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(ideal body weight) articles in PubMed
4,478 results
  • NutritionDay ICU: A 7 year worldwide prevalence study of nutrition practice in intensive care. [Journal Article]
  • Clin Nutr 2016 Aug 9CN
  • Bendavid I, Singer P, … Hiesmayr M
  • CONCLUSIONS: This very large collaborative cohort study shows that most of the patients are underfed during according to actual recommendations their ICU stay. Prescribed calories appear to be ordered regardless to the ideal weight of the patient. Nutritional support is slow to start and never reaches the recommended targets. Parenteral nutrition prescription is increasing during the ICU stay but reaching only 20% of the population studied if ICU stay is one week or longer. The nutritional support worldwide does not seem to be guided by weight or disease but more to be standardized and limited to a certain level of calories. These observations are showing the poor observance to guidelines.
  • Performance analysis in field hockey goalkeeping during penalty corners: a case study. [Journal Article]
  • J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2016 Sep 8JS
  • Ruscello B, Mitrotta F, … D'Ottavio S
  • CONCLUSIONS: The results of this case study confirm that the principal aim of the goalkeepers during the preparation phase of defending penalty corners is to arrive in the best position of readiness within the available time frame of about 1.5 s. They ran out from the goal line about 1.5 m, not reaching an ideal better distance (≈ 4m), for tactical reasons, concerning the possible interventions of other attackers arriving close to the posts, to enlarge the goalmouth.
  • Theophylline: a review of population pharmacokinetic analyses. [Review]
  • J Clin Pharm Ther 2016 Aug 31JC
  • Ma YJ, Jiang DQ, … Wang LQ
  • CONCLUSIONS: Sixteen articles were included in this review. Among them, 11 were conducted on paediatric patients, and five were conducted on adults. A one-compartment model with first-order elimination was employed in most of the included articles. A nonlinear mixed effect modelling approach (NONMEM) was the most commonly used software to develop a population pharmacokinetic model. Body weight and age (post-conceptional age and post-natal age) were the most important factors associated with the clearance (CL) of theophylline in paediatric patients. Body weight (ideal body weight and lean body mass), age and smoking status were most frequently used to estimate the CL of theophylline in adults. The median (range) estimate values of CL for paediatric and adult patients were 0·062 (0·0056-0·0949) L/h/kg and 0·053 (0·0493-0·0517) L/h/kg, respectively. The median values of the interindividual variability of CL were 33·5% in adults and 25·8% in paediatric patients. The mean values of the residual variability were 21% in paediatric patients and 14·3% in adults.This review concludes that body weight and age were the most important factors associated with the clearance of theophylline in paediatric patients. Body weight, age and smoking were most frequently used to estimate the clearance of theophylline in adults. Future studies are warranted to detect the influence of new factors, such as cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A2 gene polymorphisms, on the pharmacokinetics of theophylline because some pharmacokinetic variability was not fully explained.
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