urinary retention [keywords]
- Active tumor-targeting luminescent gold clusters with efficient urinary excretion. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Chem Commun (Camb) 2016 Jun 29.
We present novel active targeting luminescent gold nanoclusters (AuNCs), which are prepared through a one-pot procedure by using a pentapeptide (CRGDS) for stabilization and tumor recognition. CRGDS-AuNCs exhibit a high tumor-specific retention with an exceptionally high tumor-to-liver uptake ratio of 9.3. Their small hydrodynamic diameter and zwitterionic surface facilitate urinary excretion, which reaches 82% within 24 h after injection.
- [Laparoscopy combined with transperineal extralevator abdominoperineal excision for locally advanced low rectal cancer]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi 2016 Jun 25; 19(6):654-8.
To evaluate the laparoscopy combined with transperineal extralevator abdominoperineal excision (TP-ELAPE) for locally advanced low rectal caner.Clinical data of 12 patients with locally advanced low rectal cancer undergoing laparoscopy combined with TP-ELAPE in our department from May 2013 to March 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 8 male and 4 female patients with median aged of 63 (46 to 72) years. The median distance from tumor lower margin to anal verge was 3.5(2.0 to 4.0) cm. A self-made transanal suit for minimally invasive operation was used to make a sealed lacuna outside the sphincter, thus laparoscope can be applied to perform transperineal operation.All the patients underwent operations successfully without conversion to open abdominal operation. The median operating time was 206 (180 to 280) minutes with perineal operating time 95(80 to 120) minutes. The median intraoperative blood loss was 120(50 to 200) ml. The median postoperative hospital stay was 12(9 to 18 ) days. Postoperative pathology revealed that all circumferential margins (CRM) were negative. The area of sample horizontal section was (2 824±463) mm(2), and of outer muscularis propria was(2 190±476) mm(2). Postoperative complications included chronic sacrococcygeal region pain in 2 cases, urinary retention in 3 cases, perineal wound infection in 1 case. No perineal seroma, perineal hernia, wound dehiscence and sinus tract formation were observed. Among 8 patients with preoperative normal sexual function, sexual dysfunction occurred in 2 patients. There was no local recurrence and metastasis during a median follow-up of 21(12 to 34) months.Laparoscopy combined with TP-ELAPE has the potential to simplify the operation procedure for low rectal cancer, can ensure the radical treatment and safety of operation, and may be carried out in experienced centers.
- Prilocaine spinal anesthesia for ambulatory surgery: A review of the available studies. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Anaesth Crit Care Pain Med 2016 Jun 21.
Transient neurologic symptoms (TNS) led to the abandonment of intrathecal lidocaine. We reviewed the published literature for information about the duration of action and side effects of intrathecal prilocaine, which has been recently reintroduced in Europe. Medline and EMBASE databases were searched for the time period from 1966 to 2014. Fourteen prospective and one retrospective study were retrieved. The duration of the surgical block can be adjusted using doses between 40 and 80mg. Hyperbaric prilocaine in doses as low as 10mg can be used for perianal procedures. Four cases of TNS in 486 patients were reported in prospective studies, and none in 5000 cases in a retrospective data set. Spinal prilocaine appears to be safe and reliable for day case anesthesia. However, as chloroprocaine has a shorter duration and a lower risk of TNS and urinary retention, the indications for prilocaine remain to be defined.
- Simultaneous metastases of clear cell renal cell carcinoma to the urinary bladder and left retroperitoneal space: A case report and review of the literature. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Oncol Lett 2016 Jul; 12(1):167-170.
The present study describes an extremely rare case of simultaneous metastases of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) to the urinary bladder and left retroperitoneal space, occurring subsequent to an open radical nephrectomy. A review of the literature is also considered. A 70-year-old man presenting with diabetes mellitus and hypertension was referred to West China Hospital (Chengdu, China) with constant left flank pain that had been apparent for 2 months. Ultrasonography identified a heterogeneous tumor with a solid component measuring 4.4×3.4×5.0 cm, and computed tomography (CT) revealed a circumscribed and contrast-enhanced tumor in the left kidney. Subsequent pathological analysis of the specimen, obtained from an open radical nephrectomy, confirmed the presence of ccRCC. At 1 month after the radical nephrectomy, an abdominopelvic CT scan identified tumors located on the posterior bladder wall and also in the left retroperitoneal space, forming due to hematuria and acute urinary clot retention. There was no evidence of metastasis to the lungs, bones or other organs. A transurethral resection of the bladder tumor was performed and pathological analysis of the bladder specimen demonstrated metastatic ccRCC. Extensive hydrothorax and general anasarca presented half a month after the transurethral resection, with the patient subsequently succumbing 15 days later.
- Concomitant transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy and transurethral resection of prostate in patients with urinary retention and elevated serum prostate-specific antigen levels. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Chin Med Assoc 2016 Jun 22.
There was no consensus about the management of patients with urinary retention and elevated serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels. This study aimed to determine whether concomitant transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided biopsy and transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) is practical in patients with urinary retention and elevated serum PSA levels.From March 2007 to May 2015, a total of 34 patients with urinary retention and elevated PSA (≥ 4 ng/mL) underwent concomitant TRUS-guided biopsy and TURP. The medical records were evaluated retrospectively, and data including PSA, prostate volume, TURP results, TRUS-guided biopsy results, length of hospitalization, and complications were collected. These patients were then compared with 40 patients with urinary retention who underwent TURP alone.The mean age of the patients was 71.6 years. The mean PSA levels were 16.9 ng/mL. Prostate cancer was detected in eight cases (23.5%): one case by TRUS-guided biopsy alone, two cases by TURP alone, and five cases by both TRUS-guided biopsy and TURP. Complications included fever in five patients (14.7%), recatheterization for urine retention in two patients (5.9%), urinary tract infection in two patients (5.9%), and de novo urge incontinence in seven patients (20.6%). The complication rate was not significantly increased compared with that of the patients who underwent TURP alone.This study showed that concomitant TRUS-guided biopsy and TURP was safe and of possible clinical significance in urinary retention patients with elevated serum PSA.
- Managing lower urinary tract symptoms in men. [Journal Article]
- Practitioner 2016 Apr; 260(1792):11-6, 2.
Male lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are common and increase in prevalence with age. Up to 90% of men aged 50 to 80 may suffer from troublesome LUTS. Men may attend expressing direct concern about micturition, describing one or more LUTS and the related impact on their quality of life. Frequently men may present for other medical or urological reasons such as concern regarding their risk of having prostate cancer or erectile dysfunction but on taking a history bothersome LUTS are identified. Men may present late in the community with urinary retention: the inability to pass urine. A thorough urological history is essential to inform management. It is important to determine whether men have storage or voiding LUTS or both. All patients must have a systematic comprehensive examination including genitalia and a digital rectal examination. Investigations performed in primary care should be guided by the history and examination findings, taking into account the impact of the LUTS on the individual's quality of life. Current NICE guidelines recommend the following to be performed at initial assessment: frequency volume chart (FVC); urine dipstick to detect blood, glucose, protein, leucocytes and nitrites; and prostate specific antigen. Men should be referred for urological review if they have: bothersome LUTS which have not responded to conservative management or medical therapy; LUTS in association with recurrent or persistent UTIs; urinary retention; renal impairment suspected to be secondary to lower urinary tract dysfunction; or suspected urological malignancy. All patients not meeting criteria for immediate referral to urology can be managed initially in primary care. Based on history, examination and investigation findings an individualised management plan should be formulated. Basic lifestyle advice should be given regarding reduction or avoidance of caffeinated products and alcohol. The FVC should guide advice regarding fluid intake management and all medications should be reviewed.
- Urinary Retention Manifesting as Excessive Venous Ooze During Cranio-Vertebral Junction Surgery. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Neurosurg Anesthesiol 2016 Jun 22.
- An Unusual Etiology of Urinary Retention - Small Cell Prostate Carcinoma. [Journal Article]
- Urol Case Rep 2016 Jul.:53-4.
We report the case of a 63-year-old male who presented with painless gross hematuria and urinary retention. Pathology obtained from transurethral resection of the prostate revealed pure small cell carcinoma of the prostate. Metastatic evaluation confirmed stage IV disease with lymphatic and hepatic metastasis. Despite aggressive systemic chemotherapy, the patient succumbed to his disease eleven months after initial diagnosis. Small cell carcinoma is an aggressive variant of prostate cancer that often presents late in the clinical course. We review the literature and discuss the clinical features associated with this rare subset of prostate cancer.
- Vesicostomy as a Treatment Option for Epidermolisis Bullosa Case With Urethral and Meatal Involvement. [Journal Article]
- Urol Case Rep 2016 Jul.:39-41.
Epidermolisis Bullosa (EB) is a rare hereditary disorder that its junctional type is very rare one that involves epithelium, however, genitourinary epithelium involvement occurs so rarely. The present case is 5-year old boy; a known case of junctional EB whom had recurrent urinary retention due to meatal and urethral stenosis that was deteriorated by therapeutically interventions.