Seizure

Seizure is a topic covered in the Diagnosaurus.

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Etiology

  • Idiopathic (epilepsy)
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Drugs: alcohol withdrawal, cocaine, amphetamines, benzodiazepine withdrawal, heroin withdrawal, SSRIs
  • Electrolyte abnormality, eg, hyponatremia, hypocalcemia
  • Infection: bacterial meningitis, herpes encephalitis, neurocysticercosis, neurosyphilis
  • Space-occupying lesion, eg, brain tumor, arteriovenous malformation
  • Trauma
  • Stroke
  • CNS vasculitis, eg, systemic lupus erythematosus
  • Uremia
  • Febrile seizures
  • Congenital abnormality or perinatal injury
  • Degenerative disease, eg, Alzheimer’s disease

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Last updated: December 1, 2014