Chronic renal failure


Glomerulopathies Primary glomerular diseases

  • IgA nephropathy
  • Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis
  • Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis
  • Membranous nephropathy
Secondary glomerular diseases
  • Diabetic nephropathy (very common)
  • Hypertensive nephropathy
  • Amyloidosis
  • Postinfectious glomerulonephritis
  • HIV-associated nephropathy
  • Collagen vascular diseases, eg, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
  • Sickle cell nephropathy
Tubulointerstitial nephritis
  • Drug hypersensitivity
  • Heavy metals
  • Analgesic nephropathy
  • Vesicoureteral reflux
  • Idiopathic
Obstructive uropathy
  • Prostatic disease
  • Urinary calculi
  • Retroperitoneal fibrosis or tumor
Vascular diseases
  • Hypertensive nephrosclerosis (very common)
  • Renal artery stenosis including fibromuscular dysplasia
Hereditary diseases
  • Polycystic kidney disease
  • Medullary cystic kidney disease
  • Alport’s syndrome

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