- Tetralogy of Fallot and pheochromocytoma in a situs inversus totalis: An unusual association. [Journal Article]
- JCJ Cardiovasc Thorac Res 2016; 8(3):132-136
- Introduction: Situs inversus totalis is an uncommon anomaly which exist a complete transposition of organs and it's occasionally associated with congenital heart diseases, such as tetralogy of fallot...
Introduction: Situs inversus totalis is an uncommon anomaly which exist a complete transposition of organs and it's occasionally associated with congenital heart diseases, such as tetralogy of fallot. Pheochromocytoma is a rare neuroendocrine tumor with an annual incidence of 2-8 cases per million people and for years has been studied its relationship with the hypoxic pathway. Case Report: A 29 year old male with a history of tetralogy of fallot corrected at 10 years and situs inversus totalis. He was admitted to hospital with a progressive story of four months of constipation, palpitations, headache, dyspnea and sweating. Physical examination revealed a thinned man with peripheral cyanosis, clubbing and signs of decompensated congestive heart failure as hepatomegaly, legs edema, multifocal systodiastolic murmurs, abdominal distension and jugular venous distention. The echocardiogram shows severe right ventricular dysfunction and severe pulmonary hypertension. Furthermore, abdominal computed tomography shows right adrenal mass. Elevated metanephrines and catecholamines confirmed the diagnosis of pheochromocytoma. Surgical removal is decided and preoperative management begins with alpha-adrenergic blockade, however the patient had a hemodynamic decompensation with an unfavorable evolution. Discussion: In conclusion, there are few reports of cyanotic congenital heart disease with pheochromocytoma. Several studies show a significant association between both of them due to chronic hypoxia leads sustained hyperresponsiveness in adrenal medulla and it would cause the tumor. Special preoperative management of pheochromocytoma is recommended when there underlying heart disease and congestive heart failure. We present the first international report of tetralogy of fallot and pheochromocytoma in a patient with situs inversus totalis.
- Classification and Prognostic Evaluation of Left Ventricular Remodeling in Patients With Asymptomatic Heart Failure. [Journal Article]
- AJAm J Cardiol 2016 Sep 29
- Patients with asymptomatic heart failure (HF; stage A and B) are characterized by maladaptive left ventricular (LV) remodeling. Classic 4-group classification of remodeling considers only LV mass ind...
Patients with asymptomatic heart failure (HF; stage A and B) are characterized by maladaptive left ventricular (LV) remodeling. Classic 4-group classification of remodeling considers only LV mass index and relative wall thickness as variables. Complex remodeling classification (CRC) includes also LV end-diastolic volume index. Main aim was to assess the prognostic impact of CRC in stage A and B HF. A total of 1,750 asymptomatic subjects underwent echocardiographic examination as a screening evaluation in the presence of cardiovascular risk factors. LV dysfunction, both systolic (ejection fraction) and diastolic (transmitral flow velocity pattern), was evaluated, together with LV remodeling. We considered a composite end point: all-cause death, myocardial infarction, coronary revascularizations, cerebrovascular events, and acute pulmonary edema. CRC was suitable for 1,729 patients (men 53.6%; age 58.3 ± 13 years). Two hundred thirty-eight patients presented systolic dysfunction (ejection fraction <50%) and 483 diastolic dysfunction. According to the CRC, 891 patients were normals or presented with physiologic hypertrophy, 273 concentric remodeling, 47 eccentric remodeling, 350 concentric hypertrophy, 29 mixed hypertrophy, 86 dilated hypertrophy, and 53 eccentric hypertrophy. Age and gender distribution was noticed (p <0.001). After a median follow-up of 21 months, Kaplan-Meier analysis showed different survival distribution (p <0.001) of the CRC patterns. In multivariate Cox regression (adjusted for age, gender, history of stable ischemic heart disease, classic remodeling classification, systolic, and diastolic dysfunction), CRC was independent predictor of primary end point (p = 0.044, hazard ratio 1.101, 95% CI 1.003 to 1.21), confirmed in a logistic regression (p <0.03). In conclusion, CRC could help physicians in prognostic stratification of patients in stage A and B HF.
- Arginine-vasopressin marker copeptin is a sensitive plasma surrogate of hypoxic exposure. [Journal Article]
- HHypoxia (Auckl) 2014; 2:143-151
- CONCLUSIONS: Plasma copeptin is a sensitive marker of acute (5 minutes) exposure to severe hypoxia, and subsequent regulation can indicate recovery. Copeptin levels can therefore reflect clinical and physiological changes in response to hypoxia and indicate recovery from ongoing hypoxic exposure.
- A novel approach in the use of radiofrequency catheter ablation of septal hypertrophy in hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy. [Journal Article]
- IHIndian Heart J 2016 Sep - Oct; 68(5):618-623
- CONCLUSIONS: RFCA of the hypertrophied septum causes sustained reduction in the LVOT gradient and symptomatic improvement among patients with HOCM. Electroanatomical mapping helps to perform the procedure safely.
- Closed Mitral Commissurotomy During Pregnancy in East Africa. [Journal Article]
- ATAnn Thorac Surg 2016; 102(5):e419-e420
- Cardiac surgeons traveling to East Africa on humanitarian surgical missions treat a large number of people of all ages with rheumatic heart disease. A patient with severe mitral stenosis with pulmona...
Cardiac surgeons traveling to East Africa on humanitarian surgical missions treat a large number of people of all ages with rheumatic heart disease. A patient with severe mitral stenosis with pulmonary edema in the second trimester of pregnancy was treated successfully with closed mitral commissurotomy in a hospital in rural Kenya. An operation from the late 1940s may regain prominence more than 70 years later in areas of the world with a high incidence of rheumatic heart disease and limited cardiology and cardiac surgery resources.
- Emodin alleviates bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis in rats. [Journal Article]
- TLToxicol Lett 2016 Nov 16; 262:161-172
- Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a lethal lung disease with few treatment options and poor prognosis. Emodin, extracted from Chinese rhubarb, was found to be able to alleviate bleomycin (BLM)-i...
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a lethal lung disease with few treatment options and poor prognosis. Emodin, extracted from Chinese rhubarb, was found to be able to alleviate bleomycin (BLM)-induced pulmonary fibrosis, yet the underlying mechanism remains largely unknown. This study aimed to further investigate the effects of emodin on the inflammation and fibrosis of BLM-induced pulmonary fibrosis and the mechanism involved in rats. Our results showed that emodin improved pulmonary function, reduced weight loss and prevented death in BLM-treated rats. Emodin significantly relieved lung edema and fibrotic changes, decreased collagen deposition, and suppressed the infiltration of myofibroblasts [characterized by expression of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA)] and inflammatory cells (mainly macrophages and lymphocytes). Moreover, emodin reduced levels of TNF-α, IL-6, TGF-β1 and heat shock protein (HSP)-47 in the lungs of BLM-treated rats. In vitro, emodin profoundly inhibited TGF-β1-induced α-SMA, collagen IV and fibronectin expression in human embryo lung fibroblasts (HELFs). Emodin also inhibited TGF-β1-induced Smad2/3 and STAT3 activation, indicating that Smad2/3 and STAT3 inactivation mediates emodin-induced effects on TGF-β1-induced myofibroblast differentiation. These results suggest that emodin can exert its anti-fibrotic effect via suppression of TGF-β1 signaling and subsequently inhibition of inflammation, HSP-47 expression, myofibroblast differentiation and extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition.
- Proteomics and antivenomics of Papuan black snake (Pseudechis papuanus) venom with analysis of its toxicological profile and the preclinical efficacy of Australian antivenoms. [Journal Article]
- JPJ Proteomics 2016 Sep 17; 150:201-215
- The Papuan black snake (Pseudechis papuanus Serpentes: Elapidae) is endemic to Papua New Guinea, Indonesian Papua and Australia's Torres Strait Islands. We have investigated the biological activity a...
The Papuan black snake (Pseudechis papuanus Serpentes: Elapidae) is endemic to Papua New Guinea, Indonesian Papua and Australia's Torres Strait Islands. We have investigated the biological activity and proteomic composition of its venom. The P. papuanus venom proteome is dominated by a variety (n≥18) of PLA2s, which together account for ~90% of the venom proteins, and a set of low relative abundance proteins, including a short-neurotoxic 3FTx (3.1%), 3-4 PIII-SVMPs (2.8%), 3 cysteine-rich secretory proteins (CRISP; 2.3%) 1-3 l-amino acid oxidase (LAAO) molecules (1.6%). Probing of a P. papuanus cDNA library with specific primers resulted in the elucidation of the full-length nucleotide sequences of six new toxins, including vespryn and NGF not found in the venom proteome, and a calglandulin protein involved in toxin expression with the venom glands. Intravenous injection of P. papuanus venom in mice induced lethality, intravascular haemolysis, pulmonary congestion and oedema, and anticoagulation after intravenous injection, and these effects are mainly due to the action of PLA2s. This study also evaluated the in vivo preclinical efficacy of Australian black snake and polyvalent Seqirus antivenoms. These antivenoms were effective in neutralising the lethal, PLA2 and anticoagulant activities of P. papuanus venom in mice. On the other hand, all of the Seqirus antivenoms tested using an antivenomic approach exhibited strong immunorecognition of all the venom components. These preclinical results suggest that Australian Seqirus(1) antivenoms may provide paraspecific protection against P. papuanus venom in humans.
- Diastolic dysfunction in the critically ill patient. [Journal Article]
- MIMed Intensiva 2016; 40(8):499-510
- Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction is a common finding in critically ill patients. It is characterized by a progressive deterioration of the relaxation and the compliance of the left ventricle. T...
Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction is a common finding in critically ill patients. It is characterized by a progressive deterioration of the relaxation and the compliance of the left ventricle. Two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiography is a cornerstone in its diagnosis. Acute pulmonary edema associated with hypertensive crisis is the most frequent presentation of diastolic dysfunction critically ill patients. Myocardial ischemia, sepsis and weaning failure from mechanical ventilation also may be associated with diastolic dysfunction. The treatment is based on the reduction of pulmonary congestion and left ventricular filling pressures. Some studies have found a prognostic role of diastolic dysfunction in some diseases such as sepsis. The present review aims to analyze thoroughly the echocardiographic diagnosis and the most frequent scenarios in critically ill patients in whom diastolic dysfunction plays a key role.
- Serious maternal complications in relation to severe pre-eclampsia: a retrospective cohort study of the impact of hospital volume. [Journal Article]
- BJOGBJOG 2016 Oct 21
- CONCLUSIONS: While the risks of serious maternal complications in relation to severe pre-eclampsia was similar across hospital delivery volume categories, deaths showed lower rates in large delivery volume hospitals than in smaller volume hospitals. The risk of complications was increased in hospitals with low compared with high severe pre-eclampsia rates.
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- Discrepancy in blood pressure between the left and right arms - importance of clinical diagnosis and role of radiological imaging. [Journal Article]
- MJMed J Malaysia 2016; 71(4):206-208
- CONCLUSIONS: With the absence of classical features of aortic dissection, establishing the diagnosis can be challenging and requires both good clinical judgment and prompt radiological imaging, such that early treatment can be initiated.A high index of suspicion and good clinical judgment is needed in cases of significant blood pressure discrepancy between arms.