Soz Praventivmed [keywords]
- Time trends in cancer mortality in central Serbia. [Comparative Study, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't]
- Soz Praventivmed 2006; 51(2):117-22.
To examine cancer mortality trends in Central Serbia (1985-2002).Cancer mortality rates were based on the official death certificates (n=192849). They were standardized for age and sex.In the observed period, mortality rates showed a tendency to increase in both males (y = 118.54 + 2.27x, p = 0.0001) and females (y = 83.32 + 1.02x, p = 0.0001). Mortality of lung cancer increased in both sexes (y = 32.38 + 0.86x, p < 0.001 for males, y = 6.25 + 0.25y, p < 0.001 for females), as did colorectal cancer (y = 10.87 + 033x, p < 0.001 for males, y = 8.51 + 0.09x, p < 0.05 for females). Breast cancer mortality rates increased (y = 14.48 + 0.35x, p = 0.0001), and so did cervical cancer (y = 5.14 + 0.14x, p < 0.01). Mortality of gastric cancer in males has been moderately decreasing after 1990s (y(19902002) = 13.67-0.20x, p < 0.01), while prostate cancer mortality remained relatively stable.Increasing cancer mortality trends in the last 18 years in Central Serbia indicate the extremely urgent needs for health authorities to adopt measures of cancer prevention that proved effective in other countries.
- Findings from the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) in Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia--smoking initiation, prevalence of tobacco use and cessation. [Comparative Study, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't]
- Soz Praventivmed 2006; 51(2):110-6.
To show selected findings from the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) conducted in Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia.Representative sample of 16918 school children aged 13-15 years; data were obtained through uniform questionnaires. The fieldwork was conducted in 2002 and 2003.Age at initiation of smoking was particularly earlier in Czech Republic, Poland, and Slovakia than in Hungary. Over one third of the students reported current cigarette smoking in Czech Republic (34.9%) and Hungary (33.5%) compared to about one-fourth in Slovakia (24.3%) and Poland (23.3%). Among current smokers, about two thirds in Slovakia (64.0%) desired to stop smoking, while only one third in Hungary (36.7%). The prevalence of current cigarette smoking was similar between genders.Smoking prevalence in these countries is considerably higher than worldwide data. Women's smoking could be an important public health problem in the future. Repeated surveys could show trends and give a clearer picture of the epidemiological situation.
- Reference values for serum lipids and lipoproteins in Spanish adolescents: the AVENA study. [Comparative Study, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't]
- Soz Praventivmed 2006; 51(2):99-109.
To provide current reference values for serum lipid and lipoprotein levels in Spanish adolescents according to age and sex.A cross sectional study conducted in five representative Spanish cities (Granada, Madrid, Murcia, Santander and Zaragoza) including a representative sample of 581 adolescents (299 male and 282 female), aged 13 to 18.5 years. Age- and sex-specific means, standard deviations and percentiles were determined for: Total (TC), high density lipoprotein (HDLc) and low density lipoprotein (LDLc) cholesterol, triglycerides, apolipoprotein A-1 and B-100, and lipoprotein(a).The 90th percentile for TC was 4.95 mmol/L for males and 5.19 mmol/L for females. HDLc levels were significantly higher in females of all age groups. LDLc levels ranged from 2.32 to 2.54 mmol/L in males and from 2.38 to 2.62 mmol/L in females, peaking at 13 years of age in both sexes. Triglyceride levels tended to increase gradually and to peak at 17 years of age for both sexes. Apolipoprotein A-1 and B-100 levels paralleled those of HDLc and LDLc values, respectively. The geometric mean for lipoprotein(a) levels ranged from 0.44 to 0.57 micromol/L in males and from 0.50 to 0.67 pmol/L in females.The present study provides reference data on the distribution of lipid and lipoprotein levels of Spanish adolescents.
- Tobacco use among youth and related characteristics, Turkey. [Comparative Study, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't]
- Soz Praventivmed 2006; 51(2):91-8.
To provide nationally representative data on smoking prevalence of Turkish adolescents; to examine their knowledge, attitude and exposure to tobacco.A school-based representative survey of adolescents (13-15 years) was conducted within the frame of Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS). 15957 students were selected using a two-stage cluster sampling method and completed an internationally standardized questionnaire on tobacco use and related factors.About one-third of students had already experienced smoking and 10% were current smokers. Rate of exposure to passive smoking was high both in current smokers (89.0%) and never smokers (79.2%). More than one-third of current smokers had intended to quit. Susceptibility to initiate smoking was fairly high among never smokers, especially in boys (9.1% versus 5.8%). Considerable proportions of both never, and current smokers had positive attitude toward tobacco use. Half of the students had no school curriculum about the effects of tobacco use.Smoking prevalence among Turkish adolescents is alarmingly high and the gender gap is closing. A relevant legislation is a must for success in tobacco control but should be combined by other effective prevention and cessation programs.
- Adolescents' education and their diet recorded by 7-day food records. [Comparative Study, Evaluation Studies, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't]
- Soz Praventivmed 2006; 51(2):80-90.
To investigate associations between dietary habits and socio-economic status in adolescents (Ghent, Belgium).A random sample of 341 adolescents (13-18 years) participated in a dietary survey using a 7-day dietary record. Respondents' educational training (general/vocational) and parental education were used as indicators of socio-economic status.In girls, the prevalence of overweight is higher when following vocational training or having a low parental education; the energy and micronutrient intake was higher in respondents with a general training and in those with a high parental education. Girls following a general training have significantly higher intake of fruit, vegetables, breakfast cereals, cheese and milk & milk products, while their intake was significantly lower for soft drinks. Girls with a high parental education have a higher intake of cake, biscuits, milk & milk products. In boys, small differences in micronutrient and food intake were found between different educational levels. In both sexes, the diet of general trained adolescents was more diversified.The results demonstrate trends which highlight the need for continued efforts to improve the adolescents' diet, particularly in lower social groups.
- Towards the end of the Spanish paradox? [Comparative Study, Editorial]
- Soz Praventivmed 2006; 51(2):79.
- Adolescent health in Europe: let's think in terms of context and resources. [Comparative Study, Editorial]
- Soz Praventivmed 2006; 51(2):77-8.
- Health risks in adolescents in Europe. [Comparative Study, Editorial]
- Soz Praventivmed 2006; 51(2):75-6.
- The WHO report "Preventing chronic diseases: a vital investment" and us. [Editorial]
- Soz Praventivmed 2006; 51(2):74.
- 50 (or 106?) years Sozial- und Präventivmedizin (Social and Preventive Medicine). [Comparative Study, Editorial, Historical Article, Portraits]
- Soz Praventivmed 2006; 51(2):69-73.