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- Reproductive impact of MRI-guided focused ultrasound surgery for fibroids: a systematic review of the evidence. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol 2014 Apr 20.
Magnetic-resonance-guided focused ultrasound surgery (MRgFUS) is a minimally invasive technique for the treatment of uterine fibroids. The purpose of this review is to highlight the impact of MRgFUS on fertility and reproductive outcomes.The role of MRgFUS in the treatment of fibroids has been evolving since its introduction in 2004. Several new devices and techniques including location-specific treatment, volumetric therapy, and vessel-targeted therapy have been introduced over the last few years. Several case series report uncomplicated pregnancy following MRgFUS; however, results of the ongoing studies will further elucidate the utility of MRgFUS in patients planning future fertility. A systematic review of the literature was completed and studies that reported quality of life at baseline and after 6 months were included in a meta-analysis.MRgFUS represents a minimally invasive treatment for uterine fibroids that is able to improve the quality of life and fibroid size with durability. It is possible that MRgFUS could be the treatment of choice for patients desiring future fertility; however, further investigation is needed.
- Uterine Leiomyoma-Linked MED12 Mutations Disrupt Mediator-Associated CDK Activity. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Cell Rep 2014 Apr 18.
Somatic mutations in exon 2 of the RNA polymerase II transcriptional Mediator subunit MED12 occur at very high frequency (∼70%) in uterine leiomyomas. However, the influence of these mutations on Mediator function and the molecular basis for their tumorigenic potential remain unknown. To clarify the impact of these mutations, we used affinity-purification mass spectrometry to establish the global protein-protein interaction profiles for both wild-type and mutant MED12. We found that uterine leiomyoma-linked mutations in MED12 led to a highly specific decrease in its association with Cyclin C-CDK8/CDK19 and loss of Mediator-associated CDK activity. Mechanistically, this occurs through disruption of a MED12-Cyclin C binding interface that we also show is required for MED12-mediated stimulation of Cyclin C-dependent CDK8 kinase activity. These findings indicate that uterine leiomyoma-linked mutations in MED12 uncouple Cyclin C-CDK8/19 from core Mediator and further identify the MED12/Cyclin C interface as a prospective therapeutic target in CDK8-driven cancers.
- Perfusion and diffusion characteristics of cervical cancer based on intraxovel incoherent motion MR imaging-a pilot study. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Eur Radiol 2014 Apr 19.
To investigate the tissue characteristics of cervical cancer based on the intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) model and to assess the IVIM parameters in tissue differentiation in the female pelvis.Sixteen treatment-naïve cervical cancer and 17 age-matched healthy subjects were prospectively recruited for diffusion-weighted (b = 0-1,000 s/mm(2)) and standard pelvic MRI. Bi-exponential analysis was performed to derive the perfusion parameters f (perfusion fraction) and D* (pseudodiffusion coefficient) as well as the diffusion parameter D (true molecular diffusion coefficient) in cervical cancer (n = 16), normal cervix (n = 17), myometrium (n = 33) and leiomyoma (n = 14). Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) was calculated. Kruskal-Wallis test and receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curves were used.Cervical cancer had the lowest f (14.9 ± 2.6 %) and was significantly different from normal cervix and leiomyoma (p < 0.05). The D (0.86 ± 0.16 x 10(-3) mm2/s) was lowest in cervical cancer and was significantly different from normal cervix and myometrium (p < 0.05) but not leiomyoma. No difference was observed in D*. D was consistently lower than ADC in all tissues. ROC curves indicated that f < 16.38 %, D < 1.04 × 10(-3) mm(2)/s and ADC < 1.13 × 10(-3) mm(2)/s could differentiate cervical cancer from non-malignant tissues (AUC 0.773-0.908).Cervical cancer has low perfusion and diffusion IVIM characteristics with promising potential for tissue differentiation.• Diffusion-weighted MRI is increasingly applied in evaluation of cervical cancer. • Cervical cancer has distinctive perfusion and diffusion characteristics. • Intravoxel incoherent motion characteristics can differentiate cervical cancer from non-malignant uterine tissues.
- Submucosal uterine fibroid prolapsed into vagina in a symptomatic patient with IUS. [Journal Article]
- BMJ Case Rep 2014.
A female patient in her mid 40s presents with heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) and a history of spotting/irregular light per vagina (PV) bleeding since intrauterine system (IUS) insertion 1 year ago. She is known to have submucosal uterine fibroid (SMUF). The patient reported abdominal pain and sudden onset of 'miscarriage-like' HMB with clots 2 days ago. On speculum examination there was a smooth round-shaped mass lying over the external cervical os. On bimanual examination PV, a round-shaped smooth mass of a walnut's size was palpable in the upper third of the vagina. Subsequent ultrasound imaging revealed an SMUF prolapsed into the vagina. Further surgical treatment was undertaken. Histology showed a fibroid (leiomyoma) with no evidence of malignancy.
- [Expression of nerve growth factor produced by ectopic endometrium from patients with adenomyosis and its relationship with pain scales and innervation]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi 2014 Feb; 49(2):120-4.
To investigate the expression of nerve growth factor (NGF) in the ectopic endometrium in adenomyosis patients, and explore the relationship between NGF expression and innervation or pain scales.From Mar. 2009 to Oct. 2009, 45 adenomyosis patients undergoing hysterectomy in Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University were enrolled in this study, which were classified into 33 cases in pain group and 12 cases in non-pain group based on symptom. The degree of dysmenoreal, chronic pelvic pain and dyspareunia was evaluated by visual analogue scale, including no pain, mild to moderate pain and severe pain group. In the mean time, 26 patients with leiomyoma or cervical intraepithelial neoplasia III (CIN III) undergoing hysterectomy were defined as control group. Ectopic endometrium from experimental group and eutopic endometrium from control group were collected in the surgery. The expression of NGF was examined by immunohistochemistry. The density of protein gene product (PGP) 9.5 positive nerve fibers was detected by immuno-fluorescence.The NGF level and the density of PGP 9.5 positive nerve fibers in adenomyosis pain group (0.25 ± 0.08, 16 ± 8 )were higher than adenomyosis painless (0.19 ± 0.05, P = 0.007;11 ± 5, P = 0.018) and control group (0.18 ± 0.05, P = 0.000; 9 ± 4, P = 0.000) . The NGF level and the density of PGP9.5 positive nerve fibers in severe dysmenorrheal group (0.29 ± 0.07, 19 ± 10) were higher than mild to moderate dysmenorrheal (0.22 ± 0.07, P = 0.018;13 ± 4, P = 0.035) and painless group (0.18 ± 0.05, P = 0.000;11 ± 5, P = 0.006) of adenomyosis patients. There was no difference of NGF level and the density of PGP 9.5 positive nerve fibers in chronic pelvic pain group and no chronic pelvic pain group of adenomyosis patients, so was dyspareunia group and no dyspareunia group.The increased NGF level of adenomyosis nodules and improving innervation might be involved in the mechanism of adenomyosis related pain.
- Endometrial stromal sarcoma presented as an incidental lung mass with multiple pulmonary nodules. [Journal Article]
- Tuberc Respir Dis (Seoul) 2014 Mar; 76(3):131-5.
Low-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma (ESS) is an uncommon gynecologic malignancy of mesodermal origin. Pulmonary metastasis of low-grade ESS can occur years and decades after the treatment of the primary disease. Low-grade ESS is frequently mistaken as benign uterine neoplasm like uterine leiomyoma, which can potentially lead to a misdiagnosis. We present a case of a 42-year-old woman with low-grade ESS, that initially presented as an incidental lung mass with multiple pulmonary nodules, seven years after an uterine myomectomy. A 6.9×5.8 cm-sized intrapelvic mass suspected of uterine origin was discovered while searching for potential extrathoracic primary origin. A pelviscopy and simultaneous thoracoscopic lung biopsy were conducted for pathologic diagnosis. Finally, the diagnosis was confirmed as low-grade ESS with lung metastasis based on the histopathologic examination with immunohistochemical stain, which was showed positive for CD10 and hormone receptor markers (estrogen and progesterone receptors) in both pelvic and lung specimens.
- Cotyledonoid dissecting leiomyoma. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2014 Feb 11.
- [Obscure gastrointestinal bleeding due to an inflammatory fibroid polyp (of Vaneck).] [LETTER]
- Gastroenterol Hepatol 2014 Apr 7.
- Effect of Isopropanolic Cimicifuga racemosa Extract on Uterine Fibroids in Comparison with Tibolone among Patients of a Recent Randomized, Double Blind, Parallel-Controlled Study in Chinese Women with Menopausal Symptoms. [Journal Article]
- Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2014.:717686.
Objective.Effect of isopropanolic Cimicifuga racemosa extract (iCR) on uterine fibroid size compared with tibolone.
Method.The randomized, double-blind, controlled study in China enrolled 244 patients aged 40-60 years with menopausal symptoms (Kupperman Menopause Index ≥ 15). The participants were treated with either iCR of 40 mg crude drug/day (N = 122) or tibolone 2.5 mg/day (N = 122) orally for 3 months in 2004. Now, we investigated the subset of all women (N = 62) with at least one uterine fibroid at onset of treatment for the effect of iCR (N = 34) on fibroid size compared with tibolone (N = 28) by transvaginal ultrasonography.
Results.The median myoma volume decreased upon iCR by as much as -30% (P = 0.016) but increased upon tibolone by +4.7%. The percentage of volume change, mean diameter change and geometric mean diameter change of the iCR group compared to tibolone were statistically significant (P = 0.016, 0.021, 0.016 respectively).
Conclusion.Our results suggest that iCR (Remifemin) is a valid herbal medicinal product in patients with uterine myomas as it provides adequate relief from menopausal symptoms and inhibits growth of the myomas in contrast to tibolone.
- Early evaluation of magnetic resonance imaging guided focused ultrasound sonication in the treatment of uterine fibroids. [Journal Article]
- Indian J Med Res 2014 Feb; 139(2):267-72.
Background & objectives: Uterine leiomyomas (fibroids) are common cause of morbidity in women of reproductive age group. High intensity focused ultrasound with the imaging guidance of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) known as magnetic resonance guided focused ultrasound sonication (MRgFUS) is now available. However, there are no available studies with this non invasive modality of treatment in Indian subjects. The objective of this study was to determine the safety and clinical efficacy of MRgFUS in the treatment of uterine fibroids.