Vertigo

Vertigo is a topic covered in the Diagnosaurus.

To view the entire topic, please or .

5-Minute Clinical Consult (5MCC) app and website powered by Unbound Medicine helps you diagnose and manage 900+ medical conditions. Exclusive bonus features include Diagnosaurus DDx, 200 pediatrics topics, and medical news feeds. Explore these free sample topics:

-- The first section of this topic is shown below --

DDx

By episode duration

  • Auditory symptoms present
  1. Seconds: perilymphatic fistula
  2. Hours: endolymphatic hydrops (Ménière's disease, syphilis)
  3. Days: labyrinthitis, labyrinthine concussion (head trauma)
  4. Months: acoustic neuroma, ototoxicity
  • Auditory symptoms absent

  1. Seconds: positioning vertigo (cupulolithiasis), vertebrobasilar insufficiency, cervical vertigo (head-extension vertigo), diplopia
  2. Hours: recurrent vestibulopathy (Ménière's disease without auditory symptoms), vestibular migraine
  3. Days: vestibular neuronitis, head trauma
  4. Months: vertebrobasilar insufficiency, arteriovenous malformation, brainstem or cerebellar tumor, cerebellar degeneration, multiple sclerosis, vertebrobasilar migraine
Drugs
  • Anticonvulsants (eg, phenytoin), antibiotics (eg, aminoglycosides, doxycycline, metronidazole), hypnotics (eg, diazepam), analgesics (eg, aspirin), alcohol

-- To view the remaining sections of this topic, please or --

DDx

By episode duration

  • Auditory symptoms present
  1. Seconds: perilymphatic fistula
  2. Hours: endolymphatic hydrops (Ménière's disease, syphilis)
  3. Days: labyrinthitis, labyrinthine concussion (head trauma)
  4. Months: acoustic neuroma, ototoxicity
  • Auditory symptoms absent

  1. Seconds: positioning vertigo (cupulolithiasis), vertebrobasilar insufficiency, cervical vertigo (head-extension vertigo), diplopia
  2. Hours: recurrent vestibulopathy (Ménière's disease without auditory symptoms), vestibular migraine
  3. Days: vestibular neuronitis, head trauma
  4. Months: vertebrobasilar insufficiency, arteriovenous malformation, brainstem or cerebellar tumor, cerebellar degeneration, multiple sclerosis, vertebrobasilar migraine
Drugs
  • Anticonvulsants (eg, phenytoin), antibiotics (eg, aminoglycosides, doxycycline, metronidazole), hypnotics (eg, diazepam), analgesics (eg, aspirin), alcohol

There's more to see -- the rest of this entry is available only to subscribers.