Pericarditis

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Etiology

Infectious

  • Viral (especially coxsackie and echovirus, also influenza, Epstein-Barr, varicella, hepatitis, mumps, HIV)
  • Idiopathic (many likely viral)
  • Tuberculous
  • Bacterial, eg, extension from pulmonary infection, Lyme
Noninfectious
  • Malignancy, eg, lung, breast, renal cell, lymphoma
  • Uremia
  • Dressler's syndrome (post-MI or postcardiotomy)
  • Radiation
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus (including drug-induced, eg, procainamide, hydralazine)
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Scleroderma
  • Mixed connective tissue disease
  • Drugs: minoxidil, penicillins
  • Myxedema

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Etiology

Infectious

  • Viral (especially coxsackie and echovirus, also influenza, Epstein-Barr, varicella, hepatitis, mumps, HIV)
  • Idiopathic (many likely viral)
  • Tuberculous
  • Bacterial, eg, extension from pulmonary infection, Lyme
Noninfectious
  • Malignancy, eg, lung, breast, renal cell, lymphoma
  • Uremia
  • Dressler's syndrome (post-MI or postcardiotomy)
  • Radiation
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus (including drug-induced, eg, procainamide, hydralazine)
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Scleroderma
  • Mixed connective tissue disease
  • Drugs: minoxidil, penicillins
  • Myxedema

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