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- Endoscopic turbinoplasty of concha bullosa: long term results. [Journal Article]
- Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2013 Aug; 65(Suppl 2):251-4.
The aim of this study is to assess the long-term results of our endoscopic turbinoplasty technique for concha bullosa. Thirty-six patients of chronic or recurrent sinusitis who had concha bullosa on CT scan along with mucosal disease in sinuses and underwent turbinoplasty with functional endoscopic sinus surgery were studied. They were followed regularly with endoscopic examination for 7 years and were assessed for immediate or longterm complications of the procedure. Results of 36 patients revealed bilateral concha bullosa in 16 (44.4%) and unilateral concha bullosa in 20 (55.6%) patients. Out of 52 sides of turbinoplasties which were followed for average of 89 months, only 3 sides (5.76%) had synechia between middle turbinate and septum. Only 1 (1.92%) side had adhesions between lateral wall and middle turbinate. There were no other immediate or longterm complications. We conclude from our study that endoscopic turbinoplasty is safe and effective procedure for concha bullosa. It preserves middle turbinate anatomically and physiologically and treats the concha with negligible complications.
- Endoscopic microdebrider-assisted inferior turbinoplasty with and without posterior nasal neurectomy. [Journal Article]
- Auris Nasus Larynx 2014 Jun; 41(3):273-7.
Endoscopic microdebrider-assisted inferior turbinoplasty (EMAIT) has been recognized as an efficient surgical technique in the management of hypertrophied inferior turbinate. In an attempt to further increase surgical successful outcomes, posterior nasal neurectomy (PNN) was developed. The aim of this retrospective case-control study was to assess the position of PNN in the surgery of hypertrophied turbinate.Seventy patients were assigned to the two treatment groups: Group A (EMAIT) and Group B (EMAIT and PNN). Subjective outcomes were represented by symptom score and quality of life scores (Rhinoconjunctivitis Quality of Life Questionnaire - RQLQ). Objective outcomes were nasal resistance, saccharin transit time and acoustic rhinometry parameters.The survey demonstrated that symptoms and objective parameters improved postoperatively in both groups, with no statistical significant differences in objective and subjective outcomes between the surgical groups.The addition of PNN appears to offer no additional benefit in the subjective and objective outcome related with surgery of hypertrophied inferior turbinate. However, longer follow-up studies and larger number of patients are required in order to validate our results.
- How to resolve the caudal septal deviation? Clinical outcomes after septoplasty with bony batten grafting. [Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't]
- Laryngoscope 2014 Aug; 124(8):1771-6.
Caudal septal deviation interrupts normal nasal breathing, due to the narrowing of the external valve area and nasal valve angle. In this study, we found a different approach for correction of caudal septal deviation with no associated deformity of the external nose.Individual case-control study.The 39 patients completed questionnaires by interviews postoperatively for assessment of nasal obstruction. In addition, patients assessed the severity of their nasal symptoms (i.e., mouth breathing, mouth dryness, hyposmia, rhinorrhea, epistaxis, snoring, postnasal drip, and headache) preoperatively and postoperatively using a visual analog scale (VAS). Improvement in the treatment of nasal obstruction using a VAS and a questionnaire for subjective satisfaction were evaluated 3 months after septoplasty. To evaluate outcomes objectively, endoscopic photographs of the nasal cavity and acoustic rhinometry before and after surgery were evaluated. For comparison between preoperative and postoperative status, the Wilcoxon signed ranks test was used.Patients reported a significant decrease in the VAS severity of all nasal symptoms. The minimal cross-sectional area (MCA1) of the convex side after vascular constriction using acoustic rhinometry showed significant widening. Patients were divided into a turbinoplasty group and a nonturbinoplasty group, and the turbinoplasty group showed a significant increase in both the convex side and concave side in MCA1 and in the convex side in the anterior portion of the inferior turbinate.Endonasal septoplasty using bony batten grafting for caudal septal deviation resulted in an improvement of nasal obstruction symptoms and acoustic rhinometry components.
- Respecting nasal mucosa during turbinate surgery: end of the dogma? [Clinical Trial, Journal Article]
- Rhinology 2013 Dec; 51(4):368-75.
Chronic rhinitis with inferior turbinate hypertrophy is the most common cause of chronic nasal obstruction. Pharmacological treatment, mainly consisting of corticosteroids, is largely inadequate and, therefore, in the last few years several surgical techniques have been proposed (emptying, radiofrequency, cryotherapy, etc...). The aim of our work is to demonstrate that surgical removal of the inferior turbinate mucosa with the microdebrider, along with the submucosal chorion, results in a full restoration of mucosal physiological structure and function.Thirteen symptomatic adult patients were subjected to bilateral inferior partial turbinoplasty with the microdebrider. All patients underwent endoscopic examination, functional nasal tests and nasal mucosa biopsy before and after surgery.The sensitivity in open airspaces improved after nasal surgery, and the results of functional tests returned to within a normal range. SEM examination confirmed that complete mucosal regeneration was within 4 months.Total removal of the inferior turbinate mucosa with the microdebrider in patients suffering from hypertrophic chronic rhinitis allows the perfect regeneration of physiological respiratory tissue and doesn`t have a negative impact on healing time and offsets any adverse postoperative event.
- Septoturbinotomy. [Journal Article, Video-Audio Media]
- Aesthet Surg J 2013 Nov 1; 33(8):1199-205.
The inferior turbinates are a principal cause of nasal airway obstruction. To some extent, the bony septum (the perpendicular plate of the ethmoid) also, on occasion, contributes to that airflow obstruction. There are many excellent methods to resect or ablate the turbinates, including submucous resection and cauterization. However, some have been associated with bleeding, crusting, and the development of synechiae. In this Featured Operative Technique article, we propose 2 mechanical means to expand the nasal vault: (1) the insertion of a large and long speculum that outfractures the turbinates and also centralizes the bony septum when the handles are compressed and (2) the insertion of a large clamp, which is expanded (in reverse "nutcracker" fashion) to achieve a similar result. Mechanical dilation (expansion) of the nasal vault with the speculum or large clamp substantially improves vault diameter such that further work on the turbinates in the form of turbinectomy is seldom necessary. The nasal vault is not necessarily expanded to the maximal diameter that could be achieved with resection procedures but need not be to achieve satisfactory air flow. Septoturbinotomy is a quick and simple way to deal with inferior turbinate hypertrophy. It is a minimally invasive procedure that improves the airway in virtually all cases, such that turbinectomy is seldom employed. It can be used prophylactically on all rhinoplasty cases requiring lateral osteotomy, which potentially shrinks the nasal vault slightly.
- Inferior turbinate hypertrophy: review and graduated approach to surgical management. [Journal Article, Review]
- Am J Rhinol Allergy 2013 Sep-Oct; 27(5):411-5.
Surgical techniques for managing inferior turbinate hypertrophy (ITH) vary widely and have evolved substantially in the past four decades as new technologies have emerged.Literature review.Inferior turbinate (IT) procedures can be categorized as: simple turbinate outfracture; turbinoplasty techniques such as extramucosal destruction, and submucosal tissue removal; and extramural turbinate resection (partial or complete). Each of these approaches has advantages and drawbacks. Considerations for technique selection include clinical setting (in-office versus operating room), cost of the devices used, efficacy of the procedure to relieve nasal obstruction, and minimizing postoperative complications such as nuisance bleeding, adhesion formation, and crusting.There are a variety of contemporary surgical techniques used for IT reduction. This article highlights the available literature and gaps in current knowledge. A graduated approach to the management of ITH will be presented.
- A comparison of septal stapler to suture closure in septoplasty: a prospective, randomized trial evaluating the effect on operative time. [Comparative Study, Journal Article, Randomized Controlled Trial]
- Int Forum Allergy Rhinol 2013 Nov; 3(11):911-4.
Septoplasty requires coaptation of the mucosal flaps at the conclusion of the procedure; classically this is done with nasal packing. Quilting sutures provide a welcome alternative to packing, but can be time-consuming to place. A septal stapler has recently been developed that provides a rapid alternative to quilting sutures but the timesaving has not been quantified.This study was a prospective, randomized trial comparing a septal stapler to quilting suture for coaptation of mucosal flaps in septoplasty. After meeting inclusion criteria, patients underwent septoplasty and inferior turbinoplasty. The total operative time, surgical segment times, including time for closure was recorded. Preoperative and postoperative Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) scores were recorded. A sample size of 16 was determined to detect a difference of 5 minutes in closure time.A total of 16 patients were enrolled in the study. The mean time for closure with septal stapler was 35 ± 22 seconds vs 7 minutes ± 1 minute 10 seconds for suture closure (p < 0.0001). The mean total operative time using the septal stapler was 28 minutes ± 6 minutes whereas 43 minutes ± 13 minutes was required for suture (p = 0.014). No difference in postoperative complications or mucosal healing was seen; preoperative and postoperative improvement in NOSE scores was comparable.Coaptation of the mucosal flaps in septoplasty with a septal stapler affords a timesaving in the operating room with no difference in operative outcome.
- Angiofibroma of inferior turbinate as an unusual complication of CO2 laser turbinoplasty. [Case Reports, Journal Article]
- J Craniofac Surg 2013; 24(5):e513-4.
Angiofibroma is a benign vascular tumor that usually occurs in the nasopharynx, and extranasopharyngeal angiofibromas are rarely reported. We report the first case of an angiofibroma arising from the inferior turbinate after CO2 laser turbinoplasty. Endoscopic excisional biopsy was performed, but the tumor recurred after 2 months of surgery. The mass was excised by endoscopic approach including surrounding normal mucosal tissue. Histologic examination suggested the diagnosis of angiofibroma. The patient was asymptomatic, and there was no evidence of recurrence after 1 year of the second surgery.
- Septoplasty with or without postoperative nasal packing? Prospective study. [Comparative Study, Journal Article, Randomized Controlled Trial]
- Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2013 Aug; 79(4):471-4.
Anterior nasal packing is carried out in a number of nasal surgeries, especially in septoplasty. However, it is not an innocuous procedure and for this its benefit has been challenged.To assess the need for anterior nasal packing and the quality of life of patients submitted to septoplasty.Patients submitted to septoplasty with or without inferior turbinoplasty were randomized to receive or not anterior nasal packing postoperatively. We recorded and compared postoperative data (pain and bleeding). Quality of life was assessed before and after surgery. This is a randomized prospective study.We had 73 patients (37 packed and 36 who did not receive a nasal packing) with a minimum follow-up of 3 months. Patients with nasal packing complained more of nasal pain and headache in the immediate postoperative period. Of these patients, 75.7% reported moderate/intense pain upon nasal packing removal. Bleeding was more frequent in those patients who did not receive a nasal packing, and only 1 patient required packing. All the patients enjoyed an improvement in quality of life.Septoplasty improves the quality of life of patients with septal deviation and nasal obstruction. Routine use of anterior nasal packing should be challenged for not presenting proven benefit.
- Unilateral visual loss after a nasal airway surgery. [Journal Article]
- Clin Med Insights Case Rep 2013.:119-23.
Septoplasty and turbinoplasty are common ear, nose, throat (ENT) operations which generally have low complication rates. A 45-year-old man had a septoplasty operation and a right turbinoplasty operation under a combined general and local anesthetic. He woke from the procedure with a reduced visual acuity in the right eye and substantial inferior visual field loss. A review of the current literature focuses on the vasospasm effects of local anesthetic, in combination with epinephrine on the intricately linked nasal and orbital vascular supply.