Effect of infused angiotensin II on the bronchoconstrictor activity of inhaled endothelin-1 in asthma.Chest. 1999 Feb; 115(2):352-6.Chest
Endothelin (ET)-1 is a potent bronchoconstrictor, and asthmatics demonstrate bronchial hyperresponsiveness to ET-1 given by inhalation. Angiotensin II (Ang II) is increased in plasma in acute severe asthma, causes bronchoconstriction in asthmatics, and potentiates contractions induced by ET-1 in bovine bronchial smooth muscle in vitro, and contractions induced by methacholine both in vitro and in vivo. We wished to examine any potentiation of the bronchoconstrictor activity of inhaled ET-1 by infused Ang II at subbronchoconstrictor doses.
Double-blind randomized placebo-controlled study.
Asthma research unit in university hospital.
Eight asthmatic subjects with baseline FEV1 88% predicted, bronchial hyperreactivity (geometric mean, concentration of methacholine producing 20% fall, methacholine PC20 2.5 mg/mL), and mean age 37.1 years.
We examined the effect of subbronchoconstrictor doses of infused Ang II (1 ng/kg/min and 2 ng/kg/min) or placebo on bronchoconstrictor responses to inhaled ET-1 (dose range, 0.96 to 15.36 nmol).
Oxygen saturation, noninvasive BP, and spirometric measurements were made throughout the study visits. Blood was sampled for plasma Ang II levels at baseline and before and after ET-1 inhalation.
Ang II infusion did not produce bronchoconstriction per se at either dose prior to ET-1 challenge. Bronchial challenge with inhaled ET-1 produced dose-dependent bronchoconstriction, but there was no difference in bronchial responsiveness to ET-1 comparing infusion of placebo with Ang II at 1 ng/kg/min or 2 ng/kg/min (geometric mean, concentration of ET-1 producing 15% fall, 5.34 nmol, 4.95 nmol, and 4.96 nmol, respectively) (analysis of variance, p > 0.05). There was an increase in systolic and diastolic BP at the higher dose of Ang II compared to placebo (mean 136/86 vs 117/75 mm Hg, respectively). Plasma Ang II was elevated following infusion of both doses of Ang II compared to placebo.
In contrast to the potentiating effect on methacholine-induced bronchoconstriction, Ang II at subbronchoconstrictor doses does not potentiate ET-1-induced bronchoconstriction in asthma.