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benign paroxysmal peritonitis [keywords]
- Do neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin and interleukin-18 predict renal dysfunction in patients with familial Mediterranean fever and amyloidosis? [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Ren Fail 2013 Dec 9.
Abstract Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and interleukin-18 (IL-18) predict renal disfunction in patients with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF). Methods: This prospective study consisted of 102 patients with FMF in attack-free period, and 40 matched healthy controls. Of the patients, nine were diagnosed as amyloidosis. The patients were divided into two groups according to eGFR as below 120 mL per minute and above 120 mL per minute. Also, patients were divided into three groups according to the degree of urinary albumin excretion as normoalbuminuric, microalbuminuric, and macroalbuminuric. The serum levels of IL-18 (sIL-18) and NGAL (sNGAL), and urinary levels of IL-18 (uIL-18) and NGAL (uNGAL) were measured by using ELISA kits. Results: The levels of sIL-18, sNGAL, uIL-18, and uNGAL were detected significantly higher in FMF patients, particularly in patients with amyloidosis, when compared to controls. sNGAL, uIL-18, and uNGAL were significantly higher in patients with eGFR < 120 mL per minute than in patients with eGFR ≥ 120 mL per minute. sNGAL, uIL-18, and uNGAL were correlated significantly with urinary albumin excretion, additionally, were inverse correlated with eGFR. The most remarkable findings of this study are of the higher values of sIL-18, sNGAL, uIL-18, and uNGAL in both normoalbuminuric FMF patients and patients with eGFR ≥ 120 mL per minute. Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that sIL-18, uIL-18, sNGAL, and uNGAL are reliable markers of early renal disfunction in FMF patients, and may let us take measures from the early stage of renal involvement.
- Defect of suppression of inflammasome-independent interleukin-8 secretion from SW982 synovial sarcoma cells by familial Mediterranean fever-derived pyrin mutations. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Mol Biol Rep 2013 Dec 7.
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a recessive inherited autoinflammatory syndrome. Patients with FMF have symptoms such as recurrent fever and abdominal pain, sometimes accompanied by arthralgia. Biopsy specimens have revealed substantial neutrophil infiltration into synovia. FMF patients have a mutation in the Mediterranean fever gene, encoding pyrin, which is known to regulate the inflammasome, a platform for processing interleukin (IL)-1β. FMF patients heterozygous for E148Q mutation, heterozygous for M694I mutation, or combined heterozygous for E148Q and M694I mutations, which were found to be major mutations in an FMF study group in Japan, suffer from arthritis, the severity of which is likely to be lower than in FMF patients with M694V mutations. Expression plasmids of wild-type (WT) pyrin and mutated pyrin, such as E148Q, M694I, M694V, and E148Q+M694I, were constructed, and SW982 synovial sarcoma cells were transfected with these expression plasmids. IL-8 and IL-6 were spontaneously secreted from the culture supernatant of SW982 cells without any stimulation, whereas IL-1β and TNF-α could not be detected even when stimulated with lipopolysaccharide. Notably, two inflammasome components, ASC and caspase-1, could not be detected in SW982 cells by Western blotting. IL-8 but not IL-6 secretion from SW982 cells was largely suppressed by WT pyrin, but less suppressed by mutated pyrin, which appeared to become weaker in the order of E148Q, M694I, E148Q+M694I, and M694V mutations. As for IL-8 and IL-6, similar results were obtained using stable THP-1 cells expressing the WT pyrin or mutated pyrins, such as M694V or E148Q, when stimulated by LPS. In addition, IL-8 secretion from mononuclear cells of FMF patients was significantly higher than that of healthy volunteers when incubated on a culture plate. Thus, our results suggest that IL-8 secretion from SW982 synovial sarcoma cells suppressed by pyrin independently of inflammasome is affected by pyrin mutations, which may reflect the activity in FMF arthritis.
- Long-term outcome of renal transplantation in patients with familial mediterranean Fever amyloidosis: a single-center experience. [Journal Article]
- Transplant Proc 2013 Dec; 45(10):3502-4.
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autosomal-recessive disorder, affecting multiple organs. The AA type of amyloidosis is most common and serious complication cause nephropathy and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Renal transplantation (RTX) remains treatment of choice for ESRD. We aimed to investigate long-term results of RTX in patients with FMF amyloidosis.We compared the outcomes of 18 patients (12 men and 6 women) with FMF amyloidosis among 601 (2.9%) transplants with 200 control patients. Demographic data and gene analysis were evaluated.In our study the 1-year graft and patient survivals were 94.44% and 100%, respectively. At 5 years after RTX, they were 94.73% and 88.88%, respectively, in the FMF group without difference from controls. Mean creatinine level at 1 and 5 years were 1.43 ± 0.54 and 1.73 ± 0.89, respectively. The results of MEFV mutation analyses were: M694V/M694V homozygote in 1 patient, M694V/EQ148 in 3, M694V/V726A in 2, 680M-I/E148Q in 3, M694V/M680I in 5, R202Q/M680I in 2, and M694V/R202Q in 2. Recurrence was noticed in 1 patient with M694V/M680I. One patient died because of graft loss and cardiac complications with M694V/M680I gene analysis. Colchicine was reduced in 4 patients owing to side effects.Long-term outcomes of transplantation in patients with amyloidosis secondary to FMF is similar to that in the general transplant population and maintenance colchicine, even after decreasing its dose, effectively prevents recurrence of amyloidosis in the allograft.
- Thyroid autoimmunity in patients with Familial Mediterranean Fever: preliminary results. [Journal Article]
- Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2013 Nov; 17(22):3024-30.
We investigated whether there was a significant increase in thyroid autoimmunity in patients with Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF).In total, 220 patients, consisting of 42 with FMF, 75 with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and 103 healthy controls, were enrolled. Serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), free triiodothyronine (fT3), free thyroxine (fT4), and thyroid autoantibodies (anti-thyroid peroxidase and anti-thyroglobulin) were measured in all participants.After adjustment for age, gender, and smoking status, statistically significant differences between serum levels of anti-thyroglobulin antibody, anti-thyroid peroxidase antibody, and fT3 were found between the groups (all p < 0.001). Serum TSH level did not differ between the groups (p > 0.05). The frequency of autoimmune thyroiditis in FMF group is higher than control group. However, this difference did not reached the level of statistical significance (p > 0.05).Although statistically not significant, thyroid autoimmunity was observed more frequently in patients with FMF than in healthy controls. Thyroid autoantibodies were significantly higher in patients with FMF. Studies with greater number of patients are required for evaluating the frequency of the autoimmune thyroiditis in patients with FMF.
- Spectrum of mutations in the familial Mediterranean fever gene (MEFV) in Turkish patients of the Central Anatolia region: a comparison of two mutation detection system. [Journal Article]
- Genet Mol Res 2013; 12(4):5152-9.
The purpose of this study was to determine the spectrum of the most common mutations in the familial Mediterranean fever gene (MEFV) in Turkish patients from the Central Anatolia region, by using two different methods for detecting FMF-associated mutations with different screening panels, and compare our results with other diagnostic molecular genetics centers. A total of 1579 patients were analyzed. Genomic DNA from 304 patients was tested for 6 common mutations located in exon 2 (E148Q), and exon 10 (M680I, M694V, M694I, V726A, R761H) by real-time PCR while 1275 patients were tested for 17 mutations located in exon 2 (E148Q), and exon10 [M680I (G/C), M680I (G/A), I692del, M694V, M694I, K695R, V726A, S675N, G678E, M680L, T681I, M694L, K695M, R717S, I720M, V722M] by pyrosequencing. The most frequent mutation was M694V, followed by M680I, E148Q, and V726A. Ten mutations in the panel were not detected in any patients. Finally, we compared our results with those of other centers in Turkey to contribute to the identified spectrum of Turkish MEFV mutations and we discuss which MEFV mutations are informative for evaluating an FMF patient.
- The kidney in familial mediterranean Fever. [Journal Article]
- J Rheumatol 2013 Dec; 40(12):1948-50.
- Secondary amyloidosis in a patient carrying mutations in the familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) and tumour necrosis factor receptor-1 syndrome (TRAPS) genes. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Clin Kidney J 2013 Dec; 6(6):613-617.
Secondary amyloidosis (AA) is characterized by the extracellular tissue deposition of fibrils composed of fragments of an acute-phase reactant protein, serum amyloid A (SAA), due to chronic inflammatory diseases, infections and several neoplasms. AA amyloidosis may also complicate several hereditary diseases, where genetic factors play a pivotal role in the expression of amyloidosis. Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) and tumour necrosis factor receptor-1 syndrome (TRAPS) are the most frequently involved. We describe a case of a 21-year-old Romanian woman who presented at the 35th week of gestation with acute abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. The laboratory workup performed after delivery showed proteinuria in the nephrotic range and increased SAA protein. Kidney amyloid deposits were detected and genetic testing for secondary amyloidosis was performed identifying two mutations, one involving the gene of FMF (MEFV), and the other involving the tumour necrosis factor receptor-1 gene (TNFRSF1A). To our knowledge, this is the first case in the literature where secondary amyloidosis develops in a patient carrying mutations involving the genes of both FMF and TRAPS.
- Monogenic Autoinflammatory Syndromes: State of the Art on Genetic, Clinical, and Therapeutic Issues. [REVIEW]
- Int J Rheumatol 2013.:513782.
Monogenic autoinflammatory syndromes (MAISs) are caused by innate immune system dysregulation leading to aberrant inflammasome activation and episodes of fever and involvement of skin, serous membranes, eyes, joints, gastrointestinal tract, and nervous system, predominantly with a childhood onset. To date, there are twelve known MAISs: familial Mediterranean fever, tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome, familial cold urticaria syndrome, Muckle-Wells syndrome, CINCA syndrome, mevalonate kinase deficiency, NLRP12-associated autoinflammatory disorder, Blau syndrome, early-onset sarcoidosis, PAPA syndrome, Majeed syndrome, and deficiency of the interleukin-1 receptor antagonist. Each of these conditions may manifest itself with more or less severe inflammatory symptoms of variable duration and frequency, associated with findings of increased inflammatory parameters in laboratory investigation. The purpose of this paper is to describe the main genetic, clinical, and therapeutic aspects of MAISs and their most recent classification with the ultimate goal of increasing awareness of autoinflammation among various internal medicine specialists.
- Colonic lymphoid nodular hyperplasia in childhood: causes of familial mediterranean Fever need extra attention. [Journal Article]
- J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2013 Dec; 57(6):817-21.
The clinical importance and etiology of colonic lymphoid nodular hyperplasia (LNH) are not clear. It has been considered a response to some antigenic stimuli. Although food allergies, infections, inflammatory bowel diseases, and immunodeficiencies may be listed in the etiology of colonic LNH, the etiology has remained unclear in many cases. This study investigated the etiology of colonic LNH and its relation to familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) in children. FMF as an etiologic factor for colonic LNH has not been reported before in the literature.Medical files of patients who underwent colonoscopy between 2007 and 2011 were examined retrospectively. Demographic features, presenting symptoms, colonoscopy indications, colonoscopic findings, and final diagnoses of patients were evaluated. According to etiologies, patients with colonic LNH were divided into 2 groups: group A consisted of patients with FMF and group B consisted of diseases other than FMF.A total of 311 patients were included in the study. Forty (12.6%) patients had isolated colonic LNH. In 23 (57.5%) patients, isolated LNH was observed in some colonic segments and total colonic LNH was noted in 17 (42.5%) patients. FMF was the etiologic factor in 6 (15%) patients. Thirty-four patients (85%) had etiologic factors other than FMF. We did not find any etiologic factor for LNH in 3.53% (11/311) of patients.FMF may be an etiologic factor for colonic LNH in children besides food allergies, infections, inflammatory bowel diseases, and immunodeficiencies.
- Treating inflammation by blocking interleukin-1 in humans. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Semin Immunol 2013 Nov 22.
IL-1 is a master cytokine of local and systemic inflammation. With the availability of specific IL-1 targeting therapies, a broadening list of diseases has revealed the pathologic role of IL-1-mediated inflammation. Although IL-1, either IL-1α or IL-1β, was administered to patients in order to improve bone marrow function or increase host immune responses to cancer, these patients experienced unacceptable toxicity with fever, anorexia, myalgias, arthralgias, fatigue, gastrointestinal upset and sleep disturbances; frank hypotension occurred. Thus it was not unexpected that specific pharmacological blockade of IL-1 activity in inflammatory diseases would be beneficial. Monotherapy blocking IL-1 activity in a broad spectrum of inflammatory syndromes results in a rapid and sustained reduction in disease severity. In common conditions such as heart failure and gout arthritis, IL-1 blockade can be effective therapy. Three IL-1blockers have been approved: the IL-1 receptor antagonist, anakinra, blocks the IL-1 receptor and therefore reduces the activity of IL-1α and IL-1β. A soluble decoy receptor, rilonacept, and a neutralizing monoclonal anti-interleukin-1β antibody, canakinumab, are also approved. A monoclonal antibody directed against the IL-1 receptor and a neutralizing anti-IL-1α are in clinical trials. By specifically blocking IL-1, we have learned a great deal about the role of this cytokine in inflammation but equally important, reducing IL-1 activity has lifted the burden of disease for many patients.