(Renal AND Renal tubular acidosis) articles in PubMed
- Urinary Retinol-Binding Protein: Relationship to Renal Function and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Chronic Kidney Disease. [Journal Article]
- PLoS One 2016; 11(9):e0162782Plos
- The role of urinary retinol-binding protein (RBP) as a biomarker of CKD in proximal tubular diseases, glomerulopathies and in transplantation is well established. However, whether urinary RBP is also...
The role of urinary retinol-binding protein (RBP) as a biomarker of CKD in proximal tubular diseases, glomerulopathies and in transplantation is well established. However, whether urinary RBP is also a biomarker of renal damage and CKD progression in general CKD is not known. In this study, we evaluated the association of urinary RBP with renal function and cardiovascular risk factors in the baseline data of the Progredir Study, a CKD cohort in Sao Paulo, Brazil, comprising 454 participants with stages 3 and 4 CKD. In univariate analysis, urinary RBP was inversely related to estimated glomerular filtration rate (CKD-EPI eGFR) and several cardiovascular risk factors. After adjustments, however, only CKD-EPI eGFR, albuminuria, systolic blood pressure, anemia, acidosis, and left atrium diameter remained significantly related to urinary RBP. The inverse relationship of eGFR to urinary RBP (β-0.02 ± 95CI -0.02; -0.01, p<0.0001 for adjusted model) remained in all strata of albuminuria, even after adjustments: in normoalbuminuria (β-0.008 ± 95CI (-0.02; -0.001, p = 0.03), in microalbuminuria (β-0.02 ± 95CI (-0.03; -0.02, p<0,0001) and in macroalbuminuria (β-0.02 ± 95CI (-0.03; -0.01, p<0,0001). Lastly, urinary RBP was able to significantly increase the accuracy of a logistic regression model (adjusted for sex, age, SBP, diabetes and albuminuria) in diagnosing eGFR<35 ml/min/1.73m2 (AUC 0,77, 95%CI 0,72-0,81 versus AUC 0,71, 95%CI 0,65-0,75, respectively; p = 0,05). Our results suggest that urinary RBP is significantly associated to renal function in CKD in general, a finding that expands the interest in this biomarker beyond the context of proximal tubulopathies, glomerulopathies or transplantation. Urinary RBP should be further explored as a predictive marker of CKD progression.
- Anesthetic Management of a Surgical Patient with Chronic Renal Tubular Acidosis Complicated by Subclinical Hypothyroidism. [Journal Article]
- Case Rep Anesthesiol 2016; 2016:2434381CR
- A 53-year-old man with chronic renal tubular acidosis and subclinical hypothyroidism underwent lower leg amputation surgery under general anesthesia. Perioperative acid-base management in such patien...
A 53-year-old man with chronic renal tubular acidosis and subclinical hypothyroidism underwent lower leg amputation surgery under general anesthesia. Perioperative acid-base management in such patients poses many difficulties because both pathophysiologies have the potential to complicate the interpretation of capnometry and arterial blood gas analysis data; inappropriate correction of chronic metabolic acidosis may lead to postoperative respiratory deterioration. We discuss the management of perioperative acidosis in order to achieve successful weaning from mechanical ventilation and promise a complete recovery from anesthesia.
- OS 32-01 ATRIAL NATRIURETIC PEPTIDE IMPROVES URINE FLOW AT PROXIMAL TUBULES IN SEPTIC ACUTE KIDNEY INJURY. [Journal Article]
- J Hypertens 2016; 34 Suppl 1:e390JH
- CONCLUSIONS: Carperitide improved the urine flow rate in the proximal tubules that are resistant to the fluid resuscitation in rat endotoxemic model.
- Guillain Barré Syndrome, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and Acute Intermittent Porphyria - A Deadly Trio. [Journal Article]
- J Assoc Physicians India 2015; 63(11):60-3JA
- Peripheral nervous system involvement occurs in 3-18% patients of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) cases. American College of Rheumatology (ACR) includes 19 neuropsychiatric syndromes for diagnosis...
Peripheral nervous system involvement occurs in 3-18% patients of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) cases. American College of Rheumatology (ACR) includes 19 neuropsychiatric syndromes for diagnosis of SLE divided into neurological syndromes of central, peripheral and autonomic nervous systems along with the psychiatric syndromes. Sensorimotor quadriparesis in a suspected case of SLE could be due to a Guillain Barré (GBS)-like illness, mononeuritis multiplex presenting as plexopathies, an anterior spinal artery syndrome or it can present like an acute transverse myelitis or hypokalemic periodic paralysis related to Sjogren's syndrome with renal tubular acidosis. We here report a case of a fulminant quadriparesis due to a SLE flare which subsequently was also found to be a case of Acute Intermittent Porphyria.
- Autosomal dominant osteopetrosis associated with renal tubular acidosis is due to a CLCN7 mutation. [Journal Article]
- Am J Med Genet A 2016 Aug 19AJ
- The aim of this study was to identify the causative mutation in a family with an unusual presentation of autosomal dominant osteopetrosis (OPT), proximal renal tubular acidosis (RTA), renal stones, e...
The aim of this study was to identify the causative mutation in a family with an unusual presentation of autosomal dominant osteopetrosis (OPT), proximal renal tubular acidosis (RTA), renal stones, epilepsy, and blindness, a combination of features not previously reported. We undertook exome sequencing of one affected and one unaffected family member, followed by targeted analysis of known candidate genes to identify the causative mutation. This identified a missense mutation (c.643G>A; p.Gly215Arg) in the gene encoding the chloride/proton antiporter 7 (gene CLCN7, protein CLC-7), which was confirmed by amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS)-PCR, and to be present in the three available patients. CLC-7 mutations are known to cause autosomal dominant OPT type 2, also called Albers-Schonberg disease, which is characterized by osteosclerosis, predominantly of the spine, pelvis and skull base, resulting in bone fragility and fractures. Albers-Schonberg disease is not reported to be associated with RTA, but autosomal recessive OPT type 3 (OPTB3) with RTA is associated with carbonic anhydrase type 2 (CA2) mutations. No mutations were detected in CA2 or any other genes known to cause proximal RTA. Neither CLCN7 nor CA2 mutations have previously been reported to be associated with renal stones or epilepsy. Thus, we identified a CLCN7 mutation in a family with autosomal dominant osteopetrosis, RTA, renal stones, epilepsy, and blindness. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
- Spectrum of Renal and Urinary Tract Diseases in Kashmiri Children. [Journal Article]
- J Clin Diagn Res 2016; 10(6):SM01-2JC
- CONCLUSIONS: A substantial number of children are hospitalized with renal and urinary tract diseases with delayed ages of presentation, which at times have suffered irreversible renal damage that could have been prevented or treated if diagnosed earlier. Our study indicates that majority of these renal and urinary tract diseases are preventable and treatable. Henceforth, there is a need to develop a comprehensive service for the children with renal and urinary tract diseases in Jammu & Kashmir (J&K) India.
- The need for genetic study to diagnose some cases of distal renal tubular acidosis. [Journal Article]
- Nefrologia 2016 Aug 1N
- We describe the case of a young woman who was diagnosed with advanced kidney disease, with an incidental finding of nephrocalcinosis of unknown aetiology, having been found asymptomatic throughout he...
We describe the case of a young woman who was diagnosed with advanced kidney disease, with an incidental finding of nephrocalcinosis of unknown aetiology, having been found asymptomatic throughout her life. The genetic study by panels of known genes associated with tubulointerstitial disease allowed us to discover autosomal dominant distal renal tubular acidosis associated with a de novo mutation in exon 14 of the SLC4A1 gene, which would have been impossible to diagnose clinically due to the advanced nature of the kidney disease when it was discovered.
- Fanconi-Bickel syndrome in two Palestinian children: marked phenotypic variability with identical mutation. [Journal Article]
- BMC Res Notes 2016; 9:387BR
- CONCLUSIONS: This report further expands the clinical spectrum of FBS even with identical mutations. Other yet unknown genetic, environmental or stochastic factors may be responsible for phenotypic variability.
- Acidosis and Urinary Calcium Excretion: Insights from Genetic Disorders. [Journal Article]
- J Am Soc Nephrol 2016 Jul 28JA
- Metabolic acidosis is associated with increased urinary calcium excretion and related sequelae, including nephrocalcinosis and nephrolithiasis. The increased urinary calcium excretion induced by meta...
Metabolic acidosis is associated with increased urinary calcium excretion and related sequelae, including nephrocalcinosis and nephrolithiasis. The increased urinary calcium excretion induced by metabolic acidosis predominantly results from increased mobilization of calcium out of bone and inhibition of calcium transport processes within the renal tubule. The mechanisms whereby acid alters the integrity and stability of bone have been examined extensively in the published literature. Here, after briefly reviewing this literature, we consider the effects of acid on calcium transport in the renal tubule and then discuss why not all gene defects that cause renal tubular acidosis are associated with hypercalciuria and nephrocalcinosis.
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- Metabolic diagnosis and medical prevention of calcium nephrolithiasis and its systemic manifestations: a consensus statement. [Journal Article]
- J Nephrol 2016 Jul 25JN
- CONCLUSIONS: This document has addressed idiopathic calcium nephrolithiasis from the perspective of a disease that can associate with systemic disorders, emphasizing the interplay needed between urologists and nephrologists. It is complementary to the American Urological Association and European Association of Urology guidelines. Future areas for research are identified.