Download the Free Unbound MEDLINE PubMed App to your smartphone or tablet.
Available for iPhone, iPad, iPod touch, and Android.
albumin human [keywords]
- Influence of Glucuronidation and Reduction Modifications of Resveratrol on its Biological Activities. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Chembiochem 2013 May 23.
Resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxystilbene, RES), a star among dietary polyphenols, shows a wide range of biological activities, but it is rapidly and extensively metabolized into its glucuronide and sulfate conjugates as well as to the corresponding reduced products. This begs the question of whether the metabolites of RES contribute to its in vivo biological activity. To explore this possibility, we synthesized its glucuronidation (3-GR and 4'-GR) and reduction (DHR) metabolites, and evaluated the effect of these structure modifications on biological activities, including binding ability with human serum albumin (HSA), antioxidant activity in homogeneous solutions and heterogeneous media, anti-inflammatory activity, and cytotoxicity against various cancer cell lines. We found that 1) 4'-GR, DHR and RES show nearly equal binding to HSA, mainly through hydrogen bonding, whereas 3-GR adopts a quite different orientation mode upon binding, thereby resulting in reduced ability; 2) 3-GR shows comparable (even equal) ability to RES in FRAP- and AAPH-induced DNA strand breakage assays; DHR, 3-GR, and 4'-GR exhibit anti-hemolysis activity comparable to that of RES; additionally, 3-GR and DHR retain some degree activity of the parent molecule in DPPH(.) -scavenging and cupric ion-initiated oxidation of LDL assays, respectively; 3) compared to RES, 4'-GR displays equipotent ability in the inhibition of COX-2, and DHR presents comparable activity in inhibiting NO production and growth of SMMC-7721 cells. Relative to RES, its glucuronidation and reduction metabolites showed equal, comparable, or some degree of activity in the above assays, depending on the specific compound and test model, which probably supports their roles in contributing to the in vivo biological activities of the parent molecule.
- Structural Alterations of Human Serum Albumin Caused by Glycative and Oxidative Stressors Revealed by Circular Dichroism Analysis. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Int J Mol Sci 2013; 14(6):10694-10709.
The aim of this work was to evaluate the ability of oxidative and glycative stressors to modify properties of human serum albumin (HSA) by analyzing markers of glycation (pentosidine) and oxidation (advanced oxidative protein products (AOPPs)) and assessing fluorescence and circular dichroism. HSA was incubated for up to 21 days with ribose, ascorbic acid (AA) and diethylenetriamine pentacetate (DTPA) in various combinations in order to evaluate influences of these substances on the structure of HSA. Ribose was included as a strong glycative molecule, AA as a modulator of oxidative stress, and DTPA as an inhibitor of metal-catalyzed oxidation. Ribose induced a significant increase in pentosidine levels. AA and DTPA prevented the accumulation of pentosidine, especially at later time points. Ribose induced a mild increase in AOPP formation, while AA was a strong inducer of AOPP formation. Ribose, in combination with AA, further increased the formation of AOPP. DTPA prevented the AA-induced generation of AOPP. Ribose was also a potent inducer of fluorescence at 335nm ex/385nm em, which is typical of pentosidine. AA and DTPA prevented this fluorescence. Circular dichroism showed complex results, in which AA and DTPA were strong modifiers of the percentages of the alpha-helical structure of HSA, while ribose affected the structure of HSA only at later time points.
- Impact of Heat Treatment on Miscibility of Proteins and Disaccharides in Frozen Solutions. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Eur J Pharm Biopharm 2013 May 18.
The purpose of this study was to elucidate the effect of heat treatment (annealing) on the miscibility of concentrated protein and disaccharide mixtures in the freezing segment of lyophilization. Frozen solutions containing a protein (e.g., recombinant human albumin, chicken egg lysozyme, bovine plasma immunoglobulin G, or a humanized IgG1k monoclonal antibody) and a non-reducing disaccharide (e.g., sucrose or trehalose) showed single thermal transitions of the solute mixtures (glass transition temperature of maximally freeze-concentrated solutes: Tg') in their first heating scans. Heat treatment (e.g., -5°C, 30 min) of some disaccharide-rich mixture frozen solutions at temperatures far above their Tg' induced two-step Tg' transitions in the subsequent scans, suggesting the separation of the solutes into concentrated protein-disaccharide mixture phase and disaccharide phase. Other frozen solutions showed a single transition of the concentrated solute mixture both before and after heat treatment. The apparent effects of the heat treatment temperature and time on the changes in thermal properties suggest molecular re-ordering of the concentrated solutes from a kinetically fixed mixture state to a more thermodynamically favorable state as a result of increased mobility. The implications of these phenomena on the quality of protein formulations are discussed.
- Why mammals more susceptible to the hepatotoxic microcystins than fish: evidences from plasma and albumin protein binding through equilibrium dialysis. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Ecotoxicology 2013 May 23.
To elucidate the interspecies variation of susceptibility to microcystins (MCs), fresh plasma and purified albumin from six kinds of mammals and fish were used in toxins-substances binding test. Protein contents in the test plasma were analyzed and the binding characteristics to MCs were compared. Two kinds of widely observed MCs, microcystin-LR (MC-LR) and microcystin-RR (MC-RR) were tested and data were collected through the method of equilibrium dialysis. It was found that total plasma protein and albumin content in mammals were nearly two times and four times higher than that in fish, respectively. In the test range of 0-100 μg/mL, binding rates of fish plasma to MCs were considered significant lower (p < 0.01) than that of mammals. And human plasma demonstrated the highest binding rate in mammals. In all the test species, plasma protein binding rates of MC-RR were significantly higher than MC-LR (p < 0.01). Besides, binding profiles of albumin were acquired under the protein content of 0.67 mg/mL. Human serum albumin demonstrated the highest affinity to MCs throughout the six species and differences among the other five species were considered not significant (p > 0.05). From the view of protein binding, it is concluded that both the variation of plasma protein composition and albumin binding characteristic could influence the existing form of MCs in circulation, change MCs utilization, alter MCs half-life and further contribute to the difference of susceptibility between mammals and fish.
- Anionic calixarene-capped silver nanoparticles show species-dependent binding to serum albumins. [Journal Article]
- Molecules 2013; 18(5):5993-6007.
The anionic calixarenes para-sulphonatocalixarene and 1,3-di-Ophosphonatocalix[ 4]arene, have been used to cap silver nanoparticles. The binding of these functional particles with regard to various serum albumins (bovine serum albumin, human serum albumin, porcine serum albumin and sheep serum albumin) has been studied by variable temperature fluorescence spectroscopy. The quenching of the fluorescence of the proteins was shown to vary as a function of the anionic calixarene capping molecule and also as a function of the origin of the serum albumin. It is thus possible to discriminate between the different species.
- Molecularly imprinted polydopamine nano-layer on the pore surface of porous particles for protein capture in HPLC column. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Colloid Interface Sci 2013 Apr 30.
Bio-inspired Human Serum Albumin (HSA) imprinted polydopamine nano-layer was produced through oxidative polymerization of dopamine on the pore surface of HSA modified porous silica particles. The coating thickness was controlled by the reaction time and thereby varied within 0-12nm. The samples were characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR, DSC, SEM, TEM, TGA, physisorption and thermoporometry. The characterization confirmed the success of evolution and deposition of polydopamine layer on the silica pore surface. Batch rebinding experiment showed that the molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) with 8.7nm coating thickness, in comparison with the thinner and thicker coatings, displays the highest uptake of the target protein. The chromatographic evaluation of the materials packed in HPLC columns showed that the HSA imprinted polydopamine offers good mechanical stability and retains practically all the target protein from an HSA solution or human plasma. Affinity of the imprinting column was examined by using Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) and Immunoglobulin G (IgG) as competitive proteins. The results showed that the template, HSA, was the most adsorbed protein by the imprinted polydopamine layer.
- [The scintigraphic 99mTc-MAA imaging quantification of the right-to-left shunt in a patients with multiple pulmonary arteriovenous malformation and familial teleangiectasis]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Vnitr Lek 2008 Feb; 54(2):206-9.
To present a case report about 57-years-old woman with hypoxemia, multiple pulmonary arteriovenous (AV) malformations and lips teleangiectasis where the right-to-left shunt quantification was assessed by means of whole body scintigraphy with 9mTc-labelled human macro-aggregated albumin (MAA).A 57-years-old woman underwent X-ray and bolus enhanced lung CT for dyspnoea, hypoxemia and cyanosis. A multiple intrapulmonary arteriovenous malformations were detected. The whole-body 99mTc-MAA scintigraphy for the right-to-left shunt quantification was performed. The whole-body scintigraphy in anterior and posterior view was started after intravenous application of 185 MBq 99mTc-MAA. The double-head gamma camera Infinia (General Electric Medical Systems--GE MS) with infrared body countouring and the large field of view was used. The Gamma camera was fitted with low-energy, high resolution, parallel-hole collimator. Images were evaluated by processing system Xeleris (GE MS).The whole-body 99mTc-MAA scintigraphy revealed significant R-L shunt and uptake of radiotracer in extrapulmonary organs (brain, kidney, spleen). The right-to-left shunt ratio was 36%. The woman underwent successful percutaneous transcatheter microembolization treatment. After treatment the woman underwent the next 99mTc-MAA whole-body scintigraphy and the R-L shunt ratio decreased to 17%.The 99mTc-MAA whole-body scintigraphy assessed the right-to-left shunt ratio and improved the management of patients with multiple intrapulmonary A-V malformations. The next 99mTc-MAA scintigraphy after the percutaneous transcatheter microembolization of multiple intrapulmonary A-V malformations confirmed success of treatment.
- Pediatric Left Renal Vein Entrapment Syndrome Diagnosed by Tc-Albumin-Conjugate Scintigraphy. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Nephron Clin Pract 2013 May 8; 122(3-4):122-126.
Background/Aims:Procedures for diagnosis of left renal vein entrapment syndrome (LRVES) in children have been either invasive or limited in accuracy. We examined scintigraphy with (99m)Tc-diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid-conjugated human serum albumin ((99m)Tc-HSA-D) scintigraphy in childhood LRVES, demonstrating selective left renal nuclides excretion. We also measured peak velocity using pulse Doppler ultrasonography, calculating pressure differences between inferior vena cava and left renal vein using a simplified Bernoulli equation.
Methods:Thirteen patients provisionally diagnosed with LRVES by ultrasonography combined with other imaging such as magnetic resonance angiography and three-dimensional computer tomography (CT) were examined.
Results:Four children showing repeated gross hematuria all showed pressure differences exceeding 3.0 mm Hg. Selective left renal albumin excretion was demonstrated by (99m)Tc-HSA-D scintigraphy. Single-photon emission CT also showed accumulation in a site consistent with the left renal pelvis. Among 9 children manifesting mainly orthostatic proteinuria, selective left renal albumin excretion examined by (99m)Tc-HSA-D scintigraphy was demonstrated only in those with proteinuria exceeding 1 g/g Cr after standing in a lordotic position. Pressure differences in patients with orthostatic proteinuria were unrelated to proteinuria severity.
Conclusions:Combining pulse Doppler ultrasonography with (99m)Tc-HSA-D scintigraphy, both noninvasive and safe in children, may suffice for diagnosis of LRVES, especially with gross hematuria.
- Potential roles of adenosine deaminase-2 in diabetic retinopathy. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2013 May 16.
The early activation of microglia that induces retinal inflammation in DR may serve as a target for therapeutic intervention of DR. Our demonstration that retinal inflammation is attenuated via adenosine receptor A2AAR supports the hypothesis that a mechanism to maintain extracellular concentrations of adenosine important in normal physiology is impaired in DR. Extracellular concentrations of adenosine are regulated by the interplay of equiliberative nucleoside transporter (ENT)s with enzymes of adenosine metabolism including adenosine deaminase-1 (ADA1), adenosine kinase (AK) and CD73. In the vertebrates but not rodents, a macrophage-associated ADA2 is identified. The role of ADA2 is, therefore, understudied as the sequencing probes or antibodies to mouse ADA2 are not available. We identified increased ADA2 expression and activity in human and porcine retinas with diabetes, and in Amadori glycated albumin (AGA)- or hyperglycemia-treated porcine and human microglia. In rodent as well as porcine cells, modulation of TNF-α release is mediated by A2AAR. Quantitative analysis of normal and diabetic porcine retinas reveals that while the expression levels of ADA2, A2AAR, ENT1, TNF-α and MMP9 are increased, the levels of AK are reduced during inflammation as an endogenous protective mechanism. To determine the role of ADA2, we found that AGA induces ADA2 expression, ADA2 activity and TNF-α release, and that TNF-α release is blocked by ADA2-neutralizing antibody or ADA2 siRNA, but not by scrambled siRNA. These results suggest that retinal inflammation in DR is mediated by ADA2, and that the anti-inflammatory activity of A2AAR signaling is impaired in diabetes due to increased ADA2 activity.