Pleural effusion

Pleural effusion is a topic covered in the Diagnosaurus.

To view the entire topic, please or .

5-Minute Clinical Consult (5MCC) app and website powered by Unbound Medicine helps you diagnose and manage 900+ medical conditions. Exclusive bonus features include Diagnosaurus DDx, 200 pediatrics topics, and medical news feeds. Explore these free sample topics:

-- The first section of this topic is shown below --

Etiology

Transudates

  • Congestive heart failure (most common)
  • Cirrhosis with ascites
  • Nephrotic syndrome
  • Peritoneal dialysis
  • Myxedema
  • Acute atelectasis
  • Constrictive pericarditis
  • Superior vena cava obstruction
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Urinothorax (due to obstructive uropathy)
Exudates
  • Pneumonia (parapneumonic effusion)
  • Cancer
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Empyema
  • Tuberculosis
  • Connective tissue disease (eg, rheumatoid arthritis)
  • Viral infection
  • Fungal infection
  • Rickettsial infection
  • Parasitic infection (eg, Paragonimus)
  • Asbestos
  • Meigs' syndrome
  • Pancreatic disease
  • Uremia
  • Chronic atelectasis
  • Trapped lung
  • Chylothorax
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Drug reaction
  • Post-myocardial infarction syndrome
  • Esophageal rupture

-- To view the remaining sections of this topic, please or --

Etiology

Transudates

  • Congestive heart failure (most common)
  • Cirrhosis with ascites
  • Nephrotic syndrome
  • Peritoneal dialysis
  • Myxedema
  • Acute atelectasis
  • Constrictive pericarditis
  • Superior vena cava obstruction
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Urinothorax (due to obstructive uropathy)
Exudates
  • Pneumonia (parapneumonic effusion)
  • Cancer
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Empyema
  • Tuberculosis
  • Connective tissue disease (eg, rheumatoid arthritis)
  • Viral infection
  • Fungal infection
  • Rickettsial infection
  • Parasitic infection (eg, Paragonimus)
  • Asbestos
  • Meigs' syndrome
  • Pancreatic disease
  • Uremia
  • Chronic atelectasis
  • Trapped lung
  • Chylothorax
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Drug reaction
  • Post-myocardial infarction syndrome
  • Esophageal rupture

There's more to see -- the rest of this entry is available only to subscribers.

Last updated: December 1, 2014