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- Influence of Tai Chi exercise cycle on the senile respiratory and cardiovascular circulatory function. [Journal Article]
- Int J Clin Exp Med 2014; 7(3):770-4.
Observe the improvement effect of different cycles of Tai Chi exercise on the senile respiratory and cardiovascular circulatory function.Select 180 elderly men who don't usually do the fitness exercise and then ask them to do Tai Chi exercise. Test their related indicators respectively prior to exercise and upon exercise for 3 months, 6 months and 12 months. ① The cardiac pump function indicator: "Stroke Volume", "Ejection Fraction" and "Heart Rate"; ② Rheoencephalogram (REG) indicator: "Inflow time", "Wave Amplitude"; ③ Pulmonary ventilation indicator: "Vital Capacity" (VC), "Maximum Minute Ventilation" (MMV).① Compared with the indicators before exercise, each indicator has no significant difference after 3 months of exercise and a part of indicators are improved after 6 months of exercise, but most indicators have no significant differences; ② After 12 months of the exercise, compared with those indicators before exercise, the tested indicators are obviously improved. Specific data indicates that stroke volume (mL) is increased to 71.82 ± 10.93 from 66.21 ± 11.35 and the ejection fraction (%) is improved to 67.89 ± 4.94 from 60.54 ± 5.02, but the heart rate (times/min) is reduced to 67.15 ± 8.39 from 76.62 ± 8.40, mean P<0.05; inflow time (s) is shortened to 0.13 ± 0.04 from 0.17 ± 0.05; the amplitude (Ω) is increased to 1.19 ± 0.23 from 0.97 ± 0.21 before exercise and mean P<0.05; the vital capacity (L) is increased to 3.57 ± 1.39 from 2.84 ± 0.32; maximum minute ventilation (L/min) is improved to 117.25 ± 14.86 from 97.26 ± 14.71, mean P<0.05.The short-term Tai Chi exercise that is less than six months the following 6 months has no significant effect on the senile respiratory and cardiovascular circulatory function, however, with the longer exercise duration, after 12 months' exercise, it can significantly improve the effect.
- Microfluidic electrical sorting of particles based on shape in a spiral microchannel. [Journal Article]
- Biomicrofluidics 2014 Jan; 8(1):014101.
Shape is an intrinsic marker of cell cycle, an important factor for identifying a bioparticle, and also a useful indicator of cell state for disease diagnostics. Therefore, shape can be a specific marker in label-free particle and cell separation for various chemical and biological applications. We demonstrate in this work a continuous-flow electrical sorting of spherical and peanut-shaped particles of similar volumes in an asymmetric double-spiral microchannel. It exploits curvature-induced dielectrophoresis to focus particles to a tight stream in the first spiral without any sheath flow and subsequently displace them to shape-dependent flow paths in the second spiral without any external force. We also develop a numerical model to simulate and understand this shape-based particle sorting in spiral microchannels. The predicted particle trajectories agree qualitatively with the experimental observation.
- Acute confusional state/delirium: An etiological and prognostic evaluation. [Journal Article]
- Ann Indian Acad Neurol 2014 Jan; 17(1):30-4.
Acute confusional state/delirium is a frequent cause of hospital admission, in the elderly. It is characterized by an acute fluctuating impairment of cognitive functions and inattention. Recognition and prompt treatment is crucial to decrease the morbidity and mortality associated with it.In this retrospective study, we determined the etiology and prognostic factors of an acute confusional state. A total of 52 patients of acute confusional state were clinically evaluated. All patients were also subjected to a battery blood biochemical examination, cerebrospinal fluid analysis and neuroimaging. Disability was assessed by using modified Barthel index (MBI). Patients were followed-up for 3 months.The mean age of our cohort was 65.04 ± 10.6 years. 32 (61.5%) patients were male. In 33 patients, we were able to identify possible precipitating cause of an acute confusional state. In the rest of the patients results of all the tests were normal. Leukocytosis and hyponatremia were frequent factors associated with delirium. The mean duration of the hospital stay was 10.73 ± 3.6 days (range 5-21 days). Patients with an abnormal work-up (possible precipitating cause) had significantly lower mortality, less duration of hospital stay and less severe disability after 3 months. Age, underlying illness, serum creatinine, abnormal neuroimaging and MBI were identified as a significant prognostic indicator. 18 (34.6%) of our patients died, of these in 10 patients we could not find a precipitating cause.Patients, in whom a cause was found out, had better prognosis in terms of lesser mortality and the duration of hospital stay.
- Increase in IkappaB kinase alpha expression suppresses the tumor progression and improves the prognosis for nasopharyngeal carcinoma. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Mol Carcinog 2013 Sep 21.
Recent studies have suggested that the action of IkappaB kinase alpha (IKKα) as a tumor suppressor is crucial in the development of skin carcinoma, but its role in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) remains unknown. We examined the IKKα expression in specimens from 157 NPC patients by immunohistochemistry and analyzed the effect of IKKα on prognosis. The functional significance of IKKα expression in NPC cell lines was investigated by IKKα overexpression or downregulation in in vitro studies. The in vitro assays revealed that the IKKα expression was negatively correlated with the invasiveness, migration, and angiogenesis of NPC cells. Overexpression or downregulation of IKKα could significantly repress or enhance the above characteristics, respectively, and these effects were independent of IKKα kinase or EBNA1. In 157 NPC cases, IKKα was differentially expressed in NPC tissues. High expression of IKKα was associated significantly with a high disease-free survival (DFS; P = 0.002) or overall survival (OS; P = 0.014). Multivariate analyses showed that the IKKα expression was an independent risk factor for DFS (HR, 2.302; P = 0.011) and OS (HR, 3.578; P = 0.006). Our findings indicated that IKKα plays a crucial role as a tumor suppressor that suppresses the invasion, metastasis, and angiogenesis of NPC cells in vitro and correlates with the survival in NPC patients. Therefore, IKKα is not only a novel independent prognostic indicator in NPC, but also targeting IKKα expression may provide a potential therapeutic strategy for NPC. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
- Rate of intravenous thrombolysis for acute ischaemic stroke in the North-of-France region and evolution over time. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Neurol 2014 Apr 22.
The proportion of patients with ischaemic stroke treated by intravenous (i.v.) recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) is an indicator of quality of stroke care. The objective of the study is to evaluate the rate of i.v. thrombolysis in the North-of-France region and its evolution over time. We determined the proportion of inhabitants treated by i.v. rt-PA in 2009-2010 (period A; 8 stroke units, no telemedicine) and 2012 (period B; population campaigns, 12 stroke units with telemedicine in 5). We used hospital registries from the 12 stroke units, and population-based data were collected in a subpopulation of 226,827 inhabitants (5.6 % of the whole population). 1,563 inhabitants received i.v. rt-PA for stroke (period A: 835 in 24 months; period B: 728 in 12 months). Hospital and population data were similar. Annual rates of thrombolysis increased from 103 per million inhabitants [95 % confidence interval (CI) 85-125] to 181 (95 % CI 157-209; relative increase 76 %, 95 % CI 67-83 %). This rate increased in 12 districts (significantly in 6), but the increase was greater in districts where new stroke units, telemedicine, or both were implemented. In conclusion, although the proportion of patients treated was already high in period A, there was still place for improvement. Implementation of new stroke units, extension of the telemedicine network and new population campaigns are necessary to improve the rate of thrombolysis in several areas, to ensure an equal access to treatment over the whole territory. The next step is now to determine whether this high rate of i.v. rt-PA delivery at the population level translates into clinical results.
- On the faradaic selectivity and the role of surface inhomogeneity during the chlorine evolution reaction on ternary Ti-Ru-Ir mixed metal oxide electrocatalysts. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Phys Chem Chem Phys 2014 Apr 22.
The faradaic selectivity of the chlorine evolution reaction (CER) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) on the industrially important Ti-Ru-Ir mixed metal oxide is discussed. Absolute evolution rates as well as volume fractions of Cl2 and O2 were quantified using differential electrochemical mass spectrometry (DEMS), while the catalyst surface redox behavior was analyzed using cyclic voltammetry. The spatial inhomogeneity of the surface catalytic reaction rate was probed using Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy (SECM). Although the nature of the competition between electrochemical discharging of chloride ions and water molecules remains elusive on a molecular scale, new insights into the spatial reactivity distribution of the CER and OER were obtained. Oxidation of water is the initial step in corrosion and concomitant deactivation of the oxide electrodes; however, at the same time the nature of interaction between the oxide surface and water is used as a rational indicator of selectivity and catalytic activity. An experimental procedure was established that would allow the study of selectivity of a variety of different catalyst materials using polycrystalline electrode surfaces.
- Ultrasensitive enzyme-free electrochemical immunoassay for free thyroxine based on three dimensionally ordered macroporous chitosan-Au nanoparticles hybrid film. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Biosens Bioelectron 2014 Apr 13.:377-383.
The measurement of free thyroxine concentration in serum is considered to be an essential indicator of thyroid function. Here, a novel enzyme-free sandwich electrochemical immunosensor for the detection of FT4 antigen based on the immobilization of primary antibody (Ab1) on three dimensional ordered macroporous chitosan-Au nanoparticles hybrid (3DOM CS-AuNPs) film electrode, and magnetic multiwall carbon nanotubes (MMWCNTs) were used as label of secondary antibody (Ab2). The 3DOM CS-AuNPs film electrode was constructed by one-step electrodeposition of CS-AuNPs composite onto Au electrode with silica opal template. MMWCNTs were prepared by chemical co-precipitation of Fe(2+) and Fe(3+) salts on carboxylated MWCNTs. Ru(bpy)3(2+) labeled anti-FT4 (Ru(bpy)3(2+)-Ab2) was covalently attached to MMWCNTs through the formation of amide bond between the carboxylic groups of MWCNTs and the amine groups of antibody. Under the optimal conditions, FT4 was detected in a concentration range from 0.71fgmL(-1) to 1.15pgmL(-1) with a correlation coefficient of 0.998 and a detection limit of 0.20fgmL(-1). Moreover, the immunosensor showed excellent selectivity, good stability, satisfactory reproducibility and regeneration. Importantly, the developed method was used to assay clinical serum specimens, achieving a good relation with those obtained from the commercialized electrochemiluminescent method.
- A label-free electrochemical DNA sensor using methylene blue as redox indicator based on an exonuclease III-aided target recycling strategy. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Biosens Bioelectron 2014 Apr 13.:365-369.
In this work, using methylene blue (MB) as a redox marker and exonuclease III (Exo III) as an amplificatory enzyme, we developed a facile and a label-free electrochemical method for sensitive DNA detection. A double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) probe was prepared by hybridizing two single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) probes. In the ssDNA probes, one ssDNA was guanine bases free and the other one consisted of many unbound guanine bases. MB could be absorbed on the unbound guanine bases owing to the specific interaction between MB and the guanine bases. When the dsDNA probe was challenged with target DNA, it induced a simple Exo III assisted cleavage process, accompanied by the release of the unbound guanine bases. Thus, the amount of MB absorbed on the electrode was much less compared to the initial signal. The detection limit for DNA was found to be as low as 20fM. Moreover, it could discriminate mismatched DNA from perfectly matched target DNA. This detection method is simple in design, fast in operation and can be applied to detect different DNA sequences.
- Genome-wide microRNA expression profiles in hippocampus of rats with chronic temporal lobe epilepsy. [Journal Article]
- Sci Rep 2014.:4734.
The expression and functions of microRNAs (miRNAs) in chronic temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), the most common type of refractory epilepsy in adults, are poorly understood currently. In this study, status epilepticus evoked by amygdala stimulation was used to establish rat chronic TLE model. Two months later, high-throughput sequencing was employed to investigate miRNA expression profile in rat hippocampus, and six miRNAs were confirmed to be differentially expressed. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway analysis indicated that most of the target genes for these six miRNAs were associated with neuronal apoptosis. Meanwhile, the levels of miR-423-3p and miR-296-5p were correlated with the activity of caspase-3, an apoptosis indicator. Additionally, the loading of miR-423-3p was increased in RNA-induced silencing complex whilst caspase-6, a target of miR-423-3p, was reduced in chronic TLE rats. Collectively, our findings suggest that miRNAs may exert anti-apoptotic effects in chronic TLE.
- Parameters affecting greywater quality and its safety for reuse. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Sci Total Environ 2014 Apr 18.:20-25.
Reusing greywater (GW) for on-site irrigation is becoming a common practice worldwide. Alongside its benefits, GW reuse might pose health and environmental risks. The current study assesses the risks associated with on-site GW reuse and the main factors affecting them. GW from 34 households in Israel was analyzed for physicochemical parameters, Escherichia coli (as an indicator for rotavirus), Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus. Each participating household filled out a questionnaire about their GW sources, treatment and usages. Quantitative microbial risk assessment (QMRA) was performed based on the measured microbial quality, and on exposure scenarios derived from the questionnaires and literature data. The type of treatment was found to have a significant effect on the quality of the treated GW. The average E. coli counts in GW (which exclude kitchen effluent) treated by professionally-designed system resulted in acceptable risk under all exposure scenarios while the risk from inadequately-treated GW was above the accepted level as set by the WHO. In conclusion, safe GW reuse requires a suitable and well-designed treatment system. A risk-assessment approach should be used to adjust the current regulations/guidelines and to assess the performance of GW treatment and reuse systems.