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Rheumatology AND Dermatomyositis [keywords]
- Associations between TNF-α-308A/G Polymorphism and Susceptibility with Dermatomyositis: A Meta-Analysis. [Journal Article]
- PLoS One 2014; 9(8):e102841.
Some surveys had inspected the effects of the tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-308A/G polymorphism on susceptibility to dermatomyositis (DM), and showed mixed results. To briefly review these consequences, a comprehensive meta-analysis was carried out to estimate the relationship between them much more accurately.Relevant documents dated to February 2014 were acquired from the PUBMED, MEDLINE, and EMBASE databases. The number of the genotypes and/or alleles for the TNF-α-308A/G in the DM and control subjects was extracted and statistical analysis was conducted using STATA 11.2 software. Summary odds ratios (ORs) with their 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were used to calculate the risk of DM with TNF-α-308A/G. Stratified analysis based on ethnicity and control population source was also performed.555 patients with DM and 1005 controls from eight published investigations were finally involved in this meta-analysis. Combined analysis revealed that the overall ORs for the TNF-α-308A allele were 2.041 (95% CIs 1.528-2.725, P<0.0001) in DM. Stratification by ethnicity indicated the TNF-α-308A allele polymorphism was found to be significantly associated with DM in Europeans (OR = 1.977, 95% CI 1.413-2.765, P<0.0001). The only study conducted on TNF-α-308A/G polymorphism in Asians could not be used in ethnicity-stratified meta-analysis. Meta-analysis of the AA+AG vs. GG (dominant model) and AA vs. GG (additive model) of this polymorphism revealed a significant association with DM in overall populations and Europeans.Our meta-analysis demonstrated that the TNF-α-308A/G polymorphism in the TNF gene might contribute to DM susceptibility, especially in European population. However, further studies with large sample sizes and among different ethnicity populations should be required to verify the association.
- Unusual sequelae of adult-onset dermatomyositis. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- BMJ Case Rep 2014.
A 44-year-old woman diagnosed with dermatomyositis 5 years ago based on progressive proximal muscle weakness, elevated creatine kinase, typical findings on electromyography and muscle biopsy. Despite the treatment, in contrast to improvement in her muscle symptoms, the heliotrope rash of her eyelids persisted. After several years, the patient developed multiple limited skin retraction lesions with hyperpigmentation on both lower limbs. Palpation of these lesions revealed dry, cold and very firm skin on both thighs and calves, particularly in the distal areas. X-ray and ultrasound imaging of the calves showed multiple subcutaneous calcifications in the distal muscles.
- Developing a provisional, international Minimal Dataset for Juvenile Dermatomyositis: for use in clinical practice to inform research. [Journal Article]
- Pediatr Rheumatol Online J 2014.:31.
Juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM) is a rare but severe autoimmune inflammatory myositis of childhood. International collaboration is essential in order to undertake clinical trials, understand the disease and improve long-term outcome. The aim of this study was to propose from existing collaborative initiatives a preliminary minimal dataset for JDM. This will form the basis of the future development of an international consensus-approved minimum core dataset to be used both in clinical care and inform research, allowing integration of data between centres.A working group of internationally-representative JDM experts was formed to develop a provisional minimal dataset. Clinical and laboratory variables contained within current national and international collaborative databases of patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies were scrutinised. Judgements were informed by published literature and a more detailed analysis of the Juvenile Dermatomyositis Cohort Biomarker Study and Repository, UK and Ireland.A provisional minimal JDM dataset has been produced, with an associated glossary of definitions. The provisional minimal dataset will request information at time of patient diagnosis and during on-going prospective follow up. At time of patient diagnosis, information will be requested on patient demographics, diagnostic criteria and treatments given prior to diagnosis. During on-going prospective follow-up, variables will include the presence of active muscle or skin disease, major organ involvement or constitutional symptoms, investigations, treatment, physician global assessments and patient reported outcome measures.An internationally agreed minimal dataset has the potential to significantly enhance collaboration, allow effective communication between groups, provide a minimal standard of care and enable analysis of the largest possible number of JDM patients to provide a greater understanding of this disease. This preliminary dataset can now be developed into a consensus-approved minimum core dataset and tested in a wider setting with the aim of achieving international agreement.
- Osteoporosis and rheumatic diseases. [Journal Article]
- Reumatismo 2014; 66(2):125-35.
Numerous rheumatic diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, systemic lupus erythematosus, systemic sclerosis, dermatomyositis/polymyositis and vasculitis are characterized by osteoporosis and fragility fractures. Inflammatory cytokines, glucocorticoid treatment, immobilization and reduced physical activity due to painful joints and muscle weakness are considered the main risk factors that cause low body mass density values in these diseases. Emerging evidence highlights the role of inflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6, IL-7 and IL-17, in the regulation of the bone homeostasis. In fact, chronic inflammation is often characterized by an imbalance between bone formation and bone resorption with a net prevalence of osteoclastogenesis, which is an important determinant of bone loss in rheumatic diseases.
- Incidence and predictive factors for malignancies with dermatomyositis: a cohort from southern China. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Clin Exp Rheumatol 2014 Jul 28.
We aimed to explore the incidence of malignancy in dermatomyositis and assess the potential risk factors of occurrence of malignancy in DM from southern China.A retrospective cohort study of patients admitted in the 1st affiliated university hospital between 2003 and 2012 was performed. Demographic information, clinical symptoms, laboratory findings, medications were documented. The endpoint of the study was defined as occurrence of malignancy or death.For this approximately 10-year retrospective study, 60 out of 246 dermatomyositis patients developed malignancies with the overall incidence of 24.4%. Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and ovarian carcinoma were the most common malignant disease, accounting for 35% (21/60) and 15% (9/60) of malignancies, respectively. Lung and colon were followed as the third most common carcinoma (5 out of 60, 8.3%). Among these 60 patients with malignancies, 39 (65.0%, 39/60) cases occurred within 1 year after DM diagnosis. Subsequently, malignancies were detected in 13 (21.7%, 13/60) patients during the second year and 8 (13.3%, 8/60) during the third year. One patient developed cancer at the 35th month after DM as the latest. The logistic regression multivariate analysis indicated that male gender [odds ratio (OR) = 3.76, 95% confidence interval (CI ) 1.86~7.61, p<0.01], dysphagia (OR= 2.21, 95%CI 1.10~4.48, p=0.03) and elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) (OR= 2.37, 95% CI 1.18~4.75, p=0.02) were risk factors for the occurrence of malignancies, while interstitial lung disease (ILD) acted as a protective factor (OR=0.13, 95%CI 0.06~0.28, p<0.01).It was necessary to carry out routine malignancy screening for Chinese DM patients due to its high incidence. Nasopharyngeal carcinoma and ovarian cancer were the most common malignant disease. The risk of malignancy was highest in the first year after DM diagnosis and reduced thereafter. Extensive work-ups for malignancy screening should be carried out at the first year. Male gender, dysphagia and elevated ESR were risk factors for occurrence of malignancy. The presence of ILD could diminish the risk of coexisting of malignancy.
- Incidence and prevalence of inflammatory myopathies: a systematic review. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Rheumatology (Oxford) 2014 Jul 26.
. The aims of this study were to determine the incidence and prevalence of inflammatory myopathies (IMs), their epidemiological tendencies over time and their possible key determinants.. All original articles in English or French regarding the prevalence and/or incidence of IMs were searched. The methods of case ascertainment, epidemiological analysis and diagnostic criteria were systematically analysed.. Forty-six articles published between 1966 and 2013 were found in which the incidence of IMs as a whole ranged from 1.16 to 19/million/year and their prevalence ranged from 2.4 to 33.8 per 100 000 inhabitants. Methodological heterogeneities limited comparisons, although certain epidemiological tendencies were highlighted. The relative incidence of DM may follow a latitudinal gradient in the northern hemisphere that may be explained by the immunomodulatory action of ultraviolet radiation. The prevalence of sporadic inclusion body myositis (sIBM) was correlated with the frequency of HLA-DR3. Juvenile myositis onset was non-random over seasons and/or time, consistent with a role of infectious diseases, although other environmental factors may be involved. Disparities according to sex, age and geographical origin were also found. The frequency of IM increased over time, which may reflect progress in diagnostic performance, although there is still a need to increase the level of awareness with regard to these diseases, especially sIBM, as attested by its considerably delayed diagnosis.. This first systematic literature review confirms the rarity of IM and may highlight certain genetic and environmental determinants of IM. There is a need for uniformity in diagnostic and classification criteria as well as more exhaustive case ascertainment to refine IM epidemiology.
- Mortality in children with juvenile dermatomyositis: two decades of experience from a single tertiary care centre in North India. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Clin Rheumatol 2014 Jul 23.
Survival and outcomes have improved considerably among patients with juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM) in the west. However, mortality continues to be high in the developing world. There is paucity of literature on this aspect of JDM from developing countries. We reviewed case files of all patients with JDM registered in the Pediatric Rheumatology Clinic, Advanced Pediatrics Centre at the Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, during the period 1993-2013. Seventy-six children were diagnosed to have inflammatory myopathy during this period. Of these, 63 had JDM, 3 had polymyositis while 10 had an overlap syndrome. We had reported 2 deaths out of 33 (8.3 %) patients with JDM in 2004, and over the last 9 years, we have encountered five more deaths in this group, thereby accounting for a mortality rate of 11.1 % (7/63) over two decades of follow-up. In these five children now being described, the mean duration between onset of symptoms and institution of appropriate therapy was 9.2 months. Four children (80 %) had severe muscle weakness needing nasogastric tubes at the onset, three (60 %) had cutaneous ulcers and three (60 %) had superadded infections. Two children (40 %) had gastrointestinal vasculitis and one of these developed an intestinal perforation. Three patients (60 %) had progressive pulmonary disease and air leak was identified in two of them. Although the prognosis for survival in JDM has steadily improved, in our experience the disease remains a serious illness and still carries significant mortality in the context of a developing country.
- In active juvenile dermatomyositis, elevated eotaxin and MCP-1 and cholesterol levels in the upper normal range are associated with cardiac dysfunction. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Rheumatology (Oxford) 2014 Jul 4.
The aim of this study was to examine the influence of chemokines and lipids on cardiac function in patients with active and inactive JDM and matched controls.Fifty-four JDM patients were clinically examined a median 16.8 years (range 2-38) after disease onset and compared with 54 sex- and age-matched controls. Inactive disease was defined by the PRINTO criteria. Serum levels of chemokines were analysed by Luminex technology. Echocardiography was performed and analysed blinded to patient information. Long-axis strain and e' were used as parameters of systolic and diastolic function, respectively.In patients, but not in controls, eotaxin and monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) correlated with systolic (r = -0.65 and r = -0.45) and diastolic (r = -0.59 and r = -0.65) function, particularly in those with active disease (systolic function, r = -0.74 and r = -0.60; diastolic function, r = -0.69 and r = -0.80). Total cholesterol level was lower in patients than controls [mean 4.19 mmol/l (s.d. 0.82) vs 4.60 (0.87), P ≤ 0.01]. However, total cholesterol levels in the upper normal range were associated with systolic (r = -0.56, P < 0.01) and diastolic (r = -0.64, P < 0.001) dysfunction and with high eotaxin and MCP-1 (r = 0.56 and r = 0.50, P < 0.01) in patients with active disease, but not in those with inactive disease or in controls (all r < ±0.2).In the active disease state of JDM, eotaxin and MCP-1 were associated with cardiac dysfunction, possibly through sustained inflammation. In those with active disease and cholesterol levels in the upper normal range, eotaxin and MCP-1 might enhance susceptibility to cardiac dysfunction.
- A Subcutaneous Panniculitis-like T-cell Lymphoma Mimicking Dermatomyositis. [Journal Article]
- Intern Med 2014; 53(13):1455.
- Clinical and laboratory features of overlap syndromes of idiopathic inflammatory myopathies associated with systemic lupus erythematosus, systemic sclerosis, or rheumatoid arthritis. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Clin Rheumatol 2014 Jul 4.
Because overlap syndromes (OSs) are rarely described, we analyzed retrospectively their frequencies and correlations in Brazilian series of 31 patients with dermatomyositis (DM)/polymyositis (PM) associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), systemic sclerosis (SSc), or rheumatoid arthritis (RA) attended at a referral single center. Myositis-specific autoantibodies (MSAs: anti-Jo-1, anti-PL-7, anti-PL-12, anti-EJ, anti-OJ, anti-SRP, anti-Mi-2) and myositis-associated autoantibodies (MAAs: anti-PM-Scl75, anti-PM-Scl100, anti-Ku) as well as specific autoantibodies related to SLE, SSc, and RA were investigated. The mean age of the OS patients (9 DM and 22 PM) was 44.6 ± 15.4 years, with a predominance of women (83.9 %) and white ethnicity (58.1 %). PM was the most frequent inflammatory myopathy, and the clinical presentation of DM/PM was significantly different among the OS groups. Overlap was found with SSc (48.4 %), SLE (29.0 %), and RA (22.6 %). The clinical manifestations of DM/PM were identified simultaneously with SSc and RA in the majority of cases, in contrast to identification in the SLE group (p < 0.05). All patients were positive for antinuclear antibodies, and the prevalence of MSA and MAA was 38.8 % in all OS groups, mutually exclusive, and more frequent in the SSc group. Comparing the clinical and laboratory features, there was a higher frequency of vascular (skin ulcers, Raynaud's phenomenon) and pulmonary (interstitial lung disease) involvement in the SSc group (p < 0.05). Moreover, there were no differences among the groups in relation to disease relapse and deaths. Concluding, this is the first study to show the different characteristics of a series of patients with connective tissue disease (CTD)-OS in the heterogeneous Brazilian population.