Renal failure in HIV/AIDS

Etiology

  • Typical causes of acute renal failure
  • HIV-associated nephropathy
  • Acute tubular necrosis due to pentamidine, amphotericin, foscarnet, cidofovir, aminoglycosides, rifampin, acyclovir
  • Interstitial nephritis due to TMP-SMX, sulfadiazine, acyclovir
  • Nephrolithiasis due to indinavir
  • Postinfectious glomerulonephritis
  • Membranous nephropathy due to hepatitis B, syphilis
  • Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis due to hepatitis C, cryoglobulinemia
  • Ureteral compression due to lymphoma, lymphadenopathy
  • IgA immune-complex deposition
  • Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura

See related DDx

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