Contraception

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Basics

Description

  • Medications or procedures that control timing of pregnancies and prevent unintended pregnancies
  • Options are divided into two major categories: hormonal and nonhormonal.

Epidemiology

Incidence

  • The estimated prevalence of contraception use in the United States among women 15 to 49 years is 65%.
  • 45% of pregnancies in the United States are unintended. Half occur in women using reversible contraception. Unintended pregnancies are associated with increased risk of adverse maternal and infant outcomes.

Risk Factors

Unintended pregnancy: higher rates among women ages 18 to 24 and >40, unmarried women, women with less than a college education, and minority women

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Basics

Description

  • Medications or procedures that control timing of pregnancies and prevent unintended pregnancies
  • Options are divided into two major categories: hormonal and nonhormonal.

Epidemiology

Incidence

  • The estimated prevalence of contraception use in the United States among women 15 to 49 years is 65%.
  • 45% of pregnancies in the United States are unintended. Half occur in women using reversible contraception. Unintended pregnancies are associated with increased risk of adverse maternal and infant outcomes.

Risk Factors

Unintended pregnancy: higher rates among women ages 18 to 24 and >40, unmarried women, women with less than a college education, and minority women

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