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Recherche en soins infirmiers [keywords]
- [Pierre Bourdieu: sociology as a "symbolic revolution"]. [Biography, English Abstract, Historical Article, Journal Article]
- Rech Soins Infirm 2014 Mar; (116):81-94.
The article combines two objectives: understand the genesis and development of the sociology of Bourdieu in connection with his social and intellectual positioning. The sociology of Bourdieu is a theory of Action which reconciles the double requirement of objectification and taking account of the practical logic bound by social agents. From the character both objective and subjective of social space, he analyzes how different institutions (firstly School) are doing that mental structures match the objective structures of society. By making acceptable reality and registering it in the body, these instances contribute to reproduce social divisions and participate in the work of domination. Gradually, Bourdieu develops a general theory about Power, which leads to a sociology of State. But he refuses any sociological fatalism. Because he perceived homologies between the sociologist and the artist facing the social order, each in their own way, he devoted two researches to Flaubert and Manet, seized in the same enterprise of aesthetic subversion he described as a 'symbolic revolution'. In many aspects, the sociology of Bourdieu opens ways of looking for an objectification of caregivers and their practices.
- [Inventory of introduction to research in the initial training in nursing education: research and professionnalization]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Rech Soins Infirm 2014 Mar; (116):70-80.
At the national level, the process which integrates nurse education curriculum to university studies, as well as the creation of a program of nursing and paramedical research in the hospital are contributing to the promoting of these professions inside the scientific community. The research introduction is now a teaching unit, which emphasizes professionalizing and training through research and opens the question of the visibility and the development in France, of a discipline in nursing.To establish an inventory of the implementation of the teaching units concerning introduction to research.A survey was sent to 305 educational institutions through an online questionnaire.it emerges some obstacles to the development of research including a low expertise in paradigms and research methods, the need for training of trainers, a low use of research articles and a gap between the teachings of the program and teachings made.The results highlight the difficulties in the implementation of the research initiation and the heterogeneity in the implementation of the teaching unit that could affect the process of professionalization of the student.
- [Strategies to increase the brief interventions in smoking cessation among nurses in hospital settings: experimental study]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Rech Soins Infirm 2014 Mar; (116):57-69.
Research results demonstrate a decrease in cigarette smoking when preventive professional interventions are routinely carried out. Literature reports that 30% of hospital nurses assess their patient smoking habits. The objective of the present study is to compare, on medical and surgical units, the effectiveness of three strategies (interactive educational session, recall, and both together) to a control group, on the number of nursing interventions pertaining to cessation of cigarette smoking. Research design is experimental with group randomisation. Pre and post strategy multi-measurements (at 1 and 3 months) are sought from nursing staff (69), patients and patient charts (351). Results show that nursing staff assesses cigarette smoking habits for only 35.7% of the patients, and their intent to stop smoking only of the time. Results show that the educational strategy increases the number of nursing interventions during a short period (1 month), and decreases perception of barriers to tobacco counselling. Impact of recall could not be assessed as it was not introduced as planned.Considering modest results from the strategies, the interactive educational sessions shows a short- term effect on the nursing staff's interventions.
- [Description of factors facilitating and contraining the use of research: the point of view of Tunisian nurses]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Rech Soins Infirm 2014 Mar; (116):40-56.
The written agree on the importance of nursing research as a means to improve the quality effectiveness and efficiency of care and contribute to advance in the nursing discipline. Studies from different countries have attempted to describe the barriers and facilitating the use of researcher by staff nurse, however, no original studies have been conducted in Tunisia. PURPOSE AND FRAMEWORK: According to the theory of innovation of Rogers, this study aims to identify factors facilitating and contraining the use of research as an innovation from the point of view of Tunisian nurses.A mixed descriptive design allowed to raise perceptions of 5 manager nurses and 37 clinicians nurses in 2 care units of the university hospital of Sousse in Tunisia. Three methods of data collection were used either semistructured interviews (n = 5), a self-reported questionnaire including the scale of measurement of Funk and al., on the barriers of using the research (n = 37) and an observation grid units of participating care (n = 2).A triangulation of data revealed that they are organizational factors that seem to be the main determinants of using the research. In fact, the average of score calculated for the four factors of the scale of Funk showed that for the interviewed nurses, the characteristic of the organization present the highest average (3,01), followed by those with relation to the characteristic of the nurse (2,86) of the research (2,73) and of the diffusion (2,55). The qualitative analysis support these results.The recommendations for the value of using the results of research in Tunisia were formulated followed by limitations of the study.
- [An evolutionist analysis of competence]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Rech Soins Infirm 2014 Mar; (116):28-39.
For several years, many nursing education institutions have implemented the recommendations made in 2003 by the Institute of Medicine. Some have conducted a redesign of the structure of their program to integrate competency-based approach. What is a competence in this context? The purpose of this concept analysis is to clarify the meaning of the concept of competence from its recent use in nursing education. Rodgers' method of concept analysis was selected as it is relevant to explore this concept. A literature review in nursing was conducted from the CINAHL database. After analyzing the results, although no consensus appears in the literature, it seems that a competence could be defined as a formal action of systemic skills, contextualized and which is continuously developing. This definition differs from the behaviorist one sometimes used, where competences are synonymous with technical skills. To continue the development of this concept, it would be interesting to explore how it has evolved in other disciplines, such as education sciences or medicine.
- [Dimensional analysis of the concept of biosafety due to bioterrorism]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Rech Soins Infirm 2014 Mar; (116):13-27.
In recent years with the strengthening of the discourse surrounding the biological risk of bioterrorist nature, the concept of biosafety emerged gradually. A dimensional analysis was used to contextualize the concept. Initially, biosafety was essentially a technical term related to the risks of contamination in laboratories or food industry and then be used to protect biodiversity against the spread of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) into the environment. Now, it is increasingly used in reference to the prevention and infections control, even though its use remains marginal. However, biosecurity may be defined as the security of life and therefore affect the safety devices participating in the government of bodies and power over life. A more critical approach including social and political dimensions within a Foucauldian perspective is needed to expand the scope of the biosecurity concept up to biological hazards constructs.
- [Towards a pluralistic approach in nursing]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Rech Soins Infirm 2014 Mar; (116):6-12.
For many years, nurses have contributed in the advancement of knowledge in nursing. From theories to conceptual models, several researchers offered their vision on how to achieve this goal. Beyond the diversity and differences of opinion, monistic and pluralistic conceptions emerge from their position. Using Karl Popper's (1979) theories of open and closed societies and McLennan's (1995) definition of pluralism, this study argues for pluralism in nursing. Pluralism provides the opportunity for nurse researchers to combine their research to other theories, other concepts, other approaches and other disciplines to enable further analysis and a broader perspective of the nursing discipline. This study is a theoretical reflection on interdisciplinarity in nursing research.
- [In Process Citation]. [Editorial]
- Rech Soins Infirm 2014 Mar; (116):5.
- [Supporting preceptor skills development with a forum discussion]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Rech Soins Infirm 2013 Dec; (115):124-31.
The success of nursing students in clinical settings is significantly influenced by the nurse's preparation level of the preceptor's role. It is therefore essential to create and make available training activities that prepares and support the development of these skills in clinical settings. Among the significant benefits to participate in preceptorship training activities, the satisfaction of feeling better prepared and to share experiences with colleagues is well recognized. Thus, the online environment allows the creation of programs that encourage exchanges and discussions in addition to promote a social learning space. This article presents the implementation of an online training activity to support the development of preceptors skills in clinical settings with nursing students. The results of this clinical experience revealed several constraints to the involvement of nurses in this activity and enhanced the importance of an organizational partnership between the institution and the clinical environment to overcome these constraints.
- [The Citizen Accompaniment Project for Community Integration for people with traumatic brain injury: a step towards resilience?]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Rech Soins Infirm 2013 Dec; (115):107-23.
most people with a traumatic brain injury (TBI) live with physical, sensory, or psychological sequelae that affect their day-to-day functioning and prevent them from performing their regular activities.a Citizen Accompaniment for Community Integration project (APIC) was implemented for people with TBI to fulfill the lack of access to resources and gives them support to redefine their life projects.this study's aim is to evaluate the APIC's impacts on the participants' wellbeing and their ability to participate in recreational and day-to-day living activities.it uses a mixed research design of multiple case studies supported by a participative and collaborative research approach. Qualitative and quantitative datas were collected from 9 participants with TBI in 2 stages, at the beginning of the APIC after 6 months and at the end, after 12 months, using semi-structured interviews.this study shows the APIC's positive impacts in the development of the participant's autonomy and satisfaction with their social participation.it tends to reveal that the APIC is a safe space for experimentation, founded on a reciprocal relationship between accompanied and accompanier, and promoting the commitment to the resilience process.