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benign paroxysmal peritonitis [keywords]
- Familial Mediterranean fever gene (MEFV) mutations and disease severity in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE): implications for the role of the E148Q MEFV allele in inflammation. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Lupus 2014 Nov 20.
Observed low prevalence of SLE among familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) patients in several large cohorts suggests a possible protective effect of the MEFV mutations from SLE. In contrast, SLE patient carriers for the common MEFV mutations had rather complex disease expression with an increased frequency of febrile episodes and pleurisy and a decreased renal complication rate. Our aim was to investigate the prevalence of MEFV gene mutations in patients with SLE and their effect on organ involvement in a well-defined group of biopsy-proven SLE nephritis patients.The prevalence of four MEFV gene mutations (M694V, M680I, V726A and E148Q) was investigated in 114 SLE patients and effect on disease severity was analyzed in patients with biopsy-proven SLE nephritis.None of the SLE patients fulfilled the revised Tel-Hashomer criteria. Fourteen of 114 SLE patients (12.2%) were found to carry at least one MEFV mutation. A single patient in the SLE-Nephritis group was compound heterozygous for M694V/M680I mutations and only one patient in the SLE-Mild group was homozygous for E148Q mutation. Carrier frequency was similar to controls in SLE patients (12.2 vs 18.8%, p = 0.34). After the exclusion of the less penetrant E148Q mutation, re-analysis revealed an association between exon 10 mutations and SLE nephritis (p = 0.050, odds ratio (OR) = 4.16, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.04-16.6). Carrier rate for the E148Q mutation decreased in the SLE group (controls vs. SLE = 20/186 vs. 3/114, p = 0.08) and E148Q mutation was absent in SLE nephritis (controls vs. SLE nephritis = 20/186 vs. 0/47, p = 0.016, OR = 11.69, 95% CI = 0.69-197.13).Carrier rate for the studied MEFV mutations was slightly lower in the SLE group, which is in agreement with previous observations that FMF may confer some protection from SLE. Exon 10 mutations were associated with SLE nephritis after the exclusion of the E148Q mutation. The significance of the E148Q as a disease-causing mutation is controversial, and whether E148Q substitution is a polymorphism generally affecting inflammatory pathways is not addressed in the current literature. In this regard, absence of the E148Q mutation in SLE nephritis may serve as a clue for further investigation into its role as a general modulatory polymorphism for inflammation. This clarification is necessary to conclude whether other more penetrant MEFV gene mutations confer susceptibility to nephritis in SLE.
- Intrauterine device may trigger typical attacks of familial Mediterranean fever: a case report. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Wien Klin Wochenschr 2014 Nov 15.
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by episodic, recurrent, self-limited attacks of fever and serositis (sterile peritonitis, pleuritis, arthritis, etc). The insufficiency in restriction of mild inflammation contributes this consequence in FMF.Intrauterine devices (IUDs) have been widely used in the world for contraception by gynecologists as an effective and safe method. Herein, we present a woman with FMF as the first case, whose attacks were triggered by copper-containing IUD. Our hypothesis in the present case was that sterile mild inflammation in the uterus caused by copper-containing IUD may be the initial source of systemic inflammatory response.In our opinion, clinicians should consider that the copper-containing IUDs may be another cause of FMF attacks in women using this contraceptive method.
- Familial Mediterranean Fever Associated with MEFV Mutations in a Large Cohort of Cypriot Patients. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Ann Hum Genet 2014 Nov 13.
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is caused by mutations in the MEFV gene and the spectrum of mutations among Greek-Cypriots with FMF-related symptoms was examined. Sequence analysis for exons 2, 3, 5, and 10 of the MEFV gene was performed in a cohort of 593 patients. A total of 70 patients carried mutations in the homozygote or compound heterozygote state, 128 were identified with one MEFV mutation and 395 had no mutations. Of the 268 identified alleles, p.Val726Ala (27.61%) was the most frequent followed by p.Met694Val (19.40%). The missense mutations p.Arg761His (3.73%) and p.Ala744Ser (2.24%) were identified as the rarest. An interesting finding is the high frequency (18.28%) of the complex p.Phe479Leu-p.Glu167Asp that was identified in 49 of the mutated alleles. The MEFV genotypes did not follow a binomial distribution and proved not to satisfy the HWE (P < 0.001). The high percentage (66.61%) of patients with unidentified mutations could be due to mutations in the rest of the coding or noncoding MEFV gene or due to mutations in other genes that are also causing Hereditary Recurrent Fevers. Results from this work indicate the high incidence of FMF in Cyprus and describe the spectrum of the mutations which occur in the country.
- Native kidney biopsies in Armenian and Swiss children: high prevalence of amyloidosis in Yerevan and of IgA nephropathy in Zurich. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Virchows Arch 2014 Nov 8.
The spectrum of pathology in native kidney biopsies varies considerably between different countries. Based on similar biopsy policy and joint workup, biopsy data of native kidneys of children in Yerevan (Armenia) and Zurich (Switzerland) were compared over a period of two decades (1993-2002 and 2003-2012). A total of 487 renal biopsies in Yerevan (EVN), n = 253; median age 11.2 years (range 0.8-18; 56 % males) and in Zurich (ZRH), n = 234; median age 8.7 years (range 0.1-18; 61 % males) were analyzed. Biopsies from EVN were locally analyzed by light microscopy (LM) and sent to ZRH for electron microscopy (EM) and immunohistochemistry. Biopsies from ZRH were evaluated by LM, EM, and immunofluorescence. The significant difference concerns the high frequency of amyloidosis in EVN (25.4 % in the first and 19.4 % in the second decade vs. 0 % in ZRH) and of IgA nephropathy in ZRH (30.2 % in the first and 26.1 % in the second decade vs. 8.1 in EVN). Certain forms of glomerulonephritis (membranoproliferative type I and membranous) and primary focal segmental glomerulosclerosis tended to be more frequent in EVN than in ZRH. Amyloid nephropathy due to familial Mediterranean fever is still highly frequent in Armenia with a slight decrease in the second decade. In Switzerland, the most common finding was IgA nephropathy.
- Risk factors for AA amyloidosis in Germany. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Amyloid 2014 Nov 7.:1-7.
Abstract Objective: To identify risk factors for serum amyloid-A (AA) amyloidosis in patients living in Germany. Methods: Clinical and genetic data were obtained from 71 patients with AA amyloidosis. SAA1 genotypes were analyzed in 231 individuals. Control groups comprised 45 patients with long-standing inflammatory diseases without AA amyloidosis and 56 age-matched patients without any inflammatory disease. Results: The most frequent underlying diseases of AA amyloidosis were familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) (n = 24, 34%) and inflammatory rheumatic diseases (n = 30, 42%). Patients without any known underlying disease (n = 11, 16%) were considered as having idiopathic AA amyloidosis. Patients with FMF were significantly younger at disease onset and younger at diagnosis of AA amyloidosis compared with patients with rheumatic diseases. Patients with idiopathic AA amyloidosis were older than patients with definite rheumatic diseases. Patients with FMF and high penetrance MEFV gene mutations had a relative risk of 1.73 for AA amyloidosis. Patients with FMF or a rheumatic disease and the SAA1 α/α genotype had a relative risk of 4.86 and 2.53, respectively, for developing an AA amyloidosis. The prevalence of this risk genotype was 36% in German patients without an inflammatory disease, 92% in German patients with AA amyloidosis and 100% in German patients with idiopathic AA amyloidosis. Conclusions: Risk factors for AA amyloidosis are the presence of a hereditary autoinflammatory or chronic rheumatic disease, elevated C-reactive protein and SAA serum levels, a long delay of a sufficient therapy, an advanced age and the SAA1α/α genotype.
- Small bowel mucosal damage in familial Mediterranean fever: results of capsule endoscopy screening. [Journal Article]
- Scand J Gastroenterol 2014 Dec; 49(12):1414-8.
Objective.Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is the most common form of autoinflammatory diseases. We aimed to evaluate the small bowel mucosa by capsule endoscopy (CE) in FMF patients for investigation of other possible causes of abdominal pain. Material and methods. The study group consisted of 41 patients with FMF. A standard questionnaire was used to record the gastrointestinal symptoms, other clinical findings, Mediterranean fever gene (MEFV) mutations, and history of medications including non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Gastroscopy, colonoscopy and small bowel CE were performed in all patients, and biopsies were taken from terminal ileum and duodenum.
Results.The mean age of the patients was 34 ± 11 years, 63% of them were female, and 76.5% of them were carrying MEFV exon 10 mutations. Only one patient used NSAIDs in addition to colchicine. In endoscopic investigations, gastric erosion was detected in only one patient, and no significant findings were detected in colonoscopy. CE showed small bowel mucosal defects in 44% (erosions in 26.8%, ulcer in 17.1%) and edema in 29.3% of the patients. Most (64%) of the ulcer and erosions were localized to jejunum, and only 24% were in ileum. Mitotic changes as an indirect finding of colchicine toxicity were not different from the changes observed in samples of independent group of patients with irritable bowel syndrome.
Conclusion.Mucosal defect was observed in half of the FMF patients, which may be associated with underlying inflammation or chronic colchicine exposure. Detection of nonspecific chronic inflammation without mitotic changes supports that mucosal defects may be associated with the autoinflammatory process.
- Outcome of 121 patients with renal amyloid a amyloidosis. [Journal Article]
- J Res Med Sci 2014 Jul; 19(7):644-9.
Amyloid A (AA) amyloidosis is a multisystem, progressive and fatal disease. Renal involvement occurs early in the course of AA. We aimed to investigate the etiology, clinical and laboratory features, and outcome of patients with biopsy-proven renal AA amyloidosis.A total of 121 patients (male/female: 84/37, mean age 42.6 ± 14.4 years) were analyzed retrospectively between January of 2001 and May of 2013. Demographic, clinical and laboratory features and outcomes data were obtained from follow-up charts.Familial Mediterranean fever (37.2%) and tuberculosis (24.8%) were the most frequent causes of amyloidosis. Mean serum creatinine and proteinuria at diagnosis were 2.3 ± 2.1 mg/dL and 6.7 ± 5.3 g/day, respectively. Sixty-eight (56.2%) patients were started dialysis treatment during the follow-up period. Mean duration of renal survival was 64.7 ± 6.3 months. Age, serum creatinine and albumin levels were found as predictors of end-stage renal disease. Fifty patients (%41.3) died during the follow-up period. The mean survival of patients was 88.7 ± 7.8 months (median: 63 ± 13.9). 1, 2 and 5 years survival rates of patients were 80.7%, 68.2% and 51.3%, respectively. Older age, male gender, lower levels of body mass index, estimated glomerular filtration rate, serum albumin, calcium, and higher levels of phosphor, intact parathyroid hormone and proteinuria were associated with a higher mortality. Higher serum creatinine, lower albumin, dialysis requirement and short time to dialysis were predictors of mortality.The outcome of patients with AA amyloidosis and renal involvement is poor, particularly in those who had massive proteinuria, severe hypoalbuminemia and dialysis requirement at the outset.
- Erysipelas-like Erythema in a Patient with Familial Mediterranean Fever. [Journal Article]
- J Rheumatol 2014 Nov; 41(11):2271-2.
- Massive Proteinuria and Acute Glomerulonephritis Picture in a Patient With Familial Mediterranean Fever and E148Q Mutation. [Journal Article]
- Iran J Kidney Dis 2014 Nov; 8(6):486-8.
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an inherited auto-inflammatory disorder. Secondary AA amyloidosis is the most devastating complication of FMF. Nonamyloid renal involvements have also been reported in association with FMF, including vasculitis, focal and diffuse glomerulonephritis, and IgA nephropathy. We describe a patient with FMF and E148Q mutation who presented with massive proteinuria, elevated serum creatinine level, and acute glomerulonephritis picture. Disease remission was achieved after treatment with corticosteroids and colchicine.