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Obstruction of large intestine

Obstruction of large intestine is a topic covered in the Diagnosaurus.

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Etiology

  • Mechanical colonic obstruction, eg, malignancy, diverticulitis, volvulus, fecal impaction
  • Toxic megacolon due to inflammatory bowel disease or C. difficile colitis
  • Megacolon due to Chagas’ disease, Hirschsprung’s disease (aganglionic), multiple sclerosis, sacral nerve damage, myxedema (hypothyroidism)
  • Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction
  • Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (Ogilvie’s syndrome), associated with:
    • Trauma, burns, or postoperative
    • Respiratory failure
    • Malignancy
    • Myocardial infarction or congestive heart failure (CHF)
    • Pancreatitis
    • Stroke or subarachnoid hemorrhage
    • Intestinal ischemia
    • Drugs, eg, opioids, anticholinergics

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Last updated: December 1, 2014

Citation

Zeiger, Roni F.. "Obstruction of Large Intestine." Diagnosaurus, 4th ed., McGraw-Hill Education, 2014. 5minute, www.unboundmedicine.com/5minute/view/Diagnosaurus/114488/all/Obstruction_of_large_intestine.
Zeiger RF. Obstruction of large intestine. Diagnosaurus. 4th ed. McGraw-Hill Education; 2014. https://www.unboundmedicine.com/5minute/view/Diagnosaurus/114488/all/Obstruction_of_large_intestine. Accessed May 25, 2019.
Zeiger, R. F. (2014). Obstruction of large intestine. In Diagnosaurus. Available from https://www.unboundmedicine.com/5minute/view/Diagnosaurus/114488/all/Obstruction_of_large_intestine
Zeiger RF. Obstruction of Large Intestine [Internet]. In: Diagnosaurus. McGraw-Hill Education; 2014. [cited 2019 May 25]. Available from: https://www.unboundmedicine.com/5minute/view/Diagnosaurus/114488/all/Obstruction_of_large_intestine.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Obstruction of large intestine ID - 114488 A1 - Zeiger,Roni F, Y1 - 2014/12/01/ BT - Diagnosaurus UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/5minute/view/Diagnosaurus/114488/all/Obstruction_of_large_intestine PB - McGraw-Hill Education ET - 4 DB - 5minute DP - Unbound Medicine ER -