(benign paroxysmal peritonitis) articles in PubMed
- Role of Galectin-3 In Autoimmune and Non-Autoimmune Nephropathies. [Review]
- Autoimmun Rev 2016 Sep 22AR
- Galectins are evolutionary conserved β-galactoside binding proteins with a carbohydrate-recognition domain (CRD) of approximately 130 amino acids. In mammals, 15 members of the galectin family have b...
Galectins are evolutionary conserved β-galactoside binding proteins with a carbohydrate-recognition domain (CRD) of approximately 130 amino acids. In mammals, 15 members of the galectin family have been identified and classified into three subtypes according to CRD organization: prototype, tandem repeat-type and chimera-type galectins. Galectin-3 (gal-3) is the only chimera type galectin in vertebrates containing one CRD linked to an unusual long N-terminal domain which displays non-lectin dependent activities. Although recent studies revealed unique, pleiotropic and context-dependent functions of gal-3 in both extracellular and intracellular space, gal-3 specific pathways and its ligands have not been clearly defined yet. In the kidney gal-3 is involved in later stages of nephrogenesis as well as in renal cell cancer. However, gal-3 has recently been associated with lupus glomerulonephritis, with Familial Mediterranean Fever-induced proteinuria and renal amyloidosis. Gal-3 has been studied in experimental acute kidney damage and in the subsequent regeneration phase as well as in several models of chronic kidney disease, including nephropathies induced by aging, ischemia, hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, unilateral ureteral obstruction and chronic allograft injury. Because of the pivotal role of gal-3 in the modulation of immune system, wound repair, fibrosis and tumorigenesis, it is not surprising that gal-3 can be an intriguing prognostic biomarker as well as a promising therapeutic target in a great variety of diseases, including chronic kidney disease, chronic heart failure and cardio-renal syndrome. This review summarizes the functions of gal-3 in kidney pathophysiology focusing on the reported role of gal-3 in autoimmune diseases.
- Severe liver involvement in two patients with long-term history of fever: remember familial Mediterranean fever. [Journal Article]
- BMJ Case Rep 2016; 2016BC
- Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is characterised by recurrent, self-limited fever attacks and serositis. Severe liver involvement has rarely been reported. We present two FMF cases of a 55-year-ol...
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is characterised by recurrent, self-limited fever attacks and serositis. Severe liver involvement has rarely been reported. We present two FMF cases of a 55-year-old man and a 20-year-old woman in whom the prevailing manifestations were recurrent unexplained episodes of anicteric hepatitis (man) and recurrent severe jaundice (woman). A long-term history of recurrent self-limited episodes of fever was also claimed in both. After exclusion of infectious, malignant, autoimmune, and liver and biliary diseases, a diagnosis of FMF as confirmed by molecular analysis was established. The patients started colchicine 1 mg/day with immediate resolution of symptoms. During follow-up, no new episodes of fever and exacerbation of liver biochemical parameters have been recorded for 5 and 1 years. Physicians must keep FMF in mind in patients with recurrent episodes of unexplained severe liver impairment and fever and especially in regions like Mediterranean basin where hereditary periodic fever syndromes are common.
- Prevalence of common MEFV mutations and carrier frequencies in a large cohort of Iranian populations. [Journal Article]
- J Genet 2016; 95(3):667-74JG
- Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a hereditary autoinflammatory disorder caused by mutations in the MEFV gene. The disease is especially common among Armenian, Turkish, Jewish and Middle East Ara...
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a hereditary autoinflammatory disorder caused by mutations in the MEFV gene. The disease is especially common among Armenian, Turkish, Jewish and Middle East Arab populations. To identify the frequency and the spectrum of common MEFV mutations in different Iranian populations, we investigated a cohort of 208 unselected asymptomatic individuals and 743 FMF patients. Nine hundred and fifty-one samples were analysed for the presence of 12 MEFV mutations by PCR and reverse-hybridization (FMF StripAssay, ViennaLab, Vienna, Austria). Confirmatory dideoxy sequencing of all MEFV gene exons was performed for 39 patients. Fifty-seven (27.4%) healthy individual carried mutant MEFV alleles. Three hundred and ninety-one (52.6%) FMF patients were found positive for either one (172/743; 23.1%), two or three MEFV mutations. Using dideoxy sequencing, three novel variants, A66P, R202W and H300Q, could be identified. Our analysis revealed an allele frequency and carrier rate of 15.6 and 27.4%, respectively, among healthy Iranians. Still moderate compared to neighbouring Armenia, but higher than in Turkey or Iraq, these data suggest that FMF is remarkably common among Iranian populations. E148Q was most frequent in the group of healthy individuals, whereas M694V was the most common mutation among FMF patients, thereby corroborating previous studies on MEFV mutational spectra in the Middle East. Accordingly, MEFV mutations are frequent in healthy Iranian individuals across different ethnic groups. Based on this finding, the awareness for FMF and the implementation of augmented carrier screening programmes considering the multiethnic nature of the Iranian population should be promoted.
- Neurological Manifestations in Familial Mediterranean Fever: Results of 22 Children from a Reference Center in Kayseri, an Urban Area in Central Anatolia, Turkey. [Journal Article]
- Neuropediatrics 2016 Sep 22N
- Background Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an inherited inflammatory disorder characterized by attacks of fever with polyserositis. Objective The purpose of this study was to evaluate pediatric...
Background Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an inherited inflammatory disorder characterized by attacks of fever with polyserositis. Objective The purpose of this study was to evaluate pediatric patients with FMF who had central nervous system (CNS) findings. Materials and Methods Our medical records database for 2003 to 2014 was screened retrospectively. In total, 104 patients with FMF were identified, 22 of whom had undergone neurological examination for CNS symptoms. Results Neurological findings included headache in 16 patients (72.7%), epilepsy in 6 patients (27.3%), pseudotumor cerebri in 2 patients (9.1%), multiple sclerosis in 1 patient (4.5%), and tremor in 1 patient (4.5%). The most common MEFV gene mutation was homozygous M694V (40.9%). Conclusions Patients with FMF can present with various CNS manifestations. Further studies that include large populations are needed to elucidate the neurological manifestations of FMF.
- Periodic fevers and autoinflammatory syndromes in childhood. [Review]
- J Paediatr Child Health 2016; 52(9):865-71JP
- Recurrent fever is a common presentation in paediatric practice and can be caused by a wide variety of diseases including autoinflammatory conditions. The innate immune system plays an essential role...
Recurrent fever is a common presentation in paediatric practice and can be caused by a wide variety of diseases including autoinflammatory conditions. The innate immune system plays an essential role in the 'first line' response to infection through mediation of inflammatory responses. Inflammasomes are part of the regulatory process for this system and result in the production of the powerful pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-1B. Dysregulation of inflammasomes, and Interleukin 1 production, contributes to the pathogenesis of autoinflammatory diseases. This review focuses on described periodic fever syndromes (PFS) which are now collectively referred to as autoinflammatory syndromes. Conditions discussed include periodic fever aphthous stomatitis pharyngitis and cervical adenopathy, familial Mediterranean fever, tumour necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic syndromes, hyperimmunoglobulinaemia D and the cryopyrin-associated periodic syndromes. Presenting features, complications, diagnostic and treatment approaches for these conditions are discussed. Nonetheless, as most of these conditions are rare and may have significant long-term complications, it is recommended that they be managed in consultations with a physician experienced in managing PFS.
- [Interleukin-1, inflammasome and autoinflammatory diseases]. [Journal Article]
- Rev Med Interne 2016 Sep 14RM
- Interleukin-1 is a major cytokine of innate immunity and inflammation. It exerts various systemic effects during the inflammatory response, such as fever induction, thrombopoiesis and granulopoiesis,...
Interleukin-1 is a major cytokine of innate immunity and inflammation. It exerts various systemic effects during the inflammatory response, such as fever induction, thrombopoiesis and granulopoiesis, or leukocyte recruitment. Its involvement has been demonstrated in many inflammatory-mediated diseases, such as diabetes or gout. Moreover, interleukin-1 plays a pivotal role in some autoinflammatory diseases, such as cryopyrinopathies or familial Mediterranean fever. In these diseases, a constitutional defect of the inflammasome, a protein complex responsible for the activation of interleukin-1, explains the hypersecretion of interleukin-1. Other autoinflammatory diseases have a more complex pathophysiology involving deregulation of the interleukin-1 pathway, upstream or downstream of the inflammasome, or through more complex mechanisms. In this review, we are detailing the synthesis, the activation, the signalling, and the regulation of interleukin-1. We then describe the autoinflammatory diseases or related-diseases where the pathological role of interleukin-1 has been demonstrated.
- Differential Expression of miR-4520a Associated with Pyrin Mutations Suggesting a Role of Autophagy in Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF). [Journal Article]
- J Cell Physiol 2016 Sep 16JC
- Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by recurrent, acute and self-limiting attacks of fever. Mutations in MEFV gene encoding pyrin account for FMF but th...
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by recurrent, acute and self-limiting attacks of fever. Mutations in MEFV gene encoding pyrin account for FMF but the high number of heterozygote patients with typical symptoms of the disease has driven a number of alternative aetiopathogenic hypotheses. The MEFV gene was knocked down in human myelomonocytic cells that express endogenous pyrin to identify deregulated microRNAs (miRNAs). Microarray analyses revealed 29 significantly differentially expressed miRNAs implicated in pathways associated with cellular integrity and survival. Implementation of in silico gene network prediction algorithms and bioinformatics analyses showed that miR-4520a is predicted to target genes implicated in autophagy through regulation of RHEB/mTOR signaling. Differential expression levels of RHEB were confirmed by luciferase reporter gene assays providing further evidence that is directly targeted by miR-4520a. Although the relative expression levels of miR-4520a were variable among FMF patients, the statistical expression of miR-4520a was different between FMF mutation carriers and controls (p = 0.032), indicating an association between miR-4520a expression and MEFV mutations. Comparison between FMF patients bearing the M694V mutation, associated with severe disease, and healthy controls showed a significant increase in miR-4520a expression levels (p = 0.00548). These data suggest that RHEB, the main activator of mTOR signaling, is a valid target of miR-4520a with the relative expression levels of the latter being significantly deregulated in FMF patients and highly dependent on the presence of pyrin mutations, especially of the M694V type. These results support a role of deregulated autophagy in the pathogenesis of FMF. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
- Familial Mediterranean Fever Presenting with Recurrent Aseptic Meningitis: A Case Report. [Journal Article]
- Pediatr Neonatol 2016 Aug 21PN
- Association between sequence variations of the Mediterranean fever gene and the risk of migraine: a case-control study. [Journal Article]
- Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2016; 12:2225-32ND
- Migraine pathogenesis involves a complex interaction between hormones, neurotransmitters, and inflammatory pathways, which also influence the migraine phenotype. The Mediterranean fever gene (MEFV) e...
Migraine pathogenesis involves a complex interaction between hormones, neurotransmitters, and inflammatory pathways, which also influence the migraine phenotype. The Mediterranean fever gene (MEFV) encodes the pyrin protein. The major role of pyrin appears to be in the regulation of inflammation activity and the processing of the cytokine pro-interleukin-1β, and this cytokine plays a part in migraine pathogenesis. This study included 220 migraine patients and 228 healthy controls. Eight common missense mutations of the MEFV gene, known as M694V, M694I, M680I, V726A, R761H, K695R, P369S, and E148Q, were genotyped using real-time polymerase chain reaction with 5' nuclease assays, which include sequence specific primers, and probes with a reporter dye. When mutations were evaluated separately among the patient and control groups, only the heterozygote E148Q carrier was found to be significantly higher in the control group than in the patient group (P=0.029, odds ratio [95% confidence interval] =0.45 [0.21-0.94]). In addition, the frequency of the homozygote and the compound heterozygote genotype carrier was found to be significantly higher in patients (n=8, 3.6%) than in the control group (n=1, 0.4%) (P=0.016, odds ratio [95% confidence interval] =8.57 [1.06-69.07]). However, there was no statistically significant difference in the allele frequencies of MEFV mutations between the patients and the healthy control group (P=0.964). In conclusion, the results of the present study suggest that biallelic mutations in the MEFV gene could be associated with a risk of migraine in the Turkish population. Moreover, MEFV mutations could be related to increased frequency and short durations of migraine attacks (P=0.043 and P=0.021, respectively). Future studies in larger groups and expression analysis of MEFV are required to clarify the role of the MEFV gene in migraine susceptibility.
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- P wave and QT dispersion in familial mediterranean fever. [Journal Article]
- Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2016; 20(16):3427-33ER
- CONCLUSIONS: Pd, a non-invasive marker of potential atrial arrhythmia and QT-d, a non-invasive marker of potentially lethal ventricular tachyarrhythmia, constitute a recent contribution to the field of noninvasive electrocardiology. Pd and QT-d values were not altered in pregnant women with FMF who already put on colchicine treatment, with no increased risk of atrial or ventricular arrhythmias indicated. Colchicine may have a cardio-protective effect beyond the effect mediated through suppression of inflammation.