[Enzyme activity of citrate, glyoxylate and pentosephosphate cycles during synthesis of citric acids by Candida lipolytica].Mikrobiologiia. 1976 May-Jun; 45:444-9.M
The activity of key enzymes of the citrate and glyoxylate cycles was compared in yeast cells during intensive synthesis of citric acids and in its absence in the course of growth of Candida lipolytica on glucose ("glucose" yeast cells) and on hexadecane ("hexadecane" yeast cells). Citrate and isocitrate were found to be formed by the yeast in the tricarboxylic acid cycle. The ability of the yeast for "overproduction" of citrate and isocitrate during its growth on glucose and hexadecane depends on the high activity of the key enzyme of cycle, citrate synthase, as compared with the activity of other enzymes of the tricarboxylic acid cycle. Citrate predominated among excreted acids during growth on glucose in conditions of nitrogen deficiency while isocitrate prevailed during growth on hexadecane. The predominating synthesis of citrate in the first case seems to be related to a lower activity of aconitase in the "glucose" cells as compared with the "hexadecane" cells.