PanretinPregnancy CategoryCategory DTher. class.antineoplasticsPharm. class.
Topical treatment of cutaneous lesions from AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma (KS).
Binds to and activates retinoid receptors, resulting in inhibition of KS cells.
Decreased cutaneous lesions of KS.
Absorption: Small amounts are absorbed.
Metabolism and Excretion: Some metabolism occurs.
TIME/ACTION PROFILE (response of KS lesions)
|topical||2 wk||414 wk||unknown|
Hypersensitivity to retinoids ;
OB: Potential for birth defects;
Lactation: Use breast milk alternative.Use Cautiously in:
Patients with childbearing potential ;
Pedi: Safety not established.
Adverse Reactions/Side Effects
Local: pain, pruritus, rash, edema, exfoliative, dermatitis, paresthesia.
*CAPITALS indicates life-threatening.
*italic indicates most frequent.
Do not use concurrently with insect repellent products containing N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide (DEET) . Alitretinoin increases DEET absorption.
Topical (Adults): Apply generous coating twice daily to KS lesions initially; application may be increased to 34 times daily..
Topical gel: 0.1% in 60-g tubes
Assess skin lesions before and periodically throughout therapy to determine effectiveness.
Assess patient for dermal toxicities throughout therapy. Dermal toxicity may begin with erythema, which may increase, and edema may develop with continued application. Severe toxicity (as evidenced by erythema, edema, or vesiculation) may limit treatment. If toxicity occurs, decrease frequency of application. If extreme irritation occurs, discontinue for a few days until symptoms subside.
Potential Nursing Diagnoses
Impaired skin integrity (Indications)(Adverse Reaction)
Deficient knowledge , related to medication regimen (Patient/Family Teaching)
Topical: Apply sufficient gel to cover lesion with a generous coating twice daily initially. May increase to 34 times daily if tolerated. Allow gel to dry for 35 minutes before covering with clothing. Avoid application of gel to healthy skin surrounding lesions or on or near mucosal surfaces; skin may become irritated. Do not cover with occlusive dressing.
Instruct patient in correct method for application of gel. Emphasize the importance of continuing treatment, even if results are not visible. Prolonged therapy may be required.
Advise patient to notify health care professional if signs of dermal toxicity occur.
Caution patient to minimize exposure of treated areas to sunlight or sunlamps to prevent photosensitivity reactions.
Advise patient to avoid use of products, such as insect repellents, which contain DEET during treatment. Alitretinoin may increase DEET toxicity.
Decrease in cutaneous lesions of KS. Effects may be seen as early as 2 weeks, but most patients require 48 weeks for response. Some patients require more than 14 weeks for significant improvement. Gel application should be continued as long as patient is deriving benefit from it.