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- Prevalence of Burnout syndrome in health professionals of an onco-hematological pediatric hospital. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Rev Esc Enferm USP 2015 Mar-Apr; 49(2):253-258.
- Quality of life of caregivers for patients of cerebrovascular accidents: association of (socio-demographic) characteristics and burden. [Journal Article]
- Rev Esc Enferm USP 2015 Mar-Apr; 49(2):245-52.
OBJECTIVEInvestigating the association between quality of life with socio-demographic characteristics and the burden of caregivers for individuals with cerebrovascular accident sequelae.
METHODA descriptive, cross-sectional study with a sample composed of 136 caregivers. For data collection, a semi-structured questionnaire, the Barthel, Burden Interview and Short-Form-36 scales were used. Correlation analysis, t-Student test and F-test were used for the analysis in order to compare averages.
RESULTSSignificant averages in quality of life were demonstrated in association with female caregivers and those over 60 years in the field 'functional capacity,' and in the domains of 'mental health' and 'vitality' for those with higher income. Regarding burden association, the highlighted areas were 'functional capacity,' 'physical aspects,' 'emotional aspects' and 'pain.'
CONCLUSIONThe creation of public policies and social support to effectively reduce the burden on caregivers is a necessity.
- Development of the short version of the informal caregiver burden assessment questionnaire. [Journal Article]
- Rev Esc Enferm USP 2015 Mar-Apr; 49(2):236-44.
METHODThrough secondary data from previous studies, the participants were divided into two samples, one for the development of reduced version and the second for study of the factorial validity. Participants responded to QASCI, the SF 36, the ADHS and demographic questions.
RESULTSA reduced version of 14 items showed adequate psychometric properties of validity and internal consistency, adapted to a heptadimensional structure that assesses positive and negative aspects of care.
CONCLUSIONConfirmatory factor analysis revealed a good fit with the advocated theoretical model.
- Late diagnosis and vulnerabilities of the elderly living with HIV/AIDS. [Journal Article]
- Rev Esc Enferm USP 2015 Mar-Apr; 49(2):229-35.
OBJECTIVETo identify vulnerabilities of elderly people with HIV/AIDS and the trajectory that they follow until reaching the diagnosis of the disease.
METHODQualitative research conducted in specialized clinics in the state of São Paulo, from January to June 2011. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 11 elderly people who were found to be infected with the virus at the age of 60 years or older. The interviews were analyzed using content analysis.
RESULTSIn this process four categories emerged, then analyzed with reference to the theoretical framework of vulnerability.
CONCLUSIONLate diagnosis of HIV infection or AIDS among the elderly happens in the secondary or tertiary service. Issues related to sexual life of the elderly are only questioned by health professionals after the diagnosis, also the time that condom use becomes absolute. It is believed that the investigation of the vulnerability of the elderly to HIV/AIDS allows for carrying out appropriate interventions for this population.
- Usage of Calendula officinalis in the prevention and treatment of radiodermatitis: a randomized double-blind controlled clinical trial. [Journal Article]
- Rev Esc Enferm USP 2015 Mar-Apr; 49(2):221-8.
OBJECTIVETo evaluate the efficacy of Calendula officinalis in relation to Essential Fatty Acids for the prevention and treatment of radiodermatitis.
METHODThis is a randomized double-blind controlled clinical trial with 51 patients with head and neck cancer in radiotherapy treatment divided into two groups: control (27) and experimental (24).
RESULTSThere is statistically significant evidence (p-value = 0.0120) that the proportion of radiodermatitis grade 2 in Essential Fatty Acids group is higher than Calendula group. Through the Kaplan-Meier survival curve we observed that Essential Fatty Acids group has always remained below the Calendula group survival curve, due to the lower risk of developing radiodermatitis grade 1, which makes the usage of Calendula more effective, with statistical significance (p-value = 0.00402).
CONCLUSIONCalendula showed better therapeutic response than the Essential Fatty Acids in the prevention and treatment of radiodermatitis. Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials: RBR-237v4b.
- Antimicrobial activity of Eucalyptus globulus oil, xylitol and papain: a pilot study. [Journal Article]
- Rev Esc Enferm USP 2015 Mar-Apr; 49(2):216-20.
OBJECTIVETo evaluate the in vitro antimicrobial activity of the Eucalyptus globulus essential oil, and of the xylitol and papain substances against the following microorganisms: Pseudomonas aeruginosa; Samonella sp.; Staphylococus aureus; Proteus vulgaris; Escherichia coli and Candida albicans.
METHODThe in vitro antimicrobial evaluation was used by means of the agar diffusion test and evaluation of the inhibition zone diameter of the tested substances. Chlorhexidine 0.5% was used as control.
RESULTSThe Eucalyptus globulus oil showed higher inhibition than chlorhexidine when applied to Staphylococcus aureus, and equal inhibition when applied to the following microorganisms: Escherichia coli, Proteus vulgaris and Candida albicans. Papain 10% showed lower antimicrobial effect than chlorhexidine in relation to Candida albicans. Xylitol showed no inhibition of the tested microorganisms.
CONCLUSIONThe Eucalyptus globulus oil has antimicrobial activity against different microorganisms and appears to be a viable alternative as germicidal agent hence, further investigation is recommended.
- Terms of international classification for Nursing Practice in motor and physical rehabilitation. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Rev Esc Enferm USP 2015 Mar-Apr; 49(2):209-215.
- Arterial hypertension and associated factors in patients submitted to myocardial revascularization. [Journal Article]
- Rev Esc Enferm USP 2015 Mar-Apr; 49(2):201-8.
OBJECTIVETo identify the prevalence of arterial hypertension and associated factors in patients submitted to myocardial revascularization.
METHODCross-sectional study using the database of a hospital in São Paulo (SP, Brazil) containing 3010 patients with coronary artery disease submitted to myocardial revascularization. A multiple logistic regression was performed to identify variables independently associated with hypertension (statistical significance: p<0.05).
RESULTSPrevalence of hypertension was 82.8%. After the variables were adjusted, the associated factors were as follows: age, odds ratio (OR): OR=1.01; 95% confidence interval (CI): CI:1.00-1.02; female gender: (OR=1.77;CI:1.39-2.25); brown-skin race: (OR=1.53;CI:1.07-2.19); obesity: (OR=1.53;CI:1.13-2.06); diabetes: (OR=1.90;CI:1.52-2.39); dyslipidemia: (OR=1.51;CI:1.23-1.85); and creatinine>1.3: (OR=1.37;CI:1.09-1.72).
CONCLUSIONA high prevalence of arterial hypertension and association with both non-modifiable and modifiable factors was observed.
- The (un)receptive experiences of female rape victims who seek healthcare services. [Journal Article]
- Rev Esc Enferm USP 2015 Mar-Apr; 49(2):193-200.
OBJECTIVETo know the structure and functioning of healthcare services from the perspective of women who have suffered rape.
METHODA qualitative study conducted with 11 women who experienced rape, monitored in a maternity in the state of Alagoas, Brazil. Data were systematically based on content analysis.
RESULTSIt allowed for understanding the path taken by women in search of support from health services, as well as the limitations and capabilities of these services.
CONCLUSIONThe assistance received in healthcare services leans towards a revictimization process of women who already carry trauma from the rape. It is necessary to reflect about care practices aimed at sexually victimized women.
- Conferences conveying the Solvay spirit in emerging scientific fields: a remarkable boost to knowledge building (or: Do you know what Physics said to Nursing Science?). [Journal Article]
- Rev Esc Enferm USP 2015 Mar-Apr; 49(2):184-92.