(urinary retention) articles in PubMed
- [Comparison of ultrasound guided femoral and sciatic nerve block versus epidural anaesthesia for orthopaedic surgery in dogs]. [Journal Article]
- Tierarztl Prax Ausg K Kleintiere Heimtiere 2016 Sep 27; 45(1)TP
- CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, femoral and sciatic nerve blocks and epidural anaesthesia ensure comparable analgesic effects in canine patients undergoing orthopaedic surgery of the pelvic limb. The lower mean arterial blood pressure of group EPI was not of clinical relevance.
- Dystonia of the lower limb after sacral neuromodulation implanted to a 16-year-old boy with non-obstructive chronic urinary retention. [Journal Article]
- Ann Phys Rehabil Med 2016; 59S:e106AP
- CONCLUSIONS: This dystonia of the lower limb was probably due to the sacral neuromodulation because it appeared when it was on, and had intensity correlated to the intensity of the stimulation. However, it may have a psychological part to this process because such side effect has never been described before and the motor block was very quickly effective.
- Bladder rupture secondary to emphysematous bladder: A diabetic patient report. [Journal Article]
- Ann Phys Rehabil Med 2016; 59S:e106AP
- CONCLUSIONS: In addition to emphysematous cystitis being rare, combining with cystitis and air in the bladder wall elevates the severeness. Clinical symptoms severeness is stage-dependent. The presence of the pneumaturia should eliminate differential diagnosis of rectovesical fistula. The association of bladder rupture adds to the complication. It mainly affects older females . The predisposing factors are diabetes and urinary stasis (neurogenic bladder, chronic urinary retention). The most common bacteria are Escherichia coli (58%) and K. pneumoniae (21%). The fermentation of glucose to formic acid during the breathing of bacteria forms carbon dioxide.  The CT scan is the first line of investigation, which shows aeric hypodensities and the extension of the lesions.  Treatment focuses on parenteral antibiotic therapy with surgical intervention. Despite the 20% mortality rate, outcomes were favorable in most cases. The underlying cause of emphysematous cystitis and its catastrophic consequences affecting the urinary tract necessitates both of urological follow-up and rehabilitation.
- Urinary self-catheterization for the elderly: Predictors for the success of the learning gesture. [Journal Article]
- Ann Phys Rehabil Med 2016; 59S:e103AP
- CONCLUSIONS: If two studies [1,2] had previously evaluated adherence to self-catheterization according to age with conflicting results, none assessed intermittent learning gesture. A BMI>30kg/m(2) is an unfavorable factor for the acquisition of gesture, as a PP low test and a low MIF. On the other hand, age, gender, pathology or cognitive disorders should not therefore contraindicate self-catheterization for the elderly, in case of a medical treatment indication.
- Complete Mesh Infection Following Repeat Retropubic Tension-Free Vaginal Tape. [Journal Article]
- J Obstet Gynaecol Can 2016; 38(9):839-842JO
- CONCLUSIONS: Mesh infection following a midurethral sling procedure is rare. In suspected cases, cystoscopy should be performed to rule out bladder injury. Antibiotic therapy may be successful, but removal of the sling may be required for resolution of symptoms.
- Comparing Clinical and Economic Outcomes Associated with Early Initiation of Combination Therapy of an Alpha Blocker and Dutasteride or Finasteride in Men with Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia in the United States. [Journal Article]
- J Manag Care Spec Pharm 2016; 22(10):1204-14JM
- CONCLUSIONS: Clinical and economic outcomes were similar between the early dutasteride + AB and early finasteride + AB cohorts, with no statistically significant differences detected.
- Detection of Trichomonas vaginalis in prostate tissue and serostatus in patients with asymptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia. [Journal Article]
- BMC Infect Dis 2016; 16(1):506BI
- CONCLUSIONS: Our study documents T. vaginalis DNA and T. vaginalis antigen in 24.6 and 21.6 % respectively in the prostate tissue of the BPH cases. We also detected a relatively higher seropositivity rate for antibodies to T. vaginalis both in the BPH cases and in normal control group, 31 and 26.9 % respectively but no significant association was observed between BPH and T. vaginalis serostatus or presence of T. vaginalis DNA in the prostate tissue. Further epidemiological and case-controlled studies are needed to focus on local response to chronic asymptomatic retention of T. vaginalis in prostate tissue in the development of benign prostate hyperplasia.
- Effects of ruminally degradable starch levels on performance，nitrogen balance，and nutrient digestibility in dairy cows fed low corn-based starch diets. [Journal Article]
- Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2016 Sep 19AJ
- This trial was performed to examine the effects of ruminally degradable starch levels in total mixed ration (TMR) with low corn-based starch on the milk production, whole-tract nutrient digestibility...
This trial was performed to examine the effects of ruminally degradable starch levels in total mixed ration (TMR) with low corn-based starch on the milk production, whole-tract nutrient digestibility and nitrogen balance in dairy cows. Eight multiparous Holstein cows (BW: 717±63 kg; DIM: 169±29) were assigned to a crossover design with two dietary treatments: a diet containing 62.3% ruminally degradable starch (% of total starch, low RDS) or 72.1% ruminally degradable starch (% of total starch, high RDS). Changes to the ruminally degradable levels were conducted by using either finely ground corn or steam-flaked corn as the starch component. The dry matter intake, milk yield and composition in dairy cows were not affected by dietary treatments. The concentration of MUN was lower for cows fed high RDS TMR than low RDS TMR. The whole-tract apparent digestibility of neutral detergent fiber, acid detergent fiber and crude protein decreased, and that of starch increased for cows fed high RDS TMR than low RDS TMR, with no dietary effect on the whole-tract apparent digestibility of dry matter and organic matter. The proportion of urinary N excretion in N intake was lower and that of fecal N excretion in N intake was higher for cows fed high RDS TMR than those fed low RDS TMR. The N secretion in milk and the retention of N were not influenced by the dietary treatments. Total purine derivative (Total PD) was similar in cows fed high RDS TMR and low RDS TMR. Consequently, estimated microbial N flow to the duodenum was similar in cows fed high RDS TMR and low RDS TMR. Results of this study show that ruminally degradable starch levels can influence whole-tract nutrient digestibility and nitrogen balance in dairy cows fed low corn-based starch diets, with no influence on performance.
- Female hypospadias presenting with urinary retention and renal failure in an adolescent: uncommon and late presentation with significant hidden morbidity. [Journal Article]
- BMJ Case Rep 2016; 2016BC
- An 11-year-old girl presented with poor urinary stream with vaginal voiding since childhood. She had palpable bladder and raised serum creatinine (671 µmol/L). Suprapubic catheterisation was performe...
An 11-year-old girl presented with poor urinary stream with vaginal voiding since childhood. She had palpable bladder and raised serum creatinine (671 µmol/L). Suprapubic catheterisation was performed after a failed urethral attempt. Following catheterisation she improved symptomatically. She underwent cystoscopy through the suprapubic portal as a guide wire could be negotiated through bladder neck; external urethral meatus was found as a dimple higher up in anterior vaginal wall. Female hypospadias is usually an incidental diagnosis during catheterisation for various reasons. Diagnosis could be established only after antegrade cystoscopy. Anecdotal cases have been reported in the literature with similar presentation. Early diagnosis is essential as renal failure could be a late presentation if patients continue to void with stenosed meatus. Long-term follow-up is needed as these patients may need definitive management later on.
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- A Nationwide Assessment of the Emergency Department Management of Acute Urinary Retention Due to Urethral Stricture. [Journal Article]
- Urology 2016 Sep 19U
- CONCLUSIONS: Urethral dilation remains the most common urologic intervention in the ED for AUR due to US; however, there is an increasing trend towards SPT placement. Patients who are younger, publically insured, or who receive care in the West region are more likely to receive a SPT for initial treatment of AUR due to US.