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Prostatic Hyperplasia Benign BPH [keywords]
- The value of international prostate symptom scoring system in the management of BPH in Jos, Nigeria. [Journal Article]
- Niger J Clin Pract 2013 Jul-Sep; 16(3):273-8.
Objective:To determine the value of international prostate symptom scoring (IPSS) system in management of patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in Jos, Nigeria. Materials and
Methods:This was a prospective study of 104 newly diagnosed patients with BPH from June 2006 to July 2007. Patients' symptoms were initially evaluated by administering a pretreatment IPSS/Quality of Life Score (QOLS). This categorized patients into mild, moderate, and severe symptom groups. The mild symptom group had watchful waiting as mode of management. The moderate symptom group received doxazosin, an alpha blocker, while the severe symptom group had prostatectomy. A post-treatment IPSS/QOLS was administered 3 months after. Mean changes in IPSS/QOLS was calculated and subjected to paired student's t- test for significance in changes. Spearman's correlation coefficient was used to test significance between correlations.
Results:Mean age of patients was 64.3 years. 3 patients (2.9%), 53 patients (51.0%), and 48 patients (46.1%) fell into the minor, moderate, and severe symptom categories, respectively. The QOLS correlated with IPSS. There was a mean change in symptom scores of +2.3 for the minor symptom category, -8.1 (P < 0.001) for IPSS and -1.7 (P < 0.001) for QOLS in the moderate symptom category, and -24.6 (P < 0.001) for IPSS and -4.0 (P < 0.05) for QOLS in the severe symptom category.
Conclusion:The study has shown that IPSS is a valuable tool in management of patients with BPH.
- Effect of Phellius linteus water extract on benign prostatic hyperplasia. [Journal Article]
- Nutr Res Pract 2013 Jun; 7(3):172-7.
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is one of the most common diseases among elderly men. As the old-age population is increasing recently, it is to our interest to observe the growing BPH within them. In BPH, the dihydrotestosterone (DHT) acts as promotes prostate growth. It inhibits enzyme 5α-reductase that is involved in the conversion of testosterone to the DHT activity which reduces the excessive prostate growth. Through experiments, the effects of Phellius linteus water extract performed on the BPH rats were induced by testosterone treatments. For 12 weeks, Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with testosterone for the induction of BPH. Rats were divided into four experimental groups: the not treated group (N), the testosterone injection and D.W treatment group (TN), the testosterone injection and Phellinus linteus treatment group (TP) and testosterone injection and finasteride treatment group (TF). Prostate weight, volume and weight ratio in the TP group and the TF group were significantly lower than the TN group. Testosterone and DHT levels in the TN group were significantly higher than that of the N group. And the TP group was significantly decreased than that of the TN group. While prostates of control rats revealed severe acinar gland atrophy and stromal proliferation; the TP and TF groups showed trophic symptoms and were lined by flattened epithelial cells, thus, the stromal proliferation is relatively low as compared to the TN group. These suggest that Phellinus linteus water extracts may be an useful remedy for treating the benign prostatic hyperplasia.
- The effect of alpha blockers on uroflowmetric parameters in different voiding positions. [Journal Article]
- Can Urol Assoc J 2013 May; 7(5-6):E329-32.
We assessed the effect of different voiding positions on uroflowmetric parameters and post-void residual (PVR) urine volume in symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) patients. We also evaluated the effect of alpha blockers on PVR in different voiding positions.The study was performed with 110 BPH patients over 50 years old. In total, 4 uroflowmetries were performed in all patients: 2 patients in the sitting position and 2 in the standing position. PVR was measured with transabdominal ultrasonography. Also, patients were divided into two groups according to the alpha adrenergic blocker treatment; the effect of this treatment on their uroflowmetric parameters in different positions was evaluated.MAXIMUM FLOW RATE (QMAX) AND AVERAGE FLOW RATE (QAVE) WERE SIGNIFICANTLY HIGHER IN PATIENTS IN THE SITTING POSITION, BUT THERE WERE NO DIFFERENCES IN OTHER UROFLOWMETRIC PARAMETERS AND PVR VOLUME (QMAX: 15.5±5.9 mL/s vs. 13.7±5.2 mL/s, Qave: 11.4±4.6 mL/s vs. 10.7± 3.9 mL/s, respectively; p < 0.05). The Qmax and Qave were significantly higher in sitting position, compared to the standing position, in both alpha adrenergic treatment and non-treated groups; again, there were no differences in other uroflowmetric parameters and PVR volume.Qmax and Qave values were significantly higher in the sitting position. Alpha blockers did not affect any change.
- Investigating the effect of tamsulosin on the measurement of bladder wall thickness and International Prostate Symptom Score in benign prostatic hyperplasia. [Journal Article]
- Can Urol Assoc J 2013 May; 7(5-6):E317-21.
According to previous studies, aging, gender, bladder volume and pathological states, such as bladder outflow obstruction, affect bladder wall thickness (BWT). The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between BWT and the International Prostatic Symptom Score (IPSS) in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) before and after tamsulosin treatment.In this study, 60 BPH patients were included. After obtaining informed consent, data were gathered using questionnaires to determine IPSS. After that, prostate-specific antigen was measured and a clinical examination, including a digital rectal examination, was performed for all patients. BWT was determined by transabdominal ultrasound. Finally, all patients were treated with tamsulosin (0.4 mg/day) for 2 months. After completing treatment, the IPSS and BWT were measured again and compared with the initial findings.In total, 44 patients completed treatment. Patients aged 61.7 ± 9.2 years old. The mean ± standard deviation of IPSS and BWT were 14.6 ± 5.0 and 5.36 ± 1.28 mm before treatment, while they significantly (p < 0.0001) decreased to 8.2 ± 4.7 and 4.69 ± 1.23 mm, respectively, after treatment. Chi-square test showed that the decrease in BWT was significantly correlated with the improvement in IPSS (p = 0.002; r = 0.449).After treatment with tamsulosin, patients experienced a reduction in their BWT which was significantly correlated with improvement in their IPSS. We conclude that transabdominal evaluation of BWT could be included in the follow-up assessment in BPH.
- Dickkopf-related protein 3 promotes pathogenic stromal remodeling in benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostate cancer. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Prostate 2013 Jun 14.
BACKGROUND:Compartment-specific epithelial and stromal expression of the secreted glycoprotein Dickkopf-related protein (Dkk)-3 is altered in age-related proliferative disorders of the human prostate. This study aimed to determine the effect of Dkk-3 on prostate stromal remodeling that is stromal proliferation, fibroblast-to-myofibroblast differentiation and expression of angiogenic factors in vitro.
METHODS:Lentiviral-delivered overexpression and shRNA-mediated knockdown of DKK3 were applied to primary human prostatic stromal cells (PrSCs). Cellular proliferation was analyzed by BrdU incorporation ELISA. Expression of Dkk-3, apoptosis-related genes, cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors and angiogenic factors were analyzed by qPCR, Western blot analysis or ELISA. Fibroblast-to-myofibroblast differentiation was monitored by smooth muscle cell actin and insulin-like growth factor binding protein 3 mRNA and protein levels. The relevance of Wnt/β-catenin and PI3K/AKT signaling pathways was assessed by cytoplasmic/nuclear β-catenin levels and phosphorylation of AKT.
RESULTS:Knockdown of DKK3 significantly attenuated PrSC proliferation as well as fibroblast-to-myofibroblast differentiation and increased the expression of the vessel stabilizing factor angiopoietin-1. DKK3 knockdown did not affect subcellular localization or levels of β-catenin but attenuated AKT phosphorylation in PrSCs. Consistently the PI3K/AKT inhibitor LY294002 mimicked the effects of DKK3 knockdown.
CONCLUSIONS:Dkk-3 promotes fibroblast proliferation and myofibroblast differentiation and regulates expression of angiopoietin-1 in prostatic stroma potentially via enhancing PI3K/AKT signaling. Thus, elevated Dkk-3 in the stroma of the diseased prostate presumably regulates stromal remodeling by enhancing proliferation and differentiation of stromal cells and contributing to the angiogenic switch observed in BPH and PCa. Therefore, Dkk-3 represents a potential therapeutic target for stromal remodeling in BPH and PCa. Prostate 9999:1-12, 2013. © 2013 The Authors. Prostate published by Willey-Blackwell. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial-NoDerivs Licence, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.
- PDE5 inhibitors blunt inflammation in human BPH: A potential mechanism of action for PDE5 inhibitors in LUTS. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Prostate 2013 Jun 13.
BACKGROUND:Metabolic syndrome (MetS) and benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH)/low urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are often comorbid. Chronic inflammation is one of the putative links between these diseases. Phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5i) are recognized as an effective treatment of BPH-related LUTS. One proposed mechanism of action of PDE5 is the inhibition of intraprostatic inflammation. In this study we investigate whether PDE5i could blunt inflammation in the human prostate.
METHODS:Evaluation of the effect of tadalafil and vardenafil on secretion of interleukin 8 (IL-8, a surrogate marker of prostate inflammation) by human myofibroblast prostatic cells (hBPH) exposed to different inflammatory stimuli. We preliminary evaluate histological features of prostatic inflammatory infiltrates in BPH patients enrolled in a randomized, double bind, placebo controlled study aimed at investigating the efficacy of vardenafil (10 mg/day, for 12 weeks) on BPH/LUTS.
RESULTS:In vitro treatment with tadalafil or vardenafil on hBPH reduced IL-8 secretion induced by either TNFα or metabolic factors, including oxidized low-density lipoprotein, oxLDL, to the same extent as a PDE5-insensitive PKG agonist Sp-8-Br-PET-cGMP. These effects were reverted by the PKG inhibitor KT5823, suggesting a cGMP/PKG-dependency. Treatment with tadalafil or vardenafil significantly suppressed oxLDL receptor (LOX-1) expression. Histological evaluation of anti-CD45 staining (CD45 score) in prostatectomy specimens of BPH patients showed a positive association with MetS severity. Reduced HDL-cholesterol and elevated triglycerides were the only MetS factors significantly associated with CD45 score. In the MetS cohort there was a significant lower CD45 score in the vardenafil-arm versus the placebo-one. Prostate © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
- Multi-Center Randomized Controlled Blinded Study of the Prostatic Urethral Lift for the Treatment of LUTS Associated with Prostate Enlargement Due to BPH: The L.I.F.T. Study. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Urol 2013 Jun 10.
PURPOSE:We report the first multi-center randomized blinded trial of the Prostatic Urethral Lift (PUL) for the treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).
MATERIALS AND METHODS:Men of at least 50 years with American Urological Association Symptom Index (AUASI)ࣙ 13, a maximum flow rate (Qmax)≤ 12 ml/s, and a prostate 30-80 cc, were randomized 2:1 between PUL and sham. In PUL small permanent implants are placed within the prostate to retract encroaching lobes and open the prostatic urethra. Sham entailed rigid cystoscopy with sounds mimicking PUL. The primary endpoint was comparison of AUASI reduction at 3 months. PUL arm subjects were followed to 1 year and assessed for LUTS, Qmax, quality of life (QOL), and sexual function.
RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS:206 men were randomized (140 PUL:66 sham). PUL and sham AUASI were reduced by 11.1±7.67 and 5.9±7.66, respectively, (p=0.003) thus meeting the primary endpoint. PUL subjects experienced AUASI reduction from 22.1 baseline to 18.0, 11.0 and 11.1 at 2 weeks, 3 months and 12 months respectively, p<0.001. Qmax increased 4.4 ml/s at 3 months and was sustained at 4.0 ml/s at 12 months, p<0.001. Adverse events were typically mild and transient. There was no occurrence of de novo ejaculatory or erectile dysfunction. The Prostatic Urethral Lift, reliably performed under local anesthesia, provides rapid and sustained improvement in symptoms and flow, while preserving sexual function.
- The effects of chlormadinone acetate on lower urinary tract symptoms and erectile functions of patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia: a prospective multicenter clinical study. [Journal Article]
- Adv Urol 2013.:584678.
Purpose.To evaluate the effects of chlormadinone acetate (CMA), progesterone-derived antiandrogen, on lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and erectile functions of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Methods. A multicenter, single-cohort prospective study was conducted. A total of 114 patients received CMA for 16 weeks. The endpoints were changes in International Prostate Symptom Scores (IPSS), IPSS-QOL, International Index of Erectile Function-5, Q max prostate volume, and residual urine volume.
Results.Significant improvements were observed in IPSS from week 8 to week 48 (32 weeks after treatment). IPSS-QOL improvements were also significant from week 8 to week 48. Q max increased to a maximum at Week 16 and remained elevated throughout the study. Moreover, a decrease of 25% in prostate volume was observed at Week 16. IPSS, QOL, and Qmax changes during the study were not different between the previously treated and untreated patients. IPSS storage subscore changes differed between the age groups. Few severe adverse reactions were observed, except for erectile dysfunction.
Conclusions.CMA rapidly and significantly reduced prostate volume and improved voiding and storage symptoms and QOL. Our results suggest that CMA is safe and beneficial, especially for elderly patients with LUTS associated with BPH.
- Ramelteon combined with an alpha1-blocker might decreases nocturia in men with benign prostatic hyperplasia. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- BMC Urol 2013 Jun 12; 13(1):30.
BACKGROUND:Nocturia is defined as waking one or more times during the night due to the urge to void. Recently, the effectiveness of several sedatives and analgesics for nocturia has been reported. We herein investigated the effects of ramelteon, an antioxidant and sleep inducer, on nocturia unresponsive to alpha1-blocker monotherapy in males with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) as a pilot study.
METHODS:Subjects were 19 patients who had LUTS suggestive of benign prostate hyperplasia, received alpha1-blockers (tamsulosin, silodosin, or naftopidil), and continued to have two or more episodes of nocturia per night before starting ramelteon. Ramelteon at 8 mg once daily for one month was added to the alpha1-blocker. A self-administered questionnaire including the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), quality of life (QoL) index, Overactive Bladder Symptom Score (OABSS), and Nocturia Quality-of-Life Questionnaire (N-QOL) were assessed before and one month after starting ramelteon.
RESULTS:The mean score on IPSS question 7 (nocturia) decreased significantly from 2.88 before starting ramelteon to 2.41 one month after starting the medication (P = 0.03). The mean total OABSS decreased significantly from 6.31 to 5.38 (P = 0.03), and the mean for OABSS question 2 (nighttime frequency of nocturia) also significantly decreased from 2.63 to 2.13 (P = 0.01). The mean total N-QOL score did not change significantly. Two patients had dizziness; the remaining patients had no adverse drug-related events.
CONCLUSIONS:Ramelteon in combination with an alpha1-blocker might be a treatment option for reducing nocturia in men with BPH.
- [980 nm diode laser vaporization for benign prostatic hyperplasia]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue 2013 May; 19(5):422-4.
To explore the efficacy and safety of 980 nm diode laser vaporization in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).We treated 92 BPH patients by 980 nm diode laser vaporization. The patients were aged 65 - 89 years, with a mean prostate volume of (50.1 +/- 13.0) ml. We analyzed and compared the mean operation time, intra-operative blood loss, postoperative complications, international prostate symptom score (IPSS), quality of life (QOL) score, maximum urine flow rate (Qmax), and post void residual (PVR) before and after surgery.Operations were successful in all the 92 cases, with an average operation time of (70.2 +/- 16.9) min, very little blood loss and no blood transfusion. The transurethral catheter indwelling time was 2 -5 (2.4 +/- 0.3) days. The patients were followed up for 1 to 3 months, which revealed a significant reduction in IPPS (P < 0.01) and improvement in Qmax and PVR (P < 0.01) as compared with preoperation. No severe complications were reported, including urinary incontinence and bladder irritation symptoms. None of the patients complained of impaired erectile function.Transurethral 980 nm diode laser vaporization is a safe and effective treatment for BPH.