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- A novel approach to the treatment of diabetic foot abscesses - a case series. [Journal Article]
- J Wound Care 2014 Aug; 23(8):394-9.
Diabetic foot abscesses are an occasional complication of diabetic foot infections usually involving osteomyelitis and significant soft tissue injury. The standard of care for diabetic foot abscesses is the performance of immediate surgical drainage and debridement. However, this therapeutic mode involves more often than not, some extent of minor amputation and bony loss. With the advent of new therapeutic techniques it may be possible to treat diabetic foot abscesses conservatively.To explore adjunct therapies in the treatment of diabetic foot abscesses in order to avoid extensive surgery, amputation and tissue loss whilst maintaining limb integrity.Between January 2011 and June 2012, six patients with a diabetic foot abscess and osteomyelitis presented at our diabetic foot clinic. They were treated with topical oxygen and the abscesses were drained using PolyMem® Wic® Silver Rope (PWSR). All patients experienced full recovery and remained disease free during a follow up period of 4-21 months.Amputation and the removal of infected bone had once been considered the sole treatment for diabetic foot osteomyelitis. Multiple case series and accumulation of clinical experience has shown otherwise, and nowadays medical management of osteomyelitis is the preferred treatment in select patients. In our study, we present a case series of patients suffering from diabetic foot abscesses treated non-surgically. Hopefully this series will lay the foundation for further data demonstrating the feasibility of a conservative approach for diabetic foot abscesses, which may overcome the infection without requiring amputation.There were no external sources of funding for this study. YK received a travel grant from Ferris Mfg. Corporation for presentation of this work at the EWMA 2012 conference.
- Changes in Breastfeeding Among WIC Participants Following Implementation of the New Food Package. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Matern Child Health J 2014 Aug 6.
In December of 2007, the Federal Register published an Interim Rule establishing revised food packages for participants in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) that was implemented by states in 2009. We analyze changes in breastfeeding among WIC participants from the period before to period after implementation of the new food package We used linear regression to analyze data from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) in 19 states from 2004 to 2010, the Pediatric Nutrition Surveillance System (PedNSS) in 16 states monthly from January 2007 to October 2010 and the National Immunization Survey (NIS) from all 50 states and the District of Columbia from 2004 to 2010 for evidence of an association between time-series patterns of breastfeeding among women or children who participated in WIC and changes in the new food package. Data from all three sources evidenced steady upward trends in ever breastfed infants on WIC during the study period. In neither PRAMS nor the NIS were trends in breastfeeding after implementation of the new food package statistically different from trends in breastfeeding among low-income women not on WIC. We also uncovered no break in monthly breastfeeding rates by birth cohort associated with new food package in the PedNSS. Rates of ever breastfed children are rising nationally but the increase is not associated with changes in WIC's new food package as evidenced in national and state surveys of postpartum women.
- Telephone Peer Counseling of Breastfeeding Among WIC Participants: A Randomized Controlled Trial. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Pediatrics 2014 Aug 4.
The US Surgeon General has recommended that peer counseling to support breastfeeding become a core service of the Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). As of 2008, 50% of WIC clients received services from local WIC agencies that offered peer counseling. Little is known about the effectiveness of these peer counseling programs. Randomized controlled trials of peer counseling interventions among low-income women in the United States showed increases in breastfeeding initiation and duration, but it is doubtful that the level of support provided could be scaled up to service WIC participants nationally. We tested whether a telephone peer counseling program among WIC participants could increase breastfeeding initiation, duration, and exclusivity.We randomly assigned 1948 WIC clients recruited during pregnancy who intended to breastfeed or were considering breastfeeding to 3 study arms: no peer counseling, 4 telephone contacts, or 8 telephone contacts.We combined 2 treatment arms because there was no difference in the distribution of peer contacts. Nonexclusive breastfeeding duration was greater at 3 months postpartum for all women in the treatment group (adjusted relative risk: 1.22; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.10-1.34) but greater at 6 months for Spanish-speaking clients only (adjusted relative risk: 1.29; 95% CI: 1.10-1.51). The likelihood of exclusive breastfeeding cessation was less among Spanish-speaking clients (adjusted odds ratio: 0.78; 95% CI: 0.68-0.89).A telephone peer counseling program achieved gains in nonexclusive breastfeeding but modest improvements in exclusive breastfeeding were limited to Spanish- speaking women.
- Associations Between Preterm Birth, Low Birth Weight, and Postpartum Health in a Predominantly Hispanic WIC Population. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Nutr Educ Behav 2014 Aug 1.
To describe the postpartum health of predominantly Hispanic participants in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) and identify how health characteristics differ between mothers who delivered preterm or low birth weight infants and those who did not.Cross-sectional survey among postpartum WIC mothers.Los Angeles and Orange Counties, CA.WIC participants within 1 year of delivery (n = 1,420).Postpartum health behaviors, health characteristics, and birth spacing intentions and behaviors.Frequencies of health characteristics were estimated using analyses with sample weights. Differences were assessed with chi-square and Fisher exact tests with Bonferroni correction for pairs of tests.Many women exhibited postpartum risk factors for future adverse health events, including overweight or obesity (62.3%), depressive symptoms (27.5%), and no folic acid supplementation (65.5%). Most characteristics did not differ significantly (P > .025) between mothers of preterm infants and full-term infants or between mothers of low birth weight and normal birth weight infants.Despite few differences between postpartum characteristics of mothers who delivered preterm or low birth weight infants and those who did not, a high percentage of mothers had risk factors that need to be addressed. Current postpartum educational activities of WIC programs should be evaluated and shared.
- Evaluating Universal Education and Screening for Postpartum Depression Using Population-Based Data. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Womens Health (Larchmt) 2014 Jul 29.
Abstract Background: In 2006, New Jersey was the first state to mandate prenatal education and screening at hospital delivery for postpartum depression. We sought to evaluate provision of prenatal education and screening at delivery, estimate the prevalence of postpartum depressive symptoms, and identify venues where additional screening and education could occur. Methods: For women who delivered live infants during 2009 and 2010 in New Jersey, data on Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale scores assessed at hospital delivery and recorded on birth records were linked to survey data from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS), a population-based survey of mothers completed 2-8 months postpartum (n=2,391). The PRAMS survey assesses postpartum depressive symptoms and whether the woman's prenatal care provider discussed the signs and symptoms of perinatal depression with her, used as a proxy for prenatal education on depression. Results: Two-thirds (67.0%) of women reported that a prenatal care provider discussed depression with them and 89.6% were screened for depression at hospital delivery. Among the 13% of women with depressive symptoms at hospital delivery or later in the postpartum period, over a third were Women, Infants, and Children program (WIC) participants, 13% to 32% had an infant in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), over 80% attended the maternal postpartum check-up, and over 88% of their infants attended ≥1 well baby visits. Conclusions: Prenatal education and screening for depression at hospital delivery is feasible and results in the majority of women being educated and screened. However, missed opportunities for education and screening exist. More information is needed on how to utilize WIC, NICU, and well baby and postpartum encounters to ensure effective education, accurate diagnosis, and treatment for depressed mothers.
- Assessment of women, infants and children providers' perceptions of oral health counseling and availability of associated resources. [Journal Article]
- J Dent Hyg 2014.:31-9.
Children from low-income families and ethnic minority groups are associated with an increased risk of developing dental disease and are often enrolled in the Women, Infants and Children (WIC) nutritional program. It has been an intention of the Michigan Department of Community Health (MDCH) Oral Health Program (OHP) to collaborate with WIC to provide preventive oral health resources and education to their population. This project focused on achieving the goals outlined in the Michigan 2010 State Oral Health Plan.An 18 question survey was designed to identify gaps existing in oral health counseling in Michigan WIC agencies. The survey was disseminated to 56 MI WIC agencies.WIC providers perceive oral health risk assessment to be important and are asking oral health questions during certification and re-certification appointments. Seventy-nine percent of participants indicated they never had training in oral health counseling, and 79% are interested in learning more about oral health. Agencies are interested in obtaining oral health education resources for their clients.The 2010 State Oral Health Plan's goals recognized the need for oral health related resources and education within community-based programs like WIC. The results of the survey support the need for additional oral health counseling and associated resources in WIC agencies. This information will be used to help the MDCH OHP find ways to address these gaps.