Recherche en soins infirmiers [keywords]
- [Socianalytical device: intervention instrument and data collection in qualitative research in nursing]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Rech Soins Infirm 2016 Mar; (124):108-17.
The aims of this paper is to describe and to analyze the use of a socioanalytical device as a data collection too as well as a space of professional practice and work relations analysis, with nurses from a School Hospital of the Minas Gerais Federal University, Brazil. The qualitative approach was chosen to develop an intervention research with Institutional Analysis as theoretical and methodological framework. In the first stage of data collection, an exploratory research was carried out through a questionnaire and, in the second phase, a socianalytical device was built in 5 meetings that took place during two months. For the nurses, the analysis device has enabled personal and professional growth; to review positions; to exchange experience and to reflect on their own problems through the experience of other colleagues. We conclude that the socioanalytical device was a space for discussion, for analysis of professional practice and was the methodological strategy for data collection in this research. It has allowed the creation and recreation of forms of intervention, the production of knowledge and has improved quality of health work.
- [Perception of practical skill and geriatric care knowledge among nurses working in a Swiss emergency department]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Rech Soins Infirm 2016 Mar; (124):97-107.
the Swiss demographics indicate an increase by 2020 in the proportion of people aged 65 and over. Impact is expected on the health system, including an increasing flow in the emergency services. Elderly patients often showing atypical symptoms, this can make more difficult the prioritization of the clinical problems.PPURPOSE measuring knowledge and skill perception regarding the geriatric approach among emergency nurses of a Swiss cantonal hospital. MMETHODS descriptive and correlational study using an electronic questionnaire previously translated into Swiss French and Swiss German using recommendations. RRESULTS the overall score in the knowledge test is considered low (51.9 SD ±12.5). The perception of practical skills is estimated at an average of 1.54 on a 3-pont scale, which can be interpreted at a level between medium and low. The correlations show weak associations between these small-scale scores and with the sociodemographic and professional characteristics chosen. CCONCLUSION nurses respondents show little geriatric nursing knowledge and consider their level of skills to be mid-range or low. This is definitely a challenge for training, coaching and research for advanced practice nurses in geriatric nursing.
- [From daily care to expert consensus: state of evidence of nursing interventions and their prioritization according to the clinical profiles of older people hospitalized due to behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Rech Soins Infirm 2016 Mar; (124):75-96.
The description of the different profiles of somatic, psychiatric and socio-relational comorbidites of psychogeriatric inpatient hospitalized due to behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia and their associated nursing interventions are poorly documented. This study aimed to describe the observations and interventions given to patients from the four LPCI clinical profiles and to reach a consensus of experts on relevant interventions per profile. A content analysis was conducted on computerized nursing notes of 40 patients. By combining individual and collective production phase, the TRIAGE method allowed reaching an expert consensus on relevant interventions. The results showed that the current practices are generally similar for all patients while appropriate interventions from the expert consensus varied depending on the profile. Also, some problems remain poorly invested, such as screening, assessment and treatment of depressive symptoms and the maintenance of functional autonomy. Since most interventions have been tested in long- term institutions, the development of studies to test interventions tailored to acute psychogeriatric environment and the implementation of evidence-based practices are needed.
- [Knowledge transfer and appropriation processes of nursing students and African settings of care: a multiple case study]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Rech Soins Infirm 2016 Mar; (124):53-74.
in this era of globalisation and international academic training, many nursing programs offer the possibility of intercultural placement to their students in their initial training. The rise of this phenomena is ubiquitous throughout all Canadian universities, leading to increased student mobility at the international level with increased placements being organised at the international level, on several continents.this exploratory study aims at better understanding the processes of knowledge transfer and appropriation during international and intercultural placements in nursing in African countries.the models of empowerment and the Cycle of knowledge to practice have guided this study.a multiple case study has been conducted with six settings of care from two countries of Africa. Individual interviews were conducted with the nursing students (n = 11) and with the African nurses supervisors (n = 9), and group interviews with the local partners (n = 2). Direct and participant observations were also done by the nursing students while they were in Africa in the summer and by the two principal investigators when they spent a week in the settings of care, the following fall. RESULTS : advantages of this learning activity were noted, especially in regards to personal and professional growth of the nursing students and in regards to knowledge transfer to the host settings. DISCUSSION : four themes emerged and led to recommendations as to the importance of: 1) bidirectional communication, continuity of projects between cohorts of nurses, and support at distance and on site, 2) reinforcement of the emancipatory sociopolitical knowing 3) diversity of care and community sites and expositions, and 4) different phases of the Cycle of knowledge to practice.
- [Concept analysis "Competency-based education"]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Rech Soins Infirm 2016 Mar; (124):39-52.
Competency-based education (CBE) stands out at global level as the best educational practice. Indeed, CBE is supposed to improve the quality of care provided by newly graduated nurses. Yet, there is a dearth of knowledge in nursing literature regarding CBE concept's definition. CBE is implemented differently in each entity even inside the same discipline in a single country. What accounts for CBE in nursing education ?to clarify CBE concept meaning according to literature review in order to propose a definition.Wilson concept analysis method framed our literature review through two databases: CINHAL and ERIC.following the 11 Wilson techniques analysis, we identified CBE concept as a multidimensional concept clustering three dimensions : learning, teaching and assessment.nurses educators are accountable for providing performants newly graduated professional to the society. Schools should struggle for the visibility and the transparency of means they are using to accomplish their educational activities. This first attempt to understand CBE concept opens a matter of debate concerning further development and clarification of the concept. This first description of CBE concept is a step toward its identification and assessment.
- [Interest and value of the phenomenological narrative: a dicovery of logic and rigor]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Rech Soins Infirm 2016 Mar; (124):28-38.
The aim of this paper is to highlight the interest and the value of the method of phenomenological narrative as the result of a rigorous approach of phenomenological examination of the data that allows a fine understanding of phenomena. The exercise leans on two steps of research about different objects but which both ended in the construction of phenomenological narratives. The first research explores university professors'dynamics of change when they experiment major educational innovation. The second research examines experiential knowledges for nursing assistant in nursing homes. In this paper, you can read the systematization of the methodological approach to reach the phenomenological narrative. After a brief overview of theoretical anchorages, the operationalisation is described. Finally the value of phenomenological narrative is observed regard to the criteria of scientificity in qualitative research.
- [Rethinking ethics with Paul Ricœur. Nursing: between responsibility, care and justice]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Rech Soins Infirm 2016 Mar; (124):19-27.
In this article, the purpose is less praising Paul Ricoeur's work than enlightening how the reader may actually find some practical, even operative help in this philosophical thought. This is particularly true regarding the fields of medicine and care. Paul Ricœur is now worldwide renowned as a major philosophical figure of the 20th century, and with books such as "Oneself as another", he occupies a very peculiar place at the crossroads of phenomenology and hermeneutics. Through both these philosophical traditions, Paul Ricœur offers some narrative ethics which may greatly sustain caregivers in their reflexion. Yet, the aim of this article is to focus on this philosopher who invites us to inhabit and play a role in this world. The goal is also to bring out the pragmatic ethics that this thinker developed, based on Aristotelian and Kantian traditions. Then, this piece seeks to demonstrate how the three stages of Ricoeur's "petite éthique" (his "small ethics"), which are the self's aim "for the good life with and for others in just institutions" can shed some light on the ethical consideration of politicals and caregivers.
- [Different philosophical traditions for knowledge development in nursing sciences]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Rech Soins Infirm 2016 Mar; (124):8-18.
doctoral studies in nursing engage a critical reflections about philosophical traditions inherent to knowledge development.critical realism, hermeneutics, postmodernism and poststructuralism refer to philosophical traditions that are generally less explored in nursing, although they are attracting greater attention.this paper offers an introductory presentation to these traditions as the authors also reflect upon their contribution to nursing knowledge development in.for each tradition, ontological and epistemological properties are presented to provide an overview of their main features. Contributions to nursing knowledge development are then discussed.ontology refers to stratified, fixed and changing, or multiple realities, depending on the philosophical tradition. Likewise, epistemology emphasizes the explanatory power of knowledge, intersubjectivity, or inherent power dynamics.the diversity of philosophical traditions represents an asset that can significantly contribute to the advancement of the nursing discipline.clarification of the philosophical dimensions that underlie knowledge development is essential for doctoral nursing students in the process of developing their research projects and future programmes of research.
- [Health care research: development of an activity which could herald stakes for care givers and health care institutions]. [Editorial]
- Rech Soins Infirm 2016 Mar; (124):6-7.
- [Audio capture in the hybrid system of nursing training: contribution to the acquisition of knowledge for the development of professional skills]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Rech Soins Infirm 2015 Dec; (123):108-16.
This article deals with the results of a probing study in the framework of the education and technology master of research in educational science of the university of Cergy-Pontoise. This study focuses on the use of audio capture by first year nursing students in the development of their knowledge and therefore in the development of their professional skills. By using the model of the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology (UTAUT), the results of this study have helped to identify the levers (easy-to-use digital resources, computer skilled learners, multiplicity of computer equipment of the learners) and bridles (the relative gain when using this resource, the lack of human interaction, a resource which is time consuming) in the use of audio capture. A more extensive study could focus on these bridles in order to promote the use of audio capture by learners in the hybrid system of nursing training.