Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Occupational human immunodeficiency virus infection in health care workers: worldwide cases through September 1997.
Clin Infect Dis. 1999 Feb; 28(2):365-83.CI

Abstract

The average estimated risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection for health care workers following a percutaneous or mucous exposure is <0.5% in incidence studies, although a case-control study suggests it is much higher for highest-risk percutaneous exposure. To characterize exposures resulting in HIV transmission, we reviewed available data on occupational cases reported worldwide, identifying 94 documented and 170 possible cases. The majority of documented infections occurred in nurses, after contact with the blood of a patient with AIDS by means of percutaneous exposure, with a device placed in an artery or vein. High-exposure job categories, e.g., midwives and surgeons, are represented mostly among possible cases. Transmission occurred also through splashes, cuts, and skin contaminations, and in some cases despite postexposure prophylaxis with zidovudine. Health care workers could benefit if these data were incorporated in educational programs designed to prevent occupational bloodborne infections.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centro di Riferimento AIDS e Servizio di Epidemiologia delle Malattie Infettive IRCCS Lazzaro Spallanzani, Rome, Italy. craids@excalhq.itNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10064256

Citation

Ippolito, G, et al. "Occupational Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection in Health Care Workers: Worldwide Cases Through September 1997." Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America, vol. 28, no. 2, 1999, pp. 365-83.
Ippolito G, Puro V, Heptonstall J, et al. Occupational human immunodeficiency virus infection in health care workers: worldwide cases through September 1997. Clin Infect Dis. 1999;28(2):365-83.
Ippolito, G., Puro, V., Heptonstall, J., Jagger, J., De Carli, G., & Petrosillo, N. (1999). Occupational human immunodeficiency virus infection in health care workers: worldwide cases through September 1997. Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America, 28(2), 365-83.
Ippolito G, et al. Occupational Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection in Health Care Workers: Worldwide Cases Through September 1997. Clin Infect Dis. 1999;28(2):365-83. PubMed PMID: 10064256.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Occupational human immunodeficiency virus infection in health care workers: worldwide cases through September 1997. AU - Ippolito,G, AU - Puro,V, AU - Heptonstall,J, AU - Jagger,J, AU - De Carli,G, AU - Petrosillo,N, PY - 1999/3/4/pubmed PY - 1999/3/4/medline PY - 1999/3/4/entrez SP - 365 EP - 83 JF - Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America JO - Clin Infect Dis VL - 28 IS - 2 N2 - The average estimated risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection for health care workers following a percutaneous or mucous exposure is <0.5% in incidence studies, although a case-control study suggests it is much higher for highest-risk percutaneous exposure. To characterize exposures resulting in HIV transmission, we reviewed available data on occupational cases reported worldwide, identifying 94 documented and 170 possible cases. The majority of documented infections occurred in nurses, after contact with the blood of a patient with AIDS by means of percutaneous exposure, with a device placed in an artery or vein. High-exposure job categories, e.g., midwives and surgeons, are represented mostly among possible cases. Transmission occurred also through splashes, cuts, and skin contaminations, and in some cases despite postexposure prophylaxis with zidovudine. Health care workers could benefit if these data were incorporated in educational programs designed to prevent occupational bloodborne infections. SN - 1058-4838 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10064256/Occupational_human_immunodeficiency_virus_infection_in_health_care_workers:_worldwide_cases_through_September_1997_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/cid/article-lookup/doi/10.1086/515101 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -