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Does parental smoking cessation discourage adolescent smoking?
Prev Med. 1999 Mar; 28(3):213-8.PM

Abstract

BACKGROUND

We examined the relationship of smoking cessation in parents to smoking and uptake and cessation by their adolescent children.

METHODS

We analyzed a cross-sectional sample of 4,502 adolescents, ages 15-17 years, who lived in two-parent households that were interviewed as part of the 1992-1993 Tobacco Supplement of the Current Population Survey, which questioned householders 15 years of age and older about their smoking history. Ever smokers reported smoking at least 100 cigarettes in their lifetime. Former smokers were ever smokers who had quit.

RESULTS

Multivariate analyses, adjusted for demographic characteristics of adolescents, as well as father's age, education, and family income, found that adolescents whose parents had quit smoking were almost one-third less likely to be ever smokers than those with a parent who still smoked. Furthermore, adolescent ever smokers whose parents quit smoking were twice as likely to quit as those who had a parent who still smoked. Parental quitting is most effective in reducing initiation if it occurs before the child reaches 9 years of age.

CONCLUSION

Encouraging parents to quit may be an effective method for reducing adolescent smoking, through decreased uptake and increased cessation. The earlier parents quit, the less likely their children will become smokers.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Cancer Prevention and Control Program, Cancer Center, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, 92093-0645, USA. afarkas@ucsd.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10072737

Citation

Farkas, A J., et al. "Does Parental Smoking Cessation Discourage Adolescent Smoking?" Preventive Medicine, vol. 28, no. 3, 1999, pp. 213-8.
Farkas AJ, Distefan JM, Choi WS, et al. Does parental smoking cessation discourage adolescent smoking? Prev Med. 1999;28(3):213-8.
Farkas, A. J., Distefan, J. M., Choi, W. S., Gilpin, E. A., & Pierce, J. P. (1999). Does parental smoking cessation discourage adolescent smoking? Preventive Medicine, 28(3), 213-8.
Farkas AJ, et al. Does Parental Smoking Cessation Discourage Adolescent Smoking. Prev Med. 1999;28(3):213-8. PubMed PMID: 10072737.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Does parental smoking cessation discourage adolescent smoking? AU - Farkas,A J, AU - Distefan,J M, AU - Choi,W S, AU - Gilpin,E A, AU - Pierce,J P, PY - 1999/3/12/pubmed PY - 1999/3/12/medline PY - 1999/3/12/entrez SP - 213 EP - 8 JF - Preventive medicine JO - Prev Med VL - 28 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: We examined the relationship of smoking cessation in parents to smoking and uptake and cessation by their adolescent children. METHODS: We analyzed a cross-sectional sample of 4,502 adolescents, ages 15-17 years, who lived in two-parent households that were interviewed as part of the 1992-1993 Tobacco Supplement of the Current Population Survey, which questioned householders 15 years of age and older about their smoking history. Ever smokers reported smoking at least 100 cigarettes in their lifetime. Former smokers were ever smokers who had quit. RESULTS: Multivariate analyses, adjusted for demographic characteristics of adolescents, as well as father's age, education, and family income, found that adolescents whose parents had quit smoking were almost one-third less likely to be ever smokers than those with a parent who still smoked. Furthermore, adolescent ever smokers whose parents quit smoking were twice as likely to quit as those who had a parent who still smoked. Parental quitting is most effective in reducing initiation if it occurs before the child reaches 9 years of age. CONCLUSION: Encouraging parents to quit may be an effective method for reducing adolescent smoking, through decreased uptake and increased cessation. The earlier parents quit, the less likely their children will become smokers. SN - 0091-7435 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10072737/Does_parental_smoking_cessation_discourage_adolescent_smoking L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0091-7435(98)90451-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -