients. None of these has experienced recurrence complications of diverticular disease. For the optimization the treatment strategy, physicians should follow multidisciplinary approach immediately after revealing the patient with persistent bacteriuria, pneumaturia and fecaluria. The surgery is the method of choice in the treatment of colovesical fistula as a complication of diverticular disease.
- Colovesical fistula presenting with epididymitis. [Journal Article]
- BMJ Case Rep 2013.
This article reports a case of colovesical fistula presenting with epididymitis. A 75-year-old man with a recent conservatively managed localised diverticular perforation presented to hospital with acute pain and swelling of his left testicle and epididymis. On further questioning, the patient reported passing air in his urine. Urine cultures grew Enterococcus faecalis. Ultrasound scan confirmed a diagnosis of bacterial epididymitis and the patient was treated with intravenous antibiotics. Subsequent CT imaging revealed air in the bladder and a colovesical fistula. The patient went on to have Hartmann's procedure with repair of the bladder defect. This case highlights that: (1) Colovesical fistulae may rarely present with epididymitis. (2) Colovesical fistulae are the most common cause of pneumaturia.
- Management of colovesical fistulae caused by diverticulitis: 12 years of experience in one medical centre. [Journal Article]
- Acta Chir Belg 2013 Jan-Feb; 113(1):30-4.
Diverticulitis can be complicated by a colovesical fistula (CVF). This phenomenon is relatively uncommon in surgical practice. The aim of this study was to evaluate diagnostic and surgical management of CVF at our medical centre.In this retrospective study, details of 31 patients undergoing surgery for CVF between January 1998 and March 2010 were recorded. These patient records were analysed for presenting symptoms, diagnostic investigations and surgical procedures.The most common presenting symptoms were pneumaturia, urinary tract infections, abdominal pain, and fecaluria. CT identified CVF in 28 patients (92.2%), cystoscopy in 4 patients (23.5%), and barium enema in 3 patients (13.6%). Surgical management was resection of the diseased colon segment with primary anastomosis in 29 of 31 patients. The bladder fistulae were oversewn and an omental plasty was placed between bowel anastomosis and bladder. There was only one postoperative leak and one case of mortality (3.2%).CT is the most sensitive test in identifying CVF. Resection of the diseased colon segment and primary anastomosis seems to be an effective and safe surgical method for treating CVF. This surgical treatment has an acceptable risk for anastomotic leak and mortality.
- Long-term antibiotic therapy in late onset pouch-urethral fistula after ileoanal anastomosis for ulcerative colitis may be effective and well tolerated. [Journal Article]
- BMJ Case Rep 2013.
A 25-year-old male patient underwent restorative proctocolectomy and ileoanal anastomosis in 1991 for refractory ulcerative colitis. In February 2001, he presented with pneumaturia, faecaluria, pelvic 'pressure' and watery diarrhoea caused by passage of urine through the anal canal. A fistula between the pouch and the membranous urethra was demonstrated by a pouchogram contrast study. In October 2002, he was started on ciprofloxacin 250 mg once daily and metronidazole 400 mg twice daily. Apart from a short break in 2003 the patient has remained on this regimen until the time of writing (now over 10 years) and has had sustained remission, excellent quality of life and no adverse effects.
- Successful conservative management of a colorenal fistula complicating percutaneous cryoablation of renal tumors: a case report. [Journal Article]
- J Med Case Rep 2012; 6(1):365.
ABSTRACT:Colorenal fistula is a rare phenomenon and may complicate percutaneous cryoablation of renal cell carcinoma. Treatment remains controversial.A 62-year-old Caucasian man presented with pneumaturia and left flank pain six weeks following ultrasound-guided percutaneous cryoablation of two recurrent lesions in the left kidney 14 years after partial left nephrectomy for a left renal cell carcinoma. A computed tomography scan eight weeks after cryoablation revealed a cryoablated mass with adjacent stranding and adherent descending colon as well as bubbles of gas in the area of stranding, the left collecting system, and the bladder. These features were consistent with a colorenal fistula at the site of previous ablation. Successful resolution of the fistula, both clinical and radiological, was achieved following a complete conservative non-interventional out-patient approach. No ureteric stent or surgical intervention was employed.In the absence of severe symptoms or sepsis, complete conservative management of a colorenal fistula complicating percutaneous cryoablation of renal tumors should be considered prior to interventional stenting or resectional surgery.
- Rectoseminal vesicle fistula as a rare complication after low anterior resection: a report of three cases. [Journal Article]
- Surg Today 2013 May; 43(5):574-9.
A rectoseminal vesicle fistula is a rare complication after a low anterior resection for rectal cancer, usually developing in the outpatient postoperative period with pneumaturia, fever, scrotal swelling or testicular pain. A diagnostic water-soluble contrast enema, cystography and computed tomography reveal a tract from the rectum to the seminal vesicle. Anastomotic leakage is thought to be partially responsible for the formation of such tracts. This report presents three cases of rectoseminal vesicle fistula, and the presumed course of the disease and optimal treatment options are discussed.
- Colovesical fistula causing an uncommon reason for failure of computed tomography colonography: a case report. [Journal Article]
- J Med Case Rep 2012; 6(1):214.
ABSTRACT:Computed tomography colonography, or virtual colonoscopy, is a good alternative to optical colonoscopy. However, suboptimal patient preparation or colon distension may reduce the diagnostic accuracy of this imaging technique.We report the case of an 83-year-old Caucasian woman who presented with a five-month history of pneumaturia and fecaluria and an acute episode of macrohematuria, leading to a high clinical suspicion of a colovesical fistula. The fistula was confirmed by standard contrast-enhanced computed tomography. Optical colonoscopy was performed to exclude the presence of an underlying colonic neoplasm. Since optical colonoscopy was incomplete, computed tomography colonography was performed, but also failed due to inadequate colon distension. The insufflated air directly accumulated within the bladder via the large fistula.Clinicians should consider colovesical fistula as a potential reason for computed tomography colonography failure.
- [Colovesical fistula caused by diverticulitis of the sigmoid colon: diagnosis and treatment]. [Clinical Trial, English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Urologe A 2012 Jul; 51(7):971-4.
Colovesical fistulas caused by diverticulitis of the sigmoid colon are a rare but complex disease for which there is so far no diagnostic and therapeutic algorithm. The goal of this retrospective study including long-term follow-up was to find an algorithm for the diagnosis and therapy of colovesical fistulas caused by diverticular disease.Between 1982 and 2010 a total of 54 patients (46 male and 8 female) were treated in this institute for a colovesical fistula caused by diverticulitis of the sigmoid colon. The validity of the following diagnostic procedures was considered: poppy seed test, abdominal computed tomography (CT), cystoscopy, coloscopy, cystography and colon enema. The one stage operation included resection of the inflamed colon and a two-lined hand sewn end to end anastomosis of the colon without protective colostomy. After excision of the fistula a two-lined closure of the bladder defect was carried out followed by insertion of a catheter for 7 days. During follow-up patients were examined for recurrence of diverticulitis and colovesical fistula.At primary clinical presentation all patients showed clinical symptoms of recurrent urinary tract infections, 74.1% had pneumaturia and 53.7% fecaluria. Fistula detection rates were 94.8% for the poppy seed test, 58.7% for CT scanning, 19.4% for cystography, 38.6% for colon enema, 15.1% for cystoscopy and 9.6% for coloscopy. Of the patients 6 (11.1%) showed perioperative morbidity (3 pneumonia and 3 superficial wound infections) and mortality was 0%. After surgical intervention no recurring diverticulitis or fistulas were detected within a median follow-up period of 62 months (range 1-164 months).The poppy seed test is the most reliable diagnostic method for the detection of colovesical fistulas. The one-stage resection of the fistula of the colon and bladder segment without protective colostomy is safe and feasible.
- 15-year history of spontaneous appendico-vesical fistula (case report). [Case Reports, Journal Article]
- Georgian Med News 2012 Apr; (205):7-11.
Appendicovesical (AVF) fistula is rare complication in the modern era. Only a few cases of AVF were described in the literature of the last decade. AVF is meanly associated with a history of appendicitis. The guiding symptoms are coprosuria and pneumaturia, with recurrent infection of the urinary tract. The accurate pre-operative diagnosis is difficult to make. It usually took at least one year from the onset of symptom to confirm diagnosis. It has been reported a few cases of 15 year history of undiagnosed AVF. We represent a case of EVF, spontaneously developed after treated acute appendicular colic presenting an unusual long - 15 years undiagnosed history, without presenting of typical symptoms. The analyses of disease history after cystoscopy lead to correct pre-operative diagnosis. AVF can develop as a complication not only after untreated appendicitis, but also after "successfully" treated with antibiotics appendicular colic may indicate the presence of an AVF and needs to assessing patient's history and applying cystoscopy and modern examination methods in complex diagnosis issues.
- Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections due to Asymptomatic Colonic Diverticulitis. [Journal Article]
- Case Report Med 2012.:934168.
Colovesical fistula is a common complication of diverticulitis. Pneumaturia, fecaluria, urinary tract infections, abdominal pain, and dysuria are commonly reported. The authors report a case of colovesical fistula due to asymptomatic diverticulitis, and they emphasize the importance of deeply investigate recurrent urinary tract infection without any bowel symptoms. They also briefly review the literature.