Acute myocarditis

Acute myocarditis is a topic covered in the Diagnosaurus.

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Etiology

Infectious myocarditis

  • Viral, e.g., coxsackie (most common), HIV
  • Rickettsial, e.g., scrub typhus, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Q fever
  • Diphtheria
  • Chagas' disease
  • Toxoplasmosis
  • Trichinosis (Trichinella infection)
Drug-induced & toxic myocarditis
  • Doxorubicin
  • Emetine
  • Catecholamines (e.g., pheochromocytoma)
  • Phenothiazines
  • Lithium
  • Chloroquine
  • Disopyramide
  • Antimony-containing compounds
  • Arsenicals
  • Hypersensitivity to sulfonamides, penicillins, aminosalicylic acid
  • Radiation
  • Cocaine

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Last updated: December 1, 2014