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mallet toe [keywords]
- Hammertoe Surgery and the Trim-It Drill Pin. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Foot Ankle Spec 2013 May 14.
Digital deformities are some of the most frequent complaints of patients seeking a surgical solution after the failure of conservative care. A thorough assessment of the actual level of deformity is important to ensure a lasting surgical correction. This article details the options for correcting hammertoe, clawtoe and mallet toe deformities with Trim it Drill pin and the Spin pin.Levels of Evidence: Level 5.
- Open surgical treatment of an acute, unstable bony mallet injury of the hallux. [Case Reports, Journal Article]
- Foot Ankle Int 2013 Feb; 34(2):295-8.
- The efficacy of adjustable toe splint on decreasing metatarsalgia in patients with lesser toe deformity: a prospective, randomized single-blinded controlled trial. [Journal Article, Randomized Controlled Trial]
- J Med Assoc Thai 2012 Dec; 95(12):1575-82.
To study the effectiveness in application of adjustable toe splint in decreasing metatarsalgia in patients with lesser toe deformity and the complication of adjustable toe splint usage.Thirty-six patients who had claw toes or hammer toes with metatarsalgia were enrolled in aprospective, randomized single-blinded controlled trial at the Out Patient Rehabilitation Medicine Clinic, Siriraj Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand between March and September 2011. Patients were randomized into two groups, the study group (using adjustable toe splint for 2 weeks) and the control group. Patients in both groups were advised as well to use proper shoes.All patients in each group completed the study. The baseline characteristics of the patients in both groups were similar The present study group reported more decrease pain at metatarsal heads and dorsum of toes than the control group (p < 0.05). Two patients reported complications from toe splint usage as toe abrasions.Using adjustable toe splint can decrease the metatarsalgia in patient with lesser toe deformity.
- Flexor hallucis longus shortening for interphalangeal joint hyperextension deformity of the hallux: technique tip. [Journal Article]
- Foot Ankle Int 2012 Dec; 33(12):1156-8.
- Treatment of dynamic claw toe deformity flexor digitorum brevis tendon transfer to interosseous and lumbrical muscles: a literature survey. [Journal Article, Review]
- Foot Ankle Surg 2012 Dec; 18(4):229-32.
The authors report the results of a literature survey of corrective surgical treatment based on FDL and FDB tendon transfer for dynamic claw toe deformities. The study revealed that FDL transfer was first described in 1967 by Malcolm A. Brahms in "Common Foot Problems", and FDB transfer was first mentioned in 1993 in the first edition of the treatise by G. Pisani "Trattato di Chirurgia del Piede". The paper also discusses the functional effect of FDB transfer, compared to FDL transfer.
- Lesser toes proximal interphalangeal joint fusion in rigid claw toes. [Journal Article, Review]
- Foot Ankle Clin 2012 Sep; 17(3):473-80.
Treatment of rigid claw toe is still subject to discussion and evolution. Arthrodesis or arthroplasty of the PIPJ is apparently the most reliable procedure. K wire seems be the most reliable way to solve this clinical issue, but different implants specifically created to treat PIPJ deformities are being developed, and still have to be tested clinically. The use of screws to fix the PIPJ is a valid alternative, although some problems remain to be solved, specifically pain in relation to the tip of the screw. Longer follow-up studies are needed to increase our knowledge of the treatment of this specific deformity.
- Foot problems in Maori with diabetes. [Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't]
- N Z Med J 2012 Aug 24; 125(1360):48-56.
The prevalence of diabetes and its associated manifestations is higher in New Zealand Maori than New Zealand Europeans. There is no current evidence regarding podiatric clinical characteristics of Maori with diabetes. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical and foot characteristics of Maori with diabetes using a podiatry-specific assessment tool.This study used a cross-sectional design. Participants with diabetes were recruited from two Maori Primary Health Organisations. Podiatric-specific characteristics (vascular, neurological and musculoskeletal) were recorded. Patient demographics and general medical conditions were also recorded.Fifty-three participants were recruited and displayed risk factors for diabetes-related complications (mean disease duration 12 years, mean HbA1c 8.3%) including 49% of participants with hypertension. Podiatric-specific characteristics revealed unremarkable neurovascular results. However, many participants presented with pre-ulcerative lesions and current pedal ulceration (53% and 8% respectively). Although many participants had good foot-care knowledge (>85%), a modified classification tool of foot risk status determined that a high percentage of participants required regular podiatric management and screening (60%).Despite this population living with a chronic condition for more than 10 years and displaying poor long-term glycaemic control, there was no evidence of microvascular or macrovascular complications in the lower limb. However, there was a high prevalence of pre-ulcerative lesions which unmonitored and undetected may predispose the foot to ulceration. The detection of current ulceration in this study alongside other risk factors for diabetes-related complications necessitates the need for appropriate podiatric screening and podiatry management.
- Metatarsal extension osteotomy without plantar aponeurosis release in cavus feet. The effect on claw toe deformity a radiographic assessment. [Journal Article]
- Foot Ankle Surg 2012 Sep; 18(3):210-2.
This study reviewed patients undergoing correction of cavus foot deformity by metatarsal extension osteotomy with preservation of the plantar aponeurosis, and assessed the correction achieved of the claw deformity of the toe by radiographic assessment.15 patients (18 feet) were reviewed clinically and radiographically. All feet required extension osteotomy of the first metatarsal and four patients (5 feet) had extension osteotomy of the first to fourth metatarsals. Hallux extension angle in relation to the 1st metatarsal and in relation to the ground was measured in all feet to estimate the degree of clawing of the hallux.13 patients (15 feet) were satisfied with the outcome of their surgery and also the appearance of their foot. The mean radiographic change in the hallux extension angle in relation to the 1st metatarsal was 16°, and in relation to the ground was 7°. These changes were statistically significant.Our results indicate an improvement in the claw toe deformity and we recommend preservation of the plantar aponeurosis in corrective surgery for cavus foot.
- Hammertoe surgery: arthroplasty, arthrodesis or plantar plate repair? [Journal Article]
- Clin Podiatr Med Surg 2012 Jul; 29(3):355-66.
In cases of painful complex hammertoe deformity, there is no single approach that can be used in all circumstances. If conservative care fails, surgical management may include interphalangeal joint arthroplasty, arthrodesis, and/or plantar plate repair. The best and most pragmatic surgical plan must be patient-centered, taking the age, activity level, expectations of the patient, and precise etiology of the hammertoe deformity into account.