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- Submucous uterine fibroid mimicking ruptured ectopic gestation: a case report. [Journal Article]
- J Clin Diagn Res 2014 Jul; 8(7):OD08-9.
Ectopic pregnancy is the greatest mimic in gynaecology. Ruptured ectopic gestation usually presents with syncope and severe anaemia. We report the clinical dilemma exposed by the management of a 22-year-old student who presented with syncope and severe anaemia due to a small solitary submucous uterine fibroid.
- Fibroid after hysterectomy: a diagnostic dilemma. [Journal Article]
- J Clin Diagn Res 2014 Jul; 8(7):OD01-2.
Broad ligament fibroids are rare and often pose clinical diagnostic difficulties. We report a case of broad ligament fibroid in a woman after hysterectomy. The lady presented to us with continuous lower abdominal pain of seven months duration. Bimanual examination revealed a firm mass on the right side of the vaginal vault. Transvaginal sonogram and computed tomography scan was suggestive of possible parasitic leiomyoma or a broad ligament fibroid. Exploratory laparotomy and removal of the mass, followed by histological examination confirmed leiomyoma. Extra-uterine fibroid should be considered in the differential diagnosis of pelvic masses even in the post-hysterectomy state.
- Fibroid growth and medical options for treatment. [REVIEW]
- Fertil Steril 2014 Sep; 102(3):630-639.
Although fibroids are common benign tumors, their impact on women's quality of life can be considerable. The most frequent symptoms are uterine bleeding, resulting in anemia, and pelvic pain. Fibroids can be of genetic or hormonal origin or arise from intrauterine events. Current options for medical treatment include control of estradiol and progesterone production or action and are discussed in this review. Although curative treatment of fibroids relies on surgical strategies, the current trend is for uterine-sparing treatment to preserve fertility and avoid unnecessary surgery. Currently approved medical treatments include intrauterine progestin delivery to reduce uterine bleeding, GnRH analogues, and, more recently, selective progesterone receptor modulators to control uterine bleeding and reduce fibroid volume.
- Desmoplastic Spitz Nevus Combined With Cutaneous Leiomyoma: A Rare Collision Tumor. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Am J Dermatopathol 2014 Aug 28.
- Electrodermal Screening of Biologically Active Points for Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Am J Chin Med 2014 Aug 29.:1-11.
The purpose of this case-control study was to investigate the relationship between the electrical resistance of the skin at biologically active points (BAPs) on the main meridians and upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB). Electrical resistance to direct current at 20 BAPs on the fingers and toes of 100 patients with (38 men, 12 women; mean age [range], 58.20 ± 19.62 [18-83] years) and without (27 men, 23 women; 49.54 ± 12.12 [22-74] years) UGIB was measured through electrodermal screening (EDS), based on the theory of electroacupuncture according to Voll (EAV). Data were compared through analysis of variance (ANOVA), receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, and logistic regression. The initial readings were lower in the UGIB group, indicating blood and energy deficiency due to UGIB. Significant differences in indicator drop values were observed at nine BAPs (p < 0.05) on the bilateral small intestine, bilateral stomach, bilateral circulation, bilateral fibroid degeneration, and right lymph meridians. The area under the ROC curve values of the BAPs on the bilateral small intestine and stomach meridians were larger than 0.5, suggesting the diagnostic accuracy of EDS for UGIB on the basis of the indicator drop of these BAPs. Logistic regression revealed that when the indicator drop of the BAP on the left stomach meridian increased by one score, the risk of UGIB increased by about 1.545-3.523 times. In conclusion, the change in the electrical resistance of the skin measured by EDS at the BAPs on the bilateral small intestine and stomach meridians provides specific information on UGIB.
- Synovial phenotypes in rheumatoid arthritis correlate with response to biologic therapeutics. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Arthritis Res Ther 2014 Apr 30; 16(2):R90.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a complex and clinically heterogeneous autoimmune disease. Currently, the relationship between pathogenic molecular drivers of disease in RA and therapeutic response is poorly understood.We analyzed synovial tissue samples from two RA cohorts of 49 and 20 patients using a combination of global gene expression, histologic and cellular analyses, and analysis of gene expression data from two further publicly available RA cohorts. To identify candidate serum biomarkers that correspond to differential synovial biology and clinical response to targeted therapies, we performed pre-treatment biomarker analysis compared with therapeutic outcome at week 24 in serum samples from 198 patients from the ADACTA (ADalimumab ACTemrA) phase 4 trial of tocilizumab (anti-IL-6R) monotherapy versus adalimumab (anti-TNFα) monotherapy.We documented evidence for four major phenotypes of RA synovium - lymphoid, myeloid, low inflammatory, and fibroid - each with distinct underlying gene expression signatures. We observed that baseline synovial myeloid, but not lymphoid, gene signature expression was higher in patients with good compared with poor European league against rheumatism (EULAR) clinical response to anti-TNFα therapy at week 16 (P =0.011). We observed that high baseline serum soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (sICAM1), associated with the myeloid phenotype, and high serum C-X-C motif chemokine 13 (CXCL13), associated with the lymphoid phenotype, had differential relationships with clinical response to anti-TNFα compared with anti-IL6R treatment. sICAM1-high/CXCL13-low patients showed the highest week 24 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 50 response rate to anti-TNFα treatment as compared with sICAM1-low/CXCL13-high patients (42% versus 13%, respectively, P =0.05) while anti-IL-6R patients showed the opposite relationship with these biomarker subgroups (ACR50 20% versus 69%, P =0.004).These data demonstrate that underlying molecular and cellular heterogeneity in RA impacts clinical outcome to therapies targeting different biological pathways, with patients with the myeloid phenotype exhibiting the most robust response to anti-TNFα. These data suggest a path to identify and validate serum biomarkers that predict response to targeted therapies in rheumatoid arthritis and possibly other autoimmune diseases.ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01119859.
- [The Retropubic Ganglion as a Rare Tumour Entity in the Lesser Pelvis: Case Report and Literature Survey.] [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Aktuelle Urol 2014 Aug 28.
Retropubic tumours without contact to bones or surrounding tissues are extremely rare with only 22 cases being reported in the literature. The majority of tumours described within these reports are osteochondromas in 17 cases, 2 cases of leiomyoma and one case of each fibroma, fibrosarcoma and nodular fasciitis. We now report the case of a 52-year-old-man with a retropubic ganglion cyst, which was resected "in toto" by laparoscopy.
- [Monstrous Scrotal Leiomyoma: Case Report and Literature Survey.] [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Aktuelle Urol 2014 Jul; 45(4):293-295.
The scrotal leiomyoma is a rare benign tumour, deriving from the smooth muscle. This tumour entity constitutes a differential diagnosis to malignant testicular tumours. Up to now, only 8 cases have been reported in the literature. We report on a 63-year-old European patient, presenting in our clinic for further treatment with a now monstrous mass of the left testis (about 8 kg) that has been growing for about 30 years, After partial scrotalectomy and orchiectomy pathological analysis confirmed a left-sided leiomyoma of the testicular/paratestical tissue. This case shows that even rare tumours should be included in the differential diagnosis of a testicular tumour.
- Renal vein leiomyoma: a rare entity with review of literature. [Journal Article]
- J Clin Imaging Sci 2014.:42.
Tumors of vascular origin are unusual. These tumors are predominantly malignant and commonly arise from the inferior vena cava. Benign smooth muscle tumors arising from renal vein are very rare. We present a case of leiomyoma of renal vein in a post-menopausal woman that clinically resembled a retroperitoneal paraganglioma.
- Perioperative normovolemic hemodilution in a case of leiomyomatous erythrocytosis. [Journal Article]
- Asian J Transfus Sci 2014 Jul; 8(2):137-8.
A 66-year-old female patient presented with complaints of abdominal discomfort, pigmentation and numbness of both lower limbs for 3 years duration. On examination, she had erythema of the face and palms. Investigations revealed high hemoglobin (Hb), hematocrit (Hct) and erythropoietin. Ultrasonography abdomen showed large uterine fibroid. As there are increased tendencies of thromboembolic episodes in patients undergoing surgeries with such high Hb and Hct, a target to achieve a Hb of 15g/dl and Hct of 45 was set in the patient. Repeated phlebotomies were done over 10 days with oral hydration only and the Hb was brought down to 18 g/dl on the day prior to surgery. On the day of surgery, pre-operative phlebotomy was done so as to remove 2 units of 350 ml blood and was transfused intraoperatively to combat blood loss. Post-operatively Hb was 12.4 g %. Patient was discharged on the 10(th) post-operative day with further follow-up evaluations being uneventful.